The Adverb Clause
Where can you find an adverb ?
- VERBS , ADJECTIVES , and other ADVERBS
… therefore you can find them:
- Nearly anywhere in the sentence…
- However, they are usually near the verb , adjective or adverb they modify (but not always)
- (tells: to what extent, she likes…)
More Examples :
- They can swim really quickly .
- (modifies the adverb quickly . It answers – How quickly?)
- He is not enjoying this activity.
- (Just remember the word not is always an adverb .)
- She is always late for class.
- (The words always , never , sometimes , rarely , etc.
Adverbs answer where …
- The birds are flying high .
Adverbs answer when …
- They are performing now .
- She will do her homework later .
Unlike an adverb or an adverb phrase , an adverb clause has a subject and a verb
- They will leave ( in a few minutes ) .
- They will leave when they are ready .
- An adverb clause is a subordinate (dependent clause) that modifies a verb , an adjective , or an adverb .
- Like an adverb an adverb clause tells where , when , how , why , to what extent or under what condition.
Adverb Clauses can also be found nearly anywhere in the sentence…
- … beginning, middle or end…
- You may sit wherever you wish .
- (modifies the verb sit and tells where )
- When spring sets in , many students go crazy.
- (modifies the verb go and tells when )
- Sammy and Alexandra look as though they have some exciting news for us .
- (modifies the verb look , telling how S. and A. look )
- Happy because she made an A , Maia hurried to phone her mom.
- (modifies the adjective Happy , telling why Maia was happy.)
- Will can climb higher than I can .
- (modifies the adverb higher , telling to what extent or how much higher Will can climb)
- If it does not rain tomorrow , we will go to the beach for class.
- (modifies the verb will go , telling under what condition we will go to the beach.)
- When an adverb clause begins a sentence, it is followed by a comma .
- An adverb clause is introduced by a subordinating conjunction —a word that shows the relationship between the adverb clause and the word or words that the clause modifies .
Common Subordinating Conjunctions:
- after as though since when
- although because so that whenever
- as if how though wherever
- as long as if unless whether
- as soon as in order that until while
- The words after , as , before , since , and until are also commonly used as prepositions .
- (After lunch ) we’ll finish building the rocket.
- SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION :
- After you wash the dishes , you can make the bed.
SUBORDINATE (DEPENDENT) CLAUSES:
- Adjective Clause Adverb Clause Noun Clause
- Relative Relative Subordinating
- Pronoun Adverb Conjunction