The Adverb Clause
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  • 1. The Adverb Clause
    • How?
    • Where?
    • When?
    • Why?
    • To what extent?
    • Under what condition?
  • 2. Where can you find an adverb ?
    • Adverbs modify :
    • VERBS , ADJECTIVES , and other ADVERBS
  • 3. … therefore you can find them:
    • Nearly anywhere in the sentence…
    • However, they are usually near the verb , adjective or adverb they modify (but not always)
    • Examples :
    • He can run fast .
    • (tells: how he can run)
    • She really likes soccer.
    • (tells: to what extent, she likes…)
  • 4. More Examples :
    • They can swim really quickly .
    • (modifies the adverb quickly . It answers – How quickly?)
    • He is not enjoying this activity.
    • (Just remember the word not is always an adverb .)
    • She is always late for class.
    • (The words always , never , sometimes , rarely , etc.
    • are also adverbs )
  • 5. Adverbs answer where …
    • Your book is here .
    • Your pencil is there .
    • The birds are flying high .
    • The plane is flying by .
  • 6. Adverbs answer when …
    • He came home late .
    • She woke early .
    • They are performing now .
    • She will do her homework later .
  • 7. Unlike an adverb or an adverb phrase , an adverb clause has a subject and a verb
    • ADVERB :
    • They will leave soon .
    • ADVERB PHRASE :
    • They will leave ( in a few minutes ) .
    • ADVERB CLAUSE :
    • They will leave when they are ready .
    S V
  • 8. Definition…
    • An adverb clause is a subordinate (dependent clause) that modifies a verb , an adjective , or an adverb .
    • Like an adverb an adverb clause tells where , when , how , why , to what extent or under what condition.
  • 9. Adverb Clauses can also be found nearly anywhere in the sentence…
    • … beginning, middle or end…
    • EXAMPLES :
    • You may sit wherever you wish .
    • (modifies the verb sit and tells where )
    • When spring sets in , many students go crazy.
    • (modifies the verb go and tells when )
    • Sammy and Alexandra look as though they have some exciting news for us .
    • (modifies the verb look , telling how S. and A. look )
  • 10. More examples…
    • Happy because she made an A , Maia hurried to phone her mom.
    • (modifies the adjective Happy , telling why Maia was happy.)
    • Will can climb higher than I can .
    • (modifies the adverb higher , telling to what extent or how much higher Will can climb)
    • If it does not rain tomorrow , we will go to the beach for class.
    • (modifies the verb will go , telling under what condition we will go to the beach.)
  • 11. COMMA RULES…
    • When an adverb clause begins a sentence, it is followed by a comma .
    • ,
  • 12. Subordinating Conjunctions:
    • An adverb clause is introduced by a subordinating conjunction —a word that shows the relationship between the adverb clause and the word or words that the clause modifies .
  • 13. Common Subordinating Conjunctions:
    • after as though since when
    • although because so that whenever
    • as before than where
    • as if how though wherever
    • as long as if unless whether
    • as soon as in order that until while
  • 14. NOTE!
    • The words after , as , before , since , and until are also commonly used as prepositions .
    • Example :
    • PREPOSITION :
    • (After lunch ) we’ll finish building the rocket.
    • SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION :
    • After you wash the dishes , you can make the bed.
  • 15. SUBORDINATE (DEPENDENT) CLAUSES:
    • Adjective Clause Adverb Clause Noun Clause
    • Relative Relative Subordinating
    • Pronoun Adverb Conjunction