commas rule !!

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commas rule !!

  1. 1. COMMAS RULE !!
  2. 2. RULE # 1 Use a comma before but , or , nor , for , so , and yet when they join independent clauses. <ul><li>Hector pressed the button , and the engine started up. </li></ul>
  3. 3. RULE # 2 Use a comma with an introductory adverb clause. <ul><li>When you see smoke , you know there is a fire. </li></ul>
  4. 4. RULE # 3 Use a comma after an introductory word. <ul><li>Ah , nothing tastes as good as cold lemonade on a hot day! </li></ul>
  5. 5. RULE # 4 Use a comma after introductory phrases: -participial phrase -prepositional phrase (if 4 + words) -prepositional phrase (if 2 or more in a row) -Infinitive phrase used as an adjective
  6. 6. Introductory Phrases <ul><li>Participial Phrase : </li></ul><ul><li>Switching on a flashlight , the ranger led </li></ul><ul><li>the way down the path. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepositional Phrase (if 4 + words ): </li></ul><ul><li>Inside the green gate , she built a shed. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepositional Phrase (if 2 or more in a row) </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of the train ride , the children were </li></ul><ul><li>exhausted. </li></ul>
  7. 7. RULE # 5 Use a comma for direct address <ul><li>Mr. Young , would you please explain the definition again. </li></ul>
  8. 8. RULE # 6 Use a comma/commas with adjective clauses. (non-essential use 2 commas or none) <ul><li>Griffins , which are mythological beasts , are seen on many coat of arms. </li></ul>
  9. 9. RULE # 7 Use commas with dates and addresses. <ul><li>On December 5 , 1984, their address became 25 Peralta Road , Oakland , CA 94611. </li></ul><ul><li>Please send this letter to Ms. Marybeth Correio , 1255 S.E. 56 th Street , Belleview , Wa. 98006. </li></ul>
  10. 10. RULE # 8 Use a comma with 3 or more items with “and” or “or”. <ul><li>The adults talked , laughed , took photographs , and shared memories. </li></ul>
  11. 11. RULE # 9 Use a comma with two or more adjectives that are together without any conjunction and only if they can be reversed or “and” put between them. <ul><li>The gray , darkening sky caused me to hurry home. </li></ul>
  12. 12. RULE #10 Use a comma before a direct quotation. <ul><li>Sara shouted , “We can win team!” </li></ul>
  13. 13. NO Comma? Do NOT use a comma if you have a compound subject, verb or any other compound part. <ul><ul><li>He went to tennis practice and finished his homework before 9 PM. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. NO Comma? Do NOT use a comma before a regular order adverb clause. (ROAC) <ul><li>I will call my best friend about my homework after I finish eating dinner . (ROAC) </li></ul>

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