Definition: a group of words that contains a  subject  and a  verb Clause …not Santa
A.  Independent  (IC) and B.  Dependent (Subordinate)  (DC) II.  There are two kinds of clauses:
A clause that expresses a complete thought and can stand alone. AKA A SENTENCE A.  Independent
* he   memorized  a poem last night * Mary will read  her poem *many  people enjoy  poetry Examples of Independent Clauses:
When an independent clause (IC) starts with a capital letter and ends with a period or question mark, it is a SENTENCE. *H...
It does not express a complete thought and It cannot stand by itself as a sentence B.  Dependent  (or subordinate ) clause...
* because  he memorized a poem * when  Mary reads her poem at school * since  many people enjoy poetry Examples of Depende...
A  dependent /subordinate  clause   (DC)  will be a  FRAGMENT  when the clause begins with a capital letter and ends with ...
... because  he memorized a poem… He memorized a poem. What makes one clause independent and another dependent?
… when  Mary read her poem at school... Mary read her poem at school.
<ul><li>A clause is  dependent /subordinate  (DC)  when it  begins with a subordinate word .  …a few examples… </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Examples: April,  which  is my favorite month , is going to be cold this year.  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject ...
A  dependent /subordinate  clause   (DC)  needs  an  independent clause (IC)  to create a true sentence.
Because he memorized a poem , Mike will receive extra credit. Mike will receive extra credit  because he memorized a poem.
  We will applaud  when Mary reads her poem at school .  When Mary reads her poem at school,  we will applaud.
When the rain stops ,  the game will begin. <ul><li>Punctuation:  When the  dependent clause (DC)  comes  first ,  it is u...
The game will begin  when the rain stops. F.  Punctuation:  When the  dependent clause (DC)  comes  last , there is genera...
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Clauses

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Clauses

  1. 1. Definition: a group of words that contains a subject and a verb Clause …not Santa
  2. 2. A. Independent (IC) and B. Dependent (Subordinate) (DC) II. There are two kinds of clauses:
  3. 3. A clause that expresses a complete thought and can stand alone. AKA A SENTENCE A. Independent
  4. 4. * he memorized a poem last night * Mary will read her poem *many people enjoy poetry Examples of Independent Clauses:
  5. 5. When an independent clause (IC) starts with a capital letter and ends with a period or question mark, it is a SENTENCE. *He memorized a poem. *Mary will read her poem at school. *Many people enjoy poetry.
  6. 6. It does not express a complete thought and It cannot stand by itself as a sentence B. Dependent (or subordinate ) clause (DC)
  7. 7. * because he memorized a poem * when Mary reads her poem at school * since many people enjoy poetry Examples of Dependent (Subordinate Clauses)
  8. 8. A dependent /subordinate clause (DC) will be a FRAGMENT when the clause begins with a capital letter and ends with a period or question mark. This is a grammatical ERROR ! .
  9. 9. ... because he memorized a poem… He memorized a poem. What makes one clause independent and another dependent?
  10. 10. … when Mary read her poem at school... Mary read her poem at school.
  11. 11. <ul><li>A clause is dependent /subordinate (DC) when it begins with a subordinate word . …a few examples… </li></ul><ul><li>Who When While Which That Since Because Unless etc. etc. etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the subordinate word is understood to be present. </li></ul>What makes a clause dependent /subordinate?
  12. 12. <ul><li>Examples: April, which is my favorite month , is going to be cold this year. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject of DC is “which.” Verb of DC is “is.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The flower that grew in my yard was a rose. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject of DC is “that.” Verb of DC is “grew.” </li></ul></ul></ul>Sometimes the subject of the dependent/subordinate clause (DC) is a pronoun .
  13. 13. A dependent /subordinate clause (DC) needs an independent clause (IC) to create a true sentence.
  14. 14. Because he memorized a poem , Mike will receive extra credit. Mike will receive extra credit because he memorized a poem.
  15. 15. We will applaud when Mary reads her poem at school . When Mary reads her poem at school, we will applaud.
  16. 16. When the rain stops , the game will begin. <ul><li>Punctuation: When the dependent clause (DC) comes first , it is usually followed by a comma . </li></ul>
  17. 17. The game will begin when the rain stops. F. Punctuation: When the dependent clause (DC) comes last , there is generally no comma .

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