SLEEP DISORDERS
FOUR CATEGORIES OF SLEEP DISORDERS
1.

2.
3.
4.

Primary Sleep Disorder- are those not
attributed to other cause and inclu...
1.1 DYSSOMIAS- PRIMARY DISORDERS OF
INITIATING OR MAINTAINING SLEEP, AND OR
EXCESSIVE SLEEPINESS AND ARE
CHARACTERIZED BY ...
1.1.3. Narcolepsy- excessive sleepiness
characterized by repeated irresistible sleep
attacks, may also experience
- catale...
1.1.4. Breathing related sleep DO- sleep
disruption leading to excessive sleepiness or,
less commonly, insomnia caused by
...
1.1.5. Circadian rhythm sleep DO (sleep- wake
schedule DO)- persistent or recurring sleep
disorder resulting from altered ...
1.2. PARASOMIAS- RE ABNORMAL BEHAVIORAL
OR PSYCHOLOGICAL EVENTS ASSOCIATED WITH
SLEEP, SPECIFIC SLEEP STAGES, OR SLEEPWAKE...
SLEEP HYGIENE MEASURES
Establish a regular schedule for going to bed
and arising
 Avoid sleep deprivation and the desire ...
SLEEP HYGIENE MEASURES
Do not look at the clock while you are lying
down
 Keep the temperature in the bedroom slightly
co...
THANK YOU...
 THANK YOU....
 THANK YOU.....

Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Sleep disorders

615

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
615
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Sleep disorders

  1. 1. SLEEP DISORDERS
  2. 2. FOUR CATEGORIES OF SLEEP DISORDERS 1. 2. 3. 4. Primary Sleep Disorder- are those not attributed to other cause and include dyssomias and parasomnias Sleep DO related to another mental DO Sleep DO due to another medical condition Substance- induced sleep DO
  3. 3. 1.1 DYSSOMIAS- PRIMARY DISORDERS OF INITIATING OR MAINTAINING SLEEP, AND OR EXCESSIVE SLEEPINESS AND ARE CHARACTERIZED BY ABNORMALITIES IN THE AMOUNT, QUALITY OR TIMING OF SLEEP. 1.1.1 Primary insomnia- difficulty of initiating or maintaining sleep that lasts for one month and causes significant distress or impairments of functioning 1.1.2 Primary hypersomnia- excessive sleepiness for at least one month y=that involves either prolonged sleep episodes or daily daytime sleeping that causes significant distress or impairment in functioning
  4. 4. 1.1.3. Narcolepsy- excessive sleepiness characterized by repeated irresistible sleep attacks, may also experience - catalepsy ( sudden episodes of bilateral, reversible loss of muscle tone that lasts for seconds to minutes - Recurrent intrusions of REM sleep in the sleep- wake transition, manifested by paralysis of the voluntary muscles or dreamlike hallucinations
  5. 5. 1.1.4. Breathing related sleep DO- sleep disruption leading to excessive sleepiness or, less commonly, insomnia caused by abnormalities in ventilation during sleep. - Obstructive sleep apnea (repeated episodes of upper airway obstruction - Central sleep apnea ( episodic cessation of ventilation without airway obstruction - Central alveolar hypoventilation (hypoventilation resulting in low arterial oxygen levels
  6. 6. 1.1.5. Circadian rhythm sleep DO (sleep- wake schedule DO)- persistent or recurring sleep disorder resulting from altered functioning of circadian rhythm or a mismatch between circadian rhythm and external demands subtypes: delayed sleep phase shift work unspecified
  7. 7. 1.2. PARASOMIAS- RE ABNORMAL BEHAVIORAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL EVENTS ASSOCIATED WITH SLEEP, SPECIFIC SLEEP STAGES, OR SLEEPWAKE TRANSITION. 1.2.1. Nightmare DO- repeated occurrence of frightening dreams that leads to waking from sleep 1.2.2. Sleep terror DO- repeated occurrence of abrupt awakenings from sleep associated with panicky scream or cry. 1.2.3. Sleepwalking DO- repeated episodes of complex motor behavior initiated during sleep, including getting out of bed and walking around
  8. 8. SLEEP HYGIENE MEASURES Establish a regular schedule for going to bed and arising  Avoid sleep deprivation and the desire to catch up  Do not eat large meal before bedtime  Avoid daytime naps  Exercise daily  Minimize or eliminate caffeine and nicotine ingestion 
  9. 9. SLEEP HYGIENE MEASURES Do not look at the clock while you are lying down  Keep the temperature in the bedroom slightly cool  Do not drink alcohol in an attempt to sleep  Do not use bed for reading, working, watching television, etc.  Writing worry on a piece of paper  Soft music, relaxation tapes ........... 
  10. 10. THANK YOU...  THANK YOU....  THANK YOU..... 
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×