2013.2.15 nagahama.pptx
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    2013.2.15 nagahama.pptx 2013.2.15 nagahama.pptx Presentation Transcript

    • Kazuyo NAGAHAMA
    • Van Panchayat (VP) : Community based forest management, self-governed institution of forestry in Uttarakhand state, India Background Objectives Method Result VPs are in quantitative and qualitative decline in the once dense and well-managed Van Panchayat in the Kumaon hills. (Balooni et al., 2007) Van Panchayat (VP) s (Gairola, H. & Negi, A.S. ,2011) Van Panchayat How is the forest management and utilization and people’s perception in newly generated VPs on the Garhwal hills? Why? ➢ Why are VPs on the decline, although VP’s number are increasing? This is the case of VP forest on the Kumaon hills in Uttarakhand. Forest degradation
    • 5.Management committee In total 225 participants identified Uttarakhand (UK) Forest Department Local People 〈Objectives〉 〈Methodology 〉 〈Data collection〉 Interview Documents, Acts and Rules ↓ Review 41 household (HH) sampling from 51 HH in total ↓ Structured interview Impact of VP on sustainable forest management and livelihood improvement 4.Livelihood VP leader 1.Forest utilization 2.Forest management 3.People’s perception 〈Discussion 〉 Background Objectives Method Result
    • ➢ The reason of selection D village: Present Sarpanch (VP head) is a Block Committee leader of 151 VPs in Mussoire, supporting VP association and the assumption of active VP. ➢ Number of household (HH) interview: 41 HH data (80% HH in the village) ➢ Total area of the village: 137 ha ➢ Altitude : 1850 m ➢ Year the VP established : 1993 ➢ Total VP area : 20 ha ➢ Total HH : 51 (Population : 348) The VP name: D village Block: Mussorie District :Tehri Garhwal State: Uttarakhand in India Sampling Study period: From July to August, 2012
    • 1. Forest utilization in D village VP Logging; Ban on felling of living trees Grazing animals; Unrestricted Grass cutting ; Unrestricted Collection of dry and fallen branches twigs and leaves; Unrestricted Type of forest ; Dominated forest With Oak (Quercus spp.), some patches of Chir Pine (Pinus roxburghii): Background Objectives Method Result Oak(Author, 2012) 100% respondents utilize firewood which is necessary, 78% respondents collect firewood routinely, for maintaining their livelihood.
    • Background Objectives Method Result Constitution of VP (UKF, 2005) 2. Forest management MC has jurisdiction (duty) and responsible for managing to VP.
    • Agriculture is their main livelihood. All of the People in D village are listed as Below Poverty Line. (B.P.L. Survey, 2002) Background Objectives Method Result Forest is important to maintain people’s livelihood, but not a direct source of income. 3. Livelihood activity 4. People’s perception Respondents are satisfied with the activities of MC. The current VP condition is highly improved. After VP was formed…
    • (Critical value: χ²>4.06(5%), p<0.05) Relation between MC member’s composition and the factors The consistence of caste is not fair to consider the proportion of the villagers. -LPG is the indicator of the independence of firewood, MC members depend on firewood. Background Objectives Method Result Factors Explained valuable: MC members or not χ² Fishers p Result Caste 4.04 - Rejected Migrant 0.303 0.27 Accepted Outside study 0.74 0.23 Accepted Cell phone - 0.50 Accepted Dish TV - 0.17 Accepted LPG - 0.0003 Rejected VP distance - 1.32 Accepted Collecting firewood - 0.37 Accepted Grazing animals - 0.29 Accepted 5. Characteristics of Management committee (MC)
    • Background Objectives Method Result 1.Forest manage- ment 2.Forest utilization 3.People’s perception 4.Livelihood activity 5. Manage- ment Committee Increasing VP number (Rawat, 1999; UFD, 2009 ) Livelihood improvement Effective impact Low performanceB.P.L. VP in Garhwal Division Forest degradation (Ballabh et al., 2002) ⇒Grant for plantationVP in Kumaon Division Support from Forest Department(FD) ⇒ Oppression Sustainable Forest management
    • Thank you very much for your attention