Say One Care Dawah V - TERMINUS: 1. Your hands should be placed one on top of the other on theTechniques Of Dawah By Dr.Zakir Naik navel or slightly below or above the navel, (or on the podium) when at rest, i.e. while not making gestures.I - IMPORTANT TIPS 2. Do not put your hands in your pockets or behind your back.1. Body Language is very, very important. 3. Do not play with your fingers.2. It is preferable that the talk be given without the help of notes. 4. Do not bite your nails.3. Speak without a podium to enable the audience to observe the 5. Do not fidget with your clothes.body language. 6. Do not fidget with the mike, or the wire, or any article such as4. Before beginning your speech, remove any disturbances that pen, paper, etc.may cause obstruction or hindrance. VI - EYE MOVEMENT:II - PERSONAL APPEARANCE: 1. At the beginning of the talk give a glance throughout the1. Keep a Beard. audience.(Sahih Bukhari Vol. 7, Book of Dress, Chapter no. 64 and 65 2. Have eye to eye contact with as much of the audience asHadith no. 780 & 781) possible (each and every one if possible if you have a small2. It is preferable to wear a cap which is clean or cover your head. audience).(if the label shows your intent, wear it!) 3. Do not look at the opposite sex if they are present in the3. Wear formal clothes (avoid T-shirts, jeans and other casual audience. You may however give a passing glance occasionally.wear). 4. Look more often at the target audience (e.g. Non-Muslims,4. Wear formal shoes (avoid track shoes, slippers, etc.). If Questioners, etc.).footwear are not allowed, wear only clean, untorn socks. 5. You may draw attention of a person in the audience by looking5. Do not wear neck chains or wrist chains. at him directly. However, if this person continues to disturb or6. Avoid wearing glamorous things like shining watches, rings, distract, it may be advisable at such times to ignore the distractionetc. and continue with your talk.7. Do not wear belts with big showy buckles. 6. It will be helpful to you and enhance your confidence if you8. Button your shirt (except for collar button, all the other buttons look more at those sections of the audience that appear to beshould be closed). supportive and attentive.9. Do not fold your sleeves while lecturing. 7. Do not look at or fix your gaze on the ceiling, floor, empty10. Do not keep anything (not even a pen) in your shirt pocket. space or above the heads of the audience.Do not clutter your trouser pockets with things not required. 8. If referring to your notes is unavoidable, then do not peep at11. If spectacles are worn then the frame should not be them from far in an apologetic half-hearted manner, but insteadglamorous. (If the talk is being video recorded, then preferably hold them close to you and look at them properly in a dignifiedthe glasses should have an antiglare coating). manner.12. Your overall appearance should be smart, appealing andconfident. VII - MIKE HANDLING: 1. If possible, prior to the commencement of the programme,III - POSTURE: adjust the equalizer (treble and bass or hi, mid and low), i.e.1. It is preferable to stand and talk rather than sitting and quality of the tone suitable to your voice.speaking. 2. Always insist that the mike be fixed on a floor stand without a2. While standing, your legs should neither be too far apart nor podium.too close. 3. Adjust the mike according to your height before the3. Stand erect on both your feet, without bending them at the programme begins.knees. 4. If the mike is not adjusted before the programme, do it before4. Stand upright and not with drooping shoulders. beginning your speech. (It is better to spend a few seconds at the5. Do not move to and fro, i.e. sideways, or front and backward. start, rather than being uncomfortable throughout the speech or to6. Do not shake unnecessarily. disturb your speech in between to adjust the mike).7. Do not lean on anything like table, chair, etc. 5. If the mike has an on/off switch, check that it is in the on8. Your posture should be confident and energetic. It should be position before beginning the speech.relaxed and not tense. 6. The mike should not cover your face, as it would obstruct the view of the audience and the video shooting.IV - GESTURES: 7. Your mouth should be a few inches away from the mike (not1. Do not stand rigid like a statue. too close, nor too far). Distance also depends on the sensitivity of2. Make gestures with hands very often. the mike.3. Gestures should be natural and not acted out or preplanned. 8. The distance between the mouth and the mike should be(You may, however, see your own trial performance in the mirror constant throughout the speech and should not vary.to evaluate the effectiveness and impression of your gestures). 9. Sometimes for emphasis, you may move your mouth close to4. Gestures should be related to the matter that is being spoken. the mike without raising your voice.5. Avoid making similar gestures repeatedly throughout the 10. The mouth should always be pointing towards the mikespeech. throughout the speech and should not vary at any point.6. Your facial expressions should be warm, genial and cordial, 11. If you have to look in another direction, for eg. towards theand not appear stern or angry. chairman who is sitting behind on the stage, take a side step7. Your face should have expressions according to the matter of forward and then looking at the chairman, speak into the mike andyour speech. not away from the mike.8. If you have to turn or make a movement, do it from the hip and 12. Do not speak when your mouth moves away from the mike,upper part of the body. e.g. while picking up a book from the table.
14. Never hold the mike on the stand while speaking.15. Avoid giving a talk with a handheld mike since the gesturesbecome restricted. There is a tendency for the hand to movethereby creating variations in the sound.VIII - SPEECH:1. Speak loudly.2. Speak at a moderate speed, neither too slow nor too fast.3. People can usually listen faster than the speed at which theycan speak. Thus there should not be pauses or blanks, leaving theaudience without something to listen and allowing their attentionto be diverted.4. However, after speaking on a difficult or unusual matter, give ashort pause for the audience to grasp and assimilate theinformation.5. Speak clearly. Speech should not be slurred.6. Speak confidently.7. Speak with energy and enthusiasm. (You have to enthuse andcharge- up the audience).8. Speak forcefully (assertively) with conviction. Be persuasive.9. Repeat the important points for emphasis when required.10. During normal speech there should not be any repetition.11. Do not speak monotonously. Modulate/Alter your voice.Change the Speed / Pace, Tone and Pitch appropriately (Hightone, Low tone, hushed voice, depending on the matter). As far aspossible, ensure that you hold the interest of your audiencethroughout your lecture.12. Do not have a patterned speech like a sing-song voice whichgoes up and down at regular intervals. The concentration of theaudience is lost. (This is common in memorised speeches).13. However, rhythmic tempo in choice of words can be used.14. Do not interrupt your speech for petty reasons.IX - MISCELLANEOUS:1. Before the commencement of the speech, walk confidently andcalmly towards the mike and not in a tense and rapid manner.2. Pause confidently before starting the speech.3. If there is any disturbance during the speech, if it can beoverlooked, overlook it; or ask the disturbance to be stoppedverbally, but dont interrupt your speech intermittently during thedisturbance. The attention of the audience will be diverted atintervals and you will loose your grip on them.4. It is preferable to drink water before starting the speech tolubricate the mouth. Only drink room temperature water and notcold water (Avoid drinking water while standing).5. Visit the venue in advance, if possible, to familiarise yourselfwith the hall and the surroundings.6. The public address system should be professional, as sound isthe most important part of the talk.7. Prepare a checklist of all the requirements. eg. (i) ProfessionalPublic Address System (ii) Mike on floor stand without a podium,(iii) A glass with a jug of water (at room temperature) to be kepton the table. These requirements and the check list can be givento the organisers, well in advance.X - SEEK ALLAHS HELP:1. Do your supplications and duas seeking Allahs help andsupport.2. It is highly recommended that you offer two rakaah Salaahbefore the talk (seeking Allahs help) and also after the talk (asthanksgiving).3. Always be in Tahaarat (state of ablution) while delivering aspeech