Conference “The potencial of the Earth and the People”                                                  Astana, 31st Octob...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and DevelopmentSince the beginning of humanity, landscapes and ...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development1991International Declaration of therights of th...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development  2000  The concept of a new  transnational terr...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development2001 UNESCO-GEOPARK initiative3O years after the...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development 2004 UNESCO sets up the Global Geoparks Network...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development 2012 Global Geoparks Network (GGN) 89 territori...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                       2000     ...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development  A GEOPARK is an area with….  a particular geol...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development  IS A GEOPARK JUST ABOUT GEOLOGY?  No!  While a...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Venus of Brassempouy -24.000 years        Venus...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and DevelopmentDirectly connected with the early cults, Mother ...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development   GEO                                          ...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development               How to create a Geopark: pre-requ...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                           How do you join the G...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                 Geoparks & Educ...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                               Geoparks & Scienc...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                 Geoparks & Cult...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                Geoparks & Cultu...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                 Geoparks & Cult...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                Geoparks & Cultu...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                Geoparks & Cultu...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                  Geoparks & Cul...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                Geoparks & Cultu...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                      Geoparks &...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                Geoparks & Cultu...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                   Geoparks & Cu...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                 Geoparks & Peop...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                  Geoparks & Wom...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                   Geoparks & Sustainable Develo...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                   Geoparks & Sustainable Develo...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development                                     Altai Mount...
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development
Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development
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Geoparks: the new territories of the 21st Century

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Artur Sá
UNESCO International Expert – Geoparks

Since the beginning of humanity, landscapes and geological structures have fascinated the first civilizations around the world.
These early humans attributed to these places a magical or religious value.

Published in: Travel
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Geoparks: the new territories of the 21st Century

  1. 1. Conference “The potencial of the Earth and the People” Astana, 31st October, 2012Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 stCentury.Concept and DevelopmentArtur SáUNESCO International Expert – GeoparksUniversity of Trás-os-Montes e Alto DouroScientific Coordinator of Arouca Global Geopark (Portugal)asa@utad.pt
  2. 2. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and DevelopmentSince the beginning of humanity, landscapes and geologicalstructures have fascinated the first civilizations around the world.These early humans attributed to these places a magical orreligious value.
  3. 3. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development1991International Declaration of therights of the memory of theEarthDigne-les-Bains (France),supported by UNESCOTranslated into 50 languages, thisdeclaration is at the base ofinternational policies on geologicalheritage
  4. 4. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development 2000 The concept of a new transnational territory European Geoparks Network
  5. 5. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development2001 UNESCO-GEOPARK initiative3O years after the creation of two UNESCO Programmes - World Heritage Programme - MAB Programmewas created a third world territory:GEOPARKS - New Territories for the 21st century
  6. 6. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development 2004 UNESCO sets up the Global Geoparks Network (GGN)
  7. 7. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development 2012 Global Geoparks Network (GGN) 89 territories 27 countries
  8. 8. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development 2000 European Network 2006 Asia-Pacific Network 2011 Africa - Middle East Network 2010 Latin America and Caribbean Network Global Geoparks Network (GGN) Regional network branchs
  9. 9. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development A GEOPARK is an area with…. a particular geological heritage of international significance but also with…. a sustainable development strategy or plan involving local communities. RG Haute-Provence, France
  10. 10. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development IS A GEOPARK JUST ABOUT GEOLOGY? No! While a geopark must demonstrate geological heritage of international significance, the purpose of a geopark is to explore, develop and celebrate the links between that geological heritage and all other aspects of the areas natural, cultural and intangible heritages. It is about reconnecting human society at all levels to the planet we all call home and to celebrate how our planet and it’s 4,600 million year long history has shaped every aspect of our lives and our societies. Vulkaneifel Geopark (Germany)
  11. 11. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Venus of Brassempouy -24.000 years Venus of Kostenki -23.000 years Venus of Willendorf -23.000 yearsWith this geological presence, appeared in prehistoric societiesfirst cults. Those of the goddess Earth. Woman and fertile.
  12. 12. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and DevelopmentDirectly connected with the early cults, Mother Earth of the Greekmythology.Gaia Geo which gives birth to Uranus (the sky), Pontos (the sea), Ourea(mountains). She is also the Grand mother of Zeus
  13. 13. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development GEO GEO GEO metry GEO physic GEO graphy GEO morphology GEO mancy GEO thermal GEO politic GEO centric GEO logy GEO desic (...)The geopark word comes from GEO and not of GEO LOGYA Geopark is not a geological Museum in the open air
  14. 14. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development How to create a Geopark: pre-requisites Significant geological heritage Geoconservation activities Sustainable tourism activities Educational activities Community involvement Strong management structure Secure financial basis Network charter MUST be adhered to - e.g. no selling of geological material Eizenwurzen, Osterreich A territory must demonstrate at the time of application that they are already a “de-facto” geopark
  15. 15. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development How do you join the GGN? Consultation with Nat Comm, Nat Forum, Nat Committee, Ministry etc Submission of application to UNESCO (Paris) Application is assessed by GGN Bureau Geological content assessed by IUGS Possible request for further clarification Evaluation mission & report Assessment by GGN Bureau Decision Unzen, Japan
  16. 16. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Education It is a pre-requisite that all Global Geoparks develop and operate educational programmes at a range of levels to spread awareness of our Arouca Geopark, Portugal geological heritage and it’s links to other aspects of our natural, cultural and intangible heritages.
  17. 17. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Science Global Geoparks are special areas where the geological heritage, or geodiversity, is of international importance. Global Geoparks are thus encouraged to work with academic institutions to engage in active scientific research in Araripe Geopark, Brazil the Earth Sciences, and other disciplines as appropriate, to advance our knowledge about the Earth and it’s processes.
  18. 18. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Culture The motto of the Global Geoparks Network is “Celebrating Earth Heritage, Sustaining Local Communities.” Geoparks are fundamentally about people and about exploring and celebrating the links between our communities and the Earth. The Earth has shaped who we are: it has shaped our farming practises, the building materials and methods we have used for our homes, even our mythology, folklore and folk traditions. Global Langkawi Geopark, Malaysia Geoparks therefore engage in a range of activities to celebrate these links.
  19. 19. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Culture A material cultural heritage
  20. 20. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Culture As well as an intangible cultural heritage.
  21. 21. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Culture Hexingten Geopark (China)- King Gesar epic tradition -- UNESCO RICHL 2009 Intangible cultural heritage 1- Oral heritage
  22. 22. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Culture Madonia Geopark (Italy) -Opera dei Pupi- UNESCO RICHL 2008 Intangible cultural heritage 2- performing arts
  23. 23. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Culture Lesvos Geopark, Psiloritis Geopark, etc.. (Greece)- Mediterrannean Diet -- UNESCO RICHL 2010 Intangible cultural heritage 3 – social and ritual practices, festive events
  24. 24. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Culture Jeju Geopark, (Korea)- Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut-- UNESCO RICHL 2009 Intangible cultural heritage 4 - knowledge and practices in relation to the nature and the universe
  25. 25. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Culture Ningde Geopark, (China)- Traditional design and practices for building Chinese wooden arch bridges-- UNESCO RICHL 2009 Intangible cultural heritage 5 - know-how linked to traditional crafts
  26. 26. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Culture Intangible cultural heritage - Living Human Treasures
  27. 27. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Culture Our role is to work together to establish GEOPARKS as a global brand of quality in both geoheritage and sustainable tourism. Geoparks are to be as accessible to as wide a sector of the population as possible. A key to this is effective communication. This effective communication is so important that it plays a key role during initial evaluation and the ongoing RG Haute-Provence, France revalidation exercises.
  28. 28. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & People Geoparks are fundamentally about people. Geopark authorities must therefore work for the people by preserving, nurturing and celebrating their traditions, cultures, and their social values. Geoparks must consider the social impact of their work. Geoparks must work with their communities in protecting their environment and in developing employment opportunities. As geoparks are linked to UNESCO, geoparks are obliged to follow the UNESCO strategy on integrating a human rights-based approach into all of their work.
  29. 29. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Women Many Global Geoparks have a strong focus on empowering women whether through focussed education programmes or through the development of women’s cooperatives. Global Geoparks can provide a platform for the development, nurturing and promotion of local cottage industry and craft products. Lesvos Geopark (Greece)
  30. 30. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Sustainable Development Even if an area has world-famous geological heritage of outstanding universal value it cannot be a Global Geopark unless the area also has a plan for the sustainable development of the people who live there. This development may take the form of sustainable tourism through, for example, the development of walking or cycling trails, training of local people to act as guides, encouraging tourism and accommodation providers to follow international best practise in environmental sustainability. Bergstrasse Odenwald Geopark (Germany)
  31. 31. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Geoparks & Sustainable Development But it can also be about simply engaging with local people and respecting their traditional way of life in a way that empowers them and respects their human rights and dignity. Unless a Global Geopark has the support of local people it will not succeed.
  32. 32. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development Altai Mountains , Kazakhstan Bayan-Aul National Natural Park , Kazakhsta Geoparks Territories when the “Human Memory" found the "Memory of the World" to build Tomorrow
  33. 33. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development
  34. 34. Geoparks: the new territories of the 21 st Century.Concept and Development
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