Oden test report from coalition warrior


Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Oden test report from coalition warrior

  1. 1. SEIWG REPORT IT 6.90 Optimized Data Environment for NetCentric Operations (ODEN) TRIAL SUMMARY Optimized Data Environment for NetCentric Operations (ODEN) offers improvements to data transfer capabilities with data compression and encryption technologies to Department of Defense (DoD) and Coalition Net-centric Operations by transmitting digital imaging and data files (i.e. geospatial imagery, large data files, etc.) over a network or peer-to-peer. ODEN provides scalability and the ability to meet growing network and bandwidth requirements, specifically useful in areas with minimal bandwidth. ODEN implements a Dynamic Transfer Syntax (DTS), which is extremely fast and claims 100 percent lossless file transfer while increasing network throughput capabilities by 200 to 2000 percent. ODEN also offers a unique image comparison capability allowing the transfer of updated images from previously sent images, while only using the bandwidth required to transmit the differences in the two files. SYSTEM ENGINEERING AND INTEGRATION For CWID, ODEN software was installed on common office workstations. As part of the installation, IP addresses were required for all workstations participating in data transfers. ODEN software consists of two components: Core Compression Software and Command Scripts (similar to UNIX command lines). ODEN Core Compression Software is comprised of multiple algorithms to determine least bandwidth method to transfer data. The following are the types of arguments specified in the ODEN command instructions: Source Folder, Destination Folder, Compression Level (-1 to 9), File Locks Ignored (Y or N), Failure Recovery, Bandwidth Limit, and File Selection (Entire Directories, Entire Sub-directories, List of Files, List of File Exclusions, and Singular Files). ODEN Software is initiated in batch-mode with either multiple command lines or a simple command line call. Without a Graphical User Interface (GUI), the user operated the software within this command line context unless shortcuts and folders were created to simplify the use of ODEN. Using Port 1022 (an experimental port), ODEN transmitted large files without absorbing vast amounts of bandwidth as long as the appropriate data transfer rate was selected. ODEN is transport layer software with the ability take up all the available network bandwidth and requires the software to be “throttled.” ODEN operation requires the sampling of available bandwidth and adjusting command line arguments to ensure bandwidth utilized by ODEN software does not disrupt network traffic. In an operational environment, running the software within a command line context, a non-technical warfighter may erroneously enter the wrong parameters for operation and subject the network to a “denial of service.” ODEN transferred multiple data formats (text, images, maps, and video files), moved progressively larger data files, demonstrated image comparison capability (limiting data transport on modified images), transferred files across a cryptographic network, and operated in a satellite-simulated environment. ODEN, a technology from Central Command (CENTCOM), was proposed to fulfill a CENTCOM capability gap. Given CENTCOM objectives, CWID compared transfer rates from ODEN against current DoD file transfer standards (File Transfer Protocol (FTP) and File Transfer Protocol Secure (FTPS)) to provide CENTCOM a thorough CWID review. FileZilla, a free, open source data compression and file transfer software for Windows, was used to support FTP and FTPS data transfer comparisons against the ODEN software. --SPAWAR, San Diego, CA: To support ODEN observations and analyses, logs were established by the site network engineer using a Juniper router to capture file transfer duration from the point of port opening to port closure. On the Coalition Task Force (CTF) network, file transfers only occurred between San Diego and Dahlgren. In one case, a file was corrupted during transfer from Dahlgren with no indication of a failed transfer. A retransmission of the same file was successful. In a comparison test, FTP transfer rates frequently performed faster than ODEN on compressed file formats.
  2. 2. On the Homeland Security/Homeland Defense (HS/HD) domain, a variety of data types and sizes were successfully transferred between Dahlgren and USNORTHCOM. ODEN frequently performed faster than FTP or FTPS when sending uncompressed files. During image comparison tests, ODEN performed extremely well when sending only the changes to an image. A Satellite Simulator (SATSIM) was installed at SPAWAR, San Diego and received data from USNORTHCOM. The SATSIM data transfer test occurred at the conclusion of CWID. Six files were sent from USNORTHCOM to SPAWAR, San Diego via the SATSIM. At some point after hours there was a glitch in the network and two transfer attempts failed. A third attempt was successfully completed during the early hours of the next morning, demonstrating ODEN re-established communications and data transmission following recovery from a network or system outage. --NSWC, Dahlgren, VA: ODEN software was installed on standard workstations on both the HLS and CTF domains. Following the installation of ODEN software, folders were created and placed on the desktop for incoming and outgoing file transfers. During CWID execution, ODEN transferred multiple data formats (text, images, maps, video, etc) which sent progressively larger data files over the HLS domain to other sites. ODEN demonstrated an image comparison capability by limiting data transport on modified images. On the cryptographic domain, CTF, large files were exchanged between Dahlgren and SPAWAR using both ODEN software and FTP protocol. Data was collected for later contrast and comparison analysis between ODEN data, FTP and FTPS data. --USNORTHCOM, Colorado Springs, CO: ODEN software was installed at USNORTHCOM, requiring additional time to set up unique scripts and shortcuts for data transfers to the following sites: USEUCOM, SPAWAR, San Diego and Dahlgren. The ODEN workstations were specifically configured for users to easily select folder for output cache, click on a daemon for file to be transmitted, drag the file(s) to the send folder queue, click send icon for file transmission, and monitor send folder for successful transmission. The command line implementation of ODEN does not prevent execution of ODEN data transfers without parameters that limit the use of excessive bandwidth. Operating ODEN improperly creates the incursion of packet collisions and induces the risk for a “denial of service.” During CWID, ODEN software successfully transferred multiple files and directories to each site. The software transferred multiple data formats (including: text, images, maps, and video files) using various levels of compression and bandwidth rates. Data transfers were compared between ODEN and the freeware product FileZilla using the FTPS protocol. The results between the two data transfer products using FTPS were mixed. FileZilla performed better for most of the data transfers with compressed files; whereas, ODEN proved better for uncompressed data files and the retransmission of modified image files. During the SATSIM demonstration, the ODEN connectivity between SPAWAR and USNORTHCOM was erroneously severed. The ODEN software automatically and successfully re-established communications and completed the data transfers following recovery from the network outage. Overall, USNORTHCOM warfighters found the tool very simple and easy to use with support from the trial personnel; whereas, engineers reviewing the testing remained objective, given the comparison of the results to the freeware alternative. --USEUCOM, Stuttgart, Germany: During CWID at USEUCOM, ODEN software transferred data with USNORTHCOM and Dahlgren using multiple data formats (text, images, maps, and video files). The ODEN software evaluation was limited to checking for user operations and file access. Since the system was set up with pre-configured execution shortcuts, the system was found to be easy to use, but since the bandwidth utilization was already pre-programmed in the scripts, there was no control of the data transfer after initiating the program. The review of the ODEN software at USEUCOM required a check of configuration and user authorization parameters, prior to successful operation. Once a configuration modification was made, successful data transfers occurred. In one case, a received file from Dahlgren was
  3. 3. corrupted during transfer. A retransmission of the same file was successful, and ODEN operated without further issue. CONCLUSION ODEN successfully demonstrated a universal software package for advanced communications performance by providing lossless data transfers with data compression. ODEN demonstrated significant time savings when transmitting uncompressed files and modified image files, which require only the bandwidth to send the differences between two similar image files. From a data transfer perspective, ODEN faired well when compared to FTP and FTPS data transfers of uncompressed data files, but not as well with compressed data files. Since ODEN has the ability take up all the available network bandwidth and required the software to be “throttled,” ODEN technology, as demonstrated, would be better suited to personnel with system administration experience. The development of supporting Concept of Operations (CONOPS) and Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) documentation would define the processes required for determining the network available bandwidth during any given time period. Proper procedures would enable warfighters to initiate the software with parameters consistent, but not in excess, of the available bandwidth. Given the “denial of service” risk, CWID roleplayers recommended the development of an operational GUI with error protection routines and the addition of respective user documentation to address the issues related to throttling data transmissions. RECOMMENDATIONS ODEN activities performed within the confines of CWID were meant to provide a cursory review of ODEN technology for CENTCOM. If the capability of ODEN fulfills immediate and urgent requirements of CENTCOM or any other command, service or agency, then CWID can recommend cautiously proceeding forward with ODEN, with strong consideration for requiring a GUI, CONOPS, SOP, and a rigid security review prior to implementation. However, if time is not a critical factor in acquiring ODEN technology, then CWID recommends a methodical and thorough technical analysis of ODEN in a controlled test environment. HIGHLIGHTS: --ODEN provides an innovative software solution for compressing and transmitting large data files. --ODEN provides lossless transmission of large data files, imagery, and video files allowing control of bandwidth utilization during transfer. --ODEN garners bandwidth savings of modified files by exclusively transmitting the differences between previously sent imagery files.
  4. 4. Transmit Files: MS Office Imagery Network SYSTEM DESIGN DIAGRAM Dynamic Transfer Syntax File Transfer (CTF or HS/HD) Transmit Files: MS Office Imagery
  5. 5. OBJECTIVES List CWID Objectives the system supports Allied and coalition partners and other bandwidth disadvantaged users often find themselves on the frontlines, increasing risks without a robust, joint and combined, interoperable and multilingual information sharing capability. Coalition information sharing capabilities are necessary to improve information and knowledge sharing. Describe, in outline form, the data products and processes the system used to satisfy these objectives Provide the ability to send large files without absorbing vast amounts of bandwidth. Objective met during CWID Execution? Yes Enable data transfers using a variety of data file formats typical in a DoD environment. Yes Operate in an encrypted wide area network. Yes Demonstrate the ability to operate in bandwidth constrained environments such as satellite links. Yes CAPABILITITES DEMONSTRATED List the unique system capabilities that this system demonstrated to support the objectives which are being addressed: 1. Transmits lossless file transfers of large data, imagery, and video files without absorbing vast amounts of bandwidth. 2. Garners additional bandwidth savings of modified files by exclusively transmitting the characteristics of the changed area only. 3. Provides the capability to scale data transfer operations for satellite communications and low bandwidth data links. SYSTEM CONFIGURATION REQUIREMENTS COMPONENT NAME: ODEN Workstation HARWARE BUILD: Platform Make and Model HP DC7600 PC Operating System Windows XP Professional Processor Speed RAM Intel 133 MHz 500 MB Minimum 1 GB Recommend Disk Space 40 GB Ports/NICs Additional Requirements 2/100baseT/RJ45 One port for data input/output; One port for technical monitoring
  6. 6. SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS: Software Application & Version Number Operating System Processor Speed Disk Space RAM Data Standards & Version Number Additional Requirements Windows 98, Windows 2000, 500 MB 500 Port 1022 as Windows XP Minimum MB + an TIMMES Professional, 133 MHz N/A 1 GB Size of Experimental Linux (all Recommend Files Port versions), Solaris (all versions) SITES: SPAWAR, San Diego,, CA, NSWC, Dahlgren, VA USNORTHCOM, Colorado Springs, CO, USEUCOM, Stuttgart, Germany AVAILABLE SYSTEM DOCUMENTATION SYSTEM DOCUMENTATION Standard Operating Procedures available for use during CWID Execution? No Operational Requirements Document (ORD) exists for this system? No Interface Design Specification (IDS) Document exists for this system? No Integrated Logistics Support Plan (ILSP) exists for this system? No Concept of Operations exists for this system? No