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Rizal   chapter 3 - early education in calamba and biñan
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Rizal chapter 3 - early education in calamba and biñan


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  • 2. How did you learn thealphabet?
  • 3. The Hero’s First Teacher Doña Teodora was Jose’s first non-formal teacher On her lap, Jose learned prayers and the alphabet at the age of three
  • 4. Private Tutors of Rizal Maestro Celestino was Jose’s first private tutor Maestro Lucas Padua was the second private tutor Maestro Leon Monroy became the hero’s tutor in Spanish and Latin. He was a classmate of Don Francisco.
  • 5. The Uncles of Rizal Uncle Jose Alberto – gave wise direction in the studies of Jose Uncle Gregorio – instilled into the mind of Jose the Jose Alberto love for education
  • 6. The Uncles of Rizal“Work hard and perform every task very carefully; learn to be swift as well as thorough; be independent in thinking; and make visual pictures of everything.” – Uncle Gregorio
  • 7. The Uncles of Rizal Uncle Manuel Alberto – seeing Jose was frail in nature, concerned himself with the physical development of his nephew He also taught Jose the love for open air and admiration for the beauty of nature
  • 8. Jose Goes to Biñan Don Leon died five months later and Jose was sent to a private school in Biñan. June 1869 – Jose goes to Biñan with Paciano Carromata – the mode of transportation Aunt’s house – where Jose lodged
  • 9. First Day in School Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz – formal teacher Rizal described Maestro Justiniano as tall, thin, long- necked, sharp-nosed, with a body slightly bent forward The school was in Maestro Justiniano’s house
  • 10. First School Brawl Pedro (the teacher’s son) – wrestling Andres Salandanan – arm wrestling
  • 11. Painting Lessons in Biñan Old Juancho – freely gave Jose painting lessons Jose Rizal and his classmate Jose Guevarra became apprentices of Old Juancho
  • 12. Daily Life in BiñanJose’s daily routine: Hears mass at 4 a.m. or studies lesson before going to mass Goes to orchard to look for mabolo to eat Breakfast Goes to class at 10 a.m. Lunch break
  • 13. Daily Life in Biñan Goes back to school at 2 p.m. Goes home at 5 p.m. Prays with cousins Studies lessons, then draws a little Has supper Prays again
  • 14. Daily Life in Biñan Plays in the street if moon is bright Sleeps
  • 15. Best Student in School Jose surpassed his classmates in Spanish, Latin and other subjects His older classmates were jealous and squealed to the teacher whenever he had fights Jose usually received five or six blows while laid out on a bench
  • 16. End of Biñan Schooling December 17, 1870 – Jose left Biñan Talim – the steamer that Jose rode Arturo Camps – a Frenchman and a friend of Don Francisco, he took care of Jose during the trip
  • 17. Martyrdom of GOMBURZA January 20, 1872 – Cavite mutiny February 17, 1872 – Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos and Jacinto Zamora were implicated and executed The GOMBURZA were leaders of the secularization movement
  • 18. The GOMBURZA
  • 19. Martyrdom of GOMBURZA The martyrdom of the three priests inspired Rizal to fight the evils of Spanish tyranny In 1891, Rizal dedicated his second novel El Filibusterismo to GOMBURZA
  • 20. Injustice to the Hero’s Mother In 1872, Doña Teodora was arrested on a malicious charge that she aided his brother Jose Alberto in trying to poison his wife Jose Alberto planned to divorce his wife because of her infidelity
  • 21. Injustice to the Hero’s Mother Jose Alberto’s wife connived with the Spanish lieutenant of the Guardia Civil and filed a case against Rizal’s mother Antonio Vivencio del Rosario – gobernadorcillo of Calamba, helped the lieutenant arrest Doña Teodora
  • 22. Injustice to the Hero’s Mother 50 kilometers – Doña Teodora was made to walk from Calamba to the provincial prison in Santa Cruz
  • 23. Injustice to the Hero’s Mother Don Francisco de Marcaida & Don Manuel Mazano – most famous lawyers of Manila, defended Doña Teodora in court After 2 ½ years – the Royal Audiencia acquitted Doña Teodora