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News writing the link campus journalism training-workshop 2011

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  • 1. Mr. Antonio T. DelgadoThe Link Campus Journalism Training-Workshop September 10, 2011 GJC Audio-Visual Room
  • 2. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1
  • 3. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  selection of which news stories will be covered  amount of space or time given to stories  way the story is presented  images and language used to cover the story  importance given to the story by its placement  way the audience is guided to interpret the story  glory of the byline
  • 4. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 NEWS is information about current events printed in newspapers or broadcast by the media. --Microsoft Encarta, 2009.
  • 5. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Recent information  Current events  Somebody or something interesting  Something previously unknown
  • 6. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Timeliness  Proximity or Nearness  Significance  Prominence  Oddity or Unusualness  Conflict
  • 7. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Human Interest  Drama  Romance  Progress  Number
  • 8. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Accuracy  Brevity (briefness)  Clarity  Style  Objectivity
  • 9. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Classroom story  Enrolment story  Meeting story  Program/Party Story  Experiments/Surveys  Honor roll/Dean’s list story
  • 10. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Awards story  School Improvement story  Election story  School Organization/Club story  Out-of-School Activity  Special Occasion story
  • 11. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Must have a nose for news  Must not be afraid of people  Must be knowledgeable in style  Must be able to finish articles on time
  • 12. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Beats – offices, departments, library  School calendar  Invitations and Memos  Different clubs and organizations  Sports teams  Students and teachers  Community
  • 13. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Straight news – consists of facts reported without elaboration  News feature – based on facts; writer may give his impressions, may describe and narrate without resorting to biased opinion
  • 14. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Most interesting or The Inverted most important Pyramid of news Least suggests that interesting news be told in or least order of most important interesting or important to least interesting or important
  • 15. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Inverted Pyramid of News
  • 16. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 I’LL TAKE THE LEAD!
  • 17. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  The 1st paragraph: Most important part of the article, summarizes the story  The Hook: Arouses the readers interest  Answers right away the most important questions: 5 W’s and 1 H
  • 18. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Who?  What?  When?  Where?  Why?  How?
  • 19. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Depending on the nature of the story and its driving news elements, a lead can focus on one or a few of the six question words.
  • 20. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Who? — The school board passed a resolution last night banning the wearing of caps in all school buildings. What? — Cap wearing was banned in all school buildings last night after the school board passed a new resolution.
  • 21. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Where? — In General de Jesus College last night, the school board passed a resolution to ban the wearing of caps in all school buildings. When? — Last night, the school board passed a resolution banning cap wearing in all school buildings.
  • 22. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 How? — By a 6-1 margin last night, the school board passed a resolution banning hat wearing in all school buildings. Why? — Citing a pattern of early-onset baldness in GJC’s teenagers, the board of education last night passed a resolution that restricts cap wearing in all school buildings.
  • 23. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Astonisher Lead Better attend your classes on November 5! Contrast Lead Twenty years ago, he was the school’s janitor. Now, he came back to become the college dean. Epigram Lead – verse, quotation Like father, like son…
  • 24. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Picture Lead – describes to create a mental picture of the subject. The new dean, although only in his 30s, is already silver-haired. Background Lead – describes the setting Decorated with buntings and multi- colored lights, the quadrangle became a grand setting for a barrio fiesta as GJC celebrated its…..
  • 25. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Parody Lead – a parody of a well-known song or poem Tell me not in mournful numbers, Life is but an empty dream.. This must be the desperate conclusion of a 45-year old man who killed himself.. Punch Lead - short, forceful, explosive God is dead!
  • 26. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Quotation Lead ―Ignorance, not poverty, causes malnutrition.‖ Thus revealed former Isabela governor Grace Padaca to … Question Lead Who will be the next Ms. Intramurals? The answer will be known on…
  • 27. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Startwith the most important or unusual idea of the news event.  Pack the most important info in one sentence  Go direct to the point
  • 28. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Rarely use the ―when‖ and ―where‖ leads  Use less than 30 words  Don’t start with articles: a, an, the
  • 29. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Who wants to read an article that begins: ―The General de Jesus College Board met Tuesday night at General de Jesus College to discuss the new dress code.‖ Instead try: ―A proposal to change uniforms received a lukewarm reception at last Tuesday night’s school board meeting.‖
  • 30. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Who wants to read an article that begins: ―A basketball team from the IT department won the semi-finals in basketball.‖ Instead try: ―With seconds left on the time clock, BSIT’s own Andres Dimagiba scored the winning shot that lead the team into the Intramurals’ Basketball Semi Finals.‖
  • 31. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 WHAT A GREAT BODY!
  • 32. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  The details of the summary lead  Arranged from most important to the least important  One sentence, one paragraph structure  Sentences are generally less than 24 words
  • 33. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Use transitional devices  Include quotations from at least two different people  Do not editorialize
  • 34. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Subject-verb-object sentences of generally less than 24 words  One idea per sentence  Don’t delay meaning, don’t use a lot of commas  Use strong verbs and an active voice  Simplify terms
  • 35. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Gather the details  Process the details What is the news value? What details should be included? Who are my target readers? Are there important details missing?  Rewrite  Edit for mechanics and structure
  • 36. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1
  • 37. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1
  • 38. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 POINTERS: 5 W’s and 1 H  Quotations  Details  One paragraph, one sentence
  • 39. ―Live to express, not to impress.‖ Prepared by:
  • 40. The LinkSeptember 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 GJCians study news writing The Link staff discusses topic Anything that concerns important events around the LEAD takes world is considered newsworthy. The importance of news cannot center stage be overestimated because the success of a newspaper depends on its coverage and the quality One of the most important elements of Students write their own articles after learning of its writing. Although news the dynamics of news writing. news writing is the opening paragraph writing involves getting the facts BODY found... in article or the introduction. Journalists refer to and sending them out to the this as the "lead.” Because newspapers reader, it undergoes a three part are read rapidly, the opening of the process before reaching the From the lead and his notes, the reporter story requires the most attention from reader: Coverage, Interpretation, writes the body of the news story. If the both the reader and the writer. The and Play. All these elements are LEAD has “told the story in a reader samples the story and then necessary to ensure a well- NUTSHELL,” the BODY only has to retell makes the choice of reading on or written news article that likewise the story in detail by explaining the features jumping to another article. conforms to all journalistic in the lead and adding minor features not (Continued) standards and requirements. summarized in the lead.

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