Mr. Antonio Delgado     August 15, 2012San Antonio Central School
It is the art of arranging, correcting, and selecting the quality and type of newsIt is also called copyediting.One who...
1)   edits errors on grammar2)   edits errors of fact3)   edits verbose copy4)   deletes opinion/slant and libelous     st...
In journalism, it refers to the fact that every time a certain term appears in a newspaper, they are spelled the same way...
The numbers 1 – 9 are written in words while the numbers 10 and above are written in figures.Example:    nine students   ...
EXCEPTIONS:  dates, address: always in figures.  proper nouns: may be written in   figures/words  beginning of sentence...
Look  for misspelled words.Here in the Philippines, American English is used, not British English.Ex: color, not colour...
The first letter of the sentence is always capitalized.Proper nouns are capitalized, common nouns are not.Ex: singer    ...
Small  letters are usually used for title or position.Ex: Mrs. Cecilia Burayag, the principal of BCIS, delivered the open...
Spell out Dept., gov’t, and other abbreviations.The abbreviations Jr. and Sr. are allowed in names.A title or position ...
Remember:    Engr. Emmanuel Delgado;    Engineer DelgadoRemember:    12 Dimagiba St.    Dimagiba Street
Acronyms   are usually written in capital letters.Example:    DSWDCheck if the letters of the acronym are in the correct...
When    an acronym appears for the first time in a news story, it is written after its meaning and it is enclosed in pare...
The  first sentence of a paragraph is indented.In news stories, the rule is one paragraph, one sentence only.
There should be no names of unknown persons in the lead.Check for buried leads.The standard lead answers the 5 Ws and 1...
Check for errors in:Tenses of VerbsSubject-Verb AgreementPronoun-Antecedent Agreement (agreement in gender and number)...
Remember:   he said and not said he;   Aquino said and not said Aquino
It is used at the end of declarative and imperative sentences.It is used in abbreviations such as p.m., a.m., Jr., Sr., ...
Use commas:to separate the month and day from the year.to separate the street, barangay, town and province in an address...
Do not use commas:to separate the abbreviations Jr., Sr., or III from the name.Ex: Emmanuel Delgado Jr.
(Filipino)Gumamit ng kuwit sa paghihiwalay ng mga pananalitang pasalungat na pinangungunahan ng ngunit, datapwat, hindi, ...
Use colons when presenting a series of information and use semicolons to separate components of the series.Ex: Elected off...
Use hyphen:in most compound nounsEx: editor-in-chief, officer-in-chargein fractionsEx: two-thirds, three-fourths(Englis...
(Filipino)Gumamit ng gitling kapag ang isang tanging ngalan ay inuunlapian.Hal: maka-Estrada     taga-Cabanatuan     pam-...
(Filipino) Gumamit ng gitling sa pagitan ng unlaping ika- at tambilang o oras.Hal: Ika-7 ng Agosto     Ika-3:35 ng madali...
Use a dash between two figures to indicate inclusion of all intervening figures.Avoid:    from Aug. 15 to 30Better: Aug. ...
Quotation   marks are used in direct quotations. Indirect quotations do not need them.Ex: “I forgot it,” he said.     He ...
 Quotation   marks are used to set off  an alias or nickname.Ex: Ramon ―Bong‖ Revilla Jr.      Juan Chua alias ―Boy Singk...
(English)Apostrophes are used in the possessive form of the noun.Ex: the teacher’s table    the teachers’ meetingApostro...
Symbol   Instruction   Example
Delete  editorializing words/phrases.Ex: The very beautiful and intelligent principal…    The cops were right in arresting…
Check for redundanciesEx: the concert the concert ended    at the back of the rear    advance planning    asked a questio...
REMEMBER:   After editing the news story, write 30 at the end of the article.REMEMBER: If the article is not yet finishe...
 Wastong  paglalapi ng pandiwaMali:      Nagdala ang mga bangkay  ng mga biktima sa Gospel Memorial  Homes. Wastong gami...
an  assemblage of words written in bigger, bolder letters than the usual page text at the beginning of the newsit is not...
1)   to attract readers2)   to tell the story (in a summary)3)   to add variety of type4)   to identify personality of    ...
1.   First, read the story for general     meaning.2.   Clues to the headline are usually in     the lead.      What happ...
3.Use the shortest words possible.Examples include:   cop – policeman   nab – arrest   mishap – accident   up – increa...
4.Have a subject and a verb. Avoid  starting with a verb; the headline  might sound as if it were giving  orders.Wrong: Re...
5.Use the historical present tense if  the verb is in the active voice.Wrong: Reyes topped editorial tiltCorrect: Reyes to...
6.Omit the helping verb if the verb is  in the passive voice. Only the past  participle is retained.Wrong: Drug pushers ar...
7.Use the infinitive for future events.Wrong: City Hall will punish anti- squatting driveCorrect: City Hall to punish anti...
8. Do not use a period at the end of   the headline.9. Omit articles (a, an, the).  Wrong: A fire hits Tondo slum area  Co...
10.Use a comma instead of “and” in   writing headlines.Delays, confusion bug AsiadLacson, Trillanes no show at SONA
11. Use semicolon to separate    sentences.Gina Lopez heads Pasig body;Noy swears in 35 other execs12. Use the punctuation...
13. Use single quotes („) in headlines    instead of double quotes (“).14. Always give the source of a quote.    Quotation...
15.Use the down-style – only the first   word and proper nouns are   capitalized, unless otherwise   indicated. This is mo...
Use only widely known16. abbreviations.Wrong: JEE to play Santa thisChristmas
Don‟t use names unless the person17.  is well known, use common nouns  instead.Wrong: Santos electrocutedCorrect: Carpente...
Use specific terms instead of18.  generalitiesExample: Trader killedBetter: Trader stabbed to death
19. Just report the facts; do not    editorialize.Wrong: Noy gives inspiring talks(The word “inspiring” is just your  opin...
1/18/TNR-B/1Enrolment ups by 18% (20 units)      FL/DS  1 – number of columns  18 – font size or points  TNR – font or typ...
1/18/TNR-B/1Enrolment ups by 18% (20 units)    FL/DS  FL – headline pattern  DS – downstyle  (20 units) – unit counts
1 – line spacing             11 – font size or                 points             TNR – font or type1/11/TNR-N   N – font ...
A count system considers differences in the widths of letters.Capital letters:      Small letters: M, W – 2 units        ...
Punctuation marks: dash (–) – 1 ½ units question mark (?) – 1 unit others - ½ unitNumber digits: 0 to 9 – 1 unitSpace – 1 ...
BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee B    C I    S       b a g s1½+1½+1+1½+1+1+1+1+1+1 (11 ½ units)m   e d a l     s     i...
BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee N    E    P    P    E   S    A1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1 (11 ½ units)q u i      z      b ...
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Copyreading and headline writing   san antonio district press conference 2012
Copyreading and headline writing   san antonio district press conference 2012
Copyreading and headline writing   san antonio district press conference 2012
Copyreading and headline writing   san antonio district press conference 2012
Copyreading and headline writing   san antonio district press conference 2012
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Copyreading and headline writing san antonio district press conference 2012

  1. 1. Mr. Antonio Delgado August 15, 2012San Antonio Central School
  2. 2. It is the art of arranging, correcting, and selecting the quality and type of newsIt is also called copyediting.One who edits copies is called a copyreader or copyeditor
  3. 3. 1) edits errors on grammar2) edits errors of fact3) edits verbose copy4) deletes opinion/slant and libelous statements5) makes sure articles follow the newspaper style6) writes the headline
  4. 4. In journalism, it refers to the fact that every time a certain term appears in a newspaper, they are spelled the same way.It also covers the use of abbreviations, titles, punctuations and how time is mentioned.
  5. 5. The numbers 1 – 9 are written in words while the numbers 10 and above are written in figures.Example: nine students 13 children
  6. 6. EXCEPTIONS:  dates, address: always in figures.  proper nouns: may be written in figures/words  beginning of sentence: always in words  events: 1st – 9th is allowed
  7. 7. Look for misspelled words.Here in the Philippines, American English is used, not British English.Ex: color, not colourIf a word has more than one accepted spelling, the shortest one is preferred.Ex: judgment, instead of judgement
  8. 8. The first letter of the sentence is always capitalized.Proper nouns are capitalized, common nouns are not.Ex: singer Regine Velasquez
  9. 9. Small letters are usually used for title or position.Ex: Mrs. Cecilia Burayag, the principal of BCIS, delivered the opening remarks.Capitalized titles: Governor Umali
  10. 10. Spell out Dept., gov’t, and other abbreviations.The abbreviations Jr. and Sr. are allowed in names.A title or position of a person may be abbreviated if it appears before the name but not if simply used in the sentence.
  11. 11. Remember: Engr. Emmanuel Delgado; Engineer DelgadoRemember: 12 Dimagiba St. Dimagiba Street
  12. 12. Acronyms are usually written in capital letters.Example: DSWDCheck if the letters of the acronym are in the correct order.
  13. 13. When an acronym appears for the first time in a news story, it is written after its meaning and it is enclosed in parentheses.Ex: University of the Philippines (UP)
  14. 14. The first sentence of a paragraph is indented.In news stories, the rule is one paragraph, one sentence only.
  15. 15. There should be no names of unknown persons in the lead.Check for buried leads.The standard lead answers the 5 Ws and 1 H.
  16. 16. Check for errors in:Tenses of VerbsSubject-Verb AgreementPronoun-Antecedent Agreement (agreement in gender and number)Articles (a, an, the)
  17. 17. Remember: he said and not said he; Aquino said and not said Aquino
  18. 18. It is used at the end of declarative and imperative sentences.It is used in abbreviations such as p.m., a.m., Jr., Sr., Pres., Sen., Rep., Gov., Gen., Capt., Dr., Fr., Atty., Corp., and Inc.Acronyms of schools, organizations and offices do not need periods.
  19. 19. Use commas:to separate the month and day from the year.to separate the street, barangay, town and province in an addressto separate facts concerning victims and suspects.Ex: Jolas Burayag, 17, of Barangay San Fernando Norte
  20. 20. Do not use commas:to separate the abbreviations Jr., Sr., or III from the name.Ex: Emmanuel Delgado Jr.
  21. 21. (Filipino)Gumamit ng kuwit sa paghihiwalay ng mga pananalitang pasalungat na pinangungunahan ng ngunit, datapwat, hindi, atbp.Hal: Mayaman sila, ngunit hindi sila maligaya.
  22. 22. Use colons when presenting a series of information and use semicolons to separate components of the series.Ex: Elected officers of the Board of Elders are: Dr. Arturo Guina, President; Atty. Ferdinand Dumlao, Vice President; Dr. Narciso V. Matienzo, Secretary; and Dr. Poyen Pini, Treasurer.
  23. 23. Use hyphen:in most compound nounsEx: editor-in-chief, officer-in-chargein fractionsEx: two-thirds, three-fourths(English) in numeralsEx: twenty-two, fifty-nine
  24. 24. (Filipino)Gumamit ng gitling kapag ang isang tanging ngalan ay inuunlapian.Hal: maka-Estrada taga-Cabanatuan pam-Bagong Taon
  25. 25. (Filipino) Gumamit ng gitling sa pagitan ng unlaping ika- at tambilang o oras.Hal: Ika-7 ng Agosto Ika-3:35 ng madaling araw(Filipino) Sa mga salitang ang kayarian ay inuulit.Hal: kabi-kabila
  26. 26. Use a dash between two figures to indicate inclusion of all intervening figures.Avoid: from Aug. 15 to 30Better: Aug. 15 — 30
  27. 27. Quotation marks are used in direct quotations. Indirect quotations do not need them.Ex: “I forgot it,” he said. He said he forgot it.Periods and commas are written first before closing quotation marks.Ex: “Let‟s go to SM,” the boy said.
  28. 28.  Quotation marks are used to set off an alias or nickname.Ex: Ramon ―Bong‖ Revilla Jr. Juan Chua alias ―Boy Singkit‖ Do not use quotation marks to set off titles of events, shows, movies, books, etc.Ex: We watched The Titanic.But: We watched ―Walang Hanggan‖.
  29. 29. (English)Apostrophes are used in the possessive form of the noun.Ex: the teacher’s table the teachers’ meetingApostrophes are used in contractions.Ex: I’m (I am) you’re (you are)
  30. 30. Symbol Instruction Example
  31. 31. Delete editorializing words/phrases.Ex: The very beautiful and intelligent principal… The cops were right in arresting…
  32. 32. Check for redundanciesEx: the concert the concert ended at the back of the rear advance planning asked a question repeat again
  33. 33. REMEMBER: After editing the news story, write 30 at the end of the article.REMEMBER: If the article is not yet finished, write more at the bottom of the page.
  34. 34.  Wastong paglalapi ng pandiwaMali: Nagdala ang mga bangkay ng mga biktima sa Gospel Memorial Homes. Wastong gamit ng dito at rito, din at rin, atbp. Wastong gamit ng sa at kay Wastong gamit ng ang, si at ni Wastong gamit ng nang at ng
  35. 35. an assemblage of words written in bigger, bolder letters than the usual page text at the beginning of the newsit is not a title
  36. 36. 1) to attract readers2) to tell the story (in a summary)3) to add variety of type4) to identify personality of newspaper5) to index/grade the news
  37. 37. 1. First, read the story for general meaning.2. Clues to the headline are usually in the lead. What happened? Who did what? How did if happen?
  38. 38. 3.Use the shortest words possible.Examples include: cop – policeman nab – arrest mishap – accident up – increase down – decrease thief - robber
  39. 39. 4.Have a subject and a verb. Avoid starting with a verb; the headline might sound as if it were giving orders.Wrong: Revise money mart guidelinesCorrect: Central Bank revises money mart guidelines
  40. 40. 5.Use the historical present tense if the verb is in the active voice.Wrong: Reyes topped editorial tiltCorrect: Reyes tops editorial tilt
  41. 41. 6.Omit the helping verb if the verb is in the passive voice. Only the past participle is retained.Wrong: Drug pushers are nabbedCorrect: Drug pushers nabbed
  42. 42. 7.Use the infinitive for future events.Wrong: City Hall will punish anti- squatting driveCorrect: City Hall to punish anti- squatting drive
  43. 43. 8. Do not use a period at the end of the headline.9. Omit articles (a, an, the). Wrong: A fire hits Tondo slum area Correct: Fire hits Tondo slum area
  44. 44. 10.Use a comma instead of “and” in writing headlines.Delays, confusion bug AsiadLacson, Trillanes no show at SONA
  45. 45. 11. Use semicolon to separate sentences.Gina Lopez heads Pasig body;Noy swears in 35 other execs12. Use the punctuation marks (especially the exclamation point) sparingly.
  46. 46. 13. Use single quotes („) in headlines instead of double quotes (“).14. Always give the source of a quote. Quotation marks are not necessary, a dash or a colon will serve the purpose.Crackdown on errant bus firms – EnrileEnrile: Crackdown on errant bus firms
  47. 47. 15.Use the down-style – only the first word and proper nouns are capitalized, unless otherwise indicated. This is more readable because people are used to reading sentences this way.Ex: Faculty honors Nuñez
  48. 48. Use only widely known16. abbreviations.Wrong: JEE to play Santa thisChristmas
  49. 49. Don‟t use names unless the person17. is well known, use common nouns instead.Wrong: Santos electrocutedCorrect: Carpenter electrocuted
  50. 50. Use specific terms instead of18. generalitiesExample: Trader killedBetter: Trader stabbed to death
  51. 51. 19. Just report the facts; do not editorialize.Wrong: Noy gives inspiring talks(The word “inspiring” is just your opinion.)20. Be positive. Dont use negatives in headlines. They weaken not only the headlines but also the stories.
  52. 52. 1/18/TNR-B/1Enrolment ups by 18% (20 units) FL/DS 1 – number of columns 18 – font size or points TNR – font or type B – font style 1 – number of lines
  53. 53. 1/18/TNR-B/1Enrolment ups by 18% (20 units) FL/DS FL – headline pattern DS – downstyle (20 units) – unit counts
  54. 54. 1 – line spacing 11 – font size or points TNR – font or type1/11/TNR-N N – font style { - text to which the direction will apply
  55. 55. A count system considers differences in the widths of letters.Capital letters: Small letters: M, W – 2 units m, w – 1 ½ units JLIFT – 1 unit jlift – ½ unit Others – 1 ½ units others – 1unit
  56. 56. Punctuation marks: dash (–) – 1 ½ units question mark (?) – 1 unit others - ½ unitNumber digits: 0 to 9 – 1 unitSpace – 1 unit
  57. 57. BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee B C I S b a g s1½+1½+1+1½+1+1+1+1+1+1 (11 ½ units)m e d a l s i n1½+1+1+1+1+1+1+½+1+1 (10 units)
  58. 58. BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee N E P P E S A1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1 (11 ½ units)q u i z b e e1+1+½+1+1+1+1+1 (7 ½ units)TOTAL = 11 ½ + 10 + 11 ½ + 7 ½ = 40 ½ units
  59. 59. www.facebook.com/kazekage15

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