Creative Commons: Access and Knowledge Sharing


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Given at the "Scientific Information in the Digital Age: Access and Dissemination", 14 Oct 2009, ICTP, Trieste.

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Creative Commons: Access and Knowledge Sharing

  1. 1. creative commons: access and knowledge sharing kaitlin thaney program manager, science commons trieste, italy - 14 oct 2009 This presentation is licensed under the CreativeCommons-Attribution-3.0 license.
  2. 2. com⋅mons (noun) - law, content, technology, community
  3. 3. (1) history and overview (2) highlighted projects (3) access and dissemination in science (to content, materials, data ...) (4) roadblocks and tools
  4. 4. analog uses implicating all © law possible uses of a fair uses work
  5. 5. digital uses implicating © law all fair uses possible *where uses of a every use work* is a copy.
  6. 6. “layer cake approach” available in three formats chooser interface
  7. 7. international jurisdictions
  8. 8. licensed objects via google/Yahoo!
  9. 9. projects licensing search science ccLearn commons ccInternational
  10. 10.
  11. 11. +
  12. 12. image from the public library of science licensed to the public under cc-by-3.0
  13. 13. scholarship entrenched in idea of transmitting knowledge via paper mentality reflected even in the way we describe “papers” static, one-dimensional documents
  14. 14. in the digital world, “papers” can become living, breathing works no longer static PDF documents linking to data sets, other relevant papers, information, plasmids, genes
  15. 15. oldest scientific journal published in english- speaking world 1665
  16. 16. need to change the way we think of scholarly publishing, of knowledge sharing paradigm shift begin thinking of “papers” as containers of knowledge
  17. 17. “papers” IGFBP-5 plays a role in the regulation of cellular senescence via a p53-dependent pathway and in aging-associated vascular diseases
  18. 18. “networked knowledge” IGFBP-5 plays a role in the regulation of cellular senescence via a p53-dependent pathway and in aging-associated vascular diseases
  19. 19. content needs to be legally and technically accessible
  20. 20. copyright locks that container
  21. 21. traditional transfer of copyright agreement
  22. 22. “ By open access to the literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself.” Image from the Public Library of Science, licensed to the public, under CC-BY-3.0
  23. 23. “The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.”
  24. 24. legal implementation
  25. 25. publishers of journals, other publications: looking to make their journals Open Access > 500 journals under CC-BY 2008, ~1,000 will implement OA philosophy using CC early adopters: Public Library of Science BioMedCentral Hindawi
  26. 26. promote author’s rights
  27. 27. ... but what about the physical materials?
  28. 28. non-digital.
  29. 29. non-digital.
  30. 30. non-digital.
  31. 31. ideally ... contact author, obtain material, recreate experiment build on the existing work, publish and repeat ...
  32. 32. no office superstores for science no internet marketplaces for science
  33. 33. the reality ... materials difficult to find, fulfill, lack resources reagents and assays often re-invented or reverse engineered locked in contracts, bureaucracy, deliberate withholding, “club mentality”
  34. 34. solves the access problem via contract UBMTA (standardized material transfer agreements, or MTAs) SLA SCMTA standard icons, CC methodology, metadata
  35. 35. build offer through simple set of choices (post-authentication)
  36. 36. scientist lawyer machine
  37. 37. the commons changes the physical world, too. not just the digital.
  38. 38. integrating all of these bits into the data web is tricky legal, social, and technical issues interoperability is key
  39. 39. © for data?
  40. 40. <protein> <composed of> <amino acids>
  41. 41. <protein> <composed of> <amino acids> ?
  42. 42. as a means to achieve Open Access but for data?
  43. 43. some issues ... creative expression? implications of FLOSS licenses? database directives / national law(s)? how to discern? interoperability concerns public domain ©
  44. 44. what’s needed? common standards, right software accessible data and content open infrastructure build for network effects
  45. 45. what can you do?
  46. 46. design for maximum reuse ensure the freedom to integrate leverage existing open infrastructure allows for snap together integration of the tools, data, research literature
  47. 47. questions?
  48. 48. thank you