Meu Portugal, Junho 2009 um. Tão bom!<br />The early history of Portugal, whose name derives from the Roman name Portus Cale, is shared with the rest of the Iberian Peninsula. The region was settled by Pre-Celts and Celts, giving origin to peoples like the Gallaeci, Lusitanians, Celtici and Cynetes, visited by Phoenicians and Carthaginians, incorporated in the Roman Republic dominions (as Lusitania after 45 BC), settled again by Suevi, Buri, and Visigoths, and conquered by Moors. Other minor influences include some 5th century vestiges of Alan settlement, which were found in Alenquer, Coimbra and even Lisbon. In 868, during the Reconquista (by which Christians reconquered the Iberian Peninsula from the Muslim and Moorish domination), the First County of Portugal was formed. A victory over the Muslims at Ourique in 1139 is traditionally taken as the occasion when Portugal was transformed from a county (County of Portugal as a fief of the Kingdom of León) into an independent kingdom: the Kingdom of Portugal.<br />
O Rossio é o nome popular do Praça D. Pedro IV (Português: Praça de D. Pedro IV), Na cidade de Lisboa, Em Portugal. Ele está localizado no Baixa Pombalina de Lisboa e tem sido uma das suas principais praças desde a Idade Média. Ele tem sido o cenário de revoltas populares e festas, touradas e execuções, e é agora um lugar de encontro preferido de Lisboa nativos e turistas.<br />The Rossio became an important place in the city during the 13th and 14th centuries, when the population of the city expanded to the lower area surrounding the Lisbon Castle hill. The name "rossio" is roughly equivalent to the word "commons" in English, and refers to a commonly owned terrain.<br />
Praça de D. Pedro IV<br />Rossio ouCidade Baixa, Lisboa.<br />
The Praça do Comércio (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈ pɾasɐ du ku ˈmɛɾsiu]; English: Commerce Square) is located in the city of Lisbon, Portugal. Situated near the Tagus river, the square is still commonly known as Terreiro do Paço ([tɨ ˈ ʁeiɾu du ˈ pasu]; English: Palace Square), because it was the location of the Paços da Ribeira (Royal Ribeira Palace) until it was destroyed by the great 1755 Lisbon Earthquake. After the earthquake, the square was completely remodelled as part of the rebuilding of the Pombaline Downtown, ordered by the Marquis of Pombal.<br />
On 1 November 1755, during the reign of King José I, a great earthquake followed by a tsunami and fire destroyed most of Lisbon, including the Ribeira Palace and other buildings by the river. José I's Prime Minister, the Marquis of Pombal, coordinated a massive rebuilding effort in the enlightened spirit of the time. The Royal Palace was not to be rebuilt, and the square was given a regular, rational arrangement in line with the reconstruction of the new Pombaline Downtown, the Baixa<br />
A Praça do Comércio, mais conhecida por Terreiro do Paço, é uma praça da Baixa de Lisboa situada junto ao Rio Tejo, na zona que foi o local do palácio dos reis de Portugal durante cerca de dois séculos. É uma das maiores Praças da Europa, com cerca de 36000m² (180m x 200m).<br />Em 1511, o rei D. Manuel I transferiu a sua residência do Castelo de São Jorge para este sítio junto ao rio. O Paço da Ribeira, bem como a sua biblioteca de 70.000 volumes, foram destruídos pelo terramoto de 1755. Na reconstrução, a praça tornou-se no elemento fundamental do plano do Marquês de Pombal. Os edifícios, com arcadas que circundam a praça, albergam alguns departamentos de vários Ministérios do Governo Português, com excepção do famoso café Martinho da Arcada, o mais antigo de Lisboa, e um dos preferidos de Fernando Pessoa.<br />
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