AGENDA•   Turkey at a Glance•   Wine in Anatolia•   Wine Regions in Turkey•   Important Native Grape Varieties
AGENDA•   Turkey at A Glance•   Wine in Anatolia•   Wine Regions in Turkey•   Important Native Grape Varieties
The Republic of Turkey•Turkey is a republic - a parliamentary representative democracy.•Turkey is one of the developing co...
Turkish Culture• The ethnic diversity and long history in Turkey created aculturally rich society.•The languages,religions...
Turkish Culture•   Language    – Turkish•   Religion    – Secular country    – The vast majority of the population Muslim•...
İSTANBUL
ÇAĞLAYAN VALLEY
BERGAMA
CAPPADOCIA
ÖLÜDENİZ (DEAD SEA)
ÖLÜDENİZ (DEAD SEA)
KAPUTAS              TRABZON UZUNGÖL          ASPENDOS                       KARALASKOYU
Turkish Culinary•   The Turkish Cuisine has the extra privilege of being at the cross-roads of the    Far-East and the Med...
Turkish Culinary•     The culinary art in Turkey is made of a great variety of delicious dessert,      egg, fish, game, fo...
KEBAB          LAHMACUN        PİDE     BAKLAVA
The Bridge Between Europe and Asia•Located between 35° and 42° North latitude, and 25° and 44° West longitude
Geography of Turkey•   The two continents are separated by the Marmara Sea, the Straits of    Bosphorus, and the Dardanell...
Geography of Turkey•   Turkey is divided into 7 geographical regions
AGENDA•   Turkey at A Glance•   Wine in Anatolia•   Wine Regions in Turkey•   Important Native Grape Varieties
Wine at first years of Turkish republic                •   There was a considerable amount of wine production             ...
Wine at first years of Turkish republic                 •   In 1946 there were 28 small sized wineries all around         ...
Current Situation•   With its annual yield of 65 million    liters of wine, Turkey accounts for    only a quarter of one p...
Turkey: Where is it in the Wine                                 World now?            Vineyards                      Produ...
Industry structure in Turkey Lack of wine category    Low scale of wine      Large scale andscale and low degree of    man...
Current Situation of Wine Industry                                WINE INDUSTRY STATISTICS(2007)                          ...
Current situation of Wine IndustryCurrent taxation of wine industry• Local production/local market:  – VAT : 18%  – Excise...
36- Vinkara
Wine in Anatolia•   Vitis Vinifera grows in a band with 6000 km long from Middle East    to Spain and 1300 km wide from Cr...
Wine in Anatolia•   First traces of viticulture and winemaking in    Anatolia date back 6000 years.          [Source: Oxfo...
Wine in Anatolia•   The Phrygians introduced wine to Greek colonists on Anatolia’s western    flank•   By the 6th century ...
Historic Wine Regions In Anatolia               •   İzmir                     – “Pramneion, produced in İzmir Region was a...
Historic Wine Regions In Anatolia•   Melitine(Malatya)     – “Melitine produces high quality wines that can compete with  ...
Hitits;•decanter•Wine fresk
Primal vinifera-Eastern Anatolia
AGENDA•   Turkey at A Glance•   Wine in Anatolia•   Wine Regions in Turkey•   Important Native Grape Varieties
Old World vs. New World                 Where to put Turkey?     50°30°0°30°       50°
Wine in Turkey-   1200-1500 named grape variatals-   600-800 different genetically    differentiated grape varieties-   25...
Wine Regions in Turkey  REGION                                     MAIN GRAPE VARIETIESThrace       Semillon, Cinsault, Pa...
Wine Regions in Turkey  REGION                                     MAIN GRAPE VARIETIESThrace       Semillon, Cinsault, Pa...
GRAPE MAP OF TURKEY            Papazkarası            Semillon            Cinsault            Gamay                       ...
Thrace Region, Şarköy-Mürefte-Saros-Avşa Island                   Province                                                ...
Soil Type & VineyardsSoil type:   Dense cracking claysVineyards:   Equal amount of head-trained and trellis vineyards     ...
SAROS VINEYARDS
AVŞA VINEYARDS
Uçmakdere, Şarköy-Thrace
Aegean Region, Denizli–Güney         Province              •   Lat (DMS) 38° 9 16N              •   Long (DMS) 29° 4 4E   ...
Soil Type & VineyardsSoil type: goes from clay loam in thelower elevations to Akins seriesalternating with calcarious chal...
Soils in Denizli
Ege Region, Sultaniye• Mainly grown in Denizli and Manisa.• Mostly consumed as table grape and dried grape  however it is ...
SultaniyeAroma Profile•   Asparagus•   Pear•   Pineapple•   Floral•   Mango•   Lemon•   Golden, Green Apples•   Hay
Sultaniye    Food & Wine Match•   Grilled or steamed fish•   Shellfish•   Chicken•   Pasta with white, creamy sauces
Aegean Region, İzmir-Şirince Province                •   Lat (DMS) 37° 57 6N                •   Long (DMS) 27° 22 29E     ...
Soil Type & Vineyards                               Cabernet                        Sultaniye
Muscat of Bornova
Serhat Orhan, Merlot
Serhat Orhan, Merlot
Serhat Orhan Sauvignon Blanc
Serhat Orhan -Syrah
Hilmi Doğu, Misket
Central Anatolia, Kalecik Province“Kalecik" is a far and small district of Ankara. Located near the river "Kizilirmak" (Ha...
Soil Type & VineyardsSoil Type: Pebbely clay loamVineyard: Cord modern trellising
Central Anatolia Region, Kalecik Karası •   Kalecik Karası means the “black from small castle”. Kalecik is     a small vil...
Kalecik Karası    Aroma Profile•   Red Berries•   Cherry•   Strawberry•   Raspberry•   Cotton candy•   Pyrezine•   Game or...
Kalecik Karası    Food & Wine Match•   Pizza•   Meat with tomato sauce•   Grilled cutlet•   Pasta with tomato sauce
Central Anatolia, Tokat Province•   Lat (DMS) 40° 15 44N•   Long (DMS) 36° 18 48E•   Altitude (meters) 1176•   Climate:Tok...
Soil Type & Vineyards   Soil Type: River bed and glaciated aluvial fan   Vineyards: Typically grown head train spur pruned...
Black Sea Region, Narince•   Narince means “delicately” in Turkish•   Mainly grown in Tokat and along Yeşilırmak (river)• ...
Narince    Aroma Profile•   Orange, grapefruit, lime•   White pineapple•   Quince•   Floral, Plumeria, Acaccia,and fruit b...
Narince    Food & Wine Match•   Oily grilled fish•   Spicy chicken•   Eggplant salade•   Dishes with onion•   Hors d’oeuvres
East Anatolian Region, Elazığ Province•   Lat (DMS) 38° 40 31N•   Long (DMS) 39° 13 14E•   Altitude (meters) 1049•   Clima...
Soil Type & VineyardsSoil Type:   Red clay and decomposed granites varying to light chalky clay soilsVineyards:   Majority...
East Anatolia Region, Öküzgözü• Öküzgözü(o-kuz-goes-zu) means “ox eye”• Öküzgözü is grown in Elazığ.• High in acidity, thi...
Öküzgözü    Aroma Profile•   Raspberry•   Dark cherry•   Mint•   Chocolate•   Eucalyptus•   Sour cherry•   Pomegranate•   ...
Öküzgözü    Food & Wine Match• Casseroles• Kebaps• Smoked foods, eggplants• Hünkar begendi (means “sultan loved it”-ask fo...
East Anatolian Region,    Diyarbakır Province, Zaza Region•   Lat (DMS) 37° 55 8N•   Long (DMS) 40° 12 38E•   Altitude (me...
Soil Type & Vineyards   Soil type :   decomposed sandstone to red clays   Vineyards:    wild and savage
East Anatolia Region, Boğazkere• Boğazkere means “throat burner” (boaz-ker-a)• Boğazkere is mainly grown in Diyarbakır.  (...
Boğazkere    Aroma Profile•   Black cherry•   Raspberry•   Blackberry•   Black mulberry•   Pepper•   Clove•   Eucalyptus• ...
Boğazkere    Food & Wine Match•   Spicy, saucy meat dishes•   Kebabs and BBQs•   Tandir (slow roasted lamb)•   Intensely f...
Marmara Region, Bozcaada Province•   Lat (DMS) 39° 50 6N•   Long (DMS) 26° 4 11E•   Altitude (meters) 0•   Climate: The hi...
Soil Type & Vineyards   Soil type:   gravelly loam   Vineyards:   trellis and head-trained, maritime
Middle Anatolia Region,                Cappadocia Province•   Lat (DMS) 38° 46 19N•   Long (DMS) 34° 32 5E•   Altitude (me...
Soil Type & VineyardsSoil type:   sand, sandstone, decomposed volcanic, tuffaVineyards:   upper elevations dry-farmed, low...
Cappadocia, Emir• Niğde-Nevşehir (Kapadokya) region• Wines are  – Light-medium bodied  – Light yellow colour  – High acidi...
Emir• Aroma Profile   – Apple (green/yellow)   – Pineapple   – Kiwi   – Lemon   – Blood orange   – White rose• Goût de ter...
Emir• Food & Wine Match  –   Salmon and other oily fish  –   Shellfish  –   Asparagus  –   Chicken with tomato sauces  –  ...
AGENDA•   Turkey at A Glance•   Wine in Anatolia•   Wine Regions in Turkey•   Important Native Grape Varieties
Aroma Profile                                Narince•       Orange•       Grapefruit•       Lime•       Floral•       Ripe...
Aroma Profile     • Apple                    Emir     (green / yellow)     • Pineapple     • Kiwi     • Pear     • Yellow ...
Aroma Profile•       Red Berries                                  Kalecik Karası•       Cherry•       Strawberry•       Ra...
Aroma Profile••    Raspberry    Dark cherry                                    Öküzgözü•   Mint•   Chocolate•   Eucalyptus...
Aroma Profile                                                          •   Black cherry                                   ...
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell
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Turkey, wine in turkey and turkish grape varieties by daniel o'donnell

  1. 1. AGENDA• Turkey at a Glance• Wine in Anatolia• Wine Regions in Turkey• Important Native Grape Varieties
  2. 2. AGENDA• Turkey at A Glance• Wine in Anatolia• Wine Regions in Turkey• Important Native Grape Varieties
  3. 3. The Republic of Turkey•Turkey is a republic - a parliamentary representative democracy.•Turkey is one of the developing countries in the world.•It is a dynamic emerging-market economy strategically located betweenEurope and Asia, bordering the Mediterranean, Aegean, and Black Seas .•The negotiations between European Union and Turkey have been enduring.• fenerbahce The founder, Atatürk National Fottbal Team
  4. 4. Turkish Culture• The ethnic diversity and long history in Turkey created aculturally rich society.•The languages,religions, art, literature,and traditions of variouscultures contributed tothe modern Turkey’scultural profile.
  5. 5. Turkish Culture• Language – Turkish• Religion – Secular country – The vast majority of the population Muslim• Culinary – Rich, from Aegean olive oil based vegetarian cuisine to famous spicy kebaps of south eastern Anatolia, from dough/pastry based boreks, raviolies, pides, to slow cooking style of lamb (tandir)• Lifestyle – Cities – Towns – Villages
  6. 6. İSTANBUL
  7. 7. ÇAĞLAYAN VALLEY
  8. 8. BERGAMA
  9. 9. CAPPADOCIA
  10. 10. ÖLÜDENİZ (DEAD SEA)
  11. 11. ÖLÜDENİZ (DEAD SEA)
  12. 12. KAPUTAS TRABZON UZUNGÖL ASPENDOS KARALASKOYU
  13. 13. Turkish Culinary• The Turkish Cuisine has the extra privilege of being at the cross-roads of the Far-East and the Mediterranean, which mirrors a long and complex history of Turkish migration from the steppes of Central Asia (where they mingled with the Chinese) to Europe.• Turkish Cuisine has a rich and varied number of dishes, which can be prepared and combined with other dishes in meals of almost infinite variety.• This led to a Cuisine that is open to improvisation through development of regional styles, while retaining its deep structure, as all great works of art do.• The Cuisine is also an integral aspect of culture. It is a part of the rituals of everyday life events. WHITE BEANS
  14. 14. Turkish Culinary• The culinary art in Turkey is made of a great variety of delicious dessert, egg, fish, game, fowl, jam, legume, marmalade, meat, mollusk, offal, pasta, pasty, pickle, poultry, rice, shellfish, soup, vegetable, meatball, kebab, stew, stuff, ragout dishes and more.• The enormous variety of necessary ingredients available all the year round can contribute to an ever-changing combination of flavors, appearances, aromas, tastes, exotic spices, textures and colors. MUTTON SHANKS KEBAB WITH VEGETABLES DOLMA
  15. 15. KEBAB LAHMACUN PİDE BAKLAVA
  16. 16. The Bridge Between Europe and Asia•Located between 35° and 42° North latitude, and 25° and 44° West longitude
  17. 17. Geography of Turkey• The two continents are separated by the Marmara Sea, the Straits of Bosphorus, and the Dardanelles.• The Black Sea to the north, the Aegean to the west, and the Mediterranean to the south surround the large peninsula of Anatolia. 8100 km coastline
  18. 18. Geography of Turkey• Turkey is divided into 7 geographical regions
  19. 19. AGENDA• Turkey at A Glance• Wine in Anatolia• Wine Regions in Turkey• Important Native Grape Varieties
  20. 20. Wine at first years of Turkish republic • There was a considerable amount of wine production before World War I and War for Independence in Turkey. But wars affected negatively the production, especially in Trace and Aegean regions. • The production of all alcoholic beverages went under the control of government monopoly on 1927 with the exception of wine which allowed private production and development of vineyards. This was specifically done to develop and protect wine production. The only restriction which can also be called on today’s terms as “controlled wine regions-appelation controllée” was the permission of wine production on specific regions where wine grapes were producing. In 1928 government started to support wine producers by technical know-how and semi-financial supports. (There was also support for export tax exemptions and support fee/kg) • M.Emile Bouffart was one of the first pionneering consultants who has evaluated wines and wine regions in Turkey and where to have wineries.
  21. 21. Wine at first years of Turkish republic • In 1946 there were 28 small sized wineries all around Turkey exploring the potential quality of wine production with different varieties and terroirs under Government Monopoly. • Marcel Biron is also one of the consultants working for Government Monopole and identifying different wine regions and wines in Turkey (1937-1947) • 1950’s government initiated french grape varieties plantation on Aegean and Trace regions (Semillon, Clairette, Sylvaner, Gamay, Cinsaut, Pinot Noir and Cabernet Sauvignon are among the varieties planted and explored during these dates) • The decrease of quality has started with the non- implementation of this “controlled wine regions” regulation as well as political changes in 1960’s. Private producers stayed in the market during all this period with relatively small sizes.. •
  22. 22. Current Situation• With its annual yield of 65 million liters of wine, Turkey accounts for only a quarter of one percent of global wine production.• There is no doubt that the significance of Turkey’s output is directly linked to low domestic demand.• Turkish people favour raki and beer; they consume at most only one liter of wine per capita annually. Compared with France’s 54, Spain’s 35 and Greece’s 30 litres per capita.
  23. 23. Turkey: Where is it in the Wine World now? Vineyards Production Consumption In 75 countries; In 65 countries; In 225 countries; 1.Spain 1.France 1.France 2.France 2.Italy 2. Italy 3.Italy 3.Spain 3.USA 4.Turkey 43.Turkey 55. TurkeySource: www.wineinstitute.org 2005 data
  24. 24. Industry structure in Turkey Lack of wine category Low scale of wine Large scale andscale and low degree of manufacturers monopolistic structure of premiumization substitutes
  25. 25. Current Situation of Wine Industry WINE INDUSTRY STATISTICS(2007) Total Production(LT) Imports(LT) Exports(LT) Wine 21.921.703 23,958 39,247 Sparkling Wine 359,85 2.512.268 919,092 Turkish wine industry is not yet supported by high consumer demand. Although the number of wine drinkers in the country is low, the number of ambitious Turkish investors who see great potential in the soil and dream of producing superior wines on this land is growing day by day.*Tobacco and Alcohol Market OrganizationCommittee-Legal numbers
  26. 26. Current situation of Wine IndustryCurrent taxation of wine industry• Local production/local market: – VAT : 18% – Excise tax: 3,44 TRL/bottle – Bandrolle implementation starting with end of 2008• Imports: – Custom duty 50% for EUGrey market issue
  27. 27. 36- Vinkara
  28. 28. Wine in Anatolia• Vitis Vinifera grows in a band with 6000 km long from Middle East to Spain and 1300 km wide from Crimean to West Africa.• According to archeobotanists, grape was reclaimed in East Anatolia, Georgia and Armenia trio. Source: The World Atlas of Wine, Hugh Johnson Vitis Vinifera’s natural allocation and archeological finds.
  29. 29. Wine in Anatolia• First traces of viticulture and winemaking in Anatolia date back 6000 years. [Source: Oxford Companion to Wine]• “In wider scope we can conclude that the lands of Anatolia and Mesopotamia are the locations where the first wine was made..” The Story of Wine by Hugh Johnson• Wine had an indispensable role in social lives of the oldest civilizations of Anatolia-the Hattis and the Hittites.• For the Phrygians, who lived in Anatolia after the Hitties, wine was an essential part of daily life and an important element in their diet. The Hittites Empire Period,BC 1200, Boğazköy *Photo is from The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, Ankara
  30. 30. Wine in Anatolia• The Phrygians introduced wine to Greek colonists on Anatolia’s western flank• By the 6th century BC wine was being exported as far as France and Italy.• One of these early Anatolian grapes, Misket, became known as Muscat in Europe.• During the period of Ottoman Empire, wine production and trade were carried out exclusively by non-Muslim minorities.• The Ottoman Empire’s wine exports in 1904: 340 million liters – Ottoman modernization movement – Phylloxera in European vineyards Satirres going to a Dionysos feast with wine fresks in their hands
  31. 31. Historic Wine Regions In Anatolia • İzmir – “Pramneion, produced in İzmir Region was a dry and full bodied wine with high tannin and alcohol.” Illias Odysseia 10.235 • Gallipoli – “Phonecia colony Lampsakos(Lapseki) is known with its wines.” Strabo, Geografia 4.7.11 • Central Anatolia – In Galatia Region in Central Anatolia, sweet wine was produced called Scybelites. – “Scybelites produced in Galatia always keeps its freshness as the Halyntium wine of Sicily.” Gaius Plinius SecundusDionysus and Eros
  32. 32. Historic Wine Regions In Anatolia• Melitine(Malatya) – “Melitine produces high quality wines that can compete with Greek wines(Monariten)” Strabo, Geografia• Black Sea – “Pontus Euxinus(Black Sea) wines are so precious to be represented to Trapezus King Ptolemi.” Plinius Heredot BC 484-425 King Aragon and his wine bowl
  33. 33. Hitits;•decanter•Wine fresk
  34. 34. Primal vinifera-Eastern Anatolia
  35. 35. AGENDA• Turkey at A Glance• Wine in Anatolia• Wine Regions in Turkey• Important Native Grape Varieties
  36. 36. Old World vs. New World Where to put Turkey? 50°30°0°30° 50°
  37. 37. Wine in Turkey- 1200-1500 named grape variatals- 600-800 different genetically differentiated grape varieties- 25-30 wine grape varieties among all these types
  38. 38. Wine Regions in Turkey REGION MAIN GRAPE VARIETIESThrace Semillon, Cinsault, Papazkarasi, Gamay, AdakarasiIzmir Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Grenache, Sauvignon Blanc, Shiraz, Merlot, MuscatDenizli Shiraz, Calkarasi, Sultaniye, Kalecik Karasi, Okuzgozu, BogazkereManisa Carignan, Sultaniye, Alicante BouchetMarmara Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, Sauvignon BlancCappadocia Emir, DimritAnkara Kalecik KarasiTokat NarinceElazig OkuzgozuDiyarbakir Bogazkere
  39. 39. Wine Regions in Turkey REGION MAIN GRAPE VARIETIESThrace Semillon, Cinsault, Papazkarasi, Gamay, AdakarasiIzmir Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Grenache, Sauvignon Blanc, Shiraz, Merlot, MuscatDenizli Shiraz, Calkarasi, Sultaniye, Kalecik Karasi, Okuzgozu, BogazkereManisa Carignan, Sultaniye, Alicante BouchetMarmara Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, Sauvignon BlancCappadocia Emir, DimritAnkara Kalecik KarasiTokat NarinceElazig OkuzgozuDiyarbakir Bogazkere
  40. 40. GRAPE MAP OF TURKEY Papazkarası Semillon Cinsault Gamay Sauvignon BlancKarasakız Beylerce Narince Sultaniye Hasandede Kalecik Karası Emir Öküzgözü-Boğazkere Muscat Carignan Alicante Bouchet Sultaniye Çalkarası Horozkarası Kalecik Karası Sergi Karası Shiraz Okuzgozu Dökülgen Bogazkere Rumi
  41. 41. Thrace Region, Şarköy-Mürefte-Saros-Avşa Island Province Thrace designates a region spread over southern Bulgaria (Northern Thrace), northeastern Greece (Western Thrace), and European Turkey (Eastern Thrace). Thrace borders on three seas: the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara. In Turkey, it is also called Rumeli.• Lat (DMS) 40° 36 58N• Long (DMS) 27° 6 3E• Altitude (meters) 0• Climate: Şarköy has a climate peculiar to its own and different from the surrounding geography. Despite affected by the Mediterranean it receives the northern winds as it is positioned right at the exit of Çanakkale strait. Summers are hot and dry while winters are cold and windy .Due to high humidity ,daily temperature values don’t show significant drops . The land behind the coast has the right micro-climate for vineyards and wine-making.• Grape varieties: Semillon, Cinsault, Papazkarasi, Gamay, Adakarasi,Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Shiraz
  42. 42. Soil Type & VineyardsSoil type: Dense cracking claysVineyards: Equal amount of head-trained and trellis vineyards New modern vineyard implementation
  43. 43. SAROS VINEYARDS
  44. 44. AVŞA VINEYARDS
  45. 45. Uçmakdere, Şarköy-Thrace
  46. 46. Aegean Region, Denizli–Güney Province • Lat (DMS) 38° 9 16N • Long (DMS) 29° 4 4E • Altitude (meters) 834 • Climate: In general the Aegean region has a mild climate. However, it becomes harsher at altitude . Temperatures can rise to 40 °C during summer and fall to -10 °C in winter. There are about 80 days with precipitation, mainly during winter. • Grape varieties: Shiraz, Calkarasi, Sultaniye, Kalecik Karası, Chardonnay, Merlot, Zinfandel, experimental Ökuzgozu and Bogazkere plantations
  47. 47. Soil Type & VineyardsSoil type: goes from clay loam in thelower elevations to Akins seriesalternating with calcarious chalks at1100 m. denizli plateau soil and rocks
  48. 48. Soils in Denizli
  49. 49. Ege Region, Sultaniye• Mainly grown in Denizli and Manisa.• Mostly consumed as table grape and dried grape however it is also used in wine making.• Gives light, easy to drink fruit flavored and fresh wines.• Dry and semi-dry wines can be produced with this type of grape. Denizli Akins series soil
  50. 50. SultaniyeAroma Profile• Asparagus• Pear• Pineapple• Floral• Mango• Lemon• Golden, Green Apples• Hay
  51. 51. Sultaniye Food & Wine Match• Grilled or steamed fish• Shellfish• Chicken• Pasta with white, creamy sauces
  52. 52. Aegean Region, İzmir-Şirince Province • Lat (DMS) 37° 57 6N • Long (DMS) 27° 22 29E • Altitude (meters) 93 • Climate: explained that the conditions in Izmir, where the vineyards are at an altitude of 150 metres, are closer to say Bari or Athens, while on the Anatolian plateau, the vineyards are at a height of 900 metres, Şirince is located in the hills at about 350 meters (1000 ft) above sea level, which means pleasant nights even in hottest July, and in winter some frost and the occasional snowfall. • Grape varieties: Muscat of Bornova, Shiraz, Calkarasi, Sultaniye, Syrah, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Verdot, Merlot
  53. 53. Soil Type & Vineyards Cabernet Sultaniye
  54. 54. Muscat of Bornova
  55. 55. Serhat Orhan, Merlot
  56. 56. Serhat Orhan, Merlot
  57. 57. Serhat Orhan Sauvignon Blanc
  58. 58. Serhat Orhan -Syrah
  59. 59. Hilmi Doğu, Misket
  60. 60. Central Anatolia, Kalecik Province“Kalecik" is a far and small district of Ankara. Located near the river "Kizilirmak" (Halys). • Lat (DMS) 40° 5 50N • Long (DMS) 33° 24 30E • Altitude (meters) 676 • Climate:Central Anatolia, with the more continental climate of hard winters and hot summers, is home for varieties like Kalecik, Karası, Papazkarası, Dimrit • Grape varieties: Kalecik Karası
  61. 61. Soil Type & VineyardsSoil Type: Pebbely clay loamVineyard: Cord modern trellising
  62. 62. Central Anatolia Region, Kalecik Karası • Kalecik Karası means the “black from small castle”. Kalecik is a small village in Central Anatolia with its castle. • Kalecik Karası is the most important type of red grape used in wine making in Central Anatolia. • The origin of this grape is Ankara. • It has pronounced red fruit character and produces rather light bodied, light tannin dry wines. • In 1990s this grape was rejuvenated and presented to Turkish wine industry.
  63. 63. Kalecik Karası Aroma Profile• Red Berries• Cherry• Strawberry• Raspberry• Cotton candy• Pyrezine• Game or stable
  64. 64. Kalecik Karası Food & Wine Match• Pizza• Meat with tomato sauce• Grilled cutlet• Pasta with tomato sauce
  65. 65. Central Anatolia, Tokat Province• Lat (DMS) 40° 15 44N• Long (DMS) 36° 18 48E• Altitude (meters) 1176• Climate:Tokats climate represents a transition between the Central Black Sea and the Inner Anatolia climates. The climate is somewhat harsher at high altitude levels and in the southern sections of the province.• Narince is the preferred region for vine leaves for dolma.• Experimental plantings of Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir• Grape varieties: Narince
  66. 66. Soil Type & Vineyards Soil Type: River bed and glaciated aluvial fan Vineyards: Typically grown head train spur pruned or goblet, all dry-farmed and late blooming-ripening
  67. 67. Black Sea Region, Narince• Narince means “delicately” in Turkish• Mainly grown in Tokat and along Yeşilırmak (river)• Both consumed as table grape and used in wine making.• Dry and semi-dry wines can be made with Narince grape.• It has yellow-green colour and sophisticated fruit flavor.• Since the acidity level is high in this type of grape it is possible to age therefore the wine gains a complex bouquet.
  68. 68. Narince Aroma Profile• Orange, grapefruit, lime• White pineapple• Quince• Floral, Plumeria, Acaccia,and fruit blossom• Basil• Ripe green apple• Walnut
  69. 69. Narince Food & Wine Match• Oily grilled fish• Spicy chicken• Eggplant salade• Dishes with onion• Hors d’oeuvres
  70. 70. East Anatolian Region, Elazığ Province• Lat (DMS) 38° 40 31N• Long (DMS) 39° 13 14E• Altitude (meters) 1049• Climate:The dominant climate in Elazığ Province is the terrestrial climate and the winter seasons pass cold and precipitant while summer seasons pass hot and dry. However,due to the natural and artificial lakes around the city, some partial variations from the climate is experienced.• Grape varieties: Öküzgözü, experimental plantings of Grenache, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon
  71. 71. Soil Type & VineyardsSoil Type: Red clay and decomposed granites varying to light chalky clay soilsVineyards: Majority of the vineyards are old-school head-trained, but quality vineyards are trellis cordon-trained spur prunned.
  72. 72. East Anatolia Region, Öküzgözü• Öküzgözü(o-kuz-goes-zu) means “ox eye”• Öküzgözü is grown in Elazığ.• High in acidity, this grape has low alcohol content, medium body with a delicate bouquet.• It has fruit and floral flavors, makes a soft and easy to drink wines. Due to its acidity, it can age well• The wines from Öküzgözü grape has a light red colour like Pinot Noir.
  73. 73. Öküzgözü Aroma Profile• Raspberry• Dark cherry• Mint• Chocolate• Eucalyptus• Sour cherry• Pomegranate• Ripe plum• Cherry marmalade• Clove and Cardamom
  74. 74. Öküzgözü Food & Wine Match• Casseroles• Kebaps• Smoked foods, eggplants• Hünkar begendi (means “sultan loved it”-ask for recipe)• Grilled red meats• Charcuterie• Aged cheese
  75. 75. East Anatolian Region, Diyarbakır Province, Zaza Region• Lat (DMS) 37° 55 8N• Long (DMS) 40° 12 38E• Altitude (meters) 675• Climate: Rough and dry terrestrial climate is domiant in Diyarbakır province. Very hot during the day and cold at night during growing season.• Grape varieties: Boğazkere
  76. 76. Soil Type & Vineyards Soil type : decomposed sandstone to red clays Vineyards: wild and savage
  77. 77. East Anatolia Region, Boğazkere• Boğazkere means “throat burner” (boaz-ker-a)• Boğazkere is mainly grown in Diyarbakır. (Experimental Boğazkere plantings are in Denizli region)• Boğazkere has very high dense tannins with medium acidity, similar to Tannat.• The wines made from this grape are dark in colour, full bodied, densed tannins, with complex flavor profiles.• The wines from Boğazkere grape find balance when aged.
  78. 78. Boğazkere Aroma Profile• Black cherry• Raspberry• Blackberry• Black mulberry• Pepper• Clove• Eucalyptus• Tobacco• Leather• Pine Forest• Dark chocolate• Liquorice
  79. 79. Boğazkere Food & Wine Match• Spicy, saucy meat dishes• Kebabs and BBQs• Tandir (slow roasted lamb)• Intensely flavoured cheese
  80. 80. Marmara Region, Bozcaada Province• Lat (DMS) 39° 50 6N• Long (DMS) 26° 4 11E• Altitude (meters) 0• Climate: The high humidity level prevents significant drops in temperature. Which creates the right environment for viticulture.• Grape varieties: Vasilaki, Karasakız, Karalahana
  81. 81. Soil Type & Vineyards Soil type: gravelly loam Vineyards: trellis and head-trained, maritime
  82. 82. Middle Anatolia Region, Cappadocia Province• Lat (DMS) 38° 46 19N• Long (DMS) 34° 32 5E• Altitude (meters) 945• Climate: Cappadocia has a steppe climate, there is a great temperature difference between day and night. It is cooler and drier than in the popular tourist areas of the Mediterranean and the Aegean coasts.• Its poor volcanic soil is well suited to the cultivation of vines.• Grape varieties: Emir, Dimrit
  83. 83. Soil Type & VineyardsSoil type: sand, sandstone, decomposed volcanic, tuffaVineyards: upper elevations dry-farmed, lower elevations roots find water in the high water table. Equal amount of head-trained and trellis
  84. 84. Cappadocia, Emir• Niğde-Nevşehir (Kapadokya) region• Wines are – Light-medium bodied – Light yellow colour – High acidity – Delicate• Used in sparkling and still wine making• Does not match with oak, Should be consumed in 1-2 years, no malolactic
  85. 85. Emir• Aroma Profile – Apple (green/yellow) – Pineapple – Kiwi – Lemon – Blood orange – White rose• Goût de terroir: – Lime stone, mineral
  86. 86. Emir• Food & Wine Match – Salmon and other oily fish – Shellfish – Asparagus – Chicken with tomato sauces – Pasta with white, creamy sauce – Salads without vinegar – Sushi
  87. 87. AGENDA• Turkey at A Glance• Wine in Anatolia• Wine Regions in Turkey• Important Native Grape Varieties
  88. 88. Aroma Profile Narince• Orange• Grapefruit• Lime• Floral• Ripe apple• Caramel• Walnut• Vanilla • Short growing seasons • Cool climate • Aluvial chalky soils
  89. 89. Aroma Profile • Apple Emir (green / yellow) • Pineapple • Kiwi • Pear • Yellow lemon• Continental• High elevation• Poor sandy volcanic soils
  90. 90. Aroma Profile• Red Berries Kalecik Karası• Cherry• Strawberry• Raspberry• Cotton candy• Pyrezine• Game or stable • High elevation, Akins series soils • Warm days, cool nights • Dry-farmed • Thin-skinned
  91. 91. Aroma Profile•• Raspberry Dark cherry Öküzgözü• Mint• Chocolate• Eucalyptus• Sour cherry• Pomegranate• Ripe plum• Cherry marmalade• Clove and Cardamom • Lake effect • Red clay and decomposed granites varying to light chalky clay soils • Big berries • High acid
  92. 92. Aroma Profile • Black cherry • Raspberry Boğazkere • • • Blackberry Black mulberry Pepper • Clove • Eucalyptus • Tobacco • Leather • Pine Forest • Dark chocolate • Liquorice• Small clusters, tiny berries, thick skin• Hot climate, high temperature differences day-night• Poor soils

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