View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
What are chat bots? A chatbot (or chatterbot, or chat bot) is a computer program designed to simulate an intelligent conversation with one or more human users via auditory or textual methods. Traditionally, the aim of such simulation has been to fool the user into thinking that the program's output has been produced by a human (the Turing test). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chatterbot
What are chat bots? An artificial living entity designed to have conversations with real human beings. That can be a text conversation via computers, a spoken conversation or even a non-verbal conversation. http://www.chatbots.org/chatbot/
Searle: “ The appropriately programmed computer with the right inputs and outputs would thereby have a mind in exactly the same sense human beings have minds.” ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_room#Strong_AI )
Current usage: “ An artificial intelligence system can think ( or act like it thinks) as well as or better than people do . ”
Historical chat bots like ELIZA and ALICE operate on the basis of the recognition of key words or phrases (patterns) in the input and when matched respond with pre-programmed output / responses that move the conversation along in a seemingly ‘intelligent’ way.
Since the mid 90s many chat bots have been based on AIML, a mark-up language developed by Dr Richard Wallace that is based on key-word or ‘pattern’ matching.
AIML, or Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language, is an XML dialect for creating natural language software agents.
( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIML )
AIML was originally adapted from a non-XML grammar also called AIML, and formed the basis for the first Alicebot, A.L.I.C.E., the Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity. ( http://www.pandorabots.com/pandora/pics/wallaceaimltutorial.html )
Early chat bots were primarily designed for the purpose of general, broad-ranging conversations that attempted to simulate human conversation, but became circular and meaningless fairly quickly
Commerce and service industries
Chat bots are now more and more commonly being used as information retrieval systems in both commercial and non-commercial organisations where they act as an initial customer interface that can provide answers/information (in text and voice) to FAQs within a fairly narrowly defined scope
A non-player character (NPC) is a character that is controlled by the gamemaster in tabletop role-playing games. When this definition extends to video games, an NPC in a video game is usually part of the program, and not controlled by a human.
Chinese Island is a rich Chinese language and culture learning environment in Second Life set up for students and staff at Monash University to engage in both synchronous and asynchronous learning
Learning is facilitated and scaffolded by the island’s virtual-physical environment, virtual infrastructure, rich visual environment, rich sound-scape, as well as rich text-based and multi-media learning materials
( http://www.virtualhanyu.com )
Chinese Island (secondlife://Monash%20University%202/200/170/26)