Key People Associated with this Theory• Allan Paivio -Dual Coding Theory: people process information in two distinctly different was, 1.) processingimages and 2.) processing of language.• Robert Gagne -He is known to contributing to learning hierarchies. The five learning outcomes he establishedare: 1. Verbal information 2. Intellectual skills: composed of concrete and defined concepts 3. Cognitivestrategies 4. Motor skills 5. Attitudes• Howard Gardner -Gardner’s original eight intelligences: 1.Linguistic-verbal 2. Logical- mathematical 3.Spatial- visual4. Body-kinesthetic 5. Musical 6. Interpersonal 7. Intrapersonal 8.Naturalist• Benjamin Bloom -Learning in three domains: 1. Cognitive domain – a studentS intellectual level. 2. Affective domain – student’s emotions. 3. Psychomotor – a student’s motor skillsand physical abilities..
Key points of theory• The Cognitivist theory states that activities like thinking and remembering seem like a behavior, thus providing an avenue to use behavior analysis to measure their affect on learning.• This theory came along right after the Behaviorism theory, so there has always been tension between them. A response to the Behaviorism theory is, people are not “programmed animals.”
What the teacher does with this theory• It is the basis of the educational approach known as constructivism, which emphasizes the role of the learner in constructing his own view or model of the material, and what help with that.• Careful planning must tae place so that learning is optimal and instruction can be broken down into meticulously planned lessons.
Teaching: With/without technologyWith Technology Without TechnologyWord processing programs Gain attention from learnersDatabase programs Inform learners of objectiveDraw and Paint programs Stimulate recall of prior learningSoftware requiring alternate input such as Present the stimulus or lessona joystickPrograms that combine stories with songs Provide learning guidance and instructionTelecommunications programs Elicit performanceTutorial software Assess performanceProblem solving software Enhance retention and transfer
Students learn with this theory • Learning results in observable behavior. • Their attention is gained, and they are motivated and they can recall what they learned.• Teachers reach recognition with one thing to move onto something more intense.
Learning: With/without technologyWith Technology Without TechnologyPrograms that require reading and They can arrange, repeat, recall, define,answering questions list, match, name, order, narrate, describePrograms that let students to experiment Summarize, classify, explain, discuss, givewith problems and observe results and examples, identifystrategy game formatsPrograms that use visual clues Analyze, demonstrate, solve, change, discover, experiment, interpret, show, presentPrograms that use a joystick, touch Collect, assemble, compose, develop,windows or graphics tablet designPrograms that associate letters/sounds Invent, create, plan, revise, role-play,with music theorizePrograms that include group participation Compare, assess, contrast, criticize, debate, judgePrograms that encourage self-awareness Value, predict, estimate, appraiseStrategy game formats
My opinion I think this theory is valid. I studied this theory before this assignment and even college, so I am familiar with what it is about. I like the idea of incorporating different technologies for thedifferent learners. I would incorporate this into myclassroom by giving them the test which classifieswhich kind of learner you are. Although, someone can learn by a mixture of the types of learningstrategies, like I can. It is important that everyone comprehends the lesson and can productively produce work and recall what they learned. This theory helps students learn and teachers teach.
Work Cited• Atherton J S (2011) Learning and Teaching; Cognitive theories of learning [On-line: UK] retrieved 15 November 2011 from http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/cognitive .htm• Learning Theories Knowledgebase (2011, November). Cognitivism at Learning-Theories.com. Retrieved November 15th, 2011 from http://www.learning- theories.com/cognitivism.html• Shelly, G. Gunter and Randolph Gunter. “Learning Theories and Educational Research.” Integrating Technology and Digital Media into the Classroom. Sixth Edition. Course Technology. Boston. 2010