Copyright for Students

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Copyright for Students

  1. 1. Copyright & Fair Use A Student’s Guide
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ Copyright law promotes creativity and enables millions to work in creative fields in rewarding, high-paying jobs. Those who create and publish copyrighted works depend on the copyright law for their creative and financial success. All of us, as a society, benefit from the creation of those works.” </li></ul><ul><li>Patrick Ross </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright Alliance Education Foundation Chairman </li></ul>
  3. 3. The 6 Rights of Copyright Owners <ul><li>Reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation (Derivative Works) </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Public Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Public Display </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Transmission </li></ul>
  4. 4. Common Misconceptions <ul><li>Schools can use any copyright protected materials they wish because they are schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Using materials is OK if you don’t make a profit. </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting someone’s work by distributing copies is justification for free use. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials used ‘for the good of kids’ absolves one of copyright liability. </li></ul><ul><li>If there is no copyright notice, it’s free to use. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Section 107: Our ‘Loophole’ <ul><li>Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Law explains the Fair Use exception that does give students and teachers leeway in their use of copyrighted works. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 4 questions to consider when determining if Fair Use applies to what you want to do. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Fair Use Balancing Act <ul><li>What is the purpose and character of the use? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nonprofit  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational  </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Fair Use Balancing Act <ul><li>What is the nature of the work? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Artistic/Creative  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factual  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: Facts are not copyrighted, but the way they are presented (i.e. author’s wording) is. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Fair Use Balancing Act <ul><li>How much of the copyrighted work is used? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Essence of the work  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See Fair Use Guidelines (available at NCWiseowl ) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Fair Use Balancing Act <ul><li>What effect does the use have on the market? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminates need for purchase  </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Always, Always, Always… <ul><li>CITE YOUR SOURCES FOR ALL TEXT, IMAGES & OTHER MEDIA! </li></ul><ul><li>It’s the responsible thing to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Include a ‘Works Cited’ page/slide at the end of any assignment you do that requires research or the use of copyrighted material. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Alternatives to Copyrighted Works <ul><li>Create your own images, video, etc to use in school projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright your own creative works. </li></ul><ul><li>Use content found in the Public Domain . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Public Domain Resources <ul><li>NCWiseowl Resources ( www.ncwiseowl.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons ( www.creativecommons.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>Public Domain Report ( www.pubdomain.com/index2.htm ) </li></ul>

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