Unit 7: Pleasure and Pain – 1920 to 1945 Section 1: Party Like its 1929: For Whom Were the ‘20s “Roaring”?
Essential Questions• Could American pop culture have come to fruition without advances in commerce and industry?• Did all Americans benefit from the economic boom? What fueled America’s appetite for consumption?
Essential Questions• What caused the most severe economic crisis in American history? Could it have been avoided? Who was responsible?• Did the hardships of the Great Depression unite or divide Americans?
Section 3THE NEW DEAL: A FUNDAMENTALPOLITICAL AND ECONOMIC SHIFT
Essential Questions• What was the New Deal: a series of reforms that propped up a failing capitalist system, a dangerous lurch towards socialism, or a necessary step to preserve American prosperity and freedom?• How does New Deal legislation affect our lives today and fuel contemporary political debates?
Relief Recovery ReformImmediate action taken to halt "Pump - Priming" Temporary Permanent programs to avoid financial deterioration. programs to restart the flow of another depression and insure consumer demand. citizens against economic disasters. Bank Holiday Agricultural Adjustment Act Soil Conservation Act Declared so that the panic (AAA) Laws mandating proper soil would be stopped. Taxed food processors and gave maintenance to make sure that the money directly to farmers as another Dust Bowl was avoided. a payment for not growing food. This decreased supply so price would go up. Emergency Banking Act Works Progress Administration Federal Deposit InsuranceClosed the insolvent banks and (WPA) Corporation (FDIC)only reopened the solvent ones. Provided long term government Permanent Agency designed to jobs building schools and other insure depositors’ money in public works projects. savings banks. Civilian Conservation Corps Home Owners Loan Corp. Social Security Administration (CCC) Gave loans to home owners so Permanent agency designed to Temporary jobs to unmarried they could pay their mortgages. ensure that the older segment single adults filling sand bags This prevented people from of society always would haveand helping out at disaster type going homeless and prevented enough money to survive. It is situations. Participants lived in banks from going under. also good if they spend barracks type housing. throughout their lives.
Essential Questions• Was Pearl Harbor simply an excuse to go to war? Could the United States have avoided the war?• Was the U.S.’s use of atomic weapons in Japan justified? Did we have to drop the bomb?• Was it inevitable that the U.S. and Soviet Union became adversaries? Could the relationship have been different?
361 Japanese warplanes attack American airfields andshipyards, disabling 19 ships, destroying 200 planes, andkilling over 2300 men. Southeast Asia, HongKong, Malaya, Philippines soon fall to Japan.
I. Opposing Perspectives II. Problems with USSRA. Alliance of Britain and U.S. with A. Free elections promised in Poland Soviet Union was pragmatic: by Stalin following the war need to defeat Germany 1. Communist government 1. Lack of trust of Stalin. formed with no elections Neither Churchill nor 2. Border nations pressured FDR told Stalin about the into establishing atomic bomb communist governments 2. Many Allied leaders hoped USSR could be B. Churchill responded with "Iron persuaded to join a new, Curtain" speech in March stronger League of 1946, declaring that USSRs intentions Nations organization were to control Eastern European andB. Communist leaders feared expand power throughout the worldcapitalist nations 1.Expected for European C. Marshall Plan--Western Europeans and then world nations provided $12 billion to rebuild domination by economies and resist Soviet pressures communism. 2. Hoped for collapse of capitalist economies and societies