Comparison of Union and CSA                                    Union                     CSA   Total population           ...
Lincolns plan 1. Amnesty to Confederates taking    loyalty oath                           Johnsons plan 2. 2. If 10% of vo...
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
Unit 4 separation and reconstruction
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Unit 4 separation and reconstruction

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Unit 4 separation and reconstruction

  1. 1. Comparison of Union and CSA Union CSA Total population 22,000,000 (71%) 9,000,000 (29%) Free population 22,000,000 5,500,0001860 Border state slaves 432,586 NA 1860 Southern slaves NA 3,500,000 Soldiers 2,200,000 (67%) 1,064,000 (33%) Railroad miles 21,788 (71%) 8,838 (29%) Manufactured items 90% 10% Firearm production 97% 3%Bales of cotton in 1860 Negligible 4,500,000Bales of cotton in 1864 Negligible 300,000 Pre-war U.S. exports 30% 70%
  2. 2. Lincolns plan 1. Amnesty to Confederates taking loyalty oath Johnsons plan 2. 2. If 10% of voters took the 1. Confederate leaders oath, statehood would be re- and wealthy established Southerners would have 3. 3. Major goal: to strengthen to ask presidential Republican Party in the South permission to take the loyalty oath 2. 13th Amendment (abolishing slavery) would have to beOpposed by some Republicans who approved by stateoffered the Wade-Davis Bill 3. Viewed as too soft on1. Military governors to rule Southern the South by Radical states Republicans2. Majority of citizens required to take loyalty oath3. Attitude: South should be treated as conquered territory

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