Unit 2: Forming a Nation Section 1: Becoming America
Essential Questions: Section 1• Did colonial America’s social, economic, religious, and racial diversity fuel the drive towards independence?• Was America destined to be a Christian nation? Are religious principles at the heart of our democratic ideals?
Elements of Great AwakeningA. Enthusiasm--emotional manifestations, in contrast to staid and formal Anglican and Congregational worship.B. Whitefield would preach to crowds as large as 30,000 with great emotion.C. Democratic religious movement 1) insisted that all should have the religious experience 2) Stirred impulse towards independence among colonists 3) Broke down strong denominational ties 4) Challenged religious authority. Baptists in the South preached to slaves and against the ostentatious wealth of the planter class
Effects of Great Awakening1. Creation of new colleges to train ministers-----Brown, Princeton, and Rutgers2. Division between denominations rational vs. experiential3. Development of a revivalism tradition in American religion • Second Great Awakening • Later 19th and 20th century revival movements in urban areas.
Essential Questions• Did capitalism drive us towards independence? How did it shape colonial society?• Were American patriots justified in revolting against British rule?
Move Toward Independence Key factors1. Constitutional factor--colonists demanded the right to examine the purpose for each law passed, refusing to obey those that raised revenue.,2. Social conflicts factor a) Lower class discontent resulted from limited franchise, established churches, inheritance laws. b) Upper class colonists welcomed protest support from lower classes at first, but became alarmed with mob violence. England now had two groups of protestors to deal with.
Section 3ESTABLISHING A REPUBLIC: SILENCINGREBELLION AND SHAPING AMERICANPOLITICAL CULTURE
Essential Questions• How fragile was the nation at its inception?• How the founders’ political debates are still played out today?
• Shays Rebellion (1786) broke out in western Massachusetts with frustrated farmers losing their farms due to mortgage foreclosures and tax delinquencies.• Massachusetts authority put down the uprising with force (killing three) b) Leaders throughout the nation worried about the potential of domestic unrest.