8 colonial life

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8 colonial life

  1. 1. Three RegionsNew England —mostly involved in subsistence farming and trade.Middle Colonies —mostly involved in staple food productionSouthern Colonies —centered around production of cash crops such as tobacco
  2. 2. Three RegionsNew England —mostly involved in subsistence farming and trade.Middle Colonies —mostly involved in staple food productionSouthern Colonies —centered around production of cash crops such as tobacco
  3. 3. Mercantilism-system of nations increasing their wealth and power through trade with colonies-English wanted a favorable balance of trade which meant they sold more than they imported from colonies
  4. 4. English Control-colonies were very successful traders-Parliament passes the Navigation Acts, 1649-Restricted how and with who the colonists could do business with.-Could only trade with England and only use English ships
  5. 5. Seeds of Independence-Glorious Revolution in 1688-English Bill of Rights, 1689-salutary neglect - very loose supervision of the colonies-lack of control led to self government-John Peter Zenger –colonist put on trial over basic freedoms such as freedom of the press
  6. 6. Colonial Society-plantation owners were top of society-small farmers were most of the population-second class role of women-indentured servants
  7. 7. Industrial North-more diversified economy than the south-not as much slavery-harsher weather conditions-food exports, lumber industry-ship building, iron making
  8. 8. Agricultural South-growth of cash crops - tobacco, rice, indigo-large plantations dominate economy-many small farms also-few towns and cities because of the agricultural lifestyle
  9. 9. Slavery in America-slaves would replace Indians and indentured servants-Triangular Trade slaves-sugar-rum-Middle Passage
  10. 10. Witch Trials-1692 - Salem , Massachusetts-young girls accused people of being witches-witches were often executed unless they exposed other “witches”-trials later suspended due to poor evidence
  11. 11. Enlightenment-stresses the use of reason and scientific method-Benjamin Franklin became most famous early American scientist-Enlightenment also led to increasing educational levels-Led to the founding of colleges---many for religious training
  12. 12. Philosophy-John Locke-Natural Rights life, liberty, property-Social Contract an agreement between a people and their government to protect their rights-Baron Montesquieu separation of powers in gov’t
  13. 13. Great Awakening-a revival of the Puritan faith-Jonathan Edwards“Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”-the revival led to new religious denominations

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