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33 lower federal courts
33 lower federal courts
33 lower federal courts
33 lower federal courts
33 lower federal courts
33 lower federal courts
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33 lower federal courts

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  • 1. Federal District Court District Court-lowest level of Federal Courts-all federal cases must begin at this level-Each court rules over a district. At least one court per state-District Courts complete about 90% of the Federal case load
  • 2. Federal District Court Court’s Purpose-District Courts handle cases that fall under Federal jurisdiction-District Courts use a jury trial to decide guilt or innocence-Judges are to interpret the law and determine punishments
  • 3. Federal District Court Court Officials-Judges are appointed by the President w/ Senate approval Judges serve a life-time term-U.S. Attorneys represent the government in all cases-U.S. Marshals-Magistrates-Court Clerks
  • 4. Federal Appeals Court Appeals Court-Appeals Courts serve as the second level in the system-They have only appellate jurisdiction-there are 12 Courts of Appeal in the U.S. which supervise a district-Cases are appealed to the Court because of unfairness or error
  • 5. Federal Appeals Court Court Procedures-No juries are used in Appeals Courts-No determination is made on guilt or innocence-Only decision is whether a fair trial was given-Written Briefs of the unfair ruling or trial error are prepared and oral arguments are presented before the court-Panels of 3 or more judges hear the cases and make decisions
  • 6. Federal Appeals Court Court Rulings-Appeals Courts can make three decisions in a case-Uphold confirm the previous court’s decision-Overturn -reverse the previous court’s decision-Remand -send the case back down to a lower court for retrial

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