Physical environment of the philippines


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Physical environment of the philippines

  1. 1. Physical Environment of the Philippines By: Kayce Joy L. Saliendrez
  2. 2. Way Description Location Grid Based on the grid longitude and latitude Lies on 4° 23’ and 21° 25’ North latitude and 116° and 127° East Longitude Insular Based on the bodies of water N-Bashi Channel W-South China Sea S-Celebes Sea E-Pacific Ocean Bisinal Based on the neighboring countries N-Taiwan W-Vietnam S-Malaysia E-Palao Island Location
  3. 3. Importance ∗ is the only Christian nation in the non-Christian Asian world. ∗ is the melting pot of races and culture ,with a unique heritage from Asia ,Europe ,Latin America ,North America. ∗ is the bridge that links the Oriental and Occidental Worlds. ∗ is the crossroads of Asia`s air and sea routes. ∗ is the bastion of democracy in Asia where most countries are kingdoms ,military dictatorships or one-party governments.
  4. 4. ∗ islands,adjacent seas and submarine areas and the air space above. ∗ 7,107 islands ∗ 2,773 have names and 1,190 are inhabited . Area
  5. 5. Luzon (141,395 the biggest island group
  6. 6. Mindanao Mindanao(101,
  7. 7. Visayas Visayas(56,606 sq. km)
  8. 8. ∗ Luzon (104,687 ∗ Mindanao(94,630 ∗ Samar (13,080 ∗ Negros(12,709 ∗ Palawan(11,785 ∗ Panay (11,515 ∗ Mindoro (9,735 ∗ Leyte (7,214 ∗ Cebu(4,422 ∗ Bohol (3,864 ∗ Masbate (3,269 The 11 main island
  9. 9. ∗ 1.recognition of the archipelago doctrine ∗ 2.a 12- mile belt of territorial waters ∗ 3. an Exclusive Economic Zone(EEZ) The Philippines benefit in this international agreement in three ways
  10. 10. Geographical Data on Philippines Territory 1.Land area (300,,800 sq.miles 2.Area of the Philippines enclosed in the baselines plus 12-mile territorial sea from the baselines.......290,850 sq.miles 3.item no.2 plus Kalayaan islands.........360,850sq.naut.mi. 4.Total area under Exclusive Economic Zone from baseline ....652,800sq.naut.mi.
  11. 11. ∗ -an inverted Y-shaped archipelago of the numerous islands and islets, coral reefs ,abundant rivers, lakes and bays; mountains and valleys ;cool plateaus and scenic volcanoes ∗ -it has the longest discontinuous coastline in the world-34,600 kilometers ∗ -61 harbors and 20 landlocked straits. Topography
  12. 12. Manila Bay-the finest harbor in Asia and the largest bay in the Philippines
  13. 13. ∗ Balayan Bay(Batangas) ∗ Tayabas Bay(Quezon) ∗ Ormoc Bay(Leyte) ∗ Taytay Bay(Palawan) ∗ Sindangan Bay,Illana Bay and Sarangani Bay in Mindanao. Other Famous Bays
  14. 14. ∗ Lingayen Gulf ∗ Leyte Gulf ∗ Davao Gulf Gulfs
  15. 15. Strait San Juanico Strait- the narrowest strait bet. Samar and Leyte now connected by San Juanico Bridge
  16. 16. ∗ Bataan Peninsula-the great peninsula in the country ∗ Bicol Peninsula-fertile peninsula in Luzon ∗ Zamboanga and Davao Peninsula in Mindanao Peninsula
  17. 17. ∗ Philippine Deep - the lowest place in the country (89km Northeast Of Mindanao) ∗ 37,732 feet below sea level ∗ -deepest place in the world Lowest Place
  18. 18. ∗ Sierra Mountain Range -from Cagayan Province in the North to Laguna in the South-the longest mountain range in the Phil. Mountains
  19. 19. ∗ Mt.Apo in Mindanao(9,690 feet or 2,954 meters above sea level highest mountain ∗ Mt.Pulog in Ifugao-Benguet boundary in Luzon (2,982 meters)
  20. 20. ∗ Mt. Banahaw (Laguna -Quezon) ∗ Mt.Bulusan (Sorsogon) ∗ Mt.Halcon(Mindoro Oriental) ∗ Mt. Kanlaon(Negros Occidental) ∗ Mt.Matutum (Cotabato) Other noted peaks
  21. 21. ∗ The Central Plain and Cagayan Valley (Luzon) ∗ The Rice Granary ∗ Agusan Valley and Cotabato Valley (Mindanao) ∗ greatest tobacco-producing region in Asia and also the largest Valley in the country Major Lowland Plains
  22. 22. ∗ Benguet Plateau in the Northern Luzon ∗ Bukidnon Plateau-Fertile and famous for its delicious pineapples ∗ Plateaus
  23. 23. ∗ Cagayan River - longest River ∗ Rio Grande in Mindanao - largest River ∗ Pasig River - most Historic River of the Phil. 132 main rivers
  24. 24. ∗ Laguna de Bay -largest bay and endangered by pollution ∗ source of livelihood for nearby communities 59 Lakes
  25. 25. ∗ valuable for medicinal waters and geothermal power ∗ Los Banos and Pansol in Laguna ∗ Pandi and Sibul in Bulacan ∗ Tiwi in Albay ∗ Magsingal in Ilocos Sur Springs
  26. 26. ∗ provide tourist attraction and hydroelectric power ∗ Pagsanjan Falls (Laguna) is the favorite tourist spot and movie location. ∗ Maria Christina Falls (Lanao Del Norte ) Waterfalls
  27. 27. ∗ 1.There is a geographical barrier separating the Philippines from other nations in Asia. ∗ 2.This archipelago barriers also divides tribes and nations in the Philippines ∗ 3.The country is easily invaded by foreigners who want to conquer or colonize. ∗ 4.Smuggling ,piracy, and migration can happen more easily in this archipelago ∗ 5.The different islands and cultural features make an ideal training ground for missionaries and evangelists who want to learn about different cultures, climates and people. Effects of the archipelago shape of our nation
  28. 28. ∗ Tropical and monsoonal in character. ∗ Two seasons ∗ dry season (December to May) ∗ wet season (June to October) ∗ Temperature varies from 21° to 32° C(70°-90°F) ∗ January -coldest ∗ May-hottest ∗ Humidity in rather high due to tropical weather and sorrounding seas. ∗ Rainfall is the most important factor in its climate with moat rainy days from July to October. ∗ Climate
  29. 29. ∗ More than 50 volcanoes in the country. ∗ Mt.Mayon (Albay)-nearly perfect cone ∗ Mt.Taal (Batangas)-the smallest and most unusual volcano being surrounded by lake ∗ Mt.Pinatubo(Zambales)-worst volcanic eruption in the country. Volcanoes