Physical Environment of the
By: Kayce Joy L. Saliendrez
Way Description Location
Grid Based on the grid
longitude and latitude
Lies on 4° 23’ and 21° 25’
North latitude and 116°
and 127° East Longitude
Insular Based on the bodies of
W-South China Sea
Bisinal Based on the neighboring
∗ 1.it is the only Christian nation in the non-Christian Asian
∗ 2.it is the melting pot of races and culture ,with a unique
heritage from Asia ,Europe ,Latin America ,North America.
∗ 3.it is the bridge that links the Oriental and Occidental
∗ 4.it is the crossroads of Asia`s air and sea routes.
∗ 5.it is the bastion of democracy in Asia where most
countries are kingdoms ,military dictatorships or one-party
∗ islands,adjacent seas and submarine areas and the air
∗ 7,107 islands
∗ 2,773 have names and 1,190 are inhabited .
∗ 1.recognition of the archipelago
∗ 2.a 12- mile belt of territorial waters
∗ 3. an Exclusive Economic Zone(EEZ)
The Philippines benefit in this
international agreement in three ways
Geographical Data on
1.Land area (300,780sq.km)..........115,800
2.Area of the Philippines enclosed in the
baselines plus 12-mile territorial sea from
the baselines.......290,850 sq.miles
3.item no.2 plus Kalayaan
4.Total area under Exclusive Economic
Zone from baseline ....652,800sq.naut.mi.
∗ -an inverted Y-shaped archipelago of the numerous
islands and islets, coral reefs ,abundant rivers, lakes
and bays; mountains and valleys ;cool plateaus and
∗ -it has the longest discontinuous coastline in the
∗ -61 harbors and 20 landlocked straits.
Manila Bay-the finest harbor in Asia and the
largest bay in the Philippines
∗ Balayan Bay(Batangas)
∗ Tayabas Bay(Quezon)
∗ Ormoc Bay(Leyte)
∗ Taytay Bay(Palawan)
∗ Sindangan Bay,Illana Bay and Sarangani Bay in
Other Famous Bays
∗ The Central Plain and Cagayan Valley (Luzon)
∗ The Rice Granary
∗ Agusan Valley and Cotabato Valley (Mindanao)
∗ greatest tobacco-producing region in Asia and also the
largest Valley in the country
Major Lowland Plains
∗ Benguet Plateau in the Northern Luzon
∗ Bukidnon Plateau-Fertile and famous for its delicious
∗ Cagayan River - longest River
∗ Rio Grande in Mindanao - largest River
∗ Pasig River - most Historic River of the Phil.
132 main rivers
∗ Laguna de Bay -largest bay and endangered by
∗ source of livelihood for nearby communities
∗ valuable for medicinal waters and geothermal power
∗ Los Banos and Pansol in Laguna
∗ Pandi and Sibul in Bulacan
∗ Tiwi in Albay
∗ Magsingal in Ilocos Sur
∗ provide tourist attraction and hydroelectric power
∗ Pagsanjan Falls (Laguna) is the favorite tourist spot
and movie location.
∗ Maria Christina Falls (Lanao Del Norte )
∗ 1.There is a geographical barrier separating the Philippines
from other nations in Asia.
∗ 2.This archipelago barriers also divides tribes and nations in
∗ 3.The country is easily invaded by foreigners who want to
conquer or colonize.
∗ 4.Smuggling ,piracy, and migration can happen more easily in
∗ 5.The different islands and cultural features make an ideal
training ground for missionaries and evangelists who want to
learn about different cultures, climates and people.
Effects of the archipelago shape of
∗ Tropical and monsoonal in character.
∗ Two seasons
∗ dry season (December to May)
∗ wet season (June to October)
∗ Temperature varies from 21° to 32° C(70°-90°F)
∗ January -coldest
∗ Humidity in rather high due to tropical weather and sorrounding
∗ Rainfall is the most important factor in its climate with moat rainy
days from July to October.
∗ More than 50 volcanoes in the country.
∗ Mt.Mayon (Albay)-nearly perfect cone
∗ Mt.Taal (Batangas)-the smallest and most unusual volcano
being surrounded by lake
∗ Mt.Pinatubo(Zambales)-worst volcanic eruption in the