Trends in TeachingPhysical Education and Health
Physical Education: Description The Physical Education Curriculum under the Kto 12 Basic Education Program is anchored on thetenet “Move to Learn and Learn to Move”. Itcontributes to the development of fitness andwellness among school-age children. Theprogram’s rich and challenging experiencespromote the development of active lifestyle whichis the key to achieving, sustaining and promotinglifelong fitness.
Program StandardThe learners demonstrateunderstanding of key concepts andprinciples of health and fitness inachieving, sustaining and promotinglifelong fitness and wellness.
K to 12: Physical Education Strands1.Body Management2.Movement Skills3.Physical Fitness4.Games and Sports5.Rhythm and Dance
Body ManagementBody Management includes body awareness,space awareness, qualities and relationshipsof movements and how they are useddynamically in various physical activities.Awareness of the body concepts enable usthe understand our physical self.
Movement SkillsMovement skills relate to fundamentalmovement patterns and skills that formthe basis of all sport and fitnessactivities.
Rhythm and DanceRhythm and dance offer an array of learningexperiences where the body is used as aninstrument of expression. This area includessinging games, dance mixers, fundamentalrhythm, folk and foreign games, and creativerhythms. Likewise, the learners learn to movein time to music, adjust to different temposand move to different rhythmic patterns.
Physical Fitness Physical fitness includes fitnessassessment through testing andrecording and offers enhancementactivities that will develop and maintainlearners’ desired fitness level.
Games and SportsGames and sports comprise fun games, loworganized games and lead-up games thathelp achieve the development of correctsports skills in preparation for activeparticipation in selected sports for recreationand competition.
K to 12 CurriculumKey Stages K -3 4-6 7-10 11-12Body ManagementMovement SkillsPhysical FitnessGames and SportsRhythm & Dances
Health Education: Description• Focuses on physical, mental, emotional, social,moral and spiritual dimensions of health• Enables the learners to acquire essentialknowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary topromote good nutrition, prevent and controldiseases and substance use and abuse, reducehealth-related risk behaviors to prevent andcontrol injuries with the end in view ofmaintaining and improving personal, family,community, national and global health.
Health Education Strands1.Personal Health2.Family Health3.Community Health4.National and Global Health
Issues and ConcernsPE and Sports DichotomyUse drugs to enhanceperformanceReproductive Health
Assumptions1.The learning environment makes a difference.2.Learning is based on associations.3.Learning occurs in cultural and social contexts.4.People learn in different ways.5.People think about their own learning, and their feelings matter.
The learning environment makes a difference. Active, hands –onlearning and authentic tasks
Comparing is the process of identifyingsimilarities and differences between andamong things or ideas.Classifying is the process of grouping thingsthat are alike on the basis of theircharacteristics Identifying Similarities and Differences
Creating Metaphors is the process ofidentifying a general or basic patter in aspecific topic and then finding another topicthat appears to quite different but that has thesame pattern.Creating Analogies is the process ofidentifying relationships between pairs ofconcepts- identifying relationships betweenrelationships Identifying Similarities and Differences
Summarizing Delete some information , substitute some informationand keep some information. To effectively delete, substitute and keep information,analyze the information at a fairly deep level.Rule – Based Strategy1.Delete trivial material that is unnecessary to understanding.2.Delete redundant material.3.Substitute superordinate terms for lists.4.Select a sentence topic or invent one if it is missing. Summarizing and note-taking
Note Taking Informal Outline – uses indentation to indicatemajor ideas and their related details. Webbing – uses the relative size circles toindicate the importance of ideas and lines to indicaterelationships. Combination Notes – uses both informal andwebbing strategies. Summarizing and note-taking
Praise as Recognition Personalizing recognition Pause, Prompt and Praise Concrete symbols of recognitionThe harder you try, the more successful you become.Reinforcing effort, Providing Recognition
1. Establish and communicate a homework policy. • Place • Schedule and time allotted for making the homework • Parent involvement • Level of difficulty • Bedtime2. Design a homework that clearly articulates the purpose and outcome.3. Vary the approaches to providing feedback. Assigning Homework and Practice
1. Using creative graphic organizers • Concept • Event • Cause and Effect • Time - Sequence2. Using non-linguistic representations • Physical models • Mental pictures • Pictures and pictographs • Kinesthetic activity Using Non-linguistic Representation
1.Positive interdependence2.Face to face promotive interaction3.Individual and group accountability Cooperative Learning
Objectives • Specific but flexible goals • ContractFeedback • Corrective in nature • Timely • Specific to a criterion • Ask for own feedback Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback
Explicit cues How do you sweep the floor? How do you throw rubbish to the bin from afar?Cues, Questions and Advance Organizers
Questions that Elicit InferencesThings/People: What action does this thing / person usuallyperform?Action: What thing/person usually performs this action?Event: What people are usually involved in this event? Cues, Questions and Advance Organizers