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  • 1. Sectionalism & Secession Dr. Yolanda Romero
  • 2. I. Sectionalism • Territorial Crisis – Wilmot Proviso (1846) • Pros & Cons Election of 1848 Northern Democrats-popular sovereignty Southern Democrats-pro slavery Whigs- no platform Free Soil Party-proviso
  • 3. Taylor’s Dilemma • California • Compromise of 1850
  • 4. Election of 1852 • Fugitive Slaves a controversy • Candidates – Whigs-Winfield Scott • South-slavery and union • North-free soil – Democrats-Franklin Pierce
  • 5. Crisis Deepens • Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) – Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • 6. Kansas Nebraska Act (1854) • Stephen Douglas • Concession & repeal of 36’30 • Contest for Control – Emigrant Aid Society – Border Ruffians
  • 7. • Parties Emerge – “Know Nothing Party” – Republican Party • Bleeding Kansas • Pierce Administration – Denounced Free State Gov’t in Kansas – John Brown Retaliates • Election of 1856 – Republicans – Democrats – Know -nothings • Results of 1856 Election
  • 8. II.Secession • Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) • Lecompton Constitution (1857) • Lincoln-Douglas Debates(1858) – Lincoln-containment – Douglas-popular sovereignty • “Freeport Doctrine” • John Brown’s Raid (1859)
  • 9. Election of 1860 • Democrats – N. Wing- Stephen Douglas • Pop sovereignty – S. Wing- John Breckenridge • Federal protection • Constitutional Union Party – John Bell • Honor constitution & union • Republicans – Abraham Lincoln • platform
  • 10. Rationale for Secession •