Chapter Seven
Learning
 Learning – experience that results in a
relatively permanent change in behavior
 Behaviorism
 Some general terms
• Learning-performance distinction
• Associative learning
• Extinction and spontaneous recovery
• Gen...
Principles of Learning
 What is learning?
 Remember: Learning is ―the
process by which experience or
practice results in a relatively
permanent...
Motivation
 Intrinsically motivated
 Extrinsic motivation
 Overjustification
 Biological
predispositions
• Food prefer...
Classical
Conditioning
FEAR CONDITIONING
 ***Little Albert ***
Relax, close your eyes and imagine yourself in
following event:
 — it’s a warm, sunny day and you are laying on
the warm ...
 Principles of reinforcement
•Types of reinforcers
 Positive reinforcement
 Negative reinforcement
 Delayed reinforcem...
 http://youtu.be/lDlO4Zkq1hA
 Principles of reinforcement
• Reinforcement schedules
 Partial (intermittent)
reinforcement
• Fixed-ratio
• Variable-ra...
 Schedules of Reinforcement
 Punishment and shaping
• Punishment (see next slide)
Reinforcement increases the behavior
that preceded it. Punishment d...
 Reinforcement vs. Punishment
Observational Learning
 Elements of observational learning
 Bandura’s experiments (Bobo doll)
 Learning-based activitie...
 Read Chapter Eight
 See you Tuesday! 
Psyc 2301 chapter seven powerpoint(3)(1)
Psyc 2301 chapter seven powerpoint(3)(1)
Psyc 2301 chapter seven powerpoint(3)(1)
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Psyc 2301 chapter seven powerpoint(3)(1)

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Psyc 2301 chapter seven powerpoint(3)(1)

  1. 1. Chapter Seven Learning
  2. 2.  Learning – experience that results in a relatively permanent change in behavior  Behaviorism
  3. 3.  Some general terms • Learning-performance distinction • Associative learning • Extinction and spontaneous recovery • Generalization and discrimination  Stimulus discrimination  Discriminative stimulus • Cognition and learning  Latent learning (see next slide)  Cognitive maps
  4. 4. Principles of Learning
  5. 5.  What is learning?  Remember: Learning is ―the process by which experience or practice results in a relatively permanent change in behavior or potential behavior‖
  6. 6. Motivation  Intrinsically motivated  Extrinsic motivation  Overjustification  Biological predispositions • Food preferences  Taste-aversion learning • Fear-related learning biases http://youtu.be/KPaMz885OKI
  7. 7. Classical Conditioning
  8. 8. FEAR CONDITIONING  ***Little Albert ***
  9. 9. Relax, close your eyes and imagine yourself in following event:  — it’s a warm, sunny day and you are laying on the warm sand of the Florida beach  — the sun is beaming down on you and you feel its warmth  — you hear the sounds of waves and the soft sound of children playing in the distance  — the sun is hotter now and you decide to cool off in the cool ocean water  — you get up and lazily walk toward the water  — you wade in up to your waist and feeling very refreshed you start to swim toward deeper water and you are feeling great  http://youtu.be/wCfWHqrYUqo
  10. 10.  Principles of reinforcement •Types of reinforcers  Positive reinforcement  Negative reinforcement  Delayed reinforcement
  11. 11.  http://youtu.be/lDlO4Zkq1hA
  12. 12.  Principles of reinforcement • Reinforcement schedules  Partial (intermittent) reinforcement • Fixed-ratio • Variable-ratio • Fixed-interval • Variable-interval
  13. 13.  Schedules of Reinforcement
  14. 14.  Punishment and shaping • Punishment (see next slide) Reinforcement increases the behavior that preceded it. Punishment decreases the behavior that preceded it. • Shaping • Successive approximations • Chaining
  15. 15.  Reinforcement vs. Punishment
  16. 16. Observational Learning  Elements of observational learning  Bandura’s experiments (Bobo doll)  Learning-based activities • Play
  17. 17.  Read Chapter Eight  See you Tuesday! 

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