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Psyc 2301 chapter nine powerpoint(1)(1)(1)
 

Psyc 2301 chapter nine powerpoint(1)(1)(1)

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    Psyc 2301 chapter nine powerpoint(1)(1)(1) Psyc 2301 chapter nine powerpoint(1)(1)(1) Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 9 Cognition and Intelligenc e
    • Next Exam • Exam Three will be Tuesday, 10/08 • Chapters 7, 8 & 9 • 50 questions (multiple choice, T/F) • Bring scantron 882-E & #2 pencil
    • Cognitive Psychology What is cognition? Mental activities associated with thinking, knowledge, remembering, and communication Mental processes
    • What is Intelligence? In groups, answer the following questions: What are the common characteristics of intelligent behavior? How can you tell if someone is intelligent? Why? (try to come up with 5 or 6 common characteristics) Let’s discuss
    • Theories of Intelligence  Intelligence – the capacity to reason, solve problems, and acquire new knowledge  Intelligence testing • Mental age IQ= Mental age x 100 Chronological Age • Aptitude • Achievement
    • Does the SAT have predictive value? • Nearly 2 million hopeful college applicants take the test annually, and nearly 1600 undergraduate institutions use the SAT to help them in their selection process • One critic states: Jeff Rickey, dean of admissions at Earlham College says about the SAT, “The test is too long (about 4 hours) for most young people to actually sit through…the present SAT experience is almost cruel and inhumane punishment.” • M.I.T. (a very prestigious institution) no longer uses it. • The best predictor of collegiate success: high school grades.
    • General intelligence • General intelligence (g) • g factor • http://youtu.be/LTWEh2 mcdsg • Fluid intelligence • Crystallized intelligence • Central executive functioning  Nature vs. nurture
    • Different types of intelligence • Prodigy • Savant Syndrome • Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence  Analytic intelligence  Creative intelligence  Practical intelligence
    • Social intelligence Emotional intelligence
    • Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Can you name them? (hint: there are 8)
    • Theories of Intelligence
    • Multiple Intelligences IQ Test  Design an 8 question IQ test that would indicate the different intelligences according to Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences.  Can you see that intelligence is composed of many different abilities and may be expressed in numerous ways?
    • Theories of Intelligence Plasticity Perceptual speed
    • Problem Solving and Reasoning Concepts • Hierarchies • Prototypes Theories concepts and categories  Family resemblance theory  Exemplar theory
    • WALKING…way to improve cognitive processes . STUDY: Adults ages 58 to 78 who began any type of fitness program, saw improvements in how their brains functioned Specifics: 41 adults, 45 minute walk three times per week. Led to increased brain activity, measured by an MRI. Decision making test showed an 11% improvement while performing tasks.
    • Language and Verbal Cognition  Multiple languages  Language production • Audience design • Spoonerism • Opportunism  Language comprehension • Lexical ambiguity • Structural ambiguity “Stolen painting found by tree”
    • Is Reading Automatic? A Survey
    • Homework • Study for Exam Three • Over Chapters 7, 8 & 9 • Bring scantron 882-E & #2 pencil • Have a good weekend!