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Chapter Eight Memory
Recap
Fixed Ratio, Fixed Interval, Variable Ratio,
Variable Interval
Fixed means????
Variable means????
Ratio means????
In...
D’you remember?
Well, it depends…
http://www.nbc.com/saturday-night-live/video/th
The Function of Memory
MemoryMemory – our brain’s system for filing– our brain’s system for filing
away new information an...
How Memory is Organized
Eyewitness Testimony
What do you think?
http://youtu.be/xnkiclH7CmE
How Memory is Organized
Sensory Memory (SM)
1-2 seconds
Attention
Five senses
Encoded
If important, transfer to Working
Memory
Working Memory (STM)
 EncodingEncoding into working memoryinto working memory
• AttentionAttention
• Conscious and uncons...
Working Memory
 StorageStorage in working memoryin working memory
• Organization and rehearsalOrganization and rehearsal
...
Chunk It Demonstration!
Listen to the following
string of letters
How many can you
remember?
Now, listen to the next set
o...
Working Memory
 ForgettingForgetting
• Interference and encodingInterference and encoding
 PseudoforgettingPseudoforgett...
A Memory Test
Look at the following words for 15
seconds. Try to remember them!
bed quilt dark
silence fatigue clock
snori...
bed quilt dark
silence fatigue clock
snoring night toss
tired night artichoke
turn night rest
dream
Long Term Memory (LTM)
 Encoding into long-term memoryEncoding into long-term memory
• Flashbulb memoriesFlashbulb memori...
Long Term Memory
 Retrieval from long-
term memory
• Recognition or recall?Recognition or recall?
• Retrieval cuesRetriev...
Long Term Memory
 Retrieval failure:Retrieval failure:
ForgettingForgetting
• InterferenceInterference
 Proactive interf...
Let’s Be Patriotic!
Sing the Star Spangled Banner
What is the sentence that goes after:
“Through the perilous fight”
“O’er the ramparts we watched”
Thankfully, we weren’t this bad!!
http://youtu.be/hyCc1DzRAgQ
In case you were wondering…
Oh, say, can you see,
By the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed
At the twilight’s l...
Memory Mishaps
 Emotion, stress andEmotion, stress and
memorymemory
• HypervigilanceHypervigilance
• Yerkes-Dodson lawYer...
The Seven Sins of
Memory Three sins of forgettingThree sins of forgetting
• Absent-mindednessAbsent-mindedness
• Transien...
Homework
Read Chapter Nine
See you on Thursday!
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Psyc 2301 chapter eight powerpoint 1(3)

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Transcript of "Psyc 2301 chapter eight powerpoint 1(3)"

  1. 1. Chapter Eight Memory
  2. 2. Recap Fixed Ratio, Fixed Interval, Variable Ratio, Variable Interval Fixed means???? Variable means???? Ratio means???? Interval means???? **************************************************** PR, NR and PUN PR & NR INCREASES previous behavior PUN DECREASES previous behavior
  3. 3. D’you remember? Well, it depends… http://www.nbc.com/saturday-night-live/video/th
  4. 4. The Function of Memory MemoryMemory – our brain’s system for filing– our brain’s system for filing away new information and retrievingaway new information and retrieving previously learned materialpreviously learned material
  5. 5. How Memory is Organized
  6. 6. Eyewitness Testimony What do you think? http://youtu.be/xnkiclH7CmE
  7. 7. How Memory is Organized
  8. 8. Sensory Memory (SM) 1-2 seconds Attention Five senses Encoded If important, transfer to Working Memory
  9. 9. Working Memory (STM)  EncodingEncoding into working memoryinto working memory • AttentionAttention • Conscious and unconsciousConscious and unconscious encodingencoding • What do we encode? Images,What do we encode? Images, sounds, and meaningssounds, and meanings  Visual encodingVisual encoding  Auditory encodingAuditory encoding  Semantic encodingSemantic encoding
  10. 10. Working Memory  StorageStorage in working memoryin working memory • Organization and rehearsalOrganization and rehearsal • 7+/-2 ~7+/-2 ~ A QUICK ExerciseA QUICK Exercise  ChunkingChunking  Rote rehearsalRote rehearsal  RetrievalRetrieval from working memoryfrom working memory • Recency effectRecency effect • Primacy effectPrimacy effect • Serial position effectSerial position effect
  11. 11. Chunk It Demonstration! Listen to the following string of letters How many can you remember? Now, listen to the next set of letters How many can you remember?
  12. 12. Working Memory  ForgettingForgetting • Interference and encodingInterference and encoding  PseudoforgettingPseudoforgetting • Cued forgettingCued forgetting
  13. 13. A Memory Test Look at the following words for 15 seconds. Try to remember them! bed quilt dark silence fatigue clock snoring night toss tired night artichoke turn night rest dream
  14. 14. bed quilt dark silence fatigue clock snoring night toss tired night artichoke turn night rest dream
  15. 15. Long Term Memory (LTM)  Encoding into long-term memoryEncoding into long-term memory • Flashbulb memoriesFlashbulb memories • Elaborative rehearsalElaborative rehearsal • MnemonicsMnemonics  Storage in long-term memoryStorage in long-term memory • Levels of processingLevels of processing  Shallow processingShallow processing  Deep processingDeep processing
  16. 16. Long Term Memory  Retrieval from long- term memory • Recognition or recall?Recognition or recall? • Retrieval cuesRetrieval cues  Retrieval cueRetrieval cue  State-dependentState-dependent memorymemory
  17. 17. Long Term Memory  Retrieval failure:Retrieval failure: ForgettingForgetting • InterferenceInterference  Proactive interferenceProactive interference  RetroactiveRetroactive interferenceinterference • Storage decayStorage decay  Forgetting curveForgetting curve
  18. 18. Let’s Be Patriotic! Sing the Star Spangled Banner What is the sentence that goes after: “Through the perilous fight”
  19. 19. “O’er the ramparts we watched”
  20. 20. Thankfully, we weren’t this bad!! http://youtu.be/hyCc1DzRAgQ
  21. 21. In case you were wondering… Oh, say, can you see, By the dawn’s early light, What so proudly we hailed At the twilight’s last gleaming, Whose broad stripes and bright stars, Through the perilous fight, O’er the ramparts we watched Were so gallantly streaming. And the rockets red glare, The bombs bursting in air Gave proof through the night That our flag was still there Oh, say, does that Star-Spangled Banner yet wave O’er the land of the free And the home of the brave?
  22. 22. Memory Mishaps  Emotion, stress andEmotion, stress and memorymemory • HypervigilanceHypervigilance • Yerkes-Dodson lawYerkes-Dodson law  AmnesiaAmnesia • Retrograde amnesiaRetrograde amnesia • Anterograde amnesiaAnterograde amnesia
  23. 23. The Seven Sins of Memory Three sins of forgettingThree sins of forgetting • Absent-mindednessAbsent-mindedness • TransienceTransience • BlockingBlocking  Three sins of distortionThree sins of distortion • MisattributionMisattribution • SuggestibilitySuggestibility • BiasBias  One sin of intrusionOne sin of intrusion • PersistencePersistence
  24. 24. Homework Read Chapter Nine See you on Thursday!
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