Chapter 2
Perception: The Process of Understanding
Perception Defined
•The mental process through which we
interpret that which we sense.
•Active perception: Individually, w...
Filtering
• Developmental features which impact
our perception
– Education, Religion, Occupation, Social
status
Starts on ...
Self-Awareness and
Self-Concept:
Understanding Yourself
Self-Awareness
• Your sense of self; your accommodation
with your past; plans for your future;
and all the prejudices, pot...
Self
Actualization
Self-Esteem Needs

Love and Belonging Needs
Safety Needs
Basic Needs: Water, Shelter, Food
Self-Concept
• Self-Image: The
picture you have of
yourself, the sort of
person you believe
you are.
– Descriptors
– Roles...
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
• Tendency to become
what people
(including yourself)
expect you to become
Gender Differences
in Self-Concept

• MEN
• WOMEN
• ANDROGYNY:
Female & Male Traits
Improving Self-Concept
AWARENESS
Establish a POSITIVE ATTITUDE
Locus of Control:
Internal/External
What Occurs In Perception?
• Selection--Some stimuli gains our attention while we neglect
some stimuli
• Selective Attenti...
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Hybrid2

  1. 1. Chapter 2 Perception: The Process of Understanding
  2. 2. Perception Defined •The mental process through which we interpret that which we sense. •Active perception: Individually, we provide meaning •Language is an ARBITRARY system
  3. 3. Filtering • Developmental features which impact our perception – Education, Religion, Occupation, Social status Starts on Page. 25 •Organization Figure/Ground •Closure Proximity •Similarity Interpretation
  4. 4. Self-Awareness and Self-Concept: Understanding Yourself
  5. 5. Self-Awareness • Your sense of self; your accommodation with your past; plans for your future; and all the prejudices, potentialities, and possibilities that are you. • Symbolic interactionism---previous communicative events that make you who you are today.
  6. 6. Self Actualization Self-Esteem Needs Love and Belonging Needs Safety Needs Basic Needs: Water, Shelter, Food
  7. 7. Self-Concept • Self-Image: The picture you have of yourself, the sort of person you believe you are. – Descriptors – Roles – Categories • Self-Esteem: How we feel about ourselves, how well we like & value who we are. – Past successes/failures – Self-consciousness
  8. 8. Self-Fulfilling Prophecy • Tendency to become what people (including yourself) expect you to become
  9. 9. Gender Differences in Self-Concept • MEN • WOMEN • ANDROGYNY: Female & Male Traits
  10. 10. Improving Self-Concept AWARENESS Establish a POSITIVE ATTITUDE Locus of Control: Internal/External
  11. 11. What Occurs In Perception? • Selection--Some stimuli gains our attention while we neglect some stimuli • Selective Attention--Focus on certain cues and ignore others • Selective Retention--We categorize, store, and retrieve certain information…while we discard other information • Stereotyping--placing people/things into convenient categories rather than perceiving them based on individual characteristics. Time to stop stereotyping
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