Colonization 17th century

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Colonization 17th century

  1. 1. Colonization 17 Century th Dr. Romero
  2. 2. • I. Richard Hakluyt’s Vision – New world could serve – Early attempts failed – Motivation • Economics- land, status, world • Political – Stuarts v. Parliament • Religious • Personal – Types of Colonies • Royal Colony • Joint Stock Company • Proprietary Colony
  3. 3. • II. Caribbean- West Indies – Model • Plantation Society • Labor– Slaves – Barbados Slave Code 1661 – Indentured Servants • Quality of Life – – Decadent – Absenteeism
  4. 4. • III. Southern Colonies – Chesapeake • Jamestown, Virginia, 1607 • Problems • Captain John Smith • Starving Time 1609-1610 – Economy • Rolfe & Tobacco • Sandys & Headright • House of Burgesses 1619
  5. 5. – Plantation Society • Land • Labor Force – Indentured Servants – Slavery • Weaknesses – Thinly Spread – I crop
  6. 6. – Maryland – Proprietary • Lord Baltimore • Headright system – Quitrent • Toleration Act 1648 • Plantation Society – Riverfront plantations – No Towns – Labor » Indentured Servants » Slavery – Weaknesses » Thinly spread » I crop
  7. 7. – Restoration Colonies • Land Grant 1663 – Proprietary • North Carolina – Tar • South Carolina – Rice – Black Majority – Stono Rebellion – Georgia – Proprietary • Last Colony 1732 • Protective Zone • Prohibitions The massacre during Nat Turner's Rebellion Ex-slaves sitting in front of a cabin in 1862
  8. 8. • IV. New England – Puritans – Calvinists, Reform – Separtist – Calvinists, disillusioned – Congregationalists – Autonomous – Plymouth 1620 – Massachusetts 1629 – Society • Town • Church • Family – Patriarchal – Children
  9. 9. – Expansion • Dissenters – Roger Williams – R.I. – Anne Hutchinson • Other Colonies – Connecticut 1662 – New Hampshire 1677 • Decline of Influence • Halfway Covenant • V. Middle Colonies – Dutch Beginnings 1609 – New Netherlands captured 1664 • N.Y. & N.J.
  10. 10. • Quaker Influence – Quaker Origins – Fox 1640s – Beliefs – Pennsylvania 1681 – Proprietary • William Penn – Purchased Delaware 1682 • Success • Problems • VI. 17th Century Crises – Virginia – Bacon’s Rebellion 1676 – Salem Witch Trials 1691 – Reaction to Glorious Revolution • Massachusetts – Andros deposed • New York – Leisler • Maryland - Coode

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