Ch3 verbal
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Ch3 verbal






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Ch3 verbal Ch3 verbal Presentation Transcript

  • Ch. 3 Verbal Comm. Created by students for students Fall 07
  • What is language • Language is a collection of symbols, letters, or words with arbitrary meanings that are governed by rules and used to communicate. • When you listen to others’ verbal communication, you decode (assign meaning to) their words in order to translate them into thoughts of your own.
  • Language Has Rules • 3 Rules: • Semantics: the branch of language study that is concerned with meaning. • Syntax: a set of rules about language that determines how words are arranged to form phrases and sentences. • Pragmatics: the study of language as it is used in a social context, including its effect on the communicators.
  • Language Has Rules cont. Phatic communication: communication that is used to establish a mood of sociability rather than to communicate information or ideas.
  • Language • Sexist Language • Racist Language • Heterosexist Language
  • Language and Culture Are Intertwined • Culture: the socially transmitted behavior patterns, beliefs, attitudes, and values of a particular period, class, community, or population. • Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: A theory that our perception of reality is determined by our thought processes and our thought processes are limited by our language and, therefore, that language shapes our reality.
  • Language is Arbitrary • Words have no inherent meanings; they have only the meanings people give them. • Denotative Meaning: The agreedupon meaning or dictionary meaning of a word. • Connotative Meaning: An individualized or personalized meaning of a word, which may be emotionally laden.
  • Language is Abstract • Words are abstractions, or simplifications of what they stand for. • Words stand for ideas and things, but they are not the same as those ideas and things.
  • Colloquialisms and Clichés • Colloquialisms: Words and phrases that are used informally. • Ex. “Have a good day,” “Good to see you” • Clichés: An expression that has lost originality and force through overuse. • Ex. “No pain, no gain,” “Beauty is only skin deep”
  • Euphemisms and Slang • Euphemism: A polite, more pleasant expression used instead of a socially unacceptable form. • “see a man about a dog” • Slang: A specialized language of a group of people who share a common interest or belong to a similar co-culture.
  • Profanity and Jargon • Profanity: Language that is disrespectful of things sacred, commonly known as “swearing.” • Jargon: the technical language developed by a professional group.
  • Regionalisms and Indexing • Regionalisms: Words and phrases that are specific to a particular region or part of the country • Indexing: Identifying the uniqueness of objects, events, and people.
  • Operational Definitions • Definitions that identify something by revealing how it works, how it is made, or what it consists of.
  • Cultural Competence • Cultural Competence: The ability of individuals and systems to respond respectfully and effectively to people of all cultures, classes, races, ethnic backgrounds, and religions in a manner that recognizes, affirms, and values the worth of individuals, families, and communities and protects and preserves the dignity of each.
  • Metatalk • When your talking about the communication itself. (how your communicating) • Talk in which meaning is not literal. • Chatting, small talk, “break a leg”