Teacher's guide year 3 sk & sjk
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Teacher's guide year 3 sk & sjk Teacher's guide year 3 sk & sjk Document Transcript

  • KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIAKurikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah TEACHERS GUIDE SK & SJK ENGLISH LANGUAGE YEAR 3 Terbitan Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum 2012
  • Cetakan Pertama 2012© Kementerian Pelajaran MalaysiaHak Cipta Terpelihara. Tidak dibenarkan mengeluar ulang mana-mana bahagianartikel, ilustrasi dan isi kandungan buku ini dalam apa-apa juga bentuk dan dengancara apa-apa jua sama ada secara elektronik, fotokopi, mekanik, rakaman atau caralain sebelum mendapat kebenaran bertulis daripada Pengarah, BahagianPembangunan Kurikulum, Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia, Aras 4-8, Blok E9,Parcel E, Kompleks Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62604 Putrajaya.
  • CONTENTContent iiiForeword vPreface viSection 1The English Language Curriculum 3Section 2Listening and Speaking 21Reading 49Writing 89Language Arts 117Grammar 137Section 3Sample Lesson 183Acknowledgements 201 iii
  • FOREWORD The new Malaysian English Language Curriculum f or Prim ary Schools w as int roduced in st ages beginning 2011 st art ing w it h Year 1, Year 2 in 2012 and Year 3 in 2013. Theref ore t o provide help and support t o t he t eachers, CDD has produced t his Year 3 guidebook as a usef ul resource f or t eachers in im plem ent ing t he new curriculum . CDD hopes t hat t his guidebook w ill help Year Three English Language t eachers t o get accust om ed t o t he changes in t he new English Language Curriculum and act as a valuable t eaching resource. Suggest ed t eaching and learning st rat egies and act ivit ies f or classroom t eaching and learning have been included. We hope t hat t eachers w ill gain ideas t o help t hem carry out t heir daily lessons. How ever, t eachers are encouraged not t o rely solely on t his guidebook only w hen planning lessons. Teachers are encouraged t o use t heir ow n creat ivit y and init iat ive t o plan st im ulat ing and enjoyable lessons suit able t o t heir pupils’ level and CDD w ould like t o t ake t his opport unit y t o acknow ledge w it h grat it ude t he cont ribut ions m ade by t he panel of English t eachers involved in m aking t his guidebook a realit y.Dato’ Ibrahim bin MohamadDirectorCurriculum Development Division v
  • PREFACEThis guidebook is a resource for teachers in showing strategies in which learning standardscould be achieved. Some aspects of language skills, language arts and grammar that arerequired to be taught in Year Three are covered in this book.Section 1 of the guidebook provides an overview of the English Language Curriculum whileSection 2 deals with the four language skills, language arts and grammar. Suggested activitiesare presented in a 3-column table for each module. The first is the activity column wheresuggested activities for teachers include explanations and teaching steps. The second is thecontent column which includes teaching points and the suggested word list. The third is theteachers’ notes column which includes teaching aids/materials and other instructions forteachers.Section 3 consists of complete sample lessons. In this section, teachers will be able to see andunderstand how the different language skills, language arts and grammar modules arepresented for each week, based on one particular theme and topic, in a coherent and cohesivemanner. These complete sample lessons are provided to help teachers plan effective andenjoyable lessons. Section 4 provides teachers with a glossary.The guidebook provides suitable and practical suggestions of teaching methods via thematerials provided. However, teachers are in a better position to make appropriate and relevantdecisions when planning their lessons. There is no single ‘best way’ and teachers have to usetheir pedagogical content knowledge, experience, skills and creativity to plan their lessons inorder to help their pupils learn better. Teachers should decide on a theme/topic and then selectsuitable listening and speaking, reading, writing and language arts activities to be used forteaching that topic. Activities from the MOE Teaching courseware, the textbook and othersuitable resources are encouraged to be used when teachers are planning their lessons.This guide book is neither complete nor exhaustive by itself. The activities provided are merelysuggestions and teachers are free to improvise and adapt accordingly to the level and suitabilityof their pupils. A lot of initiative, imagination and creativity are needed by teachers in planningtheir lessons in order to extend the experiences of their pupils. Therefore, It is hoped thatteachers will find this guidebook useful and pupils will enjoy the activities and hence improvetheir English language proficiency. vi
  • THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE CURRICULUM
  • THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE CURRICULUM AIM The English Language Curriculum for Primary Schools aims to equip pupils with basic language skills to enable them to communicate effectively in a variety of contexts that’s appropriate to the pupils’ level of development. OBJECTIVES By the end of Year 6, pupils should be able to: read and comprehend a range of English texts for information and enjoyment write a range of texts using appropriate language, stylecommunicate with peers and and form through a variety ofadults confidently and 2appropriately in formal and mediainformal situations 3 1 OBJECTIVES 4 5appreciate and demonstrateunderstanding of English use correct and appropriatelanguage literary or creative rules of grammar in speechworks for enjoyment and writing 3
  • CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORKPrimary education is divided into two stages: Stage One refers to Year 1,2 and 3,and Stage Two, Year 4, 5 and 6. The English Language Curriculum has beendesigned in two strands. Strand 1 is the language focus and strand 2 is languagearts. Language focus deals with language skills such as listening & speaking,reading, writing and grammar. Language arts deals with music, poetry, drama andchildren’s literature.As English language learning is developmental, the focus in Year 1 and 2 is basicliteracy. This is done by building a strong foundation in basic literacy skills namelyreading through phonics, penmanship and basic listening and speaking. Activitiesare contextualized and fun-filled with integration of language skills in meaningfulcontexts.From Year 3 and onwards, pupils will further develop the ability to speak, listen, readand write in English meaningfully, purposefully and with confidence. A grammarmodule is introduced from Year 3 to enable pupils develop a sound grasp of thelanguage structures and rules of grammar.The Language Arts module has been added to the English language curriculum fromYear 1 to allow pupils to engage and enjoy stories, poems, songs, rhymes and playswritten in English. STRAND 1 STRAND 2 LANGUAGE FOCUS LANGUAGE ARTS LEVEL 1 Listening & Speaking Music (Years 1, 2 & 3) Reading Poetry Writing Drama Grammar (from Year 3) Class Readers Listening & Speaking Literature LEVEL 2 Reading (Years 4, 5 & 6) Writing English at Play: Grammar Music, Poetry & DramaCURRICULUM ORGANISATIONThe curriculum is modular in design and this is reflected in the organisation of thecontent and learning standards.In Year 1 and 2, the English language curriculum emphasises the development ofbasic language skills so that pupils will have a strong foundation to build theirproficiency in the language. In this initial stage, there will only be four modules;namely: 4
  • 1. Listening and Speaking 2. Reading 3. Writing 4. Language ArtsFrom Year 3 onwards, where pupils build on the skills they have acquired in Year 1and 2, a fifth module, Grammar, is added to the above four modules. Therefore, themodules for this stage are: 1. Listening and Speaking 2. Reading 3. Writing 4. Language Arts 5. GrammarThe following diagram shows the conceptual framework of the curriculum model. LISTENING AND SPEAKING READING WRITING LANGUAGE ARTS GRAMMAR STAGE ONE STAGE TWO (YEARS 1-3) (YEARS 4-6)Fig.1 The Modular ConfigurationThe modularity of the English Language Curriculum Standards for Primary Schools isa modularity of focus. By organising the curriculum standards under five modules inYear 3, pupils will be able to focus on the development of salient language skills orsub-skills under each module through purposeful activities in meaningful contexts.This modular approach does not exclude integration of skills. However, skillsintegration is exploited strategically to enhance pupils’ development of specific andspecified language skills as described in the content and learning standards in amodule.The approach taken in this curriculum stresses the need for pupils to develop all thefour language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Teachers are expectedto sustain a cohesive and coherent organisation between the listening and speaking,reading and writing skills. For the language arts module, teachers may plan lessonsin relation to the language skills taught or they may come up with generic lessons.Teachers should incorporate the fun element in specified contexts to make theirlessons meaningful. 5
  • In order to make learning more meaningful and purposeful, language input ispresented under themes and topics, which are appropriate for the pupils.Three broad themes which have been used in KBSR have been retained and will beused, namely: 1. World of Self, Family and Friends; 2. World of Stories; and 3. World of Knowledge.Teachers select topics that are suitable for their pupils’ level of development. Whenplanning lessons, topics for teaching are initially based on the immediate learningenvironment of the child. Later on, these are expanded to town, country and moredistant foreign locations.ROLE OF THE TEACHERThe teacher is the role model of a language user to pupils. Pupils need to beexposed to good language in order for them to learn the language and use it foreffective communication. Therefore, the teacher needs to do a lot of talking in orderfor pupils to listen to good language input. For this purpose, the teacher uses avariety of materials or media to enable pupils to acquire the receptive and productiveskills. Fun language activities will have to be devised by the teacher in order to tappupils’ interest and engage them in communication.The Standard-Based English Language Curriculum for Malaysian Primary Schools isdesigned to provide pupils with a strong foundation in the English language.Teachers will use Standard British English as a reference and model for teaching thelanguage. It should be used as a reference for spelling and grammar as well aspronunciation for standardisation.Good time management is also essential. Keeping in mind the time allocated forteaching English in SK and SJK schools is different; lessons should be organized in amanageable form in order to give pupils every opportunity to take part in languageactivities.In order to facilitate and maximise learning, language skills must be repeated andused constantly. Some activities have been suggested in this book. However,teachers are encouraged to design more creative and challenging tasks and activitiesbased on the needs and interests of pupils. This is important so that appropriateactivities and materials are used with pupils of different learning profiles with theintention of helping them to realise their full potential and enable them to graduallydevelop the ability, knowledge and confidence to use the language effectively.LISTENING AND SPEAKING SKILLSOverviewListening and speaking are seen as core skills of early literacy. As such, pupilsshould be taught: how to listen carefully; 6
  • to speak from the basic level of sound, word, phrase and structural sentences in various situational contexts; the stress, rhythm and intonation patterns and how to use them correctly; to recognise, understand and use not only verbal but also non-verbal communication; and oral communication practice by means of repeating, responding, understanding and applying structures of the language in order to prepare them for communication. In order to achieve the abovementioned, content and learning standards have been developed from basic listening and speaking, and then progressing to communicating in various situations effectively. Content Standards By the end of the six-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to:1.1 pronounce words 1.2 listen and respond and speak confidently appropriately in formal with the correct and informal situations for stress, rhythm and a variety of purposes. intonation. 1.3 understand and respond to oral texts in a variety of contexts. The content standards above are achieved through learning standards that have been devised carefully throughout primary schooling. Learning standards have been developed from basic listening and speaking in order for pupils to grasp the sounds of the English language before learning to articulate words and phrases. This is supported with a ‘flooding of English sounds and words’ by the teacher especially in cases where pupils do not have any exposure to the English language. 7
  • The learning standards begin with basic listening and speaking skills which havebeen developed incrementally in this manner : develop pupils’ phonemic awareness engage in fun learning activities such as reciting rhymes, poems and tongue twisters as well as singing songs participate in daily conversations follow and give instructions and directions able to participate in conversations talk on topics of interestRelationships are established through the ability to communicate by listening firstthen speaking thoughts, ideas and feelings. Pupils should aim at becoming confidentspeakers who can communicate clearly, appropriately and coherently in any givencontext using language to explore the possibilities and opportunities. Pupils need tolisten carefully and respond to what others say and think about the needs of theirlisteners. Social conventions in listening and speaking such as turn taking, politenessand courtesy need to be observed. These are crucial especially in group discussionswhere viewpoints and opinions are exchanged.READING SKILLOverviewThe teaching of reading skills: enables pupils to become independent readers who are able to comprehend a text effectively and efficiently. begins at the word and phrase levels before progressing to sentence recognition and reading at the paragraph level. focuses on basic literacy with the use of phonics in Year 1 and 2. teaches pupils to extract specific information from a text and respond to a text with their own ideas and opinions.In order to achieve the abovementioned, content and learning standards have beendevised progressively. The teaching of reading in the early stages begins at theword and phrase levels before progressing to sentence recognition and reading atthe paragraph level. Gradually, pupils are taught to extract specific information froma text and to respond to a text with their own ideas and opinions. 8
  • Content Standards By the end of the six-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to: 2.2 demonstrate understanding of2.1 apply knowledge of a variety of linear and non- sounds of letters to linear texts in the form of print recognize words in and non-print materials using linear and non-linear a range of strategies to texts. construct meaning. 2.3 read independently for information and enjoyment. The content standards above are achieved through learning standards that have been devised carefully throughout primary schooling. Learning standards have been developed from recognition of sounds in order for pupils to acquire the sounds of the English language before learning to blend and segment words. This is further developed through vocabulary activities to widen pupils’ vocabulary. By the end of Year 6, pupils are able to read and demonstrate understanding of text for information as well as read for enjoyment. The learning standards begin with basic literacy which has been developed incrementally in this manner : distinguish the shapes of the letters; recognise and articulate phonemes; blend and segment words; apply word recognition and word attack skills to acquire vocabulary; read and understand phrases, simple sentences and texts; and read independently for information and enjoyment. 9
  • The reading aloud strategy is also encouraged in the first two years of primaryeducation: Teacher reads aloud a text to pupils. Implementing this strategy allows teachers to model reading. Here, articulation and pronunciation of words by the teacher have to be as precise as possible for pupils to efficiently imitate and reproduce correctly. This strategy effectively engage pupils in a text that may be too difficult for them to read on their own, hence, pupils sit back and enjoy the story.Teachers should also carry out shared reading strategies in the classroom: During shared reading, the teacher and pupils read together, thus allowing pupils to actively participate and support one another in the process of reading. Teachers point to the text as they read slowly for word recognition and to “build a sense of story”.Ultimately, the objective of getting pupils to read a variety of texts enables pupils tosee how grammar is used correctly so that they can emulate them in their productiveskills; speaking and writing. Reading for enjoyment and pleasure in seekinginformation and knowledge should be inculcated in pupils. Pupils are also trained togive their own ideas and opinions in order to become efficient readers.WRITING SKILLOverviewIt is expected that by the end of Year 6 : pupils will be able to express their ideas clearly on paper in legible handwriting or to communicate via the electronic media. the focus of writing is on developing pupils’ writing ability beginning at the word and phrase levels before progressing to the sentence and paragraph levels. pupils who are capable must be encouraged to write simple compositions comprising several paragraphs. attention is also paid to penmanship so that even from a young age, pupils are taught to write clearly and legibly including cursive writing. simple compositions and the various steps involved in writing, such as planning, drafting, revising, and editing are taught. In the process, pupils learn the genre approach to writing as they are taught to use appropriate vocabulary and correct grammar to get their meaning across clearly. 10
  • all pupils will be encouraged to write for different purposes and for different audiences. although much of the writing at this level is guided, the amount of control is relaxed for pupils who are able and proficient in the language. spelling and dictation are also given emphasis.To achieve the abovementioned, content and learning standards have been devisedprogressively. The teaching of writing in the early stages begins with pre-writingactivities to develop pupils’ visual skills as well as develop hand-eye coordination.This is later developed to writing letters of the alphabet and copying words, phrasesand simple sentences. Pupils begin constructing simple sentences with the teacher’sguidance and later develop to become independent writers by the end of primaryschooling.Content StandardsBy the end of the six year primary schooling, pupils will be able to:3.1 form letters and words 3.2 write using appropriate in neat legible print language, form and style including cursive for a range of purposes. writing. 3.3 write and present ideas through a variety of media.Content standards are achieved through learning standards that have been devisedcarefully throughout primary schooling. Learning standards have been developedprogressively, from acquiring fine motor control of hands and fingers to copying 11
  • writing activities, before being taught to write with guidance linear and non-lineartexts using appropriate language, form and style. The use of various media is alsoencouraged and pupils can create both linear and non-linear texts with guidance orindependently.LANGUAGE ARTSOverviewThe rationale behind Language Arts is to steer the continuous growth anddevelopment of pupils’ thinking and language abilities. The standards for LanguageArts: cover a range of creative and literary works in English such as rhymes, songs, poems, stories and plays to activate pupils’ imagination and interest. allow pupils to benefit from hearing and using language from fictional as well as non-fictional sources. allow pupils to gain rich and invaluable experiences using the English language through fun-filled and meaningful activities. train pupils to be able to appreciate, demonstrate understanding and express personal responses to literary and creative works for enjoyment. Hence they will also be able to use English for both functional as well as aesthetic purposes, confidently and competently by the end of Year 6.In order to achieve the abovementioned, content and learning standards have beendevised progressively. The teaching of language arts will help pupils develop theiroral and analytical skills as well as hone their creativity. Language Arts createsample opportunities for pupils to speak in English in a very relaxed atmosphere andthis will help increase pupils’ confidence in using the English language. 12
  • Content StandardsBy the end of the six year primary schooling, pupils will be able to:4.1 enjoy and appreciate rhymes, poems and 4.2 express personal songs through response to literary performance. texts. 4.3 plan, organise and produce creative works for enjoyment.The culmination of all content standards in language arts will be shown in practicewhen pupils are able to come up with their very own production. By the end of Year6, pupils will learn the art of acting out, play-acting and producing works of creativitysuch as drawings, poems or singing. Pupils will also learn values of cooperating withpeople of different race, gender, ability, cultural heritage, religion, economic, socialbackground, and, understand and appreciate the values, beliefs and attitudes ofothers. Each pupil will also develop knowledge, skills and attitudes, which willenhance his or her own personal life management and promote positive attitudes.AssessmentAssessment is necessary to assess pupils’ achievement in terms of acquisition ofknowledge, skills and the application of values through activities conducted in the 13
  • classroom. Assessment also supports pupils’ learning and gives pertinent feedback to teachers, pupils and parents about their development and achievement. There are two types of school-based assessment. Formative assessment is conducted during the teaching and learning process in the classroom to gauge the acquisition of skills and knowledge during the learning process. Summative assessment is usually conducted at the end of learning, usually at the end of a learning unit, month or semester whereby the focus is on the end product. ASSESSMENT FORMATIVE TI SUMMATIVE MA School-based assessment can be carried out during the teaching-learning process. The teaching-learning process can be conducted in or outside the classroom. Below is a diagram suggesting some types of assessment which can be carried out both in and outside the classroom: Observations Tests Oral METHODS OF ChecklistsPresentations ASSESSMENT Writings Creative Works ea Classroom observations are useful tools for teachers to assess their pupils’ performance. Teachers observe pupils’ oracy skills as they engage in conversations among peers and when they take part in oral presentations. Teachers can prepare a checklist to record their pupils’ progress. Perhaps, pupils can speak during the school assembly, put up a performance in front of an audience, and watch a puppet show or listen to a story. Talking about these events can help teachers assess pupils’ listening and speaking skills. 14
  • Assessment of reading comprehension can be carried out by setting comprehensionquestions. Other comprehension activities which can be used to assesscomprehension are the use of graphic as well as semantic organisers, story maps,question generation and summarisation. Pupils’ writing skills can be assessedthrough written projects, tests, exams and class exercises. Teachers can also honepupils’ writing skills through journal and diary writing, the production of creative workssuch as poems, writing scripts, dialogues as well as lyrics of songs.Creative works such as portfolios, masks, puppets, props and other creativeproductions produced during the language arts lessons can also be assessed.Activities conducted during language arts lessons such as singing action songs,reciting rhymes or poems, choral speaking, drama, public speaking as well as role-play can be assessed.Assessment should also provide pupils with opportunities for self-assessment usingknown criteria and pupils should be given input on the evaluation process. In anutshell, teachers should utilise a variety of assessment techniques to monitor theirpupils’ language growth and development. The on-going process of assessing classexercises and homework should be continued. The main purpose of this is to provideimmediate feedback to the pupils in guiding, motivating, correcting and refocusingtheir efforts.WORD LISTThe list of words selected for teaching is based on common words and highfrequency words that can be used repetitively in different contexts. The suggestedword list can be expanded upon if pupils demonstrate an ability to acquire morewords. 15
  • EDUCATIONAL EMPHASES Educational emphases reflect current developments in education. These emphases are infused and woven into classroom lessons to prepare pupils for the challenges of the real world. Multiple Information and Critical Thinking Intelligences Communication Technology Skills Contextual Learning Values & Citizenship EDUCATIONAL EMPHASES Mastery LearningLearning How to Learn Entrepreneurship p Creativity & Constructivism o Innovation Critical Thinking Critical thinking is incorporated in the teaching and learning activities to enable pupils to solve simple problems, make decisions, and express themselves creatively in simple language. Information and Communication Technology Skills (ICT) Information and Communication Technology Skills (ICT) include the use of multimedia resources such as TV documentaries and the Internet as well as the use of computer-related activities such as e-mail activities, networking and interacting with electronic courseware. Learning How to Learn Learning How to Learn strategies are integrated in teaching and learning activities which aims to enable pupils to take responsibility for their own learning. These skills incorporate study skills and information skills to equip them to become independent life-long learners. 16
  • Values and CitizenshipThe values contained in the Standard Based Curriculum for Moral is incorporated intothe English language lessons. Elements of patriotism and citizenship is alsoemphasised in lessons in order to cultivate a love for the nation and produce patrioticcitizens.Creativity and InnovationCreativity and innovation is the ability to produce something new in an imaginativeand fun-filled way. Pupils display interest, confidence and self-esteem throughperformance and producing simple creative works.EntrepreneurshipFostering an entrepreneurial mind set among pupils at their young age is essential inthis new world. Some of the elements that are linked with entrepreneurship arecreativity, innovation and initiative, which are also attributes for personal fulfilmentand success.Mastery LearningMastery Learning will ensure that all pupils master the learning standards stipulatedin the Standard Based Curriculum. Mastery Learning requires quality teaching andlearning in the classroom and teachers need to ensure that pupils master a learningstandard before proceeding to the next learning standard.Multiple IntelligencesThe theory of Multiple Intelligences encompasses eight different intelligences humanbeings possess. These intelligences are essential in order to maximise teaching andlearning in the classroom. .ConstructivismConstructivism will enable pupils to build new knowledge and concepts based onexisting knowledge or schema that they have. The teacher assists pupils to acquirenew knowledge and solve problems through pupil-centred active learning.Contextual LearningContextual Learning is an approach to learning which connects the contents beinglearnt to the pupils’ daily lives, the community around them and the working world.Learning takes place when pupils are able to relate the new knowledge acquired in ameaningful manner in their lives. 17
  • LISTENING & SPEAKING READING WRITING LANGUAGE ARTS GRAMMAR
  • THE LISTENING AND SPEAKING SKILLThe listening and speaking skill is crucial for communication at home,at school, as well as in the community. However, this skill is often neglected or given minimalemphasis during English language lessons. In order to develop this skill, teachers have toprovide their pupils with various opportunities to listen and to talk about a range of subjectswhich may include topics on personal interests, school work and even current affairs. It is hopedthat the learning standards will offer teachers some ideas on how they could provideopportunities for pupils to engage in various listening and speaking activities at Year Three.The Content and Learning Standards for listening and speaking for Year 3 are: CONTENT STANDARDS LEARNING STANDARDS1.1 By the end of the 6-year 1.1.1 Able to speak with correct word stress. primary schooling, pupils will be able to 1.1.2 Able to listen to and enjoy stories. pronounce words and speak confidently with 1.1.3 Able to listen to, say aloud and recite rhymes, the correct stress, rhythm tongue twisters and sing songs paying attention to and intonation. pronunciation, rhythm and intonation. 1.1.4 Able to talk about a stimulus with guidance.1.2 By the end of the 6-year 1.2.1 Able to participate in daily conversations: primary schooling, pupils will be able to listen and (a) express good wishes respond appropriately in (b) ask for help formal and informal (c) respond to someone asking for help situations for a variety of (d) offer help purposes. (e) talk about oneself (f) introduce family members and friends. 1.2.2 Able to listen to and follow : (a) simple instructions. (b) simple directions. 1.2.3 Able to give: (a) simple instructions in school. (b) simple directions to places in school1.3 By the end of the 6-year 1.3.1 Able to listen to and demonstrate understanding of primary schooling, pupils oral texts by: will be able to understand (a) asking simple Wh-Questions and respond to oral texts (b) answering simple Wh-Questions in a variety of contexts. (c) giving True/False replies (d) sequencing with guidance. 21
  • Learning Standard: 1.1.1 Able to speak with correct word stress. Activity Content Teacher’s note Teaching focus: Noun 1. LabelsLook and Say Suggested words: STATION 11. Set up the class like a railway Two syllable words track with 4 stations as in STATION 2 Appendix 2.2. Elect pupils to be the station farmer master for each station. STATION 33. Divide pupils to form a train. 3.1 Blue Train village STATION 4 3.2 Red Train4. The trains take turns to move.5. Blow the whistle to start and stop the train. paddy6. The station master asks questions.7. Pupils respond orally. May use other words or8. Class gathers to compare chickens substitute the words for this responses from the groups. activity. The indicates the stress in the word. ducklings whistle houses Three syllable words buffaloes plantation Suggested questions: 1. Where are you now? 2. What do you see? 22
  • Learning Standard:1.1.1 Able to speak with correct word stress. Activity Content Teacher’s NoteEcho Drill Teaching Focus: Nouns Picture Cards Suggested words:1. Recite the rhyme while *Teacher may adapt or use flipping picture cards to show other rhymes. the journey. journey2. Form five groups.3. Distribute a set of picture cards to each group village4. Show a picture card to the class.5. Say the word aloud. paddy6. Group leaders pick up the picture and repeat after the chickens teacher.7. Pupils take turns to echo the word in their group. ducklings8. Repeat the activity with the rest of the words9. Pupils recite the rhyme again. whistle houses buffaloes grandfather plantation Rhyme : A Joyful Ride ( Level1&2 ) Choo….Choo….Choo Journey on a train To a village in the rain Paddy fields and buffaloes along the way What a joyful day Choo….Choo…..Choo 23
  • Plantation to seeRows of oil palm treesGreen leaves in the breezeChooo…Chooo…ChoooAttap houses everywhereGeese and chickens hereNoisy ducklings thereHear the whistle blowingLook! Grandpa is wavingAh…. the train is stoppingA Joyful Ride ( Level 3 )Choo….Choo….ChooA journey on a trainTo a village in the rainOh! What a joyful daySee paddy fields far awayAnd buffaloes in the mud to stayOh ! What a lovely dayChoo….Choo…..ChooLarge plantation to seeRows and rows of oil palm treesBunches of fruit and thick leavesSwaying gently in the breezeChooo…Chooo…ChoooPretty attap houses in rowsGeese and chickens near theburrowsSee the noisy ducklingsIn the pond happily quackingHear the whistle blowingLook! Grandpa is wavingAt last .. at last …the train is stopping 24
  • Learning Standard:1.1.2 Able to listen to and enjoy stories Activity Content Teacher’s NotesA Joy Ride Teaching focus: Nouns Story (Appendix 1) Chart (Appendix 2) 1. Put up a chart on the board. Suggested words: 2. Tell the story from station 1 Figurines of the main to station 4. village characters. 3. Ask questions to elicit grandparents pupils’ responses at every orchard Pictures of train, paddy fields, station. station oil palm plantation, buffaloes, 4. Put up figurines on the chart paddy fields lorries, attap houses, geese, as the story progresses. buffaloes chickens, ducklings and village plantation (Appendix 3) journey scenery minutes attap houses chickens ducklingsWho Stole My Clothes? Teaching focus: Past Story (Appendix 4) Tense 1. Set up a clothesline. T-shirt, trousers, towels, 2. Tell the story of `Who stole Suggested words: socks and skirts. my clothes?’ from paragraph to paragraph. woke 3. 5 pupils take turns to hang was up the clothes as they listen cleaned to the story. washed 4. Ask a pupil to pull down the went clothes as he listens to the ran last paragraph of the story. came 5. Ask questions to elicit cooked pupils’ responses at the end said of each paragraph. started 6. Allow time for pupils to respond to make different conclusions of the story orally. 25
  • The Mouse and the Teaching focus: Pictures of a caterpillar, mouse Caterpillar Adjectives and butterfly. Suggested words: 1. Prepare pictures of a Text (Appendix 5) caterpillar, mouse and a friendly butterfly. beautiful Chart (Appendix 6) 2. Tell the story part by part. shocked 3. Use different voices for the green two characters. small 4. Ask questions to elicit sad pupils’ responses. fat 5. Allow time for pupils to new respond. close busy rich tallLearning Standard:1.1.3 Able to listen to, say aloud and recite rhymes, tongue twisters and sing songs paying attention to pronunciation, rhythm and intonation. Activity Content Teacher’s noteStress Clap Teaching focus: Materials Two syllable words Word cards journey1. Recite the rhyme while flipping picture cards to journey show the journey. village2. Repeat but this time clap paddy plantation village at focus word. chickens ducklings whistle grandfather paddy Three syllable words buffaloes plantation chickens grandfather buffalos Rhyme ducklings Choo….Choo….Choo A journey on a train To a village in the rain whistle Oh! What a joyful day See paddy fields far away And buffaloes in the mud houses to stay Oh ! what a lovely day 26
  • Choo….Choo…..Choo Large plantation to see Rows and rows of oil palm trees Bunches of fruit and thick leaves Swaying gently in the breeze Chooo…Chooo…Chooo Pretty attap houses in rows Geese and chickens near the burrows See the noisy ducklings In the pond happily quacking Hear the whistle blowing Look! Grandpa is waving At last ..at last .. the train is stoppingLearning Standard:1.1.3 Able to listen to, say aloud and recite rhymes, tongue twisters and sing songs paying attention to pronunciation , rhythm and intonation. Activity Content Teacher’s noteI love to sing Teaching Focus: ‘wh’ Song Chart questions.1. Put up the song chart.2. Pupils sing the song ‘The Suggested questions: Happy Wanderer’ with 1. What is the title? actions. 2. Where are you going?3. Teacher asks Wh-questions. 3. What do you see on the4. Pupils answer. way?5. Pupils sing the song again with actions. The Happy Wanderer I love to go a-wandering, Along the mountain track, And as I go, I love to sing, My knapsack on my back. Chorus: Val-deri,Val-dera, Val-deri, Val-dera-ha-ha-ha-ha-ha Val-deri,Val-dera My knapsack on my back. 27
  • I love to wander by thestreamThat dances in the sun,So joyously it calls to me,"Come! Join my happy song!"I wave my hat to all I meet,And they wave back to me,And blackbirds call so loudand sweetFrom evry green wood tree.High overhead, the skylarkswing,They never rest at homeBut just like me, they love tosing,As oer the world we roam. 28
  • Learning Standard:1.1.4 Able to talk about a stimulus with guidance. Activity Content Teacher’s Notes1. An Outing Teaching focus: Nouns Suggested Items :1. Prepare a box of items. 1. A Picnic Basket2. Ask pupils to talk about the 2. A Set of Art Tools for items in the box. Painting2. Advertisement from Teaching focus: Materials Newspaper or TV clips Adjectives 1. Newspapers1. Choose an advertisement 2. Video Clips or a video clip focusing on Suggested words: 3. Magazines moral values. 4.2. Ask pupils to talk about the generous advertisement/video clip. responsible3. Ask questions to elicit caring responses pertaining to the advertisement/video clip.2. Advertisement from Teaching focus: Materials Newspaper or TV clips Adjectives 5. Newspapers1. Choose an advertisement 6. Video Clips or a video clip focusing on Suggested words: 7. Magazines moral values. 8.2. Ask pupils to talk about the generous advertisement/video clip. responsible3. Ask questions to elicit caring responses pertaining to the advertisement/video clip.Life Cycle of a frog Teaching focus: Sequence connectors Pictures pertaining to the life cycle 1. Prepare pictures for each Suggested words: of a frog. phase of the cycle. 2. Ask pupils to talk about first each phase. then 3. Ask questions to encourage next active participation. finally frog eggs tadpole young frog 29
  • Learning Standard:1.2.1 Able to participate in daily conversations: a) express good wishes Activity Contents Teacher’s NotesListen and Respond Teaching focus : Social Items for dress-up. Expressions1. Dress pupils up as the *This activity can be done in pairs, following characters. Dialogues: groups or as a whole class. A : I am 80 years old. A: grandfather holding a R : Happy Birthday! birthday cake B: an athlete holding B : Hooray! I won the first a trophy prize. C: someone looking sad R : Congratulations! D: someone carrying a luggage C : My grandmother is not E: a new pupil to the class well. R : We hope she will get2. Each pupil takes turn to well soon. listen to the teacher and say aloud the statement to D : I am leaving for the whole class. Singapore now. R : Have a safe journey.3. Pupils respond orally. E: Hello, I’m Imran. R: Welcome to our class.Learning Standard:1.2.1 Able to participate in daily conversations: b) ask for help Activity Contents Teacher’s NotesWhat’s In the Musical Box? Teaching focus : Pictures of situations Dialogues1. Prepare 10 pictures of various Pictures and questions An attractive box situations. P1- A child asking for help2. Play the music and pass the when doing homework. CD player and CD musical box around. Q : Could you help me3. When the music stops, a pupil with my homework picks up a picture. please? Suggested Responses:4. Pupil shows the picture to the Could you please…? class. P2- A child trying to cross a Would you mind…?5. Class respond. busy road. Do you mind…? Q : Can you help me to Please help… cross the road? P3- A girl fell and hurt her 30
  • feet. Q : Can you please help me? P4- An old lady carrying two heavy bags. Q : Please help me to carry these bags.Learning Standard:1.2.1 Able to participate in daily conversations: c) respond to someone asking for help Activity Contents Teacher’s NotesPlease help… Teaching focus : Social Old telephone Expressions1. Prepare situations on CDs. Dialogues and responses. Dialogues on CD2. When the telephone rings, D1 : Could you please help a representative from each me with my group takes turn to pick up homework? * Teacher can prepare any the telephone on the teacher’s R : Yes, of course. appropriate situations to encourage table. pupils’ active responses.3. Teacher plays the CD. D2 : Do you mind taking4. The class listens to the me across the road? Suggested Responses: situation. R : Of course, I don’t Of course…5. The pupil with the telephone mind. Let us cross Most certainly… responds loudly and the class the road together. Sure… repeats the response verbally Let me help … aloud. D3 : Help! I can’t walk. Gladly… R : Let me help you. D4 : Would you mind helping me with these bags? R : Of course, I wouldn’t mind. Let me take the bags for you.Learning Standard:1.2.1 Able to participate in daily conversations: d) offer help Activity Contents Teacher’s Notes Pic card 1 : pregnant woman in theWhat would you do? Teaching focus : Social bus Expressions/Actions Pic card 2 : a blind man crossing1. Prepare picture cards of the road situations. Pic card 3 : a teacher carrying2. Give each group a picture heavy books card. Pic card 4 : mother cooking3. Pupils respond accordingly. Pic card 5 : an old man who falls 31
  • 4. Group members role-play the and injures himself situation in their picture card. *Teacher can substitute suggested situations with their own.Learning Standard:1.2.1 Able to participate in daily conversations: e) talk about oneself Activity Contents Teacher’s NotesVIP on stage Teaching focus : Simple Microphone Sentences1. Set up a stage in front of the Tape recorder class.2. Pupils introduce themselves. I am _____________. Video camera (optional)3. Tape it. I am _________ years4. Replay and let the pupils old. listen. I like to eat __________. My hobbies are __________.Learning Standard:1.2.1 Able to participate in daily conversations: f) to talk about one’s family/friend Activity Contents Teacher’s NotesWe love our family Teaching focus : Simple Ask pupils to bring photographs of Sentences their families.1. In pairs, pupils sit and face each other to form a big circle. Suggested sentences:2. Pupils pair up and exchange 1. This is Johan’s their family photographs. family.3. Pupils talk about their families 2. His father is a4. Call out a few pupils at random banker. to talk about their partner’s 3. His mother is a family. teacher. 4. His brother is ten years old 5. They like to go to the beach. 32
  • Learning Standard:1.2.2 Able to listen to and follow: a) simple instructions Activity Contents Teacher’s NotesMaking A Puppet Teaching Focus: Verbs Instructions & Materials (Appendix 7)1. Prepare materials to make Suggested Words: puppets.2. Divide pupils into groups of 5. cut Materials:3. Distribute materials to each draw a. egg shells group. tie b. plastic bottles4. Read instructions aloud step paste c. glue by step. d. skirts5. Pupils listen and follow the e. blouses steps. f. wool g. magic pensLet’s Go to the Garden Teaching Focus: gloves Imperatives boots1. Pupils listen to the teacher’s hat instructions and follow. Suggested instructions: sun glasses2. Pupils can work individually, in pairs or groups. 1. Wear your gloves. 2. Put on your boots. 3. Wear your hat. 4. Put on your sun glasses.Learning Standard:1.2.2 Able to listen to and follow: b) simple directions Activities Contents Teacher’s NotesA Maze Teaching Focus: Verb and Materials: 1. Prepare a maze in the a. skittles classroom as shown in the Preposition b. balls picture. Suggested Words: c. baskets 2. Place a basket of balls at the pick d. cloth to blindfold starting point and an empty take basket at each exit. put Maze (Appendix 8) 3. Blindfold the pupil. turn 4. Read the directions to the walk pupil. left 5. Pupil listens to the teacher right and follows the direction. straight 33
  • Learning Standard: 1.2.2. Able to give: a) simple instructions in school Activity Contents NotesIn The Library Teaching Focus: Simple Suggested instructions instructions 1. Take off your shoes.1. Discuss the do’s and don’t’s 2. Be silent. in a library. 3. Choose a book to read.2. Play “Simon Says” in the 4. Return your book to the classroom.3. Bring pupils to the library. shelf.4. Choose a pupil to give 5. Arrange the books neatly. instructions. 6. Push the chairs in. 7. Put on your shoes. 8. Line up. 9. Walk quietly to your class.Learning Standard:1.2.3 Able to give: b) simple directions to places in school Activity Contents MaterialsWhere Am I? Teaching Focus: Simple A big chart of the school plan. directions1. Put up the school plan. A long pointer.2. Allow pupils to identify the Suggested instructions places in the school. 1. Walk straight ahead. 2. Turn left. Coloured pointers/magnetic3. Create situations. 3. Turn right. buttons. (to mark the starting4. Pupils work in pairs. 4. ………… is on your and finishing line) A – to listen to the teacher and give simple instructions. right. 5. ………… is to your left. School Plan (Appendix 9) B – to point the route with a pointer as he/she listens to A. Situations5. Repeat the activity with other Examples: pairs. 1. Siti is at the office. She wants to go to the hall. Muthu is at the 2. field. He wants to go to the Science Garden. 34
  • Learning Standard:1.3.1 Able to listen to and demonstrate understanding of oral texts by : a) asking simple Wh-Questions b) answering simple Wh-Questions Activity Content Teacher’s noteYoung Reporters Teaching Focus: ‘Wh’ questions Story (Appendix 1)1. Divide pupils into groups.2. Group leaders read the STATION 1 *Make use of stories such as The story/Pupils listen to the pre- 1. What did you see ? Princess and the Dragon, recorded story in their 2. Who was the driver ? Shoemaker and Mr.King or groups. Anansi the Spider from the reading3. Each group takes turns to sit STATION 2 module. in front of the class and class 1. What did you see at members ask questions to Station 2? elicit information about the 2. How many buffaloes were in the mud? story. 3. What colour were the4. Group members answer the buffaloes? questions.5. Repeat this with other STATION 3 groups. 1. What did you see at this station? 2. What were in the plantation? Before the activity, the 3. What was carrying the teacher can drill the oil palms? questions. STATION 4 1. What type of houses did you see? 2. What animals were there? 3. Where were the ducklings? 4. What were they doing? STATION 5 1. What did you hear? 2. What was grandfather doing? 3. Was your grandfather happy to see you? 35
  • Learning Standard:1.3.1 Able to listen to and demonstrate understanding of oral text by: c) giving ‘True’ or ‘False’ replies. Activity Contents MaterialsA Letter Teaching Focus: Letter in an envelope. Simple Past Tense1. Prepare a letter and put it in an Letter (Appendix 10) envelope.2. Ask a colleague to send the letter to the class.3. Open the letter in front of the pupils.4. Read the letter aloud.5. Pupils listen to the teacher.6. Ask true/false questions based on the letter.7. Pupils answer true/false.Learning Standard:1.3.1 Able to listen to and demonstrate understanding of oral text by: d) sequencing with guidance. Activity Contents MaterialsShopping For Mom Teaching Focus: Simple Sequence of cut out pictures in Past Tense envelopes.1. Prepare a brief story.2. Prepare a sequence of cut Story (Appendix 11) out pictures pertaining to the story. Pictures (Appendix 12)3. Put each set of pictures into 5 or 6 envelopes.4. Distribute the envelopes to each group.5. Read aloud the story.6. In groups, pupils arrange the pictures according to the correct sequence. 36
  • Appendix 1 A Joy Ride Razak and Chong Keat are good friends. Chong Keat has never been to avillage before. One weekend, Razak decides to take Chong Keat to his grandparents’ village.Razak’s grandparents own an orchard. Razak and Chong Keat are at the railway station. Chong Keat is very excited.It is his first time travelling by train. What a journey! Chong Keat and Razak enjoy the beautiful scenery. Soonthey arrive at Station 2. They see paddy fields and buffaloes. After five minutes,the train leaves Station 2. After thirty minutes, the train arrives at Station 3. They see an oil palmplantation and big lorries carrying the oil palms. Along the way to Station 4, they see many attap houses, a gaggle of geeseand a brood of chickens. There is also a flock of ducklings in a pond. Chong Keat isvery excited. Finally, they arrive at Razak’s grandparents’ village, Kampung Pinang Sayang.His grandparents are happy to welcome them. 37
  • Appendix 2 Kampung Pinang Sayang 43 21 Railway Station 38
  • Appendix 339
  • Appendix 4 Who stole my clothes? It was a warm morning. Leela woke up early. Her mother was sick and she wasresting in bed. Leela cleaned the house and she washed the clothes. “The sun is up. I must hang up the clothes!” Off she went outside and started to hang up the clothes. Up went the T-shirts Up went the trousers Up went the towels socks and skirts. Then Leela ran into the kitchen and cooked some porridge. She did not see agoat behind the thick green bushes.. “Me…ek! Me…ek!,” said the goat. “ What lovely clothes!” Down came the T-shirts Down came the trousers Down came the towels, socks and skirts. Soon, Leela came out.**What do you think happened next?** Who stole Leela’s clothes? 40
  • Appendix 5 The Mouse and the Caterpillar Once upon a time, there lived a friendly mouse in a small cottage. He enjoyedgoing for walks in the woods. One day, he saw a fat caterpillar on a yellow leaf. “Hello there! I’ve never seen you here before. Are you new here?” “Yes, I am new to this part of the woods.” “Let’s be friends!” Since that day, the mouse and the caterpillar became close friends. After sometime, the mouse went to the busy city to visit his rich cousins. Three weeks later, the mouse came back and decided to visit the caterpillar. Ohno! The caterpillar was not there. The mouse sat on a small tree stump and waited. Suddenly a beautiful butterfly emerged from the tall trees. “Hello Mr. Mousey, why are you so sad?” “Have you seen my friend Cater? Cater is not here. I don’t know what happenedto Cater!” “Don’t you recognize me, Mr. Mousey? I am your friend!” The mouse was shocked and laughed. He could not believe it was Cater. Thebutterfly explained how Cater became a butterfly. “Now, listen carefully, Mr. Mouse. I hatched from an egg. People called mecaterpillar. I ate a lot of leaves. I became fat. Then, people called me a pupa. I wasresting in the pupa for some time. Finally, from a pupa, I became a butterfly.” “Wow! It sounds like magic and you are more beautiful now.” Together they laughed happily. 41
  • Appendix 6 Life Cycle of a Butterfly Butterfly EggPupa Caterpillar 42
  • Appendix 7Making a puppetInstructions:1. Colour and cut out the blouse and skirt.2. Glue the wool on top of the egg shell.3. Mount the egg shell on top of the bottle.4. Glue the blouse and skirt on the bottle.5. Draw the eyes, nose and mouth on the egg shell. 43
  • Appendix 8Maze 1.2.2(b)Note : Teacher to prepare the front portion of the class or field. 44
  • APPENDIX 9 T O CLASSROOMS SCIENCE LABSCIENCE IGARDEN BLOCK C L E T CLASSROOMS BLOCK D CANTEEN T O RESOURCE CENTRE I HALL BLOCK B L E T CLASSROOMS BLOCK A FIELD OFFICE 45
  • Appendix 10Instruction: Listen to the statements carefully and state ‘true’ or ‘false’. 1. Surin Nam Pritsom lives in Bangkok. True / False 2. She visited her grandfather’s farm. True / False 3. There were less than fifty crocodiles in the True / False farm. 4. The crocodiles had hard and rough scales. True / False 5. The men fed them fish. True / False 6. Surin did not enjoy the trip. True / False 46
  • Appendix 111.2.3.4.5.6.7.8. 47
  • Appendix 1248
  • THE READING SKILLAt the end of primary education, pupils should be able to apply knowledge of sounds of letters torecognise words in order to begin reading and then move on to the more complex skill using a range ofstrategies to construct meaning from the text read. The ultimate goal of the reading component inprimary school is to produce pupils who will be able to read independently for information and enjoyment.The Content and Learning Standards for Year 3 are: CONTENT STANDARDS LEARNING STANDARDS2.2 By the end of the 6-year 2.2.1 Able to apply word attack skills by: primary schooling, pupils (a) grouping words according to word categories. will be able to demonstrate (b) identifying words similar in meaning understanding of a (c) identifying words opposite in meaning variety of linear and non- linear texts in the form of 2.2.2. Able to read and understand phrases and sentences in print and non-print linear and non-linear texts. materials using a range of strategies to 2.2.3 Able to read and understand simple and compound construct meaning. sentences. 2.2.4. Able to read and understand a paragraph with simple and compound sentences. 2.2.5 Able to apply dictionary skills to locate words. (a) entry points. (b) exit points.2.3 By the end of the 6-year 2.3.1 Able to read for information and enjoyment with guidance: primary schooling, pupils will be able to read (a) fiction independently for (b) non- fiction information and enjoyment.In order to achieve the abovementioned, content standards and learning standards have been devisedprogressively. The teaching of reading in the early stages begins at the word and phrase levels beforeprogressing to sentence recognition and reading at the paragraph level. Gradually, pupils are taught toextract specific information from a text and to respond to a text with their own ideas and opinions. 49
  • Learning Standard :2.2.1 Able to apply word attack skills by: (a) grouping words according to word categories. ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTES Animal Hunt List of animals: i. rabbit1. Paste word cards around the ii. monkey Word cards on animals classroom. iii. squirrel (Appendix 1)2. Divide pupils into groups . iv. camel3. Instruct pupils to look for as many v. goose * other word cards can word cards as they can. vi. cow be used to replace4. Pupils read aloud the word cards vii. horse animal cards. collected. viii. elephant.5. Pupils categorize the animals. ix. hamster Examples:6. Pupils present their work. x. turkey7. Feed back on presentations. Wild Tame Flowers monkey rabbit squirrel goose Vegetables camel cow horse turkey Fruits elephant hamsterLearning Standard :2.2.1 Able to apply word attack skills by: (b) identifying words similar in meaning. ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTES Story : The Day I Met a GiantFind My Twin It was a nice day. I was feeling happy. * Synonym word cards1. Project/Put up the story “ The Day I I went for a walk in the (Appendix 2) Met a Giant” on the screen /board. woods.2. Distribute 2 synonym cards to each Then I met a giant. group. He was very big.3. Teacher or pupils read the story. I was scared.4. Read the words in bold. I decided to run and look5. The group that has the synonym for a place to hide. card for the words in bold shows the I climbed a tree. word card. The giant came closer.6. Repeat with other words. He found me.7. Pupils read the story again with the “Found you” he said.” Now new set of synonyms. it’s my turn to hide and you can seek!” 50
  • Learning Standard:2.2.1 Able to apply word attack skills by : (c) identifying words opposite in meaning. ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESAntonym Jigsaw Antonyms * Antonym Jigsaw (Appendix 3)1. Divide pupils into groups. 1. happy-sad2. Give each group an antonym jigsaw. 2. fat – thin Story (Appendix 4)3. Pupils complete the jigsaw. 3. old – young4. Pupils identify and read the words 4. dirty – clean found in the jigsaw. 5. sunny – gloomy5. Pupils give the antonyms for the 6. blunt – sharp words identified.6. Pupils read the story given and Story text replace the words in bold with their There lived a happy man antonyms. named Jones. He was fat and7. Pupils read the new story. old. He always wore dirty clothes. One sunny day, he wanted to eat sugar cane. He could not cut it with his blunt knife.Learning Standard :2.2.2. Able to read and understand phrases and sentences in linear and non-linear text. ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESThe Princess and The Dragon Story (Linear Text)1. Pupils are given figurines of The Princess and The Dragon 1. Figurines characters. 2. Phrase cards2. Paste phrase cards on the board. -Refer to the story ‘ The (Appendix 5)3. Pupils match the figurines to the Princess and The Dragon’. phrase cards. 3. The story4. Pupils read aloud all the phrases. (Appendix 6)5. In groups, give pupils sentence strips of the story ‘ The Princess and The 4. Sentence strips Dragon’. (Appendix 7)6. Pick a group to start a story chain. (This group identifies and reads the first sentence of the story.)7. The first group to identify the second sentence continues the story chain. (This activity is repeated until the whole story is completed.)8. Pupils read the whole story. 51
  • Learning Standard :2.2.2 Able to read and understand phrases and sentences in linear and non-linear texts. ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESWhat does the message say? Message (Linear Text) Message: Sentence strips1. Divide pupils into groups. (Appendix 8)2. Each group is given sentence strips of To : Ah Seng a message. From : Alief3. Pupils arrange the sentence strips to form a message. Date : 13 March 20114. The first group to finish, reads the message. Time : 2:30 p.m.5. Ask questions based on the message. Pupils answer orally. I came to your house6. In groups, pupils draft simple but you weren’t in. I left the messages to their friends.7. Pupils read aloud their messages. book you wanted with your brother. The book is overdue. Call me tonight when you are free. Questions: 1. Who wrote the message? 2. Who was the message for ? 3. What did Ah Seng ask from Alief? 4. Why do you think Alief asked Ah Seng to call? 52
  • Learning Standard :2.2.2 Able to read and understand phrases and sentences in linear and non-linear texts. ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTES People Work People work People Work Rhyme Puzzle 1. Pupils complete a puzzle in groups. People work in the country (Appendix 9) 2. Put up the rhyme – People Work People work in the town 3. Pupils recite the rhyme: People work day and night To make the world go round - model reading - shared reading Nigel Naylor, he’s a tailor http://learnenglishkids. He makes trousers, suits and britishcouncil.org/en/ shirts Penny Proctor, she’s a doctor Comes to see you when it hurts Peter Palmer, he’s a farmer He’s got cows and pigs and sheep Wendy Witter, babysitter Minds the kids when they’re asleep Mabel Meacher, language teacher Teaches English, French and Greek Gary Gummer, he’s a plumber Call him when you’ve got a leak Patty Prentice, she’s a dentist Keeps your teeth both clean and white Ronnie Ryman, he’s a fireman Comes when there’s a fire to fight People work in the country People work in the town People work day and night To make the world go round People Work (simpler version) People work in the country People work in the town People work day and night To make the world go round Nigel Naylor, he’s a tailor He sews trousers, skirts and shirts Penny Proctor, she’s a doctor Come to see her when you are sick 53
  • Peter Palmer, he’s a farmer He’s got cows and sheep Wendy Witter, babysitter Her job is to take care of kids Mabel Meacher, she‘s a teacher Teaches English to her pupils Gary Gummer, he’s a plumber He repairs broken pipes Patty Prentice, she’s a dentist She keeps your teeth healthy Ronnie Ryman, he’s a fireman He helps to put out fire People work in the country People work in the town People work day and night To make the world go roundLearning Standard :2.2.2 Able to read and understand phrases and sentences in linear and non-linear texts. ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTES Movie Poster Movie Poster BEN 10 (Non- BEN 10 Poster linear text) (Appendix 10) 1. Pupils are given a movie poster of BEN 10. Discussion questions. Incomplete Poster 2. Ask questions about the poster . a. This is a movie poster. (Appendix 11) (see discussion questions) Can you give me the name 3. Ask pupils to read the information of the movie? Information transfer in the poster. b. How many characters do table. 4. Pupils are given a BEN 10 poster. you see in the poster? (Appendix 12) They fill in the name of the c. Can you name the characters in groups. characters? 5. Pupils are given a table to complete.( refer to the table on BEN10) 6. Pupils read out the completed table. 54
  • Learning Standard:2.2.3 Able to read and understand simple and compound sentences. ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESRead and Draw Sentence strips * sentence strips (Appendix 13)1. Put the first sentence strip on the I came home on a windy board. day. * frame of a house and2. Ask pupils what they think happened. I found all the clothes blown a garden3. Put the second sentence strip. away. (Appendix 14)4. Pupils read aloud the sentence strip Dad’s shirt and tie flew up in and draw on the frame given. the sky.5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 with other Sister’s skirt fell into the dirt. sentence strips. My three socks were in the6. Pupils compare their drawings with box. each other. Brother’s jeans ended up in7. Teacher shows the correct drawing – the dustbin. discussion. Mum’s old hat looked good on the cat. My shirt and shorts were in a puddle of water.Learning Standard:2.2.4 Able to read and understand a paragraph with simple and compound sentences. ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESRead and Sequence Text (Appendix 15)1. Ask pupils to read the text aloud. Picture (Appendix 16)2. In groups, they are given worksheets.3. Pupils read the text again and complete the picture.4. Extension: Pupils choose their favourite clown and talk about it. 55
  • Learning Standard:2.2.5 Able to apply dictionary skills to locate words. (a) entry points (b) exit points ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESDictionary War Sample dictionary page Words (Appendix 17)1. Guide pupils to look for (This activity can be done with the meaning of the word alien other words.) ‘alien’ from the dictionary. dangerous2. Explain entry/exit points claws to locate words in the weighs Note: dictionary. (refer puddle attachment) a. Get pupils to look up the3. Divide class into groups. first two letters of the4. Each pupil needs a word at the top left hand dictionary. and right hand corner of5. Teacher writes four words the page ; for e.g. for the on the board. word ‘alien’, look for ‘al’.6. Each pupil in the group b. After you have identified finds one word in the the first two letters and if dictionary and points to it. there are more than one7. When all members of the page with the same group have located all letters, look for the next four words they raise their letter. For the word hands. ‘alien’; you need to look8. Then, pupils read out the for ‘ali’. meanings of the words c. After finding, ‘ali’ then found. scan the page and9. The first group to raise identify the word. their hands is awarded d. The word on the top left points. hand or right hand corner is called the ‘entry’ point. The word that you have been looking for is called the ‘exit’ point. 56
  • Learning Standard:2.3.1 Able to read for information and enjoyment with guidance (a) fiction Activity Content Teacher’s NotesRead and Sequence Sentence in each bubble are: * Story of Anansi the spider. a. Anansi really loves eating and Laminated individual bubbles1. Show a picture of a he’s very fat. (Appendix 18) spider. b. Anansi first meets the rabbit2. Ask pupils oral who is cooking carrots. c. Rabbit tells Anansi that the food questions. is not ready.3. Distribute a set of d. Then, Anansi meets Monkey sentence bubbles to who is cooking beans. each group. e. Anansi does not like beans. So,4. Pupils try to he goes to see Andy the Ant. sequence the f. Ant is preparing syrup. The sentence bubbles to syrup is too sweet. form a story. g. Finally, Anansi eats nothing. He5. Each group reads is hungry and angry. aloud their sequence.6. Teacher shows the correct sequence on the board.7. Pupils read the correct sequence from the board.8. In groups, pupils draw a picture of a hungry and angry spider. b a c e g d f 57
  • Learning Standard:2.3.1 Able to read for information and enjoyment with guidance (b) non-fiction Activity Content Teacher’s NotesVelociraptor Video clip of dinosaur movie1. Show video clip of a Text on power point dinosaur movie. (Appendix 19)2. Brainstorm names of dinosaurs. Mind map3. Show text about (Appendix 20) Velociraptor on power point. Velociraptor Quiz4. Guide pupils to read the (Appendix 21) text.5. Pair work: Text A pupil reads and the partner completes a mind map.6. Pupils do Velociraptor Quiz.7. Pupils complete the text. 58
  • Appendix 1rabbitmonkeysquirrelcamelgoose 59
  • cow horseelephanthamster turkey 60
  • Appendix 2beautiful strollcheerful huge afraid 61
  • nearer searchdiscovered saw told 62
  • Appendix 3 gloomyold sad blunt dirty fat 63
  • Appendix 464
  • Appendix 5 a king a queen a princess a prince65
  • an ogre a knight a dragon66
  • a castle a tower a cave a bag of gold67
  • the king’s land68
  • Appendix 6The Princess and The Dragon 69
  • Appendix 770
  • Appendix 8Message Strips 71
  • Appendix 972
  • Appendix 10Time of show: 12.30 p.m. , 3.30 p.m. , 7.30 p.m.Place: Cineplex Leisure MallPrice of tickets: Adults RM12.00 Children RM 6.00Ben is a young boy. One day he finds a watch. He wears the watch and heis unable to remove it. When he presses the watch, Ben changes intodifferent types of aliens… 73
  • Appendix 1174
  • Appendix 12 BEN 1075
  • Appendix 1376
  • Appendix 1477
  • Appendix 1578
  • Appendix 1676
  • Appendix 1780
  • Appendix 18 Anansi really loves eating and he’s very fat.Anansi first meetsthe rabbit who iscooking carrots. 78
  • Rabbit tellsAnansi thatthe food isnot ready. Then, Anansi meets Monkey who is cooking beans. 79
  • Anansi does not like beans. So, he goes to see Andy, the Ant.Ant is preparingsyrup. The syrupis too sweet. 83
  • Finally, Anansieats nothing.He is hungryand angry. 84
  • Appendix 19Velociraptor 82
  • Appendix 20 Complete the mind map.Height:Weight:Habitat: Food: 86
  • Appendix 2187
  • Appendix 22Fill in the blanks to complete the text. 88
  • THE WRITING SKILL Pupils acquired penmanship and started basic writing in Year 1. Therefore, by Year 3, it is hoped that they would have developed good motor skills and are able to write in neat, legible print words, phrases, simple sentences aswell as punctuate correctly. Pupils are expected to write and present their ideas through avariety of media. Therefore, the teacher’s role is crucial as she/he needs to teach pupils how towrite well. In order to do so, the scaffolding to writing has to be provided so that pupils areguided to write a variety of texts correctly. Model and shared writing are ways in which teacherscan guide pupils in their writing experience.The Content and Learning Standards for writing are: CONTENT STANDARDS LEARNING STANDARDS3.1 By the end of the 6-year 3.1.1 Able to write in neat legible print with correct spelling : primary schooling, pupils (a) phrases will be able to form letters (b) simple sentences and words in neat legible print including cursive writing. 3.1.2 Able to write numerals in neat legible print with correct spelling: (a) numeral form (b) word form3.2 By the end of the 6 year 3.2.1 Able to complete : primary schooling, pupils (a) linear texts will be able to write using (b) non-linear texts. appropriate language, form and style for a range 3.2.2 Able to write with guidance of purposes. (a) simple sentences (b) compound sentences (c) questions 3.2.3 Able to punctuate correctly: (a) exclamation mark (b) comma 3.2.4 Able to spell common sight words.3.3. By the end of the 6-year 3.3.1 Able to create simple texts using a variety of media primary schooling, pupils with guidance : will be able to write and present ideas through a (a) non-linear variety of media using (b) linear appropriate language, form and style. 89
  • Learning Standard :3.1.1 Able to write in neat legible print with correct spelling: (a) words (b) phrases (c) simple sentences ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTES Learning to Write Words: Figurines Word Cards1. Show pictures of different parts of ear Phrase Cards an elephant. tail Substitution table2. Ask questions orally. tusk3. Pupils spell the words. trunk4. Pupils label a picture. legs Parts of an elephant5. Talk about the elephant. (Appendix 1)6. Ask questions about the elephant. Phrases: Worksheet (Appendix 2) e.g. How many ears does an two big ears elephant have? four strong legs Substitution table Two ears a long trunk (Appendix 3) a short tail Are the ears big or small? two white tusks Big6. Pupils read phrases written on Sentences: cards. 1. An elephant has two big e.g. two big ears ears. four strong legs 2. It has four strong legs.7. Show a substitution table. 3. It has a long trunk.8. Pupils make sentences from the table.9. Pupils write sentences in neat legible print. 90
  • Learning Standard :3.1.2 Able to write numerals in neat legible print with correct spelling: (a) numeral form (b) word form ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESSpell It Right Letter Cards1. Provide pupils with triple lines and letter cards.2. Say out a number and pupils choose the correct letter cards and place them on the triple line.3. Repeat with other numbers.4. Pupils copy them in exercise books.Learning Standard :3.2.1 Able to complete with guidance: (b) non-linear texts ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESRebus Words:1. Pupils are given a message with school Message (Appendix 4) pictures. rabbit2. Pupils rewrite the message by carrots This activity is also replacing the pictures with words. cut known as rebus writing.3. This activity can be conducted in refrigerator groups as a competition. 91
  • Learning Standard :3.3.1 Able to create simple texts using a variety of media with guidance: (a) simple message ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESComplete Me! Words:1. Pupils are divided into two groups. cat Message (Appendix 5)2. Group A is given envelopes feed containing details of a message. cat food3. Group B is given envelopes kitchen containing the framework of late the message. library4. Pupils in group A find their partners complete from group B to complete their homework message. 5 o’clockLearning Standards :3.2.1 Able to complete with guidance: (a) linear texts3.3.1 Able to create simple texts using a variety of media with guidance: (b) linear ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESWhere to Go! Words:1. Teacher does an activity with pupils go straight Worksheet (Appendix 6) outside the classroom and gets pupils turn left to revise directions such as go turn right straight, turn left, and turn right. on your right2. Pupils look at a map and complete on your left the worksheet given.3. Next, pupils work in groups to write directions: (a) from the bus station to the school (b) from the school to the playground 92
  • Learning Standards:3.2.1 Able to complete with guidance: (a) non-linear texts3.2.2 Able to write with guidance: (a) simple sentences ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESMy Friend Words:1. Pupils talk to a friend and complete name Worksheet (Appendix 7) a non-linear text pertaining to age personal details: address (a) complete the table given; or hobby (b) draw a friend’s picture and ambition complete a graphic organiser. favourite food2. Pupils write simple sentences about their friend from the completed 1. My friend is _________. table or graphic organiser. 2. He is ______________.3. Pupils arrange the sentences into a 3. He lives at ____________. paragraph in neat legible print. 4. His hobby is ___________.4. Pupils work can be compiled in a 5. His favourite food is _____ folio. (individual or groups) _________. 6. He wants to be _________ when he grows up.Learning Standards:3.2.1 Able to complete with guidance: (a) non-linear texts3.2.2 Able to create simple texts using a variety of media with guidance (a) non-linear ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESClass Party Sample questions: Notice (Appendix 8)1. Take pupils to the school notice What is the notice about? Notice frame & phrase board. When is the event? strips2. Get pupils to read the notices. Where will it be held? (Appendix 9)3. Get back to the class and ask pupils to give details about the notices.4. Show a sample of a notice.5. Read the details in the notice.6. Put up a notice/poster of a canteen day. 93
  • 7. Provide pupils with details written on strips of paper.8. Get pupils to paste the strips at the correct places.9. Pupils complete the worksheet.Extension: Pupils are given a framework of a Worksheet notice. (Class Party) (Appendix 10) Pupils complete the notice.Learning Standard :3.2.1 Able to complete with guidance: (a) non-linear texts ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESMovie Poster Worksheet1. Show sample posters from the (Appendix 11) newspaper movie column.2. Ask questions to get information about the movie(s). (title, time, place)3. Pupils complete text based on the advertisement.Learning Standard :3.3.1 Able to create simple texts using a variety of media with guidance: (a) non-linear ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTES Happy Birthday!Happy Birthday Selamat Hari Raya Happy Chinese New Year Note: create any1. Demonstrate how to make a greeting Happy Deepavali greeting card and card. Merry Christmas encourage pupils to2. Pupils make a greeting card and Get Well Soon write simple messages. write their own greetings. Thank You 94
  • Learning Standard :3.2.2 Able to write with guidance: (c) questions ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESGetting to Know…. Wh-Questions: Dialogue (Appendix 12)1. Role play the dialogue.2. Ask questions based on the dialogue. Who Worksheet (Level 1) e.g. Who is Sponge Bob Square What (Appendix 13) Pants? Where Where is Sponge Bob Square How Worksheet (Level 2) Pants? (Appendix 14)3. Teacher provides worksheet according to pupils’ ability.Learning Standard :3.2.2 Able to write with guidance: (a) simple sentences (b) compound sentences ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESAsk Me What is this? Picture (Appendix 15)1. Show picture of a tiger. This is a tiger.2. Talk about the tiger by asking pupils (simple sentence) Scaffolding to writing questions. (Appendix 15)3. Write down the answers on the Is it a wild or tame animal? board. It is a wild animal. Notes on simple and4. Get pupils to combine simple (simple sentence) compound sentences sentences to form compound (Appendix 16) sentences. This is a tiger, and it is a wild5. This is done step by step until a animal. paragraph is written about the tiger. (compound sentence) 95
  • Learning Standard :3.2.3 Able to punctuate correctly: (a) exclamation mark (b) comma ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESPunctuate Me! Sample sentences: Pupils are taught the1. Distribute punctuation cards. use of exclamation2. Read out sentences with the correct Help! Help! mark, comma and other intonation to stress on the I have a teddy bear, a toy car punctuation marks punctuation. and a ball. earlier.3. Pupils with the correct punctuation card will hold up the card for each sentence read.Correct Me! Sample sentence: This activity can be done in groups or1. Provide sentences with punctuation Mother bought A kilo of fish! A individually. errors. Pupils identify and correct the chicken, and some errors. vegetables?Learning Standard :3.2.4 Able to spell common sight words. ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESWalking Spelling Words learnt in topics covered Spelling can be done1. Words are put around the class. A earlier. orally and followed by pupil will ‘spy’ on a word and say it written work. out; others will spell and write.Fun Spelling1. Cut out letters from newspapers or Teacher prepares a list magazines. Use the letters to spell of words or pictures. words from word list or pictures Words learnt in topics covered given. earlier. 96
  • Learning Standard :3.3.1 Able to create simple texts using a variety of media with guidance: (a) non-linear (b) linear ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESTransformers Words: Picture (Appendix 17)1. Show a picture of the rafflesia.2. Talk about the flower; its colour, size, biggest Text (Appendix 17) characteristic, etc. weighs3. Read a text on the rafflesia. blooms Worksheet4. Complete the graphic organiser. stinks (Appendix 18)5. Write a paragraph on the rafflesia. flesh Pupils may construct simple or petals compound sentences. 97
  • Appendix 198
  • Appendix 299
  • Appendix 31. ____________________________________________________________________________2. ____________________________________________________________________________3. ____________________________________________________________________________4. ____________________________________________________________________________5. ____________________________________________________________________________ 100
  • Appendix 4, . 101
  • Appendix 5102
  • Appendix 6103
  • Appendix 7 . Name Age Address Hobby Ambition Favourite food .: : 104
  • Appendix 8105
  • Appendix 9 JUMBLE SALE 10 SEPTEMBER 2010 TIME : ACTIVITIES : SK TAMAN JAYA VENUE : 8.00 A.M. TO 2.00 P.M. DATE : HAUNTED HOUSEGAMES SCHOOL CANTEEN DAY FOOD GALLERY 106
  • Appendix 10Date :Time :Venue :Activities : 107
  • Appendix 11Cinema: GSC - MID VALLEY (Phone Reservation:03-83123456)Date: Thursday, 17 Mar 2011Available Dates: Thu, 17 Mar | Fri, 18 Mar | Sat, 19Mar | Sun, 20 Mar | Mon, 21 Mar | Tue, 22 Mar |Wed, 23 MarToy Story 3 – English (PG 13) Gold Class11:00 AM 01:30 PM 04:00 PM 06:30 PM 09:00 PM 11:30 PMPrice : RM12.00 (adults) RM5.00 (school children) 108
  • Appendix 12109
  • Appendix 131. __________________________________________________________________2. __________________________________________________________________3. ___________________________________________________________________4. ___________________________________________________________________5. ___________________________________________________________________6. ________________________________________________________________________ 110
  • Appendix 14111
  • Appendix 15. 112
  • Scaffolding to writing1. This is a tiger.2. It is a wild animal.This is a tiger and it is a wild animal.3. It has orange and black stripes.4. It has two eyes.5. They are big.It has two eyes and they are big.6. It has a long tail.7. It has long whiskers too.It has a long tail and it has long whiskers too.8. Tigers have claws.9. The tigers claws are sharp.Tigers have claws and they are sharp.10. It lives in the jungle.11. It eats meat.The tiger lives in the jungle and it eats meat. 113
  • Appendix 16Note for teachers only:Simple sentence The basic English language sentence is called a simple sentence. A simplesentence contains a subject and a verb. It constitutes a complete thought which iscalled an independent clause. Example: I like English. We are playing football.Compound Sentence Compound sentences are made up of two or more simple sentences. Acompound sentence contains two independent clauses. Each clause can stand aloneas a sentence. Each clause is like a sentence with a subject and a verb. It is usuallycombined using a conjunction such as and, or or but. The conjunction goes in themiddle of the sentence, it is the word that joins the two clauses together. Example: The sun was setting in the west and the moon was just rising. I walked to the shops but Latif walked to the playground. Can I prepare a sandwich or we buy sandwiches at the bakery?References:http://www.iscribe.org/english/sent.htmlLoberger, Gordon & Shoup, Kate. Websters New World. English Grammar Handbook. Secondedition. Wiley. 2009 114
  • Appendix 17http://www.arkive.org/rafflesia/rafflesia-spp/ 115
  • Appendix 18 4 6. _________ 3. 7. 8._________________________________________________________ 116
  • LANGUAGE ARTS Language Arts is a new component designed to create appreciation and enjoymentamongst pupils as they learn the English language. This experience should be fun filled andused as a means to create confidence in pupils to use the language without inhibitions. Therationale behind Language Arts is to steer the continuous growth and development of pupils’thinking and language abilities. The teaching of language arts will help pupils develop theiroracy and analytical skills, as well as hone their creativity. Language Arts creates ampleopportunities for pupils to speak in English in a very relaxed atmosphere. This will help increasepupils’ confidence in using the English language.The Content and Learning Standards for Language Arts are: CONTENT STANDARDS LEARNING STANDARDS4.1 By the end of the 6-year 4.1.1 Able to enjoy action songs, jazz chants and poems primary schooling, pupils through non-verbal response. will be able to enjoy and appreciate rhymes, 4.1.2 Able to sing action songs, recite jazz chants and poems and songs. poems with correct pronunciation, rhythm and intonation.4.2 By the end of the 6-year 4.2.1 Able to respond to : primary schooling pupils (a) characters will be able to express (b) place personal esponse to literary texts. in stories with guidance.4.3. By the end of the 6-year 4.3.1 Able to produce simple creative works with guidance primary schooling, pupils based on : will be able to plan, organise and produce (a) jazz chants creative works for (b) poems enjoyment. (c) action songs (d) stories 4.3.2 Able to perform with guidance based on : (a) jazz chants (b) poems (c) action songs (d) stories 117
  • Learning Standard:4.1.1 Able to enjoy action songs, jazz chants and poems through non-verbal response. ACTIVITY CONTENT NOTESMy ShadowPupils have learnt actions Action song/ jazz chant/ poem that the Prepare the requiredrequired for the particular teacher has taught. action song/ jazzaction song/ jazz chant/ poem. chant/ poem to be heard.1. Position pupils in pairs, facing each other.2. As the action song/ jazz chant/ poem is heard, pupils perform the suitable action with the partner.My Favourite Line1. A pupil acts out a Action song/ jazz chant/ poem that the Put up the poem on favourite line from the teacher has taught. the board. poem learnt.2. Other pupils guess the line from the poem. 118
  • ACTIVITY CONTENT NOTESComic Strip [a]1. Pupils rearrange given e.g. Prepare pictures and pictures in the correct When Susie’s eating custard’ paper. sequence according to the jazz chant/ poem When Susie’s eating custard learnt to create a comic It splashes everywhere – strip/ story poster. Down her bib, up her nose All over her high chair Adapted from When Susie’s eating custard by John Foster Action song/ jazz chant/ poem that the teacher has taught.Learning Standard:4.1.2 Able to sing action songs, recite jazz chants and poems with correct pronunciation, rhythm and intonation. ACTIVITY CONTENT NOTESAbracadabra1. Prepare a secret box with Action song/ jazz chant/ poem Prepare secret box tokens in it. that the teacher has taught. with tokens in it.2. Inform pupils that only a certain chant can open the box.3. Pupil has to chant with the correct pronunciation, rhythm and intonation to open the box. 119
  • 4. If successful, then teacher opens the secret box and the pupil may choose a token.Class Idol1. Pupils take part in a poem Action song/ jazz chant/ poem Prepare score sheets, recital competition as that the teacher has taught. ‘happy’ and ‘sad’ face contestants and judges with cards. guidance.2. Pupils are divided into contestants and judges.3. Judges will indicate with ‘happy’ or ‘sad’ face cards for each category – pronunciation, rhythm and intonation [teacher may guide].Learning Standard:4.2.1 Able to respond to: a. characters b. place in stories with guidance. ACTIVITY CONTENT NOTESCharacter Scrap-book pretty kind1. Pupils look for pictures of Prepare the list of characters the characters in the Picture of the of a particular story. story/ stories that they character Give examples of descriptive have learnt/ read. words.2. Pupils start a character eldest cheerful scrap-book by pasting the pictures of the characters. Any story that the pupils3. Pupils then label the know. characters with descriptive words.4. Pupils write why they like or dislike the character. 120
  • Where Am I?1. Divide pupils into groups. The story that the pupils Prepare pictures of scenes of2. Give each group a know. one or more stories. picture of a specific scene from a story. [Do not show the picture to the other groups]3. Each group will take turns to act out their assigned scene.4. The other groups identify the part of the story where the scene is.5. Teacher leads discussion on the actions of the character/s in the scenes.In Character1. Show pictures of different Any story that the pupils Prepare pictures of different settings in different know. settings of various stories. stories that the pupils know.2. Discuss with pupils the feelings and actions of the characters in the setting.Learning Standard:4.3.1 Able to produce simple creative works with guidance based on: a. jazz chants b. poems c. action songs d. stories ACTIVITY CONTENT NOTESSinging Market e.g. Seller:1. Select a scene at the Good morning Dialogues in the form of jazz market place. Good morning chants. 121
  • 2. Pupils are divided into Good morning, good sir. groups to portray the characters found in that How may I help you? scene. How may I help you?3. Pupils practise the scene. How may I help you today?4. In groups, pupils create other jazz chants based Buyer: on the one learnt. Good morning5. Pupils are encouraged to Good morning make their own props. Good morning, my good man. A kilo of potatoes Potatoes, potatoes A kilo of potatoes The finest you have. Any story that the pupils know.I Am A Composer Prepare a selection of words based on poems learnt in1. Pupils are given a A poem that the pupils know. different fonts and colours, selection of words. suitable paper. Eg:2. In groups, pupils arrange the words to form a Title: poem.3. They create a poem poster.Totem Pole1. Pupils create masks of e.g. Suitable coloured papers. imaginary characters Masks of 3-eyed cat, 4-legged based on a story/song chicken, a tiger with a trunk that they have learnt.2. The masks will then be displayed on a totem pole.Publish Me1. Pupils are given a series Content is the story/stories Pictures, suitable paper, of pictures based on a that the pupils know. staple, binding tape, glue and story learnt. scissors.2. Pupils write sentences 122
  • about the pictures to form a complete story.3. The pages are then bound into a book.Learning Standard:4.3.2 Able to perform with guidance based on: a. jazz chants b. poems c. action songs d. stories ACTIVITY CONTENT NOTESShow Time!1. Divide pupils into groups. The story that the pupils2. Each group then selects know. the jazz chant that they have learnt or created.3. Each group performs the jazz chant.Prose Time1. Pupils select their own The poems that the pupils Suitable paper. team members. know.2. Each team selects a previously learnt/created poem.3. Each group recites the poem of their choice. e.g.A Whole New World New Friend Found Music and lyrics.1. Pupils use the imaginary We walk to the right [Teacher may use other masks created earlier. We walk to the left songs].2. Pupils dance/act out the And we walk and we walk . actions according to the And we walk all night song played as if they were the characters of With a heel and a toe the masks they wear. And a half way turn With a heel and a toe And a new friend found. 123
  • Tell Me Tale1. Based on their work in Story/stories that the pupils Prepare a place for the pupils the Publish Me activity, know. to exhibit their books. pupils tell their story to their friends.2. Pupils hold a book exhibition.Let’s Choral Speak! Town Mouse and Choral Speaking script. Country Mouse. (Appendix 1)1. Pupils choral speak a fairy tale.Take 1! Scene 1! The Monkey and the Script1. Pupils perform a short Crocodile. (Appendix 2) play based on a story.Puppet Master1. Pupils perform a puppet The Snake and the Frogs. Puppets, stage and script. show based on a story. (Appendix 3) 124
  • Appendix 1 TOWN MOUSE AND COUNTRY MOUSECharacters: Narrator [N] Country Mouse [CM] Town Mouse [TM] Chorus [C]N A long time ago, there were 2 mice.C How many?N 2 mice. A long time ago, there were 2 mice.C 2 mice. One [clap] Two [clap clap] 2 mice.N Country Mouse and Town Mouse. Country Mouse lived in the country. Town Mouse lived in the town.C Country Mouse in the country. Town Mouse in the town. Country Mouse in the country. Town Mouse in the town.N One day, Town Mouse went to see Country Mouse.C What did Town Mouse do?N He went to see Country Mouse. Town Mouse went to see Country Mouse.C To see Country Mouse. To see Country Mouse.TM What a funny house! Funny house, funny house. What a funny bed! Funny bed, funny bed. What funny food! 125
  • Funny food, funny food.C Funny, funny, funny! Funny house, funny bed, funny food! Funny, funny, funny! Funny house, funny bed, funny food!N Later, the two mice went for a walk. Suddenly, they heard a noise.C A noise? What noise? What noise did they hear?N Mooooo!C What? Moo? What? Moo? They heard moooo?TM Ahh! Ahh! What is that? What is that?CM Oh…. It’s only a cow!C Cow. Cow. Moo. Moo. Cow. Cow. Moo. Moo.N Town Mouse was frightened. Then…….C What? What?N Then, they heard another noise.C A noise? What noise? What noise did they hear?N Hissss!C What? Hiss? What? Hiss? 126
  • They heard hisss!TM Ahh! Ahh! What is that? What is that?CM Oh…. It’s only a goose!C Goose. Goose. Hiss. Hiss. Goose. Goose. Hiss. Hiss.N Town Mouse was frightened. Then…….C What? What?N Then, they heard another noise.C A noise? What noise? What noise did they hear?N Whoooo!C What? Whooo? What? Whooo? They heard whooo!TM Ahh! Ahh! What is that? What is that?CM Oh…. It’s only an owl!C Owl. Owl. Whooo. Whooo. Owl. Owl. Whooo. Whooo.CM Oh o! Oh o! Run! Run! Run! 127
  • C Run Town Mouse! Run Country Mouse! Run! Run! Run! Run Town Mouse! Run Country Mouse! Run! Run! Run!TM I don’t like it here. I don’t like the country. No! No! No! Come home with me. Come home with me. Come with me to town.CM Ok. All right. Let’s go!N Off they went. Off they went to town.CM What a funny house! Funny house, funny house. What a funny bed! Funny bed, funny bed. What funny food! Funny food, funny food.C Funny, funny, funny! Funny house, funny bed, funny food! Funny, funny, funny! Funny house, funny bed, funny food!N Later, the two mice went for a walk. Suddenly, they heard a noise.C A noise? What noise? What noise did they hear? 128
  • N Parp! Parp!C What? Parp? What? Parp? They heard parp! Parp!CM Ahh! Ahh! What is that? What is that?TM Oh…. It’s only a car!C Car. Car. Parp. Parp. Car. Car. Parp. Parp.N Country Mouse was frightened. Then…….C What? What?N Then, they heard another noise.C A noise? What noise? What noise did they hear?N Wailllllllll!C What? Wailllll? What? Waillll? They heard waillll?CM Ahh! Ahh! What is that? What is that?TM Oh…. It’s only a fire engine!C Fire engine. Fire engine. Waillllllllll. 129
  • Fire engine. Fire engine. Waillllllllll.N Then, they heard another noise.C A noise? What noise? What noise did they hear?N Meooooow!C What? Meooooow? What? Meooooow? They heard meooooow!CM Ahh! Ahh! What is that? What is that?TM Oh…. It’s only a cat!C Cat. Cat. Meooooow. Cat. Cat. Meooooow.TM Oh o! Oh o! Run! Run! Run!C Run Town Mouse! Run Country Mouse! Run! Run! Run! Run Town Mouse! Run Country Mouse! Run! Run! Run!N And run they did. Town Mouse ran. Country Mouse ran. Country Mouse ran all the way home.C Run! Run! Run! All the way home! (Town Mouse and Country Mouse, Ladybird Read It Yourself Series, Level 2) 130
  • Appendix 2 A SHORT PLAY The Monkey And The CrocodileCharactersThe NarratorThe crocodileThe monkeyWife of the crocodile Narrator Long ago, a huge crocodile named Kara lived in the River Ganges. The river ran through a jungle. A monkey named Rakta lived in that jungle. His home was in a fruit tree. The tree had a lot of delicious fruit to eat. One day, Kara came out of the water. He walked over to the fruit tree. Rakta Hello, crocodile. You have come over to my tree house. That is my good luck! You are my guest. Here, I will give you some delicious berries. Kara Thank you, Rakta, my monkey friend. You are good to your guests. I will come back tomorrow. We will talk some more. Goodbye . Narrator Every day the crocodile visited the monkey. Then he swam home to his wife. One day, the monkey gave the crocodile some fruit for his wife. He took it to her. Wife Husband, where did you get such delicious fruit? It is so sweet! Kara I have a good friend. He is a monkey. The monkey’s name is Rakta. Every day, Rakta gives me fruit. He said that visitors bring good luck. Wife These fruits are so sweet! The monkey eats them all day. Maybe his heart is sweeter than the fruit! Go get his heart for me! I want to eat it. 131
  • Kara Don’t say those things! I am the monkey’s guest. He gives me fruit every day from his tree. No one is a better friend to me than the monkey! I can’t kill him.Wife Do you love me?Kara Of course, my dear! I love you very much. I will do anything to make you happy.Wife Then go get the monkey’s heart! I can’t eat anything else. I will die without the monkey’s sweet, sweet heart.Narrator The crocodile was sad. He liked the monkey very much. But he also loved his wife . What was he to do? Kara thought of a way to trick the monkey.Rakta Hello, my friend. You are late. And, you do not look happy. What is the matter?Kara Oh, my friend. My wife is angry with me. “Every day the kind monkey gives you fruits,” she said, “ and you have not invited him to our home.” So, Rakta, please come home with me today. My wife has prepared a wonderful feast for you.Rakta Your wife is so kind. But there is one problem. I am a forest animal. You live in the water. I can’t swim. So why don’t you invite your kind, beautiful wife to come to my tree?Kara It’s no problem, really. We live in the sand next to a big log. It is a beautiful home. Here , come and sit on my back. I will carry you through the water.Narrator When the crocodile went out into deep water, the monkey was scared. He told the crocodile to swim slowly. But the crocodile did not listen. He swam faster. Finally, he started to talk.Kara Now that you are out here, I will tell you the truth. My wife wants you to come to our house so she can kill you. She wants to eat your heart! 132
  • Narrator Now the monkey was very intelligent. He quickly thought of a plan to save himself.Rakta Oh, my friend. You should have told me that your wife wanted to eat my heart! I want to make your wife happy. I will happily give her my heart.Kara You will?Rakta Yes, of course! But I don’t have my heart with me.Kara Where is it?Rakta It is in a hole under my fruit tree! Let’s go back and get it! Then I can take it to your wife.Narrator The silly crocodile took the monkey back to his tree. The monkey jumped up the tree as fast as he could.Kara Why did you climb up the tree, Rakta? You told me your heart was under the tree.Rakta You silly, silly crocodile. You were my guest! When you were hungry, I gave you food. Then you want to kill me? Well, now I tricked you! Ha! Who in this world has two hearts? Silly Kara. Go back to your wife and explain it all to her! 133
  • Appendix 3 A SHORT PLAY The Snakes And The FrogsCharactersThe NarratorOld Brown SnakeFrogKing of the frogCobraNarrator A poisonous snake lived near a lake. His name was Boga. He was old. He moved very slowly. How could he catch frogs for dinner? He had an idea. He would play a trick on the frogs. The intelligent old snake went down to the lake. He rested in the grass. He looked sad and tired.Frog Good morning, uncle. Why are you lying there? Aren’t you going to chase frogs for your dinner?Boga Oh, dear me! Last night I was looking for food. I saw a little frog. I tried to catch him. Then the frog jumped into a group of people. I looked for the frog everywhere. But I am old and slow.Frog Well, what happened?Boga I thought I saw the little frog near a man. I jumped at the frog and bit him!Frog Did he die?Boga No, it was not the frog! I bit the finger of a little boy. His father was very angry!Frog What did he do? 134
  • Boga “You terrible snake!” he said. “You bit my little son! Starting now, you must help frogs! Frogs can ride on your back. You will carry them across the water. You will carry them through the forest. Now, go help the frogs, bad snake!” said the man.Narrator The little frog believed the snake’s story. He swam out into the lake. He called Jaka, King of the frogs.Frog Guess what, King Jaka? We can all ride on the deadly snake. Boga has to take us where we want to go! That is what he said.Jaka Great news! Come, all you frogs. Let’s go ride on the snake! But remember, I am the king! I will go first!Narrator Jaka jumped onto the snake’s head. The other frogs swam behind him. Boga started swimming across the lake. First, he swam fast. Then he swam slowly. He swam up and down through the water. He even swam in circles! The frogs were very excited!Jaka Yippee! This is more fun than riding an elephant! This is better than riding a monkey! Hurry!Narrator The next day, Boga returned to the lake. The frogs jumped onto his back again. But this time he did not do tricks or swim in circles.Jaka Oh, dear! This is no fun. Why are you swimming so slowly?Boga I’m a poor old snake. And I’m so hungry. I can’t swim fast because I have no food. I’m very tired. So today I can’t carry many frogs. And I will have to go slowly. I’m sorry, Jaka.Jaka Poor, poor snake. Don’t worry. I can help you find some of the smaller frogs to eat.Narrator So every day Jaka gave the dangerous snake some small frogs to eat. Soon the snake was healthy and strong. He ate more and more frogs every day. He was comfortable and happy. One day a big cobra came by. He was surprised to see the frogs on the snake’s back. He was amazed that the king of the frogs was feeding the snake. 135
  • Cobra Hello, Boga. Are you really a friend of the frogs? I have never seen anything like this before!Boga Shhh! You know that frogs and snakes are enemies. The frogs think I’m their friend. They’re wrong! I’m just playing a trick so that I can eat them. It is a very good trick! Look at me. I am fat and strong!Narrator The king of the frog heard the two snakes talking.Jaka Is that true? Are you playing a trick on me? We like riding on your back! It’s funBoga No. no, no, my friend. I was not playing a trick on you. Come a little closer so we can talk! I will even let you ride on my head!Narrator The silly frog king believed the hungry snake. He hopped over to get onto the snake’s head. Boga ate him. Then slowly the clever snake ate all the silly frogs. Boga lived many more years. He had learned to trick his enemies. And what lesson did the frog learn? (Adapted from: Panchantantra, Two Short Plays by Ann Evans de Bernard) 136
  • GRAMMARThe grammar component is introduced from Year 3 onwards. Salient and basic language rulesare learnt through meaningful contexts to enable pupils to communicate accurately andeffectively. By the end of Year 6, pupils will be able to use these basic rules of Englishgrammar in speech and writing. nouns pronouns verbs conjunctions Parts of Speech adjectives prepositions adverbs articlesThese grammar items can be seen as the basics of a language. Pupils need to be aware that inEnglish Language these parts of speech are present. In order to achieve accuracy, pupils needto know and use these grammar items correctly. declarative interrogative Sentence Types imperativeThe grammar component requires teachers to be able to weave their knowledge of grammaritems and pedagogical approaches in the classroom to teach grammar in context. 137
  • The Content and Learning Standards for Grammar are:CONTENT STANDARDS LEARNING STANDARDS5.1 By the end of the 6- year 5.1.1 Able to use nouns correctly and appropriately: primary schooling, pupils common nouns will be able to use (a) proper nouns different word classes (b) singular nouns correctly and (c) plural nouns appropriately. 5.1.2 Able to use pronouns correctly and appropriately: (a) personal (b) demonstrative (c) possessive 5.1.3 Able to use verbs correctly and appropriately: (a) regular verbs (b) simple present tense (c) simple past tense 5.1.4 Able to use conjunctions correctly and appropriately: (a) and (b) or (c) but 5.1.5 Able to use prepositions correctly and appropriately: (a) in (b) on (c) under (d) up (e) in front of (f ) behind (g) at 5.1.6 Able to use adjectives correctly and appropriately: (a) colour (b) shape (c) size (d) opinion 5.1.7 Able to use articles correctly and appropriately: (a) a (b) an (c) the 5.2 By the end of the 6 – year primary schooling, pupils 5.2.1. Able to construct declarative sentences correctly. will be able to construct various sentence types correctly. 138
  • Learning Standard:5.1.1 Able to use nouns correctly and appropriately: (a) Common nouns ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESThink Things Common nouns (Things) : Poem - Nouns e.g. bag, book, pencil, ruler,1. Recite the poem. eraser, duster, chalk, clock, A noun is a person, a place,2. Name the objects in the basket, chalkboard or a thing classroom. Three words that cover a lot3. Label the objects. Common nouns (People): Once you start to think people, places and things4. Categorise these nouns under e.g. boy, girl, teacher, It’s hard to find words “Things”. brother, sister, father, that are not!5. Brainstorm for nouns under the mother, man, woman, driver, Think people : brother, categories, “People” and gardener sister, teacher, driver… “Places”. Think places : classroom,6. Put all the word or picture Common nouns (Places): school, canteen, toilet… cards on the table with three e.g. school, canteen, toilet, Think things : animal, flower, boxes or baskets labeled, hall, field, classroom, office pencil, ruler… “Things”, “People” and Nouns, nouns, nouns “Places”. are things you should remember!7. Get a pupil to pick a card and put into the correct box or (Adapted from : basket. 25 Great Grammar8. Repeat with other pupils till all Poems) the cards are put into the boxes or baskets. Use realia (real objects)9. Check with the pupils by taking Word cards / picture cards the cards out of the box/basket 3 boxes / baskets (labeled and say the word aloud. : Things, People, Places) Things People Places 139
  • ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESKim’s Game Kim’s Game (also known Objects (Realia): as Memory Game)1. Put some objects on the table e.g. ball, book, pen, pencil, - To test the and cover them with a big piece ruler, eraser, pencil case, memory of the of cloth. sharpener pupils (how many2. Pupils are required to look and nouns can they remember the objects while remember) teacher removes the cloth and covers it back after 10 seconds. Use realia (real objects).3. Pupils will need to identify the Word/Picture cards (Step objects that they saw on the Worksheet: 4) table a while ago (worksheet). Circle or Tick the objects found on the table. Prepare a worksheet:4. Reinforcement : (Alternative: Advanced book ruler Put word or picture cards on pupils may write the names the table and get pupils to scan of objects) them before teacher covers the duster pen cards with the piece of cloth.5. Group the nouns under flower ball “Things”, “People” and “Places”. chalk basket pencil eraser sharpener knifeWord Chain Common nouns: Word Chain e.g. book, kite, egg, goat, A language game to test1. Write a noun on the board. tiger, rabbit, table, elephant, the knowledge of e.g. book tree etc. vocabulary (nouns).2. Pupils will take turns to join the chain by writing another noun, starting with the last letter in the previous word. e.g. book-kite3. The next person will continue joining the ‘word-chain’. e.g. book-kite-egg4. Those who are unable to join the next word will be out of the game. 140
  • Learning Standard:5.1.1 Able to use nouns correctly and appropriately: (b) Proper nouns ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESWho am I? Proper nouns – special Proper nouns (People): names for common nouns 1. Pupils introduce e.g. Sarah, Lokman, Daisy, and they start with capital themselves. Chong, Joe letters. e.g. My name is Sarah. I live in Johor. Proper nouns (Places): Prepare small cards 2. Pupils decorate their name e.g. Johor, Melaka, Ipoh, (name tags) tags. Sibu, Taman Bahagia Note: Teacher may keep Sarah the name tags for further Johor use (teaching of pronouns) 3. Pupils wear their name tags.Group Me! Word cards: Proper nouns – special e.g. Proton, National, names for common nouns 1. Pupils are given a word Maggi, Mary, Daniel, and they start with capital card each. Perlis, Penang, Cadbury, letters. 2. They are required to group Sang Kancil, Mentos, themselves under the Putrajaya, Abdul etc. Prepare word cards respective Proper Nouns (Proper Nouns) (Things/ People/Places). 3. Reinforcement: Pupils write the proper nouns under each respective heading (Things/People/Places)Common or Proper? Prepare two boxes and Common label them “Common 1. Put word cards on the table. Nouns” and “Proper 2. Pupils are to pick up a card Nouns Nouns”. and drop it into the correct box. Prepare word cards: 3. Pupils can also write their Proper e.g. Proton, motorcycle, own word cards and put into National, television, the respective boxes. Nouns Cadbury, chocolates etc. 141
  • Learning Standard:5.1.1 Able to use nouns correctly and appropriately: (c) Singular nouns (d) Plural nouns ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESOne or Many? Sentence structure: Plural Nouns : - Add ‘s’ to singular1. Get pupil A to hold a book and nouns pupil B to hold two books. Ali has a book.2. Introduce the concept: Mazlan has two books. Ali has a book. Mazlan has two books. Stress on singular and plural nouns (a book / two books). e.g. Siti has a pencil.3. Pupils repeat after teacher.4. Practise with other examples. Rozi has two pencils.Find Me!1. Pupils are given a composite Worksheet: Prepare a composite picture. picture which consists of2. They are required to identify Singular Plural many nouns (singular & the nouns and group them (only (more than plural) – Appendix 1 under Singular & Plural Nouns. one) one)3. Fill up the grid with correct broom Prepare a worksheet: nouns. flowers (Singular & Plural Nouns) boys 142
  • ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESSingular & Plural Two display papers: Prepare two big display papers and paste them on1. Pupils are divided into two Single Double opposite sides of the wall. groups, namely Single and pen pens Objects / Pictures Double. Some marker pens2. Show an object/a picture and pupils are to write the name of the object/picture shown on the display paper which is on their side of the wall.3. Repeat with other objects/pictures. 143
  • Learning Standard:5.1.2 Able to use pronouns correctly and appropriately: (a) Personal pronouns (He, She, It) ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESHe or She? Pronouns – words used to Sentence structure: substitute nouns.1. Get a pupil to stand in front of e.g. This is Ali. He is Ali. the class. He is standing. Teacher must stress on2. Talk about the pupil. Stress on the masculine (he) and the pronouns (He/She). That is Rozie. She is feminine(she) pronouns.3. Talk about other pupils. Rozie. She is sitting.4. Reinforcement: Pupils put on their name tags. Farah Sibu e.g. This is Farah. She is Get pupils to talk about their Farah. She is from friends. Sibu.Who is it? Sentence structure: Prepare a piece of cloth1. Pupils form a big circle (in the - He is Suhaimi. (for blindfolding). hall or field). - She is Rozana.2. Teacher blindfolds a pupil and Take pupils to an open puts him in the centre of the space, e.g. the hall / field. circle.3. The blindfolded pupil will try to catch a classmate and identify that pupil, by saying, “He is Zainal” or “She is Siti”.4. Take turns to be the blindfolded pupil.5. Alternative: Those pupils who are caught are put in one corner/hoop, namely the He and She group. 144
  • ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESIs it it? Pronouns (animals & “It” – a pronoun used to objects): replace nouns (for 1. Teacher shows a picture of a - It is a rabbit. animals / objects/ places) rabbit and says: - It is white - It is fat. “This is a rabbit. It is white. It is fat.” 2. Practise with other nouns (animals or objects or places). Jazz Chant: 3. Reinforcement: Who is he? Recite the jazz chant. He is Ali. Substitute the nouns with Who is she? 4. Substitute with other suitable other suitable nouns. She is Siti. nouns. What is it? It is a book. What is this? It’s a ball. 145
  • Learning Standard:5.1.2 Able to use pronouns correctly and appropriately: (a) Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, these, those) ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESThis and That Parts of the body This/ That – singular (nose, fingers, mouth, eyes nouns1. Introduce the action song, etc.) These / Those – plural “This and that”. nouns2. Pupils sing along with actions. Action Song: This and That3. Substitute with other suitable (Tune: Are You Sleeping?) Sing while pointing to the nouns and practise the This is my nose. parts of the body. sentence structure. That is your nose. This and that, this and that. (Substitute the nouns with4. Alternative: These are my fingers. other suitable nouns). Put some objects in front of Those are your fingers. the class and also at the back These and those, these and Use realia (real objects). of the class. those. Point to the near object5. Practise the demonstrative and say, “This …………..” pronouns (this & that) by This is a book. Point to the far object and pointing to the object(s) and That is a ball. say, “That …………” say: This and that, this and that. “This is a book.” These are rulers. “That is a basket.” Those are baskets. “These are rulers.” These and those, these and “Those are balls.” those. 146
  • Learning Standard:5.1.2 Able to use pronouns correctly and appropriately: (c) Possessive pronouns ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESWhat do you have? Sentence structure: Possessive – to show possession of objects.1. Show a pen and say: e.g. I have a pencil. This is my pencil. Possessive adjectives “I have a pen. This is mine. - my, your, his, her This is my pen. This is mine.” Possessive pronouns2. Repeat with other objects. - mine, yours, his,3. Get a pupil to show his pencil hers and say: Revision: “I have a pencil. Singular & Plural nouns It is my pencil. Ali has a pencil. Demonstrative pronouns It is mine.” That is his pencil.4. Get the class to say: That is his. “Ali has a pencil. It is his pencil. It is his.”5. Repeat with other objects and other pupils. That is her bag. e.g. Rina has a book. That is hers. It is her book. It is hers. These are your books. They are yours.6. Reinforcement: Revise the items learnt (singular & plural nouns, demonstrative pronouns) Those are his rulers. They are his. 147
  • Learning Standard :5.1.3 Able to use verbs correctly and appropriately : (a) regular verbs (b) simple present tense (c) simple past tense ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTES Example of Actions:Walk About jump, skip, brush, walk Grammar Notes:1. Ask pupils to do some Example of Questions : actions. a. What can you see in the Verbs can describe2. Take pupils around canteen? actions, feelings and the school. b. What are the people in the thoughts. Some verbs3. Ask pupils questions. canteen doing? are also being and having4. Pupils return to class. c. What do you see on the field? verbs. The verb in a5. Ask pupils to pick d. What are they doing? word cards on words sentence may be one of what people were Example of Words: word or more than one doing around the wash, mop, cook, play, brush, talk, word. school. walk, jump, pull, skip6. Pupils pick the words Example: and put them in a The boy likes to jump. basket labelled The lady washes the “REGULAR VERB”. dishes.7. Tell pupils that words showing actions are Materials: called verbs. REGULAR VERB word cards basketFind My Name Example of Words: Example:1. Pupils are given washes, mops, cooks, plays, Every day, my mother pictures each. brushes, talks, walks, jumps, pulls, mops the floor.2. Pupils need to find the skips, etc words that match each Alina and Aiza wash picture from the dishes after dinner every baskets. day.3. Pupils stick the pictures with the mops matching words on the board. Materials:4. Pupils are told that the words on the board word cards are action words in the pictures present tense. wash baskets5. Tell pupils that we add ‘s’ or ‘es’ to actions that are done daily. 148
  • ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESPast Actions Example of Words: Example:1. Divide pupils into washed, mopped, cooked, played, Faezah’s mum cooked groups of four. brushed, talked, walked, jumped, chicken rendang2. Each group is given pulled, skipped, etc. yesterday. an envelope.3. Some groups are Yesterday, the boys given pictures and played football. some groups are given words. cooked Materials:4. Pupils have to find which picture matches word cards which word. picture5. Pupils stick the pictures and the words skipped on the board.6. Construct a sentence and write them down.7. Tell pupils that these words are showing an action that had been done in the past.8. Tell pupils that we add ‘ed’ to actions that were done in the past.Charade Sample of Verbs Materials:1. Prepare words in a jump, play, wash, cook, walks, cloth bag “magic” bag. skips, etc. word cards2. A pupil comes out and picks a word from the “magic” bag.3. The pupil acts the word out and the rest of the class try to guess the action / MAGIC BAG verb.4. Pupils spell the verb and make a sentence using the verb.5. The game continues until all pupils have had a chance. 149
  • ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESVerb Book Sample of Verb Book Materials : A4 coloured papers1. Divide pupils into pictures of various groups of four or five. actions2. Pupils create their glue own verb books. scissors3. Provide pictures of various actions they like. cried4. Pupils label each Siti cried fishes picture with a verb. yesterday Pak Mat fishes5. Pupils make a every morning sentence for each picture using the verb.6. Compile the verb books and display them in class. cycles laugh Anne cycles. I laugh. 150
  • Learning Standard:5.1.4 Able to use conjunctions correctly and appropriately: (a) and ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESRiddle WHAT AM I? Grammar notes for teacher.1. Put up a riddle chart. I have a pet Conjunctions are used to2. Pupils read the riddle Big and fat connect words, phrases, aloud. Black and white clauses or sentences.3. Show two objects. Catches mouse and rat a pen, a pencil Likes fish and rice Use and to join two words of5. Say: Can you guess equal importance. a pen What am I? a pencil e.g. a pen and a pencil Examples Of Objects:6. Repeat with other Amran has a pen. objects and pupils say out. pen, pencil, bag, book, table, Amran has a pencil.7. Explain ‘and’ is used chair, Amran has a pen and a to join two words. pencil.8. Show picture cards Sample Picture Cards9. Pupils say: eg. boy and girl10. Distribute the pictures to different pupils.11. Blow the whistle and pupils must find their partner and shout out the words. a boy and a girl 151
  • ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTEWrite A Phrase Sample Phrases: phrase cards with strings to1. Put the phrase cards in two a cat and a rat hang around pupil’s neck boxes.2. Take out one card from a fish and a plate of rice each box. a mouse and a rat3. Read the phrase on the a pen and a pencil card. a boy and a girl4. Join the phrases using a fork and a spoon ‘and’ a table and a chair5. Divide pupils into groups.6. Distribute word card to each group.7. Call out a group.8. Pupils come to the front with the word card hanging on their necks.9. Pupils will rearrange themselves to form the phrase.10. Teacher writes the phrases on the board.11. Pupils copy.Puzzle Sample Puzzle Cards1. Divide pupils into groups. one set of picture with2. Distribute envelopes which sentence . Cut them into small contains picture puzzles. pieces.3. Ask pupils to arrange the I have a pen and a pencil. puzzles to form the picture second set of pictures without and sentence. the sentence.4. Each group will come forward and paste the picture on the board and read out the sentence in the picture.5. Repeat the activity with There is a desk and a chair another set of picture in the room. puzzles without the sentences.6. Pupils arrange the puzzles and write a sentence for the picture. 152
  • Learning Standard:5.1.4 Able to use conjunctions correctly and appropriately: (b) or ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESWhich One? Picture Cards Of Cartoon Grammar notes for teacher. Characters Conjunctions are used to1. Show the picture card connect words, phrases, of some familiar cartoon clauses or sentences. characters.2. Ask: Use or to show a choice. Do you like Tom or Jerry?3. Pupils will answer Eg: Do you like coffee or tea? Tom.4. Repeat with other pictures.5. Explain– use ‘or’ when you have to choose.6. Divide pupils in groups of four.7. Each group is given a box containing picture cards.8. The first pupil will take out two picture cards.9. The pupil will ask the Sample Picture Cards In the second pupil: Box “Do you like a sweet or an ice-cream?”10. The second pupil will choose one. “I like the sweet.”11. The second pupil takes out two pictures and asks the third pupil.12. The activity goes on until all the pupils finish their turns. 153
  • Learning Standard:5.1.4 Able to use conjunctions correctly and appropriately : (c) but ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTEBut, But, But Sample pictures and Grammar notes for teacher.1. Show two different sentences Conjunctions are used to picture cards to pupils. connect words, phrases,2. Say: clauses or sentences. ‘Bahar is tall.’ ‘Nathan is short.’3. Join the two sentences using ‘but’. Bahar is tall. Nathan is short. Use but to join different ideas.4. Read the sentence again. Bahar is tall but Nathan is short. Eg: Alex is clever but lazy. ‘Bahar is tall but Nathan is short.’5. Repeat the activity with other pictures.Old But Strong Sample word cards Prepare suitable worksheet.1. Choose a few pupils at tall short random and pair them.2. Give each pupil a word card. Johan is tall but Dinesh is3. Each pair will come out short. and stand in front of the class. fat thin4. The other pupils will make a sentence based on the word cards. small big5. Give worksheets to pupils.6. Pupils write simple sentences based on the strong weak pictures given. 154
  • Learning Standard:5.1.5 Able to use prepositions correctly and appropriately : (a) in (b) on (c) under ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTERat and Cat Grammar notes for Teacher1. Put up the rhyme chart. Rat and Cat Preposition is a word which2. Read the rhyme with the Rat in the hat joins a noun or pronoun to pupils. Cat on the mat another word and indicates3. Then show a toy rat, cat Rat ran under the mat some relation between them. and a mat. Chased by the cat.4. As the pupils to read the rhyme, place the Sentence Pattern: animals in the correct location. The rat is in the hat.5. Put the rat in the hat The cat is on the mat. and ask: ‘Where is the rat?’ The rat is under the mat. Show the word with the preposition ‘in’ Pupils will answer ‘The rat is in the hat.’ Explain that the word ‘in’ shows the place or location where the rat is .6. Repeat with the other preposition as in the rhyme.Where do you put this? Sample sentences:1. Divide pupils into groups of four. The pencil is under the2. Give sentence strips and table. some objects to each group. The eraser is in the bag.3. The first pupil in the group will read the sentence strip and the second pupil The book is on the chair. will place the object.4. Then, the second pupil reads the next sentence The bag is under the table. and the third pupil places the objects.5. Repeat until all the pupils finish reading the sentences. 155
  • ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTEBingo Prepare a bingo card with1. Divide the class into Content should be familiar to pictures and another one with groups. pupils. lines only.2. Give two bingo cards to Pupils will have to write three each group. correct sentences in one3. Blow the whistle, the pupils straight line to win. will write sentences on bingo card 2 based on the Bingo Cards 1 & 2 pictures on Card 1. (Appendix 6)4. The group that finishes first will shout ‘Bingo’.5. Check the sentences and reward the group with the correct sentences.Learning Standard:5.1.5 Able to use prepositions correctly and appropriately : (a) up (b) in front of (c) behind (d) atACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTES Hide and Seek Grammar notes for Teacher Sample Word Cards1. Choose a few pupils at Preposition is a word which random. joins a noun or pronoun to2. Ask other pupils to close in front of another word and indicates their eyes. some relation between them.3. Ask selected pupils to stand at certain places: behind e.g. behind the door in front of the cupboard at at the door Give them a card each.4. Ask pupils to open their eyes and look around the classroom and tell where their friends are.5. Pupils will tell where their friends are.6. Repeat the activity with 156
  • other pupils chosen randomly.7. Other pupils will tell if they are standing at the correct location.Treasure Hunt Sample cue card:1. Place objects at selected Find: locations in the classroom before the lesson. 1. ball2. Divide pupils in groups.3. Give each group a set of 2. scissors cue cards.4. Ask pupils to go around 3. glass and look for the objects. 4. hoops5. Pupils return to their groups and report where 5. tambourine the objects are found.6. Pupils complete a chart. e.g. We found a ball under the table.Choose One Sample sentences: 1. Prepare pictures showing1. Divide pupils into groups. the location of nouns2. Give each group a En Azmi is standing behind according to the picture with different the blackboard. preposition. sentences. En Azmi is standing in front of 2. Prepare cards which have3. Pupils will look at the the blackboard. three sentences describing picture and choose the the location of the object correct sentence from the The car is in front of the lorry. for the pupils to choose. sentence card. The car is behind the lorry.4. Each group member will come forward and paste The boys are in the field. Prepare a worksheet their picture and sentence The boys are under the field. according to pupils level on the board. based on the activity.5. Other groups will check The cat is up the tree. Pupils will colour the correct the answer. The stars are high up in the sentence.6. When all the cards have sky. been pasted, the pupils The old man climbed slowly will read the sentences up the stairs. aloud.7. Give pupils worksheets.8. Pupils will read and choose the sentence with the correct preposition. 157
  • Learning Standard :5.1.6 Able to use adjectives correctly and appropriately : (a) colour (b) shape (c) size (d) opinion (quality or qualifier) ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESWhat Colour Am I? Example: Grammar Notes:1. Pupils are given various This is a ball. An adjective is a describing objects. It is blue. word. It adds meaning to a2. Ask pupils to talk about It is a blue ball. noun or a pronoun. the objects.3. Explain that colours used Materials: to describe the objects are called adjectives. word cards4. Pupils write the adjectives objects (pictures/realia) on word cards and display on the blackboard.5. Pupils write sentences to describe the object.Shape up Example: Materials:1. Divide pupils into groups This is a table. of four. It is square. word cards2. Each group is given an It is a square table. lap top envelope. LCD3. Groups are asked to This is a clock. manila Card complete the jigsaw It is round. jigsaw puzzle (Appendix 2) puzzle. It is a round clock.4. Pupils are asked to talk about their puzzle.5. Pupils write sentences to describe the object.6. Pupils describe other objects in the classroom. They construct sentences to describe the objects. 158
  • ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESLet’s Have Fun Examples: Materials:1. Divide pupils into groups long, short, big, small, tall word cards of four. pictures (Appendix 3)2. Each group is given a This ruler is long but that worksheet with pictures ruler is short. and an envelope containing words.3. Pupils need to pick a word from the envelope and stick it to the related picture.4. Pupils construct sentences to describe the objects.Story Time Story of The Shoe maker Materials:1. Tell a story to the pupils. and Mr King2. Ask pupils to talk about word cards the story with a picture lap top stimulus. LCD3. Teacher draws pupils’ manila Card attention to adjectives marker pens used in the story.4. Distribute story text to The Shoemaker and Mr King pupils. (Appendix 4)5. Pupils identify and write the adjectives on word The Shoemaker and Mr King cards and display them – simplified version on the board. (Appendix 5)6. Pupils construct sentences using the adjectives identified.Extension:Teacher asks pupils to giveantonyms/synonyms ofadjectives identified. 159
  • ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESKnowing Me Knowing You Example: Pupils can use the dictionary.1. Teacher asks pupils to Red Rani find a word to describe Long Laili themselves. Pupils have Square Siti to come up with the word Graceful Grace using the first alphabet of Gorgeous Geraldine their names.2. Pupils stand up and say their names with the words that describe them.3. Game is played until all pupils have had a chance.Adjective Treasure Hunt Example: Materials:1. Pupils are divided into A red flower instruction cards groups of four. A round ball2. Each group is given an A small leaf instruction card.3. Pupils go around the school looking for the objects.4. The first group to return with all the correct objects is the winner.Crazy Stories Example of words: Materials:1. Ask pupils to come out pretty, handsome , orange, A4 papers with a list of adjectives short, round and write on the board.2. Pupils use these adjectives to write short stories.3. Pupils write short stories.4. Pupils read their stories. 160
  • Learning Standards:5.1.7 Able to use articles correctly and appropriately ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESDrilling Time Grammar notes: Word list:1. Show a picture to the - a and an talk about pupils carrot singular countable noun2. Pupils name the things apple - a is put before a noun (nouns) in the picture biscuit that begins with3. Ask the boys to pick banana consonant sounds words that starts with egg - an is put before a noun consonant sounds, then orange that begins with vowel put the words in a box sounds labelled ‘a’.4. Ask the girls to put the Picture in MS PowerPoint rest of the words with Presentation (printable) vowel sounds into the (Appendix 7) box labelled ‘an’5. Explain briefly how Picture cards (Printable articles are linked to the Version) nouns in the picture. (Appendix 8)Slot Me Right Word list: Thinking skill: Categorising1. A worksheet is rabbit distributed to pupils apple2. Pupils answer based on biscuit Worksheet 1(a) the example given. banana (Appendix 9) eggThe Appropriate Me orange Tasksheet 1(b) book (Appendix 10)1. A task sheet is umbrella distributed to pupils.2. Pupils work in pairs. Take turns to test each other orally.Fill Me Up! Word list: Worksheet 2(a)1. A worksheet is carrot (Appendix 11) distributed to the pupils. apple2. Pupils complete the biscuit worksheet by filling the banana blanks with the correct egg articles. orange 161
  • Pick Me Right Worksheet 2(b)1. A worksheet is (Appendix 12) distributed to the pupils.2. Pupils choose the best answer.Listen and Write Right Grammar note:1. Pupils work in groups of - the refers to unique and 3. definite noun2. A set of 2 tasks are distributed to each pair. Task sheet 3(a)3. Pupil A and B will read (Appendix 13) the dialogue in the task sheet. Task sheet 3(b)4. Pupil C will fill in the (Appendix 14) blanks with correct articles while listening Task sheet 3(b) to pupil A. (Appendix 15)Let’s Go Online On Air http://a4esl.org/q/f/y/zz94mck.ht Activities may vary on m availability of ICT facilities.1. Pupils click on the link given and complete the Activities in the link are activities on the web. printable.Notes: All activities are printable. 162
  • Learning Standard :5.2.1 Able to construct declarative sentences correctly. ACTIVITY CONTENT TEACHER’S NOTESHappy Family! Set A sentence strips Word Cards: word cards1. Distribute word cards and mahjong paper sentence strips to all trunk sharp pupils.2. Pupils find their group members. big ears3. Construct sentences in groups. tusks long4. Pupils rewrite sentences in a paragraph. Sentence Strips: I am an elephant. I live in the jungle. Set B Word Cards: sharp thorns strong smell hard shell yellow flesh This is a durian. It is a fruit. 163
  • Appendix 1169
  • Appendix 2165
  • Appendix 3166
  • 167
  • Appendix 4168
  • Appendix 5169
  • Appendix 6. . 170
  • Appendix 7171
  • Appendix 8172
  • Appendix 9 . rabbit apple biscuit banana egg orange book umbrella a an.........rabbit....... ...........apple...................................... ........................................................... ........................................................... ............................... 173
  • Appendix 10Work with a partner. Take turns to test each other. Use thewords in the speech bubble.Example:A: dogB: a dogA: armB: an arm rabbit apple biscuit banana egg orange book umbrella 174
  • Appendix 11Fill in the blanks with ‘a’ or ‘an’.1. Amy, the rabbit wants ........... carrot for its breakfast.2. I ate .......... apple yesterday.3. Rosdi dropped ......... biscuit just now. The ranger feeds Gobuk the orang utan4. ............... banana every day. My mother boils .......... egg for me every5. morning.6. The children are given ........... orange each during the Chinese New Year. 175
  • Appendix 12A. Underline ‘a’ or ‘an’. Circle “True” or “False”.B. Rewrite the sentences correctly.1. Amy, the rabbit wants an carrot for its breakfast. True / false _____________________2. I ate an apple yesterday. True / false _____________________3. Rosdi dropped a biscuit just now. True / false ______________________ The ranger feeds Gobuk the4. orang utan an banana every day. True / false _____________________ My mother boils a egg for me5. every morning. True / false _____________________6. The kids are given an orange each during the Chinese New Year. True / false ______________________ 176
  • Appendix 13177
  • Appendix 14Splodge: Can Sticky have ………… carrot?Ruff: Yes, there are some in the kitchen.Splodge: Can I give him (1) …………… apple and (2) ……………….. biscuit?Ruff: Yes. Is he very hungry?Splodge: He’s always hungry. Can he have (3) ……………….. banana milkshake, too?Ruff: No! Rabbits don’t like milkshakes.Splodge: Oh, that’s strange. Can he have (4) ………………… egg then?Ruff: No! Rabbits don’t eat eggs.Splodge: He wants (5) ………………. orange. Have we got oranges?Ruff: No Splodge. Don’t be silly. Give Sticky (6) ……………….. carrot and go and read (7) ……………………. book.Splodge: I don’t want to. Can I go out?Ruff: Yes, but it’s raining. Take (8) ………………….. umbrella.Splodge: Sticky is coming with me. We want to play (9) ………………… game.Ruff: All right, but come back in (10) ………………. hour and don’t give Sticky any more food. 178
  • Appendix 15Fill in the blanks correctly.Splodge: Can Sticky have ………… carrot?Ruff: Yes, there are some in the kitchen.Splodge: Can I give him (1) ………………………….. and (2) …………………………….?Ruff: Yes. Is he very hungry?Splodge: He’s always hungry. Can he have (3) …………………………….. milkshake, too?Ruff: No! Rabbits don’t like milkshakes.Splodge: Oh, that’s strange. Can he have (4) …………………………… then?Ruff: No! Rabbits don’t eat eggs.Splodge: He wants (5) …………………………….. Have we got oranges?Ruff: No Splodge. Don’t be silly. Give Sticky (6) ………………………… and go and read (7) ………………………………..Splodge: I don’t want to. Can I go out?Ruff: Yes, but it’s raining. Take (8) …………………………………….Splodge: Sticky is coming with me. We want to play (9) ……………………………...Ruff: All right, but come back in (10) ……………………. and don’t give Sticky any more food. 179
  • SAMPLE LESSONS
  • Focus: Listening and SpeakingTheme: World of StoriesTopic: The Princess and The Dragon 1.1 Pupils will be able to pronounce words and speak confidently with the correct stress, rhythm andContent intonation.Standard: 1.3 Pupils will be able to understand and respond to oral texts in a variety of contexts. 1.1.2 Able to listen to and enjoy stories. (SK) 1.3.1 Able to listen to and demonstrate understanding of oral texts by: (b) answering simple Wh-Questions (SK)LearningStandard: 1.1.2 Able to listen to and enjoy simple stories. (SJK) 1.3.1 Able to listen to and demonstrate understanding of oral texts by: (b) answering simple Wh-Questions (SJK) By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to respond to aObjective: story heard verbally.Time : 30 / 60 minutesTeaching Aids: figurines, sentence stripsExtra-Curricular MI – Verbal LinguisticElements: Activity Teaching & Learning Notes Strategy1. Teacher shows stick Listening Puppets of a king, queen, puppets to pupils and Making interpretations princess, ogre, knight, asks them to name dragon. the puppets.2. Teacher tells the Listening The story (Appendix 1) story, “The Princess and The Dragon”.3. Pupils listen attentively. 183
  • Activity Teaching & Learning Notes Strategy4. Teacher asks simple Answering Questions: wh-questions a. Where did the king and pertaining to the queen live? story. b. Where did the ogre5. Pupils answer bring the princess? questions orally. c. What did the king promise? d. Who rescued the princess? e. What did the king give the dragon?6. Tell the story again. Reinforcement Pupils listen.7. Invite pupils to tell the story.8. Give sentence strips Reinforcement to groups. Teacher Sentence Strips (Appendix reads a sentence, 2) pupils listen and pick the correct sentence.Assessment:Able to: The assessment is carrieda. listen and pick the out as step 8 is carried correct sentence; out. andb. arrange sentences in order to form a story.Remedial:1. Pupils match pictures Identify and match and words correctly. correctly.Enrichment: Encourage pupils to re-tellGet pupils to re-tell the Build confidence a story.story using their ownwords. 184
  • Focus: ReadingTheme: World of StoriesTopic: The Princess and The Dragon 2.2 Pupils will be able to demonstrate understanding of aContent variety of linear and non-linear texts in the form ofStandard: print and non-print materials using a range of strategies to construct meaning. 2.2.4 Able to read and understand a paragraph withLearning simple and compound sentences. (SK)Standard: 2.2.4 Able to read and understand a paragraph of 5 – 8 simple sentences. (SJK) By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to read andObjective: sequence the story correctly.Time : 30 / 60 minutes picture cards, phrase cards, power point presentation, sentenceTeaching Aids: stripsExtra-Curricular ConstructivismElements: Activity Teaching & Learning Notes Strategy1. Pupils are given figurines of Read and match Figurines and phrase characters. cards.2. Teacher pastes phrase cards on the board.3. Pupils match the figurines to the phrase cards.4. Pupils read aloud all Reading a king, a queen, a the phrases. princess, a prince, an ogre, a knight, a dragon, a castle, a tower, a bag of gold, the king’s land 185
  • Activity Teaching & Learning Notes Strategy5. Teacher reads the story, “The Princess Presentation Power point presentation and the Dragon”.6. In groups, give pupils sentence strips of the Practice by recalling Sentence Strips story, “The Princess (Appendix 2) and the Dragon.”7. Teacher picks a group to start a story chain. (This group identifies and reads the first sentence of the story).8. The first group to identify the second Practice by recalling sentence continues the story chain. (This activity is repeated until the whole story is completed.)7. Invite pupils to read Reinforcement the story with the correct pronunciation and intonation.8. Distribute worksheets. Level 1 (Appendix 3) Pupils complete them. Level 2 (Appendix 4) Level 3 (Appendix 5)Assessment:Able to read the story with The assessment is carriedthe correct pronunciation out as step 7 is carriedand intonation. out.Remedial:Pupils are able to re- Appendix 4arrange sentencescorrectly.Enrichment:Get pupils to talk about a Critical Thinkingperson they liked ordisliked in the story. 186
  • Focus: WritingTheme: World of StoriesTopic: The Princess and The DragonContent 3.2 Pupils will be able to write using appropriate language,Standard: form and style for a range of purposes. 3.2.2 Able to write with guidance: (a) simple sentencesLearning (b) compound sentences (SK)Standard: 3.2.2 Able to write with guidance: (a) simple sentences (SJK) By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to write a storyObjective: using simple or compound sentences with guidance.Time : 60 minutesTeaching Aids: figurines, phrase strips, worksheetsExtra-CurricularElements: Activity Teaching & Learning Notes Strategy1. Tell the story, “The Princess and the Listening Figurines Dragon”. Pupils listen attentively.2. Distribute picture Pictures of king, queen, cards to groups. princess, castle, ogre, Next, distribute pieces tower, knights, bag of of paper. Pupils gold, dragon name the pictures.3. Next, get pupils to pick the picture of king Building vocabulary Q : Are they happy or and queen. sad?4. Elicit response from A: They are happy. pupils about the king and queen. The king and queen are5. Distribute jumbled very happy. phrases. Pupils arrange them.6. Get pupils to pick the picture of the king, 187
  • queen, princess and Q: Where do they live? castle. A: They live in a castle.7. Elicit response about the pictures.8. Distribute jumbled phrases. Pupils arrange them.9. Get pupils to pick the picture of a tower, the Q: What did an ugly princess and an ogre. ogre do?10. Elicit response about A: An ugly ogre locked the pictures. the princess in his11. Distribute jumbled tower. phrases. Pupils arrange them.12. Get pupils to pick the picture of a bag of Q: What did the King gold, king, knight and promise? princess. A: The king promised to13. Elicit response about give a bag of gold to the pictures. the knight who could14. Distribute jumbled save the princess. phrases. Pupils arrange them.15. Get pupils to pick the picture of knights and Q: What did the knights a tower. do?16. Elicit response about A: All the knights in the the picture. lands rode to the17. Distribute jumbled ogre’s tower. phrases. Pupils arrange them.18. Get pupils to pick the picture of an ogre. Q: What happened at19. Elicit response about the tower? the picture. A: The ogre was so20. Distribute jumbled scary that they rode phrases. Pupils away as fast as they arrange them. could.21. Get pupils to pick the picture of a dragon, a Q: What did a dragon princess and a tower. do?22. Elicit response about A: A dragon saved the picture. the princess and23. Distribute jumbled brought her to the phrases. Pupils castle. arrange them.24. Get pupils to pick pictures of the king, Q: What did the king the dragon, the do? princess and a bag of A: The king was so gold. happy that he gave25. Elicit response about it a bag of gold. 188
  • the picture.26. Distribute jumbled phrases. Pupils arrange them.27. Arrange the strips Reading together and read the Appendix 6 story in groups.28. Distribute worksheets. Level 1 (Appendix 7) Pupils complete them. Level 2 (Appendix 8) Level 3 (Appendix 9)Assessment:Able to write the story Appendix 7, 8, 9using simple or compoundsentences.Remedial:Pupils are able to re-arrange sentencescorrectly to form the storylearnt.Enrichment:Get pupils to write the Critical Thinkingstory on their own. 189
  • Language ArtsFocus:Theme: World of StoriesTopic: The Princess and The Dragon 4.3 Pupils will be able to plan, organize and produce creativeContent works for enjoyment.Standard: 4.3.2 Able to perform with guidance based on:Learning (c) stories. (SJK)Standard: 4.3.2 Able to perform with guidance based on: (c) stories. (SJK) By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to role-play theObjective: story.Time : 30 / 60 minutesTeaching Aids: masks, puppetsExtra-Curricular Constructivism, Multiple Intelligences-KinaestheticElements: Activity Teaching & Learning Notes Strategy1. Divide pupils into groups. Appendix 12. Pupils plan for performance.3. Pupils prepare props such as masks or puppets.4. Groups take turns to Reading perform.5. Assess groups as they are performing. 190
  • Focus: GrammarTheme: World of StoriesTopic: The Princess and The DragonContent 5.1 Pupils will be able to use different word classes correctlyStandard: and appropriately. 5.1.7 Able to use articles correctly and appropriately:Learning (a) a (b) an (SK)Standard: 5.1.7 Able to use articles correctly and appropriately: (a) a (b) an (SJK) By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to read and identifyObjective: articles correctly.Time : 30 / 60 minutesTeaching Aids: Picture cards, board game, tokens and coinsExtra-Curricular Constructivism, Mastery LearningElements: Activity Teaching & Learning Notes Strategy1. Get a pupil to tell the story learnt. Listen attentively.2. Drill pupils with the Reading a king, a queen, a usage of ‘a’ or ‘an’. princess, a prince, an ogre, a knight, a dragon, a castle, a tower, a cave, a bag of gold Teacher explains the usage of ‘a’ and ‘an’.3. Place two boxes, ‘a’ and ‘an’ box. boxes4. Give each pupil an objects object. Pupils place the objects in the correct box.5. Next, introduce the board game ‘Articles in the Attic’ Practising articles cards game to pupils. coin markers 191
  • Appendix 1Story -‘The Princess and The Dragon’ Once upon a time there was a king and aqueen. They lived in a golden castle with theirbeautiful daughter. One night an ugly ogre lockedthe princess in his tower. The king promised to givea bag of gold to the knight who could rescue theprincess. All the knights in the lands rode to theogre’s tower. The ogre was so scary that they rodeaway as fast as they could. The next day a friendlydragon saw the princess in the tower. The dragonblew the ogre into the ocean. The dragon put theprincess on his back and flew into the sky. Then, thedragon took the princess back to the castle. Theking was so happy with the dragon. He gave thedragon the bag of gold. 192
  • Appendix 2Sentence strips for the story -‘The Princess and TheDragon’Once upon a time there was a king and a queen.They lived in a golden castle with their beautifuldaughter.One night, an ugly ogre locked the princess in histower.The king promised to give a bag of gold to theknight who could rescue the princess.All the knights in the lands rode to the ogre’s tower.The ogre was so scary that they rode away as fastas they could.The next day, a friendly dragon saw the princess inthe tower.The dragon blew the ogre into the ocean.In the end, the dragon took the princess back tothe castle.The king was so happy with the dragon.He gave the dragon the bag of gold. 193
  • Appendix 3Match correctly.1. a princess2. a knight3. a king4. a dragon5. an ogre 194
  • Appendix 4Read the sentences. One night, an ugly ogre locked the princess in his tower. Once upon a time there was a king and a queen. They lived in a golden castle with their beautiful daughter. The king promised to give a bag of gold to the knight who could rescue the princess. All the knights in the lands rode to the ogre’s tower . The next day, a friendly dragon saw the princess in the tower. The ogre was so scary that they rode away as fast as they could. In the end, the dragon took the princess back to the castle. The dragon blew the ogre into the ocean. He gave the dragon the bag of gold. The king was so happy with the dragon.Now, re-arrange the sentences correctly.1. __________________________________________________________2. __________________________________________________________3. ___________________________________________________________4. ___________________________________________________________5. ____________________________________________________________6. ____________________________________________________________7. ____________________________________________________________8. ____________________________________________________________9. ____________________________________________________________10. ____________________________________________________________11. ____________________________________________________________ 195
  • Appendix 5Read the sentences. One night, an ugly ogre locked the princess in his tower. Once upon a time there was a king and a queen. They lived in a golden castle with their beautiful daughter. The king promised to give a bag of gold to the knight who could rescue the princess. All the knights in the lands rode to the ogre’s tower. The next day, a friendly dragon saw the princess in the tower. The ogre was so scary that they rode away as fast as they could. In the end, the dragon took the princess back to the castle. The dragon blew the ogre into the ocean. He gave the dragon the bag of gold. The king was so happy with the dragon.Now, write the story in a paragraph. 196
  • Appendix 6 The king and queen are very happy. They live in a castle. An ugly ogre locked the princess in his tower.The king promised to give a bag of gold to the knight who could save the princess. All the knights in the lands rode to the ogre’s tower. The ogre was so scary that they rode away as fast as they could. A dragon saved the princess and brought her to the castle. The king was so happy that he gave it a bag of gold. 197
  • Appendix 7 Once upon a time, there was a and a . They were very . An ugly l locked the in his . The kingpromised to give a of gold to the knight who could save theprincess. All the in the lands rode to the ogre’s .The ogre was so scary that they rode away as fast as they could. Asaved the and brought her to the . The king was so happythat he gave it a bag of gold. 198
  • Appendix 8 The king and queen locked the princess in his tower. An ugly ogre in a castle. They live are very happy. The ogre was so scary rode to the ogre’s tower.The king promised to give a bag of gold and brought her to the castle. All the knights in the lands that he gave it a bag of gold. The king was so happy to the knight who could save the princess. A dragon saved the princess that they rode away as fast as they could. 199
  • Appendix 9Re-arrange the words to form sentences. 1. very happy The King are and queen . 2. live They . a castle in 3. locked An ugly are ogre . in his tower the princess The king promised to the . of gold a bag 4. to give who knight could princess save the 5. in the All the knights lands . to the tower ogre’s was The ogre so that they scary rode as fast 6. away . could as they 7. dragon saved A brought and . the princess to her the castle was so happy The king he . that gave a 8. it of bag gold of Now, write the story. __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 200
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSAdvisors :Dato’ Ibrahim Bin Mohamad: Director of Curriculum Development DivisionHo Wooi Cheng : Principal Assistant Director, Languages and Literature Sector, CDDEditors and Coordinators from the English Language and English Literature Unit, CDD:Diana Fatimah Ahmad SahaniJagdeesh Kaur GillEwe Choy ChooRosdy WahidTunku Ireneza Marina binti Tunku MazlanRegina Cyril JosephNg Yew KeePanel of Writers:Pn Ong Soh Kheng, SK Pangkal Gong, KelantanPn Thangam a/p Karuppiah, SK Relong, Kuala LipisPn Kwa Jin Nee, SK Taman Putra Perdana, PuchongPn Umaimah bt Mohd Idris, IPG Kampus Ipoh, Hulu KintaPn Easteadah Kamilah bt Mansor, SK Felda Pengeli Timur, JohorPn Roszana bte Abd Mutalib, SK Convent Muar, JohorPn Manila Apputhurai, SK Seksyen 2, Bandar Kinrara, PuchongPn Saratha a/p Srikandi, SK Bukit Rimau, Shah AlamDr Kalminderjit Kaur a/p Gurcharan Singh, ELTC, KLPn Ernie Aida bt Hadi Darsono, SK Bandar Tasik Kesuma, BeranangPn Siti Rohani Mohd Noor, SK Taman Tuanku Jaafar 2, Rembau, N. SembilanPn Lailee bt Shahabudin, SK Chuah, SerembanPn Marcia Kathy Chamberlin, SK Combined, KuchingPn Tan Ah Lay, SK St Mark Perai, Seberang PeraiPn Sim Seng Tou, SK Seberang Jaya II, PeraiPn M. Susilah a/p Moorthy, SK Kuala Lanar, Kuala Lipis, PahangPn Cheng Swee Koon, SK Cheneh Baru 12, Kemaman, TrengganuEn Joe Junior Tann, SK Lokotan, Kudat, SabahEn Toh Eng Khoon, SKJC Chung Shan, Bayan Lepas, Pulau PinangPn Jayanthi a/p Kalimuthu, SK guru Kalgidhar, IpohPanel of Editors:Cik Faizah bt Baharuddin, SK Kampung Batu, Kuala LumpurCik Antoinette Gerardine Maria Raj, SK Petaling Jaya, Petaling JayaCik Ida Maria bt Amiruddin, SK Jalan Empat, Bandar Baru Bangi, SelangorPn Christine Gnanasothy a/p A. Sivilingam, SK Bandar Sunway, Petaling JayaPn Geraldine Mary Rose, SK (2) Simpang Lima, KlangPn Yong Lee Choo, IPG Kampus Pendidikan Teknik, Kuala LumpurCik Grace Chang Siew Yeng, IPG Kampus Ilmu Khas, Kuala LumpurPn Subashini a.p a.p. Menon, Sk La Salle (2), Brickfields, Kuala LumpurPn Wan Kamilah bt. Hashim, SK Putrajaya Presint 8(1), PutrajayaEn Ooi Ban Aik, SK Taman SEA, Petaling Jaya 201