B.Sc.2nd Year I.D.
Mr. Sandeep Kumar
A residential area is a land use in
which housing predominates, as opposed
to industrial and commercial areas. Housing may vary
significantly between, and through, residential areas. These
include single-family housing, multi-family residential,
or mobile homes. Zoning for residential use may permit
some services or work opportunities or may totally exclude
business and industry. It may permit high density land use or
only permit low density uses. Residential zoning usually
includes a smaller FAR (floor area ratio) than business,
commercial or industrial/manufacturing zoning. The area
may be large or small.
In certain residential areas, largely rural, large tracts of land
may have no services whatever, thus residents seeking
services must use a motor vehicle or other transport, so the
need for transport has resulted in land
development following existing or planned transport
infrastructure such as rail and road. Development patterns
may be regulated by restrictive covenants contained in
the deeds to the properties in the development, and may
also result from or be reinforced by zoning. Restrictive
covenants are not easily changed when the agreement of all
property owners (many of whom may not live in the area) is
required. The area so restricted may be large or small.
Types Of Residence
• Tower Block , Apartment Tower or Block of Flats
A tower block, high-rise, residential towers,[apartment tower, office
tower, apartment block, or block of flats, is a tall building or structure
used as a residential and/or office building. In some areas they may be
referred to as "MDU" standing for "Multi Dwelling Unit".
• Condominium or Condo
A condominium, or condo, is the form of housing tenure and other real
property where a specified part of a piece of real estate (usually of
an apartment house) is individually owned, while use of and access to
common facilities in the piece such as hallways, heating system,
elevators, and exterior areas are executed under legal rights associated
with the individual ownership and controlled by the association of
owners that jointly represent ownership of the whole piece. Colloquially,
the term is often used to refer to the unit itself in place of the word
"apartment". A condominium may be simply defined as an "apartment"
that the resident owns as opposed to rents.
A duplex may be one of several different dwelling unit configurations:
A duplex house is a dwelling having apartments with separate entrances
for two households. This includes two-story houses having a complete
apartment on each floor and also side-by-side apartments on a single lot
that share a common wall.
By contrast, a building comprising two attached units on two distinct
properties is typically considered semi-detached or twin homes but may
also be referred to as a duplex.
• Mobile Homes or Static Caravans
A mobile home or a static caravan is a prefabricated home built in a
factory, rather than on site, and then taken to the place where it will be
occupied. Being built on a permanently attached chassis with highwaygrade wheels and tires, mobile homes are usually transported by being
pulled behind a tractor-trailer over public roads to a home site. Mobile
homes share the same historic origins as travel trailers, but today the
two are very different in size and furnishings, with travel trailers being
used primarily as temporary or vacation homes . Mobile homes are
usually placed in one location and left there permanently, but they do
retain the ability to be moved, as required in many areas. Behind the
cosmetic work fitted at installation to hide the base, there are strong
trailer frames, axles, wheels, and tow-hitches.
Single Room Occupancy (SRO)
Single room occupancy (more commonly SRO, sometimes called
a single resident occupancy) that refers to a multiple-tenant building
that houses one or two people in individual rooms (sometimes two
rooms, or two rooms with a bathroom or half bathroom), or the single
room dwelling itself. SRO tenants typically share bathrooms and/or
kitchens, while some SRO rooms may include kitchenettes, bathrooms,
or half-baths. Although many are former hotels, SROs are primarily
rented as a permanent residence.
Farmhouse is a general term for the main house of a farm. It is a type
of building or house which serves a residential purpose in
a rural or agricultural setting. Historically common were farmhouses
which were combined with space for animals called a house-barn .
Other farm houses may be connected to one or more barns, built to
form a courtyard, or each farm building was built separately.
A villa was originally an ancient Roman upper-class country house. Since
its origins in the Roman villa, the idea and function of a villa have
evolved considerably. After the fall of the Roman Republic, villas became
small farming compounds, which were increasingly fortified in Late
Antiquity, sometimes transferred to the Church for reuse as
a monastery. Then they gradually re-evolved through the Middle
Ages, into elegant upper-class country homes. In modern parlance 'villa'
can refer to a various types and sizes of residences, ranging from
the suburban "semi-detached" double villa to residences in the wildland urban interface.
A bungalow is a type of building, with varying meanings across the
world. Common features to many bungalows include
being detached, low-rise (single story or one-and-a-half stories), and the
use of verandas. A residential building, normally detached, which is
either single story, or has a second story built into a sloping roof, usually
with dormer windows ("one and a half stories").
Full vertical walls are therefore only seen on one story, at least on the
front and rear elevations. Usually the buildings are relatively
small, especially from recent decades, though early examples may be
large, in which case the term bungalow tends not to be used today.