e-Learning Management System : a Critical Study

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The success of the e-learning paradigm observed in recent times has created a growing demand for e-learning systems in universities and other educational institutions, which has led to the development …

The success of the e-learning paradigm observed in recent times has created a growing demand for e-learning systems in universities and other educational institutions, which has led to the development of a number of either commercial or open-source eLearning Management Systems (eLMS). How they work or, what they are doing? These are some new problems arising that demands appropriate solutions. The present discussion initially highlights certain distinctive features of e-learning management systems. Basically the idea of adaptive e-learning is being facilitated through the use, implementation and installation of various open source or commercial software. Such software for their operation requires specific platforms. Because of multiplicity of platforms and approaches for systems implementation, it becomes increasingly difficult to manage or compare them. Each new LMS presents its own learning model. How to compare different e-learning platforms, and on what basis to choose the most adequate one, is a task of ever increasing importance. Thus a comparative study has been used to enumerate the utility and effectiveness of some e-learning software like Moodle, Sakai, Atutor, Caroline and Dokeos. However, with implementation of different eLMS modules certain barriers have evolved. Issues related to these barriers would be addressed in the concluding section of this discussion. Besides this, the conclusion also provides insights in regard of what lies in future for the idea of e-learning management systems, and how can its drawbacks be resolved.

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  • 1. e-Learning Management System : A Critical Study Speaker: Kaustav Saha 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 1
  • 2. Overview • Introduction • Features • eLMS Service Providers & Software • Comparison of Systems • Conclusion 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 2
  • 3. • Introduction • Features • eLMS Service Providers & Software • Comparison of Systems • Conclusion 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 3
  • 4. What is LMS? • A Learning Management System (LMS) is a software application for the administration, documentation, tracking, reporting and delivery of e-learning education courses or training programs. Source: http://bestcoursehub.com/home/1199/webinar-yawn-proof-your-elearning-without-busting-the-bank/# 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 4
  • 5. eLMS : Architecture Source : http://training.lifesafety.com 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 5
  • 6. Why we use this? • • • • • • • • • • Improved training costs Decreased material costs Increased productivity Standardization Real-time access Improved retention Personalized learning Knowledge management Encourage sharing No Biasness 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 6
  • 7. eLMS: Requirements • User friendly and compatibility to work. • Rapid content creation, distribution and authorizing tools. • Support for the tools used in content creation (such as Flash, Word, PowerPoint etc.) • How the learning content is created and managed as a “learning object”. • Performance and extendibility of the environment. • Multi-Language support. 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 7
  • 8. • Introduction • Features • eLMS Service Providers & Software • Comparison of Systems • Conclusion 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 8
  • 9. Features A. Communication Module - 11/28/2013 Forum Chat E-mail Announcements Collaboration Conferences Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 9
  • 10. Features(2) B. Learning Modules - Study materials Exercise Tests Course Management - Administration of course - Assessment of tests – Glossary / Encyclopedia 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 10
  • 11. Features(3) C. Administration Modules - User management - Tracking - Statistics - Personal user profile - Rights Management - Installation of the new modules 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 11
  • 12. Overview • Introduction • Features • eLMS Service Providers & Software • Comparison of Systems • Conclusion 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 12
  • 13. eLMS Service Providers • INDIA – E PG Pathshala by UGC (epgp.inflibnet.ac.in/about.php) – National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL) by 7 IITs & IISc Bangalore. (http://nptel.iitm.ac.in) – Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore (http://iimb.linkstreetlearning.com) – Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (http://www.cse.iitm.ac.in/moodle) 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 13
  • 14. eLMS Service Providers (2) • Other than India – Mooc List (http://www.mooc-list.com) – Canvas (https://www.canvas.net) – edX (https://www.edx.org) – Coursera (https://www.coursera.org) – Khan Academy (https://www.khanacademy.org) – University of Central Florida (http://www.graduatecatalog.ucf.edu/programs/p rogram.aspx?id=1484&tid=1276&tpm=1) 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 14
  • 15. edX 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 15
  • 16. eLMS Software • • • • • • • • Open Source Moodle ATutor dotLRN Docebo Dokeos Claroline Ilias Sakai 11/28/2013 • • • • • • Commercial Sumtotal The Blackboard Saba Giunti labs Plateau eCollege Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 16
  • 17. Some open source eLMS software Overview The latest version Official website Moodle 2.5.2 moodle.org ATutor 2.1.1 atutor.ca Sakai 2.9.3 sakaiproject.org Claroline 1.11.8 claroline.net 2.1 dokeos.com Dokeos 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 17
  • 18. Architecture of this Software Name Web Server Development Language Database Operating System Moodle Apache PHP Mysql Windows/ UNIX ATutor Apache PHP Mysql Windows/ UNIX Sakai Apache Tomcat Java MySql Windows/ UNIX Claroline Apache PHP Mysql Windows/ UNIX Dokeos Apache PHP Mysql Windows/ UNIX 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 18
  • 19. Moodle • Moodle (acronym for Modular ObjectOriented Dynamic Learning Environment) is a free and open source e-learning system. • Moodle was originally developed by Martin Dougiamas to help educators create online courses with focus on interaction and collaborative construction of course content . • The first version of Moodle was released in August 2002. Source: http://moodle.haywood.edu 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 19
  • 20. Moodle (2) a) Major advantages: • Tracking behavior of students more mature and perfect • Function of chat is good, users could exchange easily though it • Tool of RSS is easy to subscript resources of the platform. • Supporting more languages (almost 122 languages through UTF-8). b) Major shortcomings: • Visiting different courses requires different account numbers by one person • The curriculum resources are not rich. • Filename of link must be English, causing inconvenience for users in other language. 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 20
  • 21. ATutor • ATutor is an open source & free learning management system. • ATutor was first released in late 2002. • Developed by OCAD University research centre. Source: https://www.amahi.org/apps/atutor 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 21
  • 22. ATutor (2) a) Major advantage: • • • • System is user friendly. Uploading forms from users in bulk is convenient. Uploading audio and video by Users. It supports multi languages. (20 languages UTF-8 available) b) Major shortcomings: • • 11/28/2013 But it is not efficient in supporting other languages. Kinds of additional tools are few. Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 22
  • 23. Sakai • • • Sakai is a community of academic institutions, commercial organizations and individuals who work together to develop a common Collaboration and Learning Environment (CLE). The Sakai CLE is a free Course Management System. The Sakai CLE is used for teaching, research and collaboration. Sakai was developed by MIT, University of Michigan, Stanford University and others. Source : https://confluence.sakaiproject.org/display/COMM/Sakai+logo+policy 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 23
  • 24. Sakai (2) a) Major advantage: • • • • Facilitates easy exchange of information among web based user communities. It is very convenient to transplant one existent database to the new platform. It is easy to join and set up a more powerful platform. Having more tools. b) Major shortcomings: • • • 11/28/2013 Architecture of system is complex. Interface of system is confusing and is hard to operate. Installation is very hard. Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 24
  • 25. Claroline • Claroline is a collaborative eLearning and eWorking platform. • This is a free and open source eLearning software. • It was developed by UCL/IPM and ECAM 11/28/2013 Source: http://clusters.wallonie.be/infopole-en/consortium-claroline.html?IDC=1649&IDD=6793 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical 25 Institute
  • 26. Claroline (2) a) Major advantage: • • • It is easy to create a course by user who has less experience. It manages achievement of students. Group tool eases group learning. b) Major shortcomings: • • 11/28/2013 Function of chat is not good, students not willing to use it. Tool attachment for students is few. Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 26
  • 27. Dokeos • Dokeos is an open source corporate learning suite with four components: – AUTHOR to build elearning content, – eLMS to handle interaction with learners, – SHOP to sell a course catalog, and – EVALUATE for assessment and certification. Source : http://dokeos.com/en/node/507 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 27
  • 28. Dokeos (2) a) Major advantage: • • • Function of supporting video is stronger. Online tests are perfect, provides many test types. It is easy to create a learning path for teachers. b) Major shortcomings: • • 11/28/2013 Lesser tools for students. Not well equiped to support all languages, errors may appear when browsed. Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 28
  • 29. Overview • Introduction • Features • eLMS Service Providers & Software • Comparison of Systems • Conclusion 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 29
  • 30. Comparison of Systems Moodle Yes ATutor Yes Sakai Yes Claroline Dokeos 11/28/2013 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 30
  • 31. Comparison of Systems(2) Modules Study Materials Exercise Moodle Yes Yes Atutor Yes Sakai Tests Administr ation Assessme nt Glossary/ Encyclope dia Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Claroline Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Dokeos Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Names 11/28/2013 Course Management Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 31
  • 32. Comparison of Systems(3) Modules User Management Rights Management Installation of the new modules Names Tracking Statistics Personal user profile Moodle Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Atutor Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Sakai Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Claroline No Yes Yes Yes No Dokeos No Yes Yes Yes Yes 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 32
  • 33. Comparison of Systems (in points) Name Yes No Percentage (%) (=((No of yes/17)*100) Moodle 17 0 100 Atutor 15 2 88.24 Sakai 15 2 88.24 Claroline 12 5 70.59 Dokeos 16 1 94.12 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 33
  • 34. Overview • Introduction • Features • eLMS Service Providers & Software • Comparison of Systems • Conclusion 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 34
  • 35. Conclusion • The present study focuses only on open source eLMS. • It was observed that Moodle evolved as the most adaptable eLMS in comparison to the other eLMS. • Though all eLMS have many common features, but there are variations. • Though there are lots of e-learning systems, but still there exists some problems with such systems. 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 35
  • 36. Barriers of eLMS • Personal barriers – Attitude towards e-learning – Learning style or preferences • Organizational barriers – Lack of time for study – Interpersonal barriers – Registration system problems 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 36
  • 37. Barriers of eLMS(2) • Technological barriers – Quality of e-learning platforms. – Limitations of technical support. – Loss of data. • Content suitability barrier – content bad-suited to the audience. – Poorly constructed assessment. 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 37
  • 38. Barriers of eLMS(3) • Instructional barriers – Lack of progress report and feedback. – Poor instructional design. – Limited reference materials. – Access and navigation problems. – Unclear or inconsistent instructions. – Inability to save work. – Lack of learner technical skills and accessibility issues 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 38
  • 39. Future of eLMS A. Teacher’s function could not be embodied well. B. Diagnostic assessment is short. C. Lacks in evaluation-centric and studentcentric approach. D. Personalized service is sufficient. 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 39
  • 40. References • • • • • • Atutor. http://www.atutor.ca Claroline. http://www.claroline.net Dokeos. http://www.dokeos.com Moodle. http://www.moodle.org Sakai. http://www. sakaiproject.org The Rapid E- Learning Blog (http://www.articulate.com/rapidelearning/why-e-learning-is-so-effective) • N. Ruiz Reyes, P. Vera Candeas, S. García Galán, R. Viciana, F. Cañadas, P.J. Reche. Comparing open-source e-learning platforms from adaptivity point of view, IEEE Xplore. 2009 • Sabine Graf & Beate List. An Evaluation of Open Source E-Learning Platforms Stressing Adaptation Issues. Proceedings of the Fifth IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT’05), 2005 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 40
  • 41. References (2) • • • • • • Katarzyna Harezlak & Aleksandra Werner. Extension of the MOODLE e-learning Platform with Database Management Mechanisms. IEEE Xplore. 2010. TARIK MCHICHI, PASCAL ESTRAILLIER, KARIM AFDEL. Web 2.0 Based E-Learning. IEEE Xplore. 2010. George Suciu, Traian-Lucian Militaru, Cristian-George Cernat, Gyorgy Todoran, Vlad-Andrei Poenaru. Platform for Online Collaboration and e-Learning in Open Source Distributed Cloud Systems . 54th International Symposium ELMAR-2012, 12-14 September 2012, Zadar, Croatia. Cansu Cigdem Aydin, Guzin Tirkes. Open Source Learning Management Systems in E-Learning and Moodle. IEEE EDUCON Education Engineering 2010 – The Future of Global Learning Engineering Education. 2010. Sheo Kumar, Anil Kumar Gankotiya, Dr. (Mrs.) Kamlesh Dutta. Comparative Study of MOODLE with other e-Learning Systems. IEEE Xplore, 2011. P G Tadasad. Intregated Learning Management System. National Conference on ILMS. Karnataka. 2012. 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 41
  • 42. Thank You Source: http://temiville.files.wordpress.com/2011/10/bow.jpg?w=500 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 42
  • 43. Any Questions? E-Mail id: kaustav@drtc.isibang.ac.in Source: http://www.okmgma.com/contactu.cfm 11/28/2013 Kaustav Saha, DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute 43