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Sagen - A sample social forestry project for a ngo named nawa janam
 

Sagen - A sample social forestry project for a ngo named nawa janam

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Inspiring the Respective Gram Panchayat community to engage in self-help and cooperative life-sustaining ventures with the active but only catalytic intervention by the project in watershed ...

Inspiring the Respective Gram Panchayat community to engage in self-help and cooperative life-sustaining ventures with the active but only catalytic intervention by the project in watershed development refers to the conservation, regeneration and the judicious use of all the resources – natural ( like land, water plants, animals) and human – within the project area – Respective Gram Panchayat.

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    Sagen - A sample social forestry project for a ngo named nawa janam Sagen - A sample social forestry project for a ngo named nawa janam Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • Inspiring the Respective Gram Panchayat community to engage in self-help and cooperative life-sustaining ventures with the active but only catalytic intervention by the project in watershed development refers to the conservation, regeneration and the judicious use of all the resources – natural ( like land, water plants, animals) and human – within the project area – Respective Gram Panchayat. sagen – new growth
    • “ Sagen – New Growth” will organize various motivational & awareness dissemination workshop among targeted villagers about to create and participate in a small help group, whom will be responsible for the implementation of project activities.
      • “ Sagen – New Growth” tries to bring about the best possible balance in the environment between natural resources on the one side and man and animals on the other. Since it is the man which is primarily responsible for degradation of environment, regeneration and conservation can only be possible by promoting awakening and participation among the people who inhabit the watersheds –
      • The Villagers.
      • Sagen’s goal is to develop community level responsibility towards forest management (planting, maintaining, harvesting, processing, marketing, and producing) and are aimed at promoting of community welfare and awareness regarding the importance of forest functions, natural resources, land and forest conservation.
    • Methodology
      • The village panchayats have a very low level of income which makes it very difficult for them to carry out developmental activities in their village. On the other hand many panchayats have gauchar lands not put to any productive use. Continued grazing on these lands have further reduced the productivity of these lands. With a view to increase the productivity of these gauchar lands and to increase the income of panchayats “Nawa Janam” will work as respective gram panchayat’s project implementing agency for various projects.
      • Not only “Nawa Janam” will do the implementing agency duties under it’s flagship “sagen – new growth” project as dedicated voluntarily basis, i.e – free of cost but also in her small capacity part finance the administrative budget and other expenses.
      • “ Nawa Janam” will also fund the seed capital requirements.
    • sagen – new growth
      • Afforestation outside the conventional forest area for the benefit of rural. The main objective is to :-
      • Improve the environment for protecting agriculture from adverse climatic factors,
      • (ii) Increase the supply of fuel wood for domestic use, small timber for rural housing, fodder for livestock, and minor forest produce for local industries,
      • (iii) Increase the natural beauty of the landscape; create recreational forests for the benefit of rural and urban population,
      • (iv) Provide jobs for unskilled workers and
      • (v) Reclaim wastelands. Finally, its object is to raise the standard of living and quality of life of the rural and urban people.
    • sagen – new growth
      • To carry out a need based and time bound programme of afforestation with special emphasis on fuel wood and fodder development on all degraded and denuded lands/forests.
      • Aforestation of abandoned lands.
      • Linear strip plantation of fast growing species on sides of public roads, rivers, streams and irrigation canals.
      • Farm forestry in the form of raising rows of trees on bund or boundaries of fields and individual trees in private agricultural land as well as creation of wind breaks round a farm or orchard by raising one or two lines of trees.
      • Raise flowering trees and shrubs mainly to serve as recreation forests for the urban and rural population.
      • Elicit people’s participation involving women and young people in conservation of forests, wildlife and environment.
      • Environmental awareness generation and celebration of vanamahotsava, environment day, wildlife week etc.
    • 1 st Phase
      • sagen – new growth
    • Linear strip plantation of fast growing species on sides of public roads, rivers and irrigation canals
      • Percentage of plant species planted under strip plantation…
      • Flowering trees = 40 %
      • Decorative trees = 20 %
      • Timber yielding trees = 30 %
      • Fruit yielding trees = 10 %
    • Flowering trees = 40% Casia fistula (Sonalu/Amaltas), Casia siamea (Minijiri), Delonex regia (Krishna chura), Bombax cieba (Simul), Alostronia scholaris (Chatian), Bahaunia species (Kanchan)
    • Decorative plants = 20 % Anthocephalus cadamba (Kadam), Debdaru, Casurina equisetifolia (Jhaw), Radha Chura & Kushum]
    • Timber yielding = 30 % Dalbergia sissoo (Sissoo), Acancia auriculiformis (Sonaijuri), Swietenia macrophylla (Mahegini) Albizzia lebbeck (Siris), Tectona (Neem), Ginelina arborea (Gamar )
    • Fruit yielding = 10 % Syzygium cumini (Jam), Zizyphus jujube (Kul), Mangifera indica (Mango)
    • Time of plantation There are two seasons for planting for forestry which refer to rainy seasons i.e. the main season from July to September and during the spring season from February to March. However, in order to ensure higher survival/growth of plants, the plantations under the scheme are to be raised only during the rainy season .
      • Planting techniques
      • Seedling contained in poly bags are planted. Small pits of 45 cm3 size are dug at the given spacing. At the time of planting, the poly bags are cut open by a blade and the entire poly bag is removed carefully ensuring that the soil around the roots is intact. The plant along with the soil around is lowered down in the pit which is filled upto one fourth level, subsequently. Farm yard manure is applied and watering done profusely.
    • Planting Norms
      • Nature of soil = Mixed medium hard soil.
      • No. of seedlings / Row km = 400 (at a spacing of 2.5 m).
      • No. of rows / km in each side of the road = 2.
      • No. of seedlings required for 2 rows = 400 X 2 rows = 800 nos.
      • No. of seedlings required for 1 km having 2 rows in both the sides 800 nos X 2 = 1600 Nos.
      • Total Km covered is 1 lakh saplings / 1600 Nos = 62.5 Km.
    • Assumptions
      • No. of plants : 1 lakh.
      • Duration: 7 Years.
      • Yearly Plantation : 14300 Trees.
      • Monthly Plantation: 1192 trees.
      • Daily Plantation: 40 Trees.
      • Causality replacement : 20 percent.
      • Survival : 80 percent
    • Guidelines
      • Planning for site selection & submission of initial proposal – up to May.
      • Pit digging etc. – End May to Early June.
      • Pit filling – May, June after 2-3 showers.
      • Planting – At onset Monsoon & by 31st July at the latest.
      • 1st Mulching – after 21 days of planting.
      • 2nd Mulching – after 45 days of planting.
      • 3rd Mulching – after 65 days of planting.
      • Digging well if required – March to June
    • Employment Generation for 1 Km. Total Employment Generation for 62.5 Km of Plantation = 336 Man Days * 62.5 Km = 21000 Mandays. 336 Total Employment Generation for 1 Km of Plantation   180 Biological protection of planting by engaging Mazdoor from August to January 180 days @ 1 labour / day 13 8 Watering during draught period 12 10 4th cleaning mulching weeding etc. (160 seedlings/md) 11 10 3rd cleaning mulching weeding etc. (160 seedlings/md) 11 12 2nd cleaning mulching weeding etc. (133 seedlings/md) 10 14 1st cleaning mulching weeding etc. (114 seedlings/md) 9 3 Filling vacancies by planting potted seedlings 8 12 Live feneing with sowing seeds of babla, Akashmoni & planting cutting of pomea 7 16 Planting potted seedlings including carriage from nursery (100 plants / md) 5 12 Filling planting pits with basal dose application of manure 20 days before planting (@ 50 gram per pit) with earth 133 pits/md 4 (For mixed medium hard soil, digging earth for male 72 cft = 1 md) this is as per order No. RD/P/NREGA/18-09/06 dated 19/10/2006 50 Digging planting pits of size 0.45 X 0.45m X 0.30 m i.e. 1.5 ft X 1.5 ft X 1 ft = 2.25 cft X 1600 pits = 3600 cft/72cft = 50md @ 32 pits / md 3 8 Cleaning planting site by cutting bushes, weeds & removing the same 2 1 Survey & demarcation 1 Labour required/ 1 km of plantation (Mandays for 1600 seedlings) Particulars of work Sl. No.
    • Project Area – Sian Muluk Gram Panchayat
      • Sian Muluk is an adibasi oriented poverty ridden area near Bolpur Sub-Divisional town with 12,520 inhabitants. This Gram Panchayat is consist of 18 villages namely Mahuli, Muluk, Gayeshpur, Tatarpur, Araji Muluk, Gobindapur, Bhatura, Dwarkanathpur, Shian, Purbba Islampur, Baidyanathpur, Simait, Arazi Baidyanathpur, Dihipara, Sahajapur, Durgapur, Gitgram & Pashchim Bergram. Shian is the main village and heart centre of this panchayat
      • The Gram Panchayat has been implementing rural developmental programmes as well as schemes in a decentralized manner with active participation of rural people. The Gram Panchayat selected projects that would improve agricultural productivity. Twenty-five tanks and ponds owned by the government were re-excavated. Rural roads have been constructed and plantations developed.
    • Conclusion The “ sagen – new growth” project, therefore, is an attempt towards locating ways and means for the best possible utilization of wastelands, afforestation of life-support system and regeneration of trees. While the project provides employment and good returns to the villagers thereby reducing their poverty, it also demonstrates a well coordinated effort amongst villagers, self help group, Panchayat Officials, Various government department officials and “ Nawa Janam”.