The Tuskegee Experiment By Kim Augustine
The Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>1895 TU president Booker T. Washington plans for black economic development </li></ul><ul>...
Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>1929 Stock Market Crash & Great Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Rosenwald funding ceases </li></u...
The Tuskegee Legacy <ul><li>Public Health Service Study began in 1932, Tuskegee, Alabama </li></ul><ul><li>399 African Ame...
Study Sample & Setting <ul><li>Participants were impoverished, illiterate, farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Macon County, Alabama...
The Tuskegee experiment <ul><li>Research now funded by government PHS  </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Clark of PHS credited for stu...
The Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>Study purpose was to observe the progression of syphilis in the black male </li></ul><ul><...
The Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>Participants told they had “Bad Blood”term used to describe several ailments-syphilis, ane...
The Tuskegee Experiement <ul><li>1947 penicillin become standard treatment of syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>Tuskegee scientis...
Reform in Research Laws & Regulations <ul><li>1946 Nuremberg Code </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration at Helsinki </li></ul><ul>...
The Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>End of Experiment 28 men died directly form syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>100 dead of related...
Public Apology <ul><li>May 6, 1997, President Clinton apologizes on behalf of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>2004 CDC...
The Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>2004 The last U.S. PHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee participant Herman Shaw dies  </li></ul>...
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Tuskegee experiement power point

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Tuskegee experiement power point

  1. 1. The Tuskegee Experiment By Kim Augustine
  2. 2. The Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>1895 TU president Booker T. Washington plans for black economic development </li></ul><ul><li>Gains support from philanthropist Julius Rosenwald </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment for syphilis with known remedies begin at Tuskegee </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>1929 Stock Market Crash & Great Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Rosenwald funding ceases </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors continue to care for participants </li></ul><ul><li>Oslo Study & Government funding </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Tuskegee Legacy <ul><li>Public Health Service Study began in 1932, Tuskegee, Alabama </li></ul><ul><li>399 African American Males infected with Syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>201 African American Males without disease (control group) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Study Sample & Setting <ul><li>Participants were impoverished, illiterate, farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Macon County, Alabama chosen due to high incidence syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>Tuskegee Institute served as clinic for treatments </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Tuskegee experiment <ul><li>Research now funded by government PHS </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Clark of PHS credited for study origin </li></ul><ul><li>Nurse Rivers played Key role </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>Study purpose was to observe the progression of syphilis in the black male </li></ul><ul><li>Compare to 1928 Oslo Study on untreated caucasian males with syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>Theories </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>Participants told they had “Bad Blood”term used to describe several ailments-syphilis, anemia, fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Offered free medical treatment, rides, meals,burial insurance </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Tuskegee Experiement <ul><li>1947 penicillin become standard treatment of syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>Tuskegee scientists continue study withholding penicillin treatment to participants </li></ul><ul><li>1972 Press leak results in termination of Study </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reform in Research Laws & Regulations <ul><li>1946 Nuremberg Code </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration at Helsinki </li></ul><ul><li>National Research Act 1974 </li></ul><ul><li>1979 Belmont Report </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>End of Experiment 28 men died directly form syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>100 dead of related complications </li></ul><ul><li>40 wives infected </li></ul><ul><li>19 children born with congenital syphilis </li></ul>
  12. 12. Public Apology <ul><li>May 6, 1997, President Clinton apologizes on behalf of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>2004 CDC 10 million dollar to continue research at TU National Center for Bioethics </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>2004 The last U.S. PHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee participant Herman Shaw dies </li></ul><ul><li>2009 Last widow receiving benefits dies </li></ul><ul><li>Known as longest non-therapeutic study lasting forty years </li></ul>

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