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    Ringling museum art presentation Ringling museum art presentation Presentation Transcript

    • The Four Evangelistsby Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish 1577-1640SN 213 Oil on Canvas c1625 Artist:Peter Paul Rubens,was one of thegreatest artists ofthe 17th century. His canvases canbe said to define thescope and style ofhigh baroquepainting throughtheir energy, earthyhumanity andinventiveness.4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva
    • Subject’s Painting: The Four EvangelistsAuthors of the first four books of the New Testament - theGospels.These Evangelists are often symbolically represented by fourwinged creatures: Matthew, a man; Mark, a lion; Luke, an Ox;and John, an Eagle.This painting presents the four Evangelists:MatthewMark Luke John4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva
    • Subject’s Painting: The FourEvangelistsThe man represents Matthew because it is hisgospel that begins with the tree of the ancestorsof Christ.Mark opens with the voice crying in thewilderness, an allusion to the lion.The Ox, the sacrificial beast, is Luke whose gospelbegins with the account of the sacrifice ofZacharias.The eagle, of all birds the one that flies nearest toheaven, represents John whose vision of God wasclosest and distinct from the others.4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva
    • Synoptic Gospels: They include many of thesame stories, often in the same sequence.Matthew – a former tax collector who was called byJesus to be one of the Twelve ApostlesMark – a follower of Peter and so an "apostolicman"Luke – a doctor who wrote what is now the bookof Luke to a friend Theophilus. Also believed tohave written the book of Acts (or Acts of theApostles) and a close friend of Paul of TarsusJohn – a disciple of Jesus and possibly the youngestof his Twelve Apostles.4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva
    • Painting: The Four EvangelistsIn this painting the idea of baroque theatre is reinforced bythe way that Rubens has suggested that the Evangelists arewalking across the stage apron, entering from stage left andexiting from stage right.The processional quality of the Evangelists is enhanced by thepositioning of their heads.The concept of Divine Inspiration is given center stage withthe Angel of St. Matthew gesturing toward heaven and pointingto the book that he holds.The dolphin, shell and cornucopia that decorate the face ofthe stage apron are symbolic of the widespread influence of theFour Evangelists across the earth and the seas.4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva
    • The Defenders of the Eucharistby Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish 1577-1640SN 214 Oil on Canvas c1625Artist:Peter PaulRubens, alongwith the ItaliansculptorGianlorenzoBernini, was oneof the greatestartists of the17th century.4/23/2013By Katy Oliva
    • Who is who in"The Defenders of the Eucharist" ?St. AmbroseSt. Augustine of HippoSaint Gregory the GreatPope and Doctor of the ChurchSt. ClareSt. Thomas AquinasDoctor of the ChurchSt. NorbertSt. JeromeDoctor of theChurch4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva
    • Subject’s Painting: The Defenders of the EucharistWHO ARE THEY?They are saints, all of whom were consideredto be defenders of the doctrine ofTransubstantiation an integral tenet of theCatholic Church.4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva
    •  St. Jerome, noted for his translation of the bible from Hebrew into Latin. St. Norbert, a German archbishop and saint, who preached against dissenterswho attacked the Christian sacraments and official clergy. Thomas Aquinas, a medieval theologian of the Dominican order, whose writingsbecame the basis for much of the doctrine of the Catholic Church. Ste. Clare, the founder of the Poor Clares, was a Franciscan heroine who repulsedthe Saracens at Assisi by confronting them holding the Host in her hands. Gregory the Great, who established, as Pope, the form of the Roman liturgy. St. Ambrose, renowned as both theologian and statesman of the Church, who inan age of controversy, was instrumental in crushing Arianism, a doctrineconcerning the relationship of God the Father to Christ which was consideredheresy and in direct opposition to orthodox teaching about the Trinity. St Augustine, perhaps the Churchs most celebrated and influential theologian.Painting: The Defenders of the Eucharist4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva
    • Painting: The Defenders of the EucharistRubens reached back to the golden age of the ChurchFathers as well as to outstanding saints of the MiddleAges and assembled seven of them in one scene, unitedin the one faith of the Church witnessing their unitythrough the centuries of faith in the eucharistic presenceof Christ.4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva
    • What The Defenders of the Eucharist represent?The seven saints represented in this painting summarize ourbelief in the Eucharist.It is a sacrifice, the sacrifice of Jesus made present in asacramental way.It is a sacrament of the abiding presence of Christ in thetransformed bread and wine become his Body and Blood.It is a sacramental meal begun on Holy Thursday andavailable to us in Holy Communion.4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva
    • Historical Context of these PaintingThe cycle of eleven paintings of The Triumph of the Eucharistwas commissioned by the Archduchess Isabella who was thedaughter of Philip II of Spain and the Governor of the SpanishNetherlands.The series is a mixture of allegory and religious propagandaintended to promote the worship of the Eucharist which had beenstrengthened recently by the Council of Trent and whichconstituted an important element in Counter ReformationCatholicism.This was a time of great concern on the part of the Catholicchurch as it attempted to correct not only the abuses of the clergybut also to reaffirm its tenets / dogma in the face of attacks by theProtestant Reformation.4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva
    • Work CiteThe Docent Collections Handbook 2007 EditionDocument URLhttp://www.ringlingdocents.orgProfessor: John Peter PaulClass: EUH1000:Western Civilization I:20017Students’ Names•Asley Eickelmann•Katy Oliva•Thomas Martines4/23/2013 By Katy Oliva