Depression in women


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Depression In Women PowerPoint for Kathryn Clancy's 2010 Spring Class Personality Theories

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Depression in women

  1. 1. By: Katherine Ksen
  2. 2. <ul><li>Depression is a pervasive mood disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Depression affects the neurotransmitters in the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Women are twice as likely to become depressed than men </li></ul>OVERVIEW Source:
  3. 3. <ul><li>Source: </li></ul>WHY?
  4. 4. <ul><li>The psychoanalytical approach to depression in women states that the depression roots into deeper problems, usually from childhood or problems at home. Women have so many different aspects of life to juggle that they can become overwhelmed very easily, which can cause depression. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul>PSYCHOANALYTICAL APPROACH
  5. 5. <ul><li>There are many different traits that could give off red flags for depression. </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping all the time </li></ul><ul><li>Moping around the house </li></ul><ul><li>Not talking </li></ul><ul><li>Signs of anxiety, stress </li></ul><ul><li>Suicidal tendencies </li></ul><ul><li>A change in the overall appetite. </li></ul>TRAIT APPROACH Source:
  6. 6. <ul><li>The biological approach to depression in women has a lot to do with the chemical imbalances in their brain. Women experience low levels of serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine which can only be balanced out by antidepressant drugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul>BIOLOGICAL APPROACH
  7. 7. <ul><li>The humanistic approach to dealing with depression in women gave the idea of seeing a counselor. A counselor is much cheaper than a therapist, and they will bounce advice off of the patient of what they could do to pull themselves out of their depressive state. The counselor is there to help the patient get back on the track of reaching self-actualization. </li></ul>HUMANISTIC APPROACH Source:
  8. 8. <ul><li>The behavioral and social learning approach explains that a woman learned that depression is the way to get the attention that they need. Most women grew up dealing with mother’s who were constantly depressed, so they pick depression up as a learned behavior. </li></ul>BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL LEARNING APPROACH Source:
  9. 9. <ul><li>The cognitive approach explains that women who are depressed have low self esteem issues. Depending on the severity of the depression, the woman can think that she’s not good at anything, which sends her spiraling into a suicidal state, or she can constantly berate everything she does, and views herself and not good at anything. Depending on her mental standpoint, a woman might believe that she’ll never be happy again. </li></ul>COGNITIVE APPROACH Source:
  10. 10. <ul><li>Colla, J., Buka, S., Harrington, D., & Murphy, J. (2006). Depression and modernization. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology , 41 (4), 271-279. doi:10.1007/s00127-006-0032-8. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Dalgard, O., Dowrick, C., Lehtinen, V., Vazquez-Barquero, J., Casey, P., Wilkinson, G., </li></ul><ul><li>et al. (2006). Negative life events, social support and gender difference in depression. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology , 41 (6), 444-451. doi:10.1007/s00127-006-0051-5. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Dancey, C., & Friend, J. (2008). Symptoms, impairment and illness intrusiveness-their relationship with depression in women with CFS/ME. Psychology & Health , 23 (8), 983-999. doi:10.1080/08870440701619957. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Danielsson, U., & Johansson, E. (2005). Beyond weeping and crying: a gender analysis of expressions of depression. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care , 23 (3), 171-177. doi:10.1080/02813430510031315. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Griffiths, A., Watermeyer, S., Sidhu, K., Amso, N., & Nix, B. (2006). Female genital tract morbidity and sexual function following vaginal delivery or lower segment caesarean section. Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology , 26 (7), 645-649. doi:10.1080/01443610600903701. </li></ul>REFERENCES
  11. 11. <ul><li>Jiun-Yang Lai, H., & Tiao-Lai, H. (2004). Regular Article Catatonic features noted in </li></ul><ul><li>patients with post-partum mental illness. Psychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences , 58 (2), 157-162. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1819.2003.01210.x. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Misri, S., & Kendrick, K. (2007). Treatment of Perinatal Mood and Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Disorders: A Review. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry , 52 (8), 489-498. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Nosek, M., Hughes, R., & Robinson-Whelen, S. (2008). The complex array of </li></ul><ul><li>antecedents of depression in women with physical disabilities: Implications for clinicians. Disability & Rehabilitation , 30 (3), 174-183. doi:10.1080/09638280701532219. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Perz, J., & Ussher, J. (2006). Women's experience of premenstrual syndrome: a case of </li></ul><ul><li>silencing the self. Journal of Reproductive & Infant Psychology , 24 (4), 289-303. doi:10.1080/02646830600973883. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Roberts, S., Bushnell, J., Collings, S., & Purdie, G. (2006). Psychological health of </li></ul><ul><li>men with partners who have post-partum depression. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry , 40 (8), 704-711. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1614.2006.01871.x. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Segre, L., O'Hara, M., Arndt, S., & Stuart, S. (2007). The prevalence of postpartum </li></ul><ul><li>depression. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology , 42 (4), 316-321. doi:10.1007/s00127-007-0168-1. </li></ul>REFERENCES CONT.