Mandatory Rehab for Mothers of Children Born with NAS
What is NAS?Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems that occur in a newborn who wasexposed to addictive illegal or prescription drugs while in the mothers womb. Symptoms ● Convulsions ● Weight loss ● Inability to sleep ● Speech disorders ● Tremors ● Language disorders ● General irritability ● Perceptual problems ● Perpetual high-pitched crying ● Sensory sensitivity ● Restlessness ● Low attention spans ● Vomiting ● Easily distracted ● Diarrhea (Householder, Burns, Chasnoff, and Hatcher)
Hospital StayThe average baby withdrawing Percentage of Infants with Mothersfrom painkillers is expected to Addicted to Drugs Born with NASstay in the neonatal intensive careunit for sixteen days (Smith).Infants are given medication todecrease their symptoms andwean them off the harmful drugsin their system. Born with NAS Born without NASThey are given around the clockcare by doctors, nurses and (Smith)volunteers.Mothers are invited to visit, butare not allowed to stay pastvisiting hours.
Infant Attachment Period Infant attachment refers to the close emotional bond between an infant and a caregiver. After birth, a newborn immediately attempts tostimulate the caregiver to respond. The responses create a guide for what the infant can expect throughout its life (King). Newborns with NAS require more soothing and require a stronger bond with their caregiver. Infant attachment provides an important foundation for later development. The mothershould have as many opportunities as possible tostrengthen the bond and to culminate attachment necessary for the infant to thrive.
Drug Abuse & Child AbuseIn a study completed in 1995, 76.2% of mothers who had been addicted to drugs were involved in substantiated abuse or neglect cases against them. Children of mothers who were addicted to drugs at the time ofchildbirth were more likely than the general population to encounter abuse and/or neglect (Jaudes, Ekwo, and Voorhis).
Integrated Residential Rehab ● An integrated residential rehabilitation center provides addicts with full time supervision, support, and healthcare. ● On site parenting classes are mandatory and provide insight into alternative outlets for anger, ways to curb stress, and more.● Research has indicated that integrated rehab programs for mothers with substance abuse could minimize the risk of child maltreatment (Jaudes, Kienberger, Ekwo, and Van Voorhis).
In Conclusion Following delivery, mothers and infants born with NAS should be transported to a residential integrated rehab. The rehab will provide mother and infant plentiful bonding time, parenting classes, healthservices, and more. Mandatory rehab will promote a healthier lifestyle to families who need support during a difficult transition.
Works CitedHouseholder, Joanne, William Burns, I. Chasnoff, and Roger Hatcher. “Infants Born to Narcotic Addicted Mothers.” Psychological Bulletin. 92.2 (1982): 453-68. Print. This article provides statistics related to the complications of narcotic addiction in mothers. There is great detail about the symptoms incurred in an infant going through narcotic withdrawal related to a mothers addiction. The article focuses mainly on prenatal and postnatal symptoms and does not go into depth about long-term symptoms. The statistics and facts provided by this article contributed greatly to this research paper.Jaudes, Paula Kienberger, Edem Ekwo, and John Van Voorhis. “Association of drug abuse and child abuse.” Child Abuse and Neglect. 19.9 (1995): 1065. Web. This article contained the results of a research study that found a link between drug abuse in mothers and a higher than expected rate of abuse and neglect. The results showed that children whose mothers are addicted to drugs have an increased chance of being abused or neglected than children of parents whose mothers are not addicted to drugs.
Works CitedKing, Laura A. The Science of Psychology: An Appreciative View. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2011. 293- 94. Print. This textbook generalizes the pivotal attachment period that occurs between an infant and their caregiver. This information was important in explaining the importance of mother-infant bonding in months following birth.Niccols, Alison, Karen Milligan, Wendy Sword, Lehana Thabane, Joanna Henderson, and Ainsley Smith. “Integrated programs for mothers with substance abuse issues: A systematic review of studies reporting on parenting outcomes.” Harm Reduction Journal. 9.14 (2012): n. pag. Web. This article explained the process of an integrated rehab and suggested possible advantages for mothers with substance abuse issues. Research in this article points to an increase in parenting skills for mothers involved in an integrated rehab before or shortly after the birth of their child.Smith, Stephanie. “ One baby per hour born already in withdrawal.” CNN. Web. 30 April 2012. This editorial shows that the number of infants born with NAS is increasing yearly. It shows that the majority of infants born with NAS are on Medicaid programs and it explains the time of the hospital stays for NAS children.