Telehealth Services in the Department of Veterans Affairs


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Presentation by Adam Darkins, MD, MPHM, Chief Consultant, Care Coordination Services, Department of Veterans Affairs

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  • HT, CVT and SFT are under the stewardship of VHA Telehealth Services.
    TeleRadiology, Secure Messaging and Mobile Health are managed by other VHA Program Offices.
  • 148,385 patients: data source is the Tele 3 virtual care report- EOFY12 on Telehealth Services Report card
  • 263,444 data source is the Tele 4 virtual care report- EOFY12 on Telehealth Services Report Card
    For SFT alone there were 27,217 uniques that received teleDermatology. CVT and SFT in teledermatology had 28,899 uniques.  
    Encounters increased 44% in FY12 from FY11 in SFT teleDermatology and increased 117% from FY10. Uniques have increased by 46% in FY12 compared to FY11 and 127% over FY10.
  • 119,535 patients – data source is the Tele 2 virtual care report- EOFY12 on Telehealth Services Report card
  • 497,342 patients – data source virtual care tele1 cumulative uniques, duplicates removed, in all programs EOFY 2012 on Telehealth Report Card.
    1,429,424 is the number of telehealth consultations for Tele5 but this number also includes the home telehealth encounters.
    630,929 telehealth consultative encounters were provided by CVT and SFT only (excluding HT).
    49% lived in rural and highly rural areas = data source: combined CVT, SFT, and HT rural on “FY12dem.xls” file in VHA Telehealth Services Data Library.
    Number of Unique Veterans using telehealth FY11 over FY10 (27%) and FY12 over FY11 (31%) = average of 29%.
    42,699 is the end of year enrollment in the NIC category of care – on EOFY HT Report Card.
    41,618 is the NIC ADC for the year on EOFY HT Report Card.
  • Reductions and Satisfaction data from FY12 Telehealth Services’ Report Card
    in FY12, for 1,439 TMH patients, There was a 30% reduction in admissions in home telemental health in their first six months of care when reviewed to a comparative period of time before enrollment.  This resulted in a 56% reduction (-3,026 days) bed days of care (BDOC). Source routine VA HT outcome data. 
    Travel reductions savings and HT savings calculated by ARC
  • 800,000 patient encounters (TMHtrendsFY03-12.xls)
    an 18-fold increase in consultations over these years
    12,000 in FY03 grew to 217,975 in FY12
    217,975 consultations 76,818 patients (TMHtrendsFY03-12.xls)
    # of facilities and CBOCs will require additional reports
    Can’t confirm the remainder of the data
    7,100 end of year enrollment in HT with Mental Health DMP data source VSSC vendor cube documented on HT score card
  • 1,429,424 is the number of telehealth consultations for Tele5 but this number also includes the home telehealth encounters.
    630,929 telehealth consultative encounters were provided by CVT and SFT only.
  • Telehealth Services in the Department of Veterans Affairs

    1. 1. Telehealth Services in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Adam Darkins Chief Consultant for Telehealth Services
    2. 2. The Vision For Telehealth In VA Patient Focused Makes the home or local community the preferred site of care Provides the right care - in the right place - at the right time Helps coordinate care across the continuum Accessible as part of patient-facing virtual services Offers just-in-time care Supports both patients and caregivers Forward Looking Functions across platforms and devices to be accessible across a wide range consumer electronic products Flexibly incorporates new modalities of care Moves beyond simple transfer of data and communication to include knowledge management Identifies VA as the national leader in the use of innovative technologies to promote patient-centered care Results Oriented Demonstrates reduced utilization of health care resources Promotes VHA as health care provider of choice Focuses on patient self-management and shared decision-making Uses patient-facing technologies to capture routine activity and outcomes data VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION
    3. 3. Definitions of Telehealth in VA Modality Definition Home Telehealth (HT) Monitors patients and manages diseases through video into the home and use of mobile devices for acute and chronic care management and health promotion/disease prevention. Clinical Video Telehealth (CVT) Real-time videoconferencing between VA medical centers and CBOCs that replicates face-to-face consultations between patient and provider, or provider to provider. Uses include specialty consultations and delivery of mental health services. Store & Forward Telehealth (SFT) Acquisition, storage, and forwarding of clinical images to experts for review. Currently used for teleretinal imaging and teledermatology. Teleradiology Remote analysis of radiology and nuclear medicine images. Secure Messaging Enables timely and secure text-based communication with patients via mobile phones. Mobile Health Smart phone applications for self management of health conditions 24/7. Example is PTSD coaching. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 3
    4. 4. Scope of VA Telehealth Services Clinical Video Telehealth (CVT) Real-time video consultation that covers 44 clinical specialties including: Tele-Intensive Care, TeleMental Health, TeleCardiology, TeleNeurology, TeleSurgery, Women’s Telehealth, TelePrimary Care, TeleSCI care, TeleAmputation Care, TeleAudiology, Remote Nursing Home Consultation, TelePathology, etc. Home Telehealth (HT) Care and case management of chronic conditions and provision of non-institutional care support to patients. Uses in-home and mobile technologies to manage diabetes, chronic heart failure, hypertension, obesity , head injury, depression, etc. Store and Forward Telehealth (SFT) TeleRetinal Imaging, TeleDermatology, TeleWound Care, TeleSpirometry, Tele-Sleep Studies TeleCardiology. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 4
    5. 5. VA National Telehealth Programs (1) Clinical Video Telehealth (CVT) Supported the care of 148,385 patients in FY2012, care that encompasses 44 clinical specialties and provides timely and convenient access to specialist and primary care services. Links hospital and hospital, and hospitals with clinics using real-time video conferencing technology on VA’s clinical enterprise video conferencing network (CEVN). Over 6,600 clinical videoconferencing units (commercial-off-the-shelf {COTS} products purchased under national contract) are supported by CEVN. These units interconnect via direct dial Internet protocol (IP) connection according to a national dial-plan. Standardized business processes are in place with systematic coding of activity and routine outcomes data available at a national, regional and local level. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 5
    6. 6. VA National Telehealth Programs (2) Store-and-Forward Telehealth (SFT) Supported the care of 263,444 patients in FY2012. Enables the acquisition of clinical Images at sites close to the patient, and for the interpretation and reporting of these to occur remotely and asynchronously. Currently the major areas of SFT care in VA are TeleRetinal Imaging (to screen for diabetic eye disease and prevent avoidable blindness), TeleDermatology and TelePathology. New programs under development include TeleWound care, TeleSpirometry and TeleCardiology. TeleDermatology services to Veterans by SFT have increased by 127% over the past two years to over 27,000 patients receiving care in FY 2012. Standardized business processes are in place with systematic coding of activity and routine outcomes data available at a national, regional and local level. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 6
    7. 7. VA National Telehealth Programs (3) Home Telehealth (HT) Supported the care of 119,535 patients in FY2012. Optimizes care for patients with chronic conditions in their homes. Provides non-institutional care, chronic care management, acute care management and health promotion/disease prevention. Uses COTS technologies in the home that link to enterprise level VA information technology (IT) support. COTS products are purchased on national contract. Standardized business processes are in place with systematic coding of activity and routine outcomes data available at a national, regional and local level. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 7
    8. 8. VA Telehealth Services – Outcomes (1) VA Telehealth Is recognized as an international leader in telehealth development/implementation. In FY2012, VA specific Telehealth Applications (CVT, HT and SFT) provided care from 150 VA Medical Centers (VAMCs) and 650 Community Based Outpatient Clinics (CBOCs) to 497,342 patients; This amounted to 1,429,424 telehealth episodes of care. Forty-nine percent (49%) of these patients lived in rural areas, and may otherwise have had limited access to VA healthcare; The number of Veterans receiving care via VA’s telehealth services is growing approximately 29% annually. In FY2012, of the 119,535 Veterans enrolled for home telehealth services in VA, 42,699 patients were supported by HT to live independently in their own homes, patients who otherwise would have needed long-term institutional care. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 8
    9. 9. VHA Telehealth Services: Outcomes (2) Reductions in Utilization FY 2012 Home Telehealth - reduces bed days of care – 58% Home Telehealth – reduces hospital admissions – 38% Clinical Video Telehealth – reduces bed days of care 56% for mental health care Patient Satisfaction Home Telehealth - 85% mean score Store-and-Forward Telehealth –96% mean score Clinical Video Telehealth - 93% mean score Travel Reduction Savings Clinical Video Telehealth – $34.45 per consultation Store and Forward Telehealth - $38.81 per consultation Home Telehealth Savings $1,999 per annum per patient VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 9
    10. 10. VHA Telehealth Services – Telemental Health TeleMental Health Since FY2003, VA has delivered over 800,000 patient encounters from 146 VA facilities to 531 CBOCs, an 18-fold increase in consultations over these years. In FY2012, VA delivered over 217,000 telemental health consultations to over 76,000 patients, this activity took place between 146 VAMCs and 531 CBOCs. In FY2010, VA established a National Telemental Health Center. In FY2012, this center provided 1,251 video encounters to 427 unique patients at 24 sites that were in 13 states. The scope of VA’s telemental health services includes all mental health conditions with a focus on post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, compensation and pension exams, bipolar disorder, behavioral pain and evidence-based psychotherapy. In FY2012, chronic disease management provided via home telehealth devices supported 7,100 patients with chronic mental health conditions to live independently in their homes and 1,304 patients had video consultations directly into their homes via CEVN. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 10
    11. 11. Unique Challenges in Developing Telehealth Training Telehealth training is not offered in medical schools, or included in health professional curricula. More than sixty requirements exist for establishing new telehealth programs that are beyond the competency of most individual VA staff (e.g. scheduling, privileging, Memoranda Of Understanding (MOUs), IT compatibility, etc). VA has to train providers, and support patients, as they participate in the delivery of care using telehealth. Technology Support With over 900 sites of care many in rural and remote locations, technology support is a critical success factor in developing telehealth services, and a risk that must be mitigated in their subsequent sustainment. Telehealth crosses traditional boundaries between information technology and biomedical engineering services, requiring comprehensive and dedicated support. Quality Management The Joint Commission does not survey health care organizations specifically for telehealth but, because of the high volume of telehealth in VA, it encounters telehealth during “Tracer” reviews. Poor practices in the implementation and delivery of telehealth-based care could expose VAMCs to questions regarding the safety and adequacy of their telehealth programs. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 11
    12. 12. Addressing Telehealth Training in VA National Telehealth Training Resource VA has a national telehealth training resource that provides staff with the training materials that enable them to meet defined competencies for CVT, SFT and HT. Standardized training and resource materials are developed, and annually updated, to accomplish this. The mission is to deliver “the right training, in the right place, at the right time”. The vision is that “all VHA staff delivering telehealth services have standardized training and performance support to competently deliver these services”. Training Materials and Content Delivery Standardized operations manuals systematize the delivery of CVT, SFT and HT care in VA. These form the basis for curricula that are developed in conjunction with designated subject matter experts. Given VA’s national footprint for telehealth , and its focus on patients in remote and rural areas, 98% of telehealth training in VA takes place virtually. Content distribution is via multi-media, and social media networks, to promote collaborative learning. Training Metrics In FY2012, over 4,000 staff received telehealth training in VA through 1,800 unique training events and support was provided for system-wide competency testing for CVT, SFT and HT. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 12
    13. 13. Addressing Telehealth Technology Support in VA Telehealth Technology Platforms VA has national technology platforms for CVT, SFT and HT. These platforms support COTS products purchased under national contracts that provide the patient facing interfaces for CVT, SFT and HT. The technical specifications of this infrastructure meet defined business requirements. As clinical needs grow and the technologies evolve the platforms for CVT, SFT and HT are converging with one another, and with other virtual care modalities. Help desk Support Advances in information and telecommunications technologies are blurring the distinctions between information technology (IT)and biomedical engineering (Biomed). Care delivery into rural/remote locations and into the home present challenges to providing technical support from VAMCs. VA has developed an integrated solution that uses a telehealthspecific Tier 1 Telehealth Technology Help Desk that is supported at the Tier 2 level by IT and Biomedical Engineering. Ensuring Clinical Encounters Buy-in, and support for telehealth, from patients and clinicians depends on robust and reliable services. VA’s Telehealth Technology Help Desk answers all calls within 6-27 seconds with 3% referral rate to Tier 2. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 13
    14. 14. Addressing Telehealth Quality Management in VA Networks of Care Health care is traditionally provided in fixed physical facilities and quality management processes centered on care related to this “bricks and mortar”. By definition telehealth crosses between physical sites of care, and quality management processes - including routine outcomes monitoring, credentialing & privileging, and Joint Commission reviews. With telehealth these activities occur across a network of care, not within a single facility. Conditions of Participation VA internally “accredits” all CVT, SFT, HT and Tele-ICU programs in a bi-annual review process called conditions of participation, one that has been in place since 2007. These reviews ensure VA’s telehealth programs meet minimum standards, institute any corrective actions, and share best practice. Local, Regional and National Dashboards VA has developed local telehealth dashboards that incorporate CVT, SFT and HT quality indices that are used for quality management and business development. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 14
    15. 15. Telehealth in VA - Summary Transformational Telehealth is one of VA’s major transformational initiatives, one aimed at making care convenient, accessible and patient-centered. In FY2012, 9.1% of Veterans received elements of their care via telehealth. This amounted to 497,342 patients who participated in 1,429,424 telehealth episodes of care. Telehealth in VA provides mission critical services that help Veterans to live independently in their own homes and local communities. Robust and Sustainable Telehealth is a radically different way for patients to receive, and clinicians to provide, care. There are 60+ steps to ensuring a telehealth program is safe, effective, cost-effective and sustainable. VA’s processes and procedures for training, technology support and quality management are indicative of the “systems” approach VA has taken in all 60+ steps it has implemented telehealth across 800 sites of care. Visionary Telehealth in VA is the forerunner of a wider vision, one in which the relationship between patients and the health care system will dramatically change with the full realization of the “connected patient”. The high levels of patient satisfaction with telehealth, and positive clinical outcomes, attest to this direction being the right one. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION 15
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