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  • 1. Instructional Softwares: Simulations Group 3 Ayala, de Leon, Lao, Legaspi, Tiongson, Villar
  • 2. Simulation, through the use of simulation software, is the science of creating statistically accurate models to represent the behaviour of real life systems in order to subject them to predictive experimentation. These experiments or scenarios can then enable 'what if?' questions to be answered without risk or disturbance to the real life system. Definition
  • 3. Types In academic settings, simulation software is used in application areas such as : agriculture, business, communications, defense, health, manufacturing, oil terminals, service, traffic, and waste processing. In industrial settings, the application areas include: business processes, communications, compiler networks, customer service, distribution, manufacturing, packing halls, repair, statistical sampling in surveys, and stock control. Simulations made for entertainment would form another category in this hierarchy.
  • 4. Criteria for Selection
    • easy to use
    • can be accessed by multiple people simultaneously
    • has all of the features required by the users
    • reasonably priced
  • 5. Advantages and Disadvantages
    • Advantages
    • Enjoyable, motivating activity
    • Element of reality is compatible with principles of constructivism
    • Enhances appreciation of the more subtle aspects of a concept/principle
    • Promotes critical thinking and evaluative thinking
    • Disadvantages
    • Preparation time
    • Cost can be an issue
    • Assessment is more complex than some traditional teaching methods
  • 6. Ways to Use The practice mode is one where simulation users are first exposed to a body of knowledge through traditional instruction and then asked to apply that knowledge during tasks presented in the simulation. In the presentation mode , the simulation is meant to be a source of both instruction and practice opportunities for the student. The simulation itself is presented to students in either a pure form (no guidance) or a hybrid (some guidance)
  • 7. Guidelines E nsure that students understand the procedures before beginning. It improves efficacy if the students can enjoy uninterrupted participation. Frustration can arise with too many uncertainties. This will be counter productive. Try to anticipate questions before they are asked. The pace of some simulations is quick and the sense of reality is best maintained with ready responses. Monitor student progress. Know what you wish to accomplish. Many simulations can have more than one instructional goal. Developing a rubric for evaluation is a worthwhile step. If appropriate, students should be made aware of the specific outcomes expected of them.
  • 8. Examples E X A M P L E S
  • 9. References Brown, J. (2006). The use of instructional simulations to support classroom teaching: a crisis communication case study. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia. Retrieved from: http://www.thefreelibrary.com/The+use+of+instructional+simulations+to+support+classroom+teaching%3A+a...-a0153749069 Elizabeth, M. (2010, September). What Are The Different Types of Simulation Software?, from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-the-different-types-of-simulation-software.htm Karrer, T. (2006, March). Re: Software Simulation Tools: eLearning Technology. Message posted to http://elearningtech.blogspot.com/2006/03/software-simulation-elearning-w-links.html Kumar, D.P. (2009, July 20). Simulations: Real life situation teaching method. Retrieved from http://www.saching.com/Article/Simulations--Real-life-situation-teaching-method/3181 Lanner (2010). Simulation Software Explained. Retrieved from http://www.lanner.com/en/simulation-explained.cfm Saskatoon Public Schools. (2009). Instructional strategies online. Retrieved from http://olc.spsd.sk.ca/de/pd/instr/strats/simul/index.html .
  • 10. For more information (that is too long to include in 10 slides...) See: Alaa,S. (2010, February). Instructional simulations [Powerpoint slides]. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/alaasadik/simulationppt-3372399 .