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  • 1. King James of Scotland IV King James I of England & Ireland Kat Tsen Sophie Zhang Jade Chen “ I can make a lord, but only God can make a gentleman.”
  • 2. Early Childhood
    • Born 1566 as James Charles Stuart, to Mary Queen of Scots and Henry Stuart, Duke of Albany
    • Descendant of Henry VII, great grandchild of Margaret Tudor
    • Father was murdered when James was 1, became King
  • 3. Regency
    • Ruled Scotland
    • from 1567; was
    • 1 year old, so
    • regents took care
    • until 1981
    • – gained control
    Succeeded last Tudor monarch in 1603 after Elizabeth I passed Ruled these three nations until his death in 1625
  • 4. Relationships/Sexuality
    • Maintained close relations
    • with male courtiers
    • Married Anne of Denmark,
    • Produced children
    • Is thought to be either
    • homosexual or bisexual
    • Showed no interest in sex
    • Held strong to his chastity
  • 5. Philosophy of Rule
    • Divine Right Monarch- Absolutist
    • Arrogant, didn’t understand country and subjects
    • Argument with Parliament
    • "Hold no Parliaments, but for the necesitie of new Lawes, which would be but seldome" – Trew Law, James I
  • 6. Philosophy of Rule
    • "Hath [God] not made us all in one island?”
    • Union of the Crowns (English and Schottish) - Ireland
    • "King of Great Britain”- one monarch, one parliament , one law
    • Foreign Policy- ties with Spain
    • Protestant but preached religious tolerence
  • 7. Accomplishments
    • English Parliament
      • Cooperation between monarch & parliament
      • Profligacy & incompetence of court
      • Salisbury – Great Contract
      • Dismissed Parliament in 1610
      • Ruled without Parliament in 1621
  • 8. Accomplishments
    • Religious:
      • Truce between Catholics and Presbyterians
      • Gunpowder Plot: oppression of non-conforming Catholics
      • Oath of Allegiance in 1606
        • King was kind towards Catholics who took the Oath
      • King James Bible
      • Strict at enforcing conformity
  • 9. Accomplishments
    • Territory:
      • Founding of first English settlement (Jamestown, Virginia)
      • Friendship treaty between England and Scotland
      • Union of the Crowns
      • Brought Armada War to end
        • Peace treaty signed between countries
  • 10. Personal Life
    • Rarely bathed
    • Swore
    • Liked disgusting stories
    • Bad table manners
    • Show off
    • Liked to humiliate others
    • Homosexual
  • 11. Conclusion
    • Disregard for conditions in England
    • Failed to acknowledge differences between England and Scotland
    • Government faced growing financial pressures
    • Low taxation
  • 12. Ideals and Legacy
    • YES! – removed the Parliament
    • Successful in uniting England & Scotland
    • Religious Tolerance
    • Legacy: King Charles I
      • United Kingdom
      • royal impoverishment
      • bad relations with Parliament
      • Divine right by God
  • 13. Bibs
    • &quot;James I, King of England, VI of Scotland (1566 - 1625).&quot; BBC History . BBC History. 3 Mar 2009 <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/james_i_king.shtml>.
    • &quot;James I (1603-25 AD).&quot; Britannia . Britannia. 3 Mar 2009 <http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon46.html>.
    •  
    • &quot;James I of England.&quot; Wikipedia . Wikipedia. 3 Mar 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_I_of_England>.
    • Pictures:
    • http://www.michelelyonart.com/Images/KingJamesI.jpg
    • http://www.electricscotland.com/history/scotland/images/king_james.jpg
    • http://www.universitystory.gla.ac.uk/images/UGSP00151_m.jpg