LIBR 200: STEPPING BACK AND LOOKING FOREWORD: REFLECTIONS ON THE FOUNDATIONS OF LIBRARIES AND LIBRARIANSHIPPresentation Transcript
STEPPING BACK AND LOOKING FOREWORD: REFLECTIONS ON THE FOUNDATIONS OF LIBRARIES AND LIBRARIANSHIP By Richard E. Rubin Elluminate Presentation by Caroline Han
MAIN POINTS: WHAT WILL WE LEARN?
History of the Library
Libraries reflect the societies in which they serve
Missions not exclusive
THE FOUR MISSIONS Recordkeeping Religion Glorification Scholarship
Ancient Sumer: 3,000 B. C. E.
Rise of cities
Rise of trade and need for records
Difficult to learn
Limited to select few
Adopted by successor kingdoms
Ancient Egypt: 2,500 B. C. E.
Temples provided public services
Priests served as librarians
Development of papyrus and scrolls
Similar to Cuneiform
Neo Assyria: 700 B. C. E.
Last great scholar-king of Assyria
Reigned from 668 to 627 B. C. E.
Royal Library at Nineveh
Exceeded 30,000 clay tablets
Texts from all over empire
First professional reference collection
Hellenistic Greece: 300 B. C. E.
Only two dozen symbols
Great Library of Alexandria
Founded by Ptolemy I
Texts from all over known world
First major academic library
Imperial Rome: 100 C. E.
Libraries as symbols of learning
Small and private
Reflected personal tastes
Greek and Roman sections
Many advantages over scroll
Exclusively used by Christian community
CONCLUSIONS : TO SUM …
Libraries and civilization are connected
Function may change
Purpose stays the same
Libraries tell us
Who we are
Who we want to be
BOOKS: Haycock, K., & Sheldon, B. E. (2008). The Portable MLIS: insights from the experts. Westport, Connecticut: Libraries Unlimited. Casson, Lionel (2001). Libraries in the Ancient World. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Edwards Brothers. Rubin, R, E. (2004). Foundations of Library and Information Science (2nd ed.). New York: Neal-Schuman. WEBSITES: Krasner-Khai, B. (2001, October/November). Survivor: The History of the Library. History Magazine . Retrieved from http://www.history-magazine.com/libraries.html Images retrieved from Microsoft Encarta: http://encarta.msn.com References
A) Recordkeeping B) Religion
C) Glorification D) Scholarship
Bonus: What do you is this library’s main mission?