What’s new in social media research?
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What’s new in social media research? A quick guide through recent publications (2012-2013) for social scientists. ...

What’s new in social media research? A quick guide through recent publications (2012-2013) for social scientists.
March 4, 2014
General Online Research (GOR 14), Köln

Dr. Katrin Weller, katrin.weller@gesis.org, @kwelle
http://katrinweller.net

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What’s new in social media research? Presentation Transcript

  • 1. What’s new in social media research? A quick guide through recent publications (2012-2013) for social scientists March 4, 2014 General Online Research (GOR 14), Köln Dr. Katrin Weller, katrin.weller@gesis.org, @kwelle http://katrinweller.net
  • 2. Welcome! Dr. Katrin Weller GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Data Archive for the Social Sciences 2006-2012: Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, PhD in Information Science. Weller, K., Bruns, A., Burgess, J., Mahrt, M., & Puschmann, C. (Eds.) (2014). Twitter and Society. New York et al.: Peter Lang.
  • 3. Slides via: http://katrinweller.net/teaching/ Or: http://de.slideshare.net/katrinweller Questions!
  • 4. Outline of this workshop Part 1: the story so far Part 2: 2012-2013
  • 5. Social media research – some insights from bibliometrics • Scopus • Web of Science • Google Scholar
  • 6. 457,000 The story so far… 19,440 4,991
  • 7. Scopus • • 21,000 titles from more than 5,000 international publishers, 20,000 peerreviewed journals (including 2,600 open access journals), 390 trade publications, 370 book series, 5.5 million conference papers (TITLE-ABS-KEY("social media") OR TITLE-ABS-KEY("social web") OR TITLE-ABSKEY("social software") OR TITLE-ABS-KEY("web 2.0")) AND PUBYEAR > 1999
  • 8. Social media research 2000-today 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 No. of publications (Scopus)
  • 9. Scopus: 2000-today by subject area 65 772 773 1535 10650; 36% 2151 2288 2384 5542; 19% Computer Science Social Sciences Engineering Medicine Business, Management and Accounting Mathematics Arts and Humanities Decision Sciences Psychology Nursing Economics, Econometrics and Finance Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology Health Professions Environmental Science Earth and Planetary Sciences Agricultural and Biological Sciences Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics Physics and Astronomy Materials Science Multidisciplinary Neuroscience Immunology and Microbiology Chemical Engineering Veterinary Dentistry Chemistry Energy
  • 10. Scopus: 2000-today by country Ireland Hong Kong Switzerland Singapore India Greece Japan Austria Finland South Korea Netherlands Taiwan France Italy Canada Spain China Australia Germany United Kingdom United States 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000
  • 11. Scopus: 2000-today popular keywords Social networking (online) (2,291) Social networks (897), Social network (657) User interfaces (1,007) Web services (869) Information systems (810) Facebook (847) Twitter (667) Knowledge management (860) Semantics(765), Semantic Web(669) Information technology (639) Communication(650) E-learning (623), Students(579) Education(520) Teachung (504)
  • 12. Scopus: 2000-today popular keywords Social networking (online) (2,291) Social networks (897), Social network (657) Facebook (847) Twitter (667) Microblogging(186) Blogs(343), Blogging(324), Blog(161) YouTube(273) Wiki(192), Wikipedia(192)
  • 13. WoS
  • 14. WoS: 2000-today by year WoS publications 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  • 15. Scopus and WoS: 2000-today by year 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 WoS 2000 Scopus 1500 1000 500 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  • 16. WoS: 2000-today by research areas 212; 5% 199; 4% 168; 4% COMPUTER SCIENCE 1157; 24% 234; 5% INFORMATION SCIENCE LIBRARY SCIENCE BUSINESS ECONOMICS 328; 7% COMMUNICATION EDUCATION EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ENGINEERING 492; 10% PSYCHOLOGY 835; 17% HEALTH CARE SCIENCES SERVICES SOCIAL SCIENCES OTHER TOPICS SOCIOLOGY 583; 12% 586; 12%
  • 17. WoS: 2000-today by category MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES COMPUTER SCIENCE CYBERNETICS NURSING EDUCATION SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES PSYCHOLOGY EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE GENERAL INTERNAL SOCIAL SCIENCES INTERDISCIPLINARY OPERATIONS RESEARCH MANAGEMENT SCIENCE TELECOMMUNICATIONS PSYCHOLOGY MULTIDISCIPLINARY MEDICAL INFORMATICS PUBLIC ENVIRONMENTAL OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH COMPUTER SCIENCE INTERDISCIPLINARY APPLICATIONS SOCIOLOGY ENGINEERING ELECTRICAL ELECTRONIC COMPUTER SCIENCE THEORY METHODS HEALTH CARE SCIENCES SERVICES MANAGEMENT COMPUTER SCIENCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE COMPUTER SCIENCE SOFTWARE ENGINEERING BUSINESS EDUCATION EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATION COMPUTER SCIENCE INFORMATION SYSTEMS INFORMATION SCIENCE LIBRARY SCIENCE 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
  • 18. Google Scholar
  • 19. Social sciences
  • 20. Scopus: Social sciences 2000-today 5,542
  • 21. Scopus: 2000-today 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 Scopus total 2000 Scopus social sciance 1500 1000 500 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 0
  • 22. Scopus: 2000-today Colombia Nigeria Hungary Estonia Mexico Norway Romania Japan South Africa Portugal Israel Belgium Switzerland Ireland Brazil Malaysia Denmark Turkey Austria India Greece South Korea Singapore New Zealand Hong Kong France Finland Sweden Taiwan Italy Netherlands China Germany Canada Spain Australia United Kingdom United States 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
  • 23. Scopus: 2000-today Editorial; 61; 1% Conference Review; 53; 1% Article in Book Chapter; 57; 1% Press; 135; 2% Review; 301; 5% Note; Short Survey; 36; 1% 37; 1% Letter; 10; 0% Erratum; 2; 0% Book; 9; 0% Conference Paper; 983; 18% Article; 3858; 70%
  • 24. Interdisciplinary field? Dentistry Agricultural and Biological Sciences Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics Health Professions Mathematics Nursing Earth and Planetary Sciences Environmental Science Economics, Econometrics and Finance Decision Sciences Psychology Medicine Engineering Arts and Humanities Business, Management and Accounting Computer Science Social Sciences Scopus: Social sciences 2000-today 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000
  • 25. Scopus: 2000-today popular keywords (social science) Web 2.0(1,466) Social media(1,364) Internet(552) World Wide Web(448) Social networking (online)(300) Students(277) E-learning(275) Facebook(248) Teaching(226) Information systems(213) Twitter(210) Human(199) Humans(196) Education(188) Communication(179) Social software(177) Technology(177) Article(172) Social networking(170) Social networks(167) Social Media(166) Engineering education(160) Research(149) Knowledge management(137) Blogs(131) Higher education(128) Information technology(119) Social network(119) Web services(119) Social Networks(101) Learning(96) User interfaces(96) Collaborative learning(95) Collaboration(94) Websites(91) Social networking sites(90) Wiki(86) Libraries(84) Methodology(84) Curricula(77) Innovation(77) Learning systems(74) Marketing(74) Blogging(73) Design(71) Male(71) Academic libraries(70) Virtual reality(70) Female(68) Privacy(68)
  • 26. Top authors (all years) 10 or more papers: • • • • Thomas Cochrane Catherine McLoughlin Denis Gillet Axel Bruns
  • 27. Top journals (social science papers) Cutting Edge Technologies in Higher Education 18th Americas Conference on Information Systems… Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences First Monday New Media and Society Proceedings of the Asist Annual Meeting Profesional De La Informacion Econtent Public Relations Review Information Communication and Society 0 20 40 60 80 100 120
  • 28. Top cited papers (more than 100 citations) Authors Title Year Source title Pag Pag Vol e Cited um Iss e e ue start end by The emerging Web 2.0 social software: An enabling suite of Boulos, M.N.K., Wheeler, S. sociable technologies in health and health care education Adamic, L., Adar, E. How to search a social network Health Information and 2007 Libraries Journal 24 2005 Social Networks 27 1 2 23 3 187 203 304 208 Greenhow, C., Robelia, B., Hughes, J.E. Learning, teaching, and scholarship in a digital age: Web 2.0 and classroom research: What path should we take now? 2009 Educational Researcher 38 4 246 259 166 Xiang, Z., Gretzel, U. Wheeler, S., Yeomans, P., Wheeler, D. Role of social media in online travel information search The good, the bad and the wiki: Evaluating studentgenerated content for collaborative learning 2010 Tourism Management 31 British Journal of 2008 Educational Technology 39 2 179 188 146 6 987 995 117 Waters, R.D., Burnett, E., Lamm, A., Lucas, J. Engaging stakeholders through social networking: How nonprofit organizations are using Facebook Investigating faculty decisions to adopt Web 2.0 technologies: Theory and empirical tests Production, Consumption, Prosumption: The nature of capitalism in the age of the digital 'prosumer' I tweet honestly, I tweet passionately: Twitter users, context collapse, and the imagined audience 2009 Public Relations Review 35 Internet and Higher 2008 Education 11 Journal of Consumer 2010 Culture 10 2 102 106 116 2 71 80 114 1 13 36 113 2011 New Media and Society 13 1 114 133 111 2006 Webology 2 110 Ajjan, H., Hartshorne, R. Ritzer, G., Jurgenson, N. Marwick, A.E., Boyd, D. Maness, J.M. Bertot, J.C., Jaeger, P.T., Grimes, J.M. Beldarrain, Y. Library 2.0 theory: Web 2.0 and its implications for libraries Using ICTs to create a culture of transparency: Egovernment and social media as openness and anticorruption tools for societies Distance education trends: Integrating new technologies to foster student interaction and collaboration 3 Government 2010 Information Quarterly 27 3 264 271 109 2006 Distance Education 27 2 139 153 109
  • 29. Top cited papers: topics 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Email analysis; Online communities; Small world experiment; Social networks Classroom research; Computers and learning; Educational reform; Instructional technologies; Research methodology; Technology Internet marketing; Online tourism domain; Search engine; Social media; Travel information search Facebook; Nonprofit organizations; Social media; Social networking Decomposed theory of planned behavior; Emerging technologies; Factor analysis; Faculty adoption; Faculty perceptions; Web 2.0 Consumption; Facebook; Prosumption; Social networking sites; Web 2.0 audience; context; identity; micro-celebrity; self-presentation; social media; Twitter Blog; Library 2.0; Mashup; RSS; Social network; Streaming media; Tagging; Web 2.0; Wiki E-government; ICT; Social media; Transparency
  • 30. Social science papers in 2012 • 1237 papers (136% of 2011) • Out of 4328 papers in all disciplines (29%). 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • 31. Social science papers in 2013 • 1398 papers (113% of 2012). • Out of 4689 papers in all disciplines (30%). 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • 32. Interdisciplinarity 2012 2013 Environmental Science Economics, Econometrics and… Decision Sciences Mathematics Psychology Economics, Econometrics and… Engineering Psychology Medicine Medicine Decision Sciences Engineering Business, Management and… Business, Management and… Arts and Humanities Arts and Humanities Computer Science Computer Science Social Sciences Social Sciences 0 500 1000 1500 0 500 1000 1500
  • 33. Document types 2012 Conference Editorial; 17;Review; 16; 1% 1% Book Chapter; 19; 2% Article in Press; 7; 1% 2013 Note; 7; 1% Book; 4; 0% Letter; 2; 0% Book Chapter; 19; 1% Short Survey; 10; 1% Editorial; 17; 1% Review; 56; 4% Conference Letter; 6; 0% Review; 9; 1% Note; 8; 1% Book; 3; 0% Erratum; 2; 0% Article in Press; 91; 7% Review; 94; 8% Conference Paper; 175; 14% Conference Paper; 112; 8% Article; 896; 72% Article; 1065; 76%
  • 34. Countries (top 10) 2012 2013 Singapore South Korea Sweden Sweden Taiwan China Italy Germany Germany Netherlands Canada Canada Australia Spain Spain Australia United Kingdom United Kingdom United States United States 0 100 200 300 400 500 0 100 200 300 400 500 600
  • 35. Countries (top 10) 2012 2013 Singapore South Korea Sweden Sweden Taiwan China Italy Germany Germany Netherlands Canada Canada Australia Spain Spain Australia United Kingdom United Kingdom United States United States 0 100 200 300 400 500 0 100 200 300 400 500 600
  • 36. Top authors (3 or more papers) 2012 AUTHOR NAME Ritzer, G. Arias, J.J.P. Grensing-Pophal, L. Vilas, A.F. Bruns, A. Kailanto, M. Jurgenson, N. Davis, K. Lee, C.S. Fuchs, C. Alemu, G. George, D.R. Huhtamaki, J. Liu, B.F. 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2013 Marttila, J. Moreno, M.A. Partridge, H. Quan-Haase, A. Rambe, P. Redondo, R.P.D. Ross, P. Tebest, T. Shah, C. Sigala, M. Silius, K. Stevens, B. Tervakari, A.M. Waters, R.D. 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Bruns, A. Hajli, M. Cochrane, T. Mergel, I. Stefanidis, A. Williams, M. Crooks, A. Freberg, K. Highfield, T. Burnap, P. Hawthorne, J. Baro, E.E. Ellison, N.B. Edwards, A. 5 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Housley, W. He, W. McCorkindale, T. Procter, R. Radzikowski, J. Gillet, D. Sloan, L. Stieglitz, S. Thorson, K. Valtonen, T. Vergeer, M. Vraga, E.K. Wells, C. Reddick, C.G. 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
  • 37. Topics 2012 (keywords used more than ten times) Social media(418), Web 2.0(272), Internet(107), Social networking (online)(84), Information systems(73), Social Media(72), Human(68), Humans(68), World Wide Web(67), Facebook(62), Students(61), Article(57), Twitter(56), E-learning(50), Social networks(45), Engineering education(43), Communication(38), Social network(35), Research(34), Teaching(33), Social networking(31), Education(30), Methodology(30), Female(29), Male(29), Social Networks(29), Higher education(27), Technology(26), Information technology(25), Adult(24), Learning(21), Collaboration(20), Knowledge management(20), Psychological aspect(20), Social networking sites(20), Academic libraries(19), Collaborative learning(19), Social Networking(19), Websites(19), Blogging(17), Learning systems(17), Marketing(17), United States(17), User-generated content(17), Wiki(17), Blogs(16), Surveys(16), Innovation(15), Libraries(15), Mass media(15), Social sciences computing(15), YouTube(15), New media(14), Privacy(14), Public relations(14), University(14), Computer aided instruction(13), Content analysis(13), Microblogging(13), Motivation(13), Public diplomacy(13), Student(13), Universities(13), Egypt(12), Informal learning(12), Online learning(12), Social movements(12), Young Adult(12), Blog(11), Canada(11), Data mining(11), Democracy(11), GIS(11), Media role(11), Nursing education(11), Participation(11), Personal learning environment(11), Social learning(11), Social software(11), Virtual reality(11), Web services(11)
  • 38. Topics 2013 (keywords used more than ten times) Social media(512) , Web 2.0(171), Internet(134), Facebook(99), Twitter(96), Social networking (online)(76), Communication(50), Social Media(50), Social network(49), Human(47), World Wide Web(47), Humans(43), Article(36), Students(35), Social networking(34), Social networks(34), Teaching(33), E-learning(28), Information technology(27); Higher education(26), Politics(26), Education(24), Marketing(24), Research(24), Technology(24), Mass media(23), Methodology(23), Male(22), Public relations(22), Privacy(21), Female(20), Media role(20), Social networking sites(20), Computer aided instruction(19), Academic libraries(18), Engineering education(18), Knowledge management(18), United States(18), YouTube(18), Blog(17), Media(17), Blogs(16), Collaboration(16), Industry(16), Libraries(16), Social software(16); Websites(16), Wiki(16), Adult(15), Arab Spring(15), Commerce(15), Learning(15), New media(15), Activism(14), Collaborative learning(13), Ethics(13), GIS(13), Gender(13), Journalism(13), Participation(13), Youth(13), Blogging(12), Content Analysis(12), Data mining(12), Interactivity(12), Library 2.0(12), Psychological aspect(12), Social Networks(12), Surveys(12), China(11), Information systems(11), Political participation(11), Tools(11), Web services(11)
  • 39. pointless babble?
  • 40. TOPICS
  • 41. Hot Topic: Elections
  • 42. Spotlight 2013: twitter and election Twitter and elections (Scopus and Web of Science) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  • 43. Year of election 2008 Name of election Country/region 40th Canadian General Election Canada No. of papers (2013) 1 2009 European Parliament election, 2009 Europe 1 2009 German federal election, 2009 Germany 2 2010 2010 UK general election United Kingdom 4 2010 South Korean local elections, 2010 South Korea 1 2010 Dutch general election, 2010 Netherlands 2 2010 Australian federal election, 2010 Australia 1 2010 Swedish general election, 2010 Sweden 1 2010 Midterm elections / United States House of Representatives elections, 2010 USA 4 2010 Gubernational elections: Georgia USA 1 2010 Gubernational elections: Ohio USA 1 2010 Gubernational elections: Rhode Island USA 1 2010 Gubernational elections: Vermont USA 1 2010 2010 superintendent elections South Korea 1 2011 Baden-Württemberg state election, 2011 Germany 1 2011 Rhineland-Palatinate state election, 2011 Germany 1 2011 Scottish parliament election 2011 Scotland 1 2011 Singapore’s 16th parliamentary General Election Singapore 1 2011 Norwegian local elections, 2011 Norway 2 2011 2011 Danish parliamentary election Denmark 2 Date of election 14.10.200 8 07.06.200 9 27.09.200 9 06.05.201 0 02.06.201 0 09.06.201 0 21.08.201 0 19.09.201 0 02.11.201 0 02.11.201 0 02.11.201 0 02.11.201 0 02.11.201 0 17.12.201 0 27.03.201 1 27.03.201 1 05.05.201 1 07.05.201 1 12.09.201 1 15.09.201 1
  • 44. 2011 Scottish parliament election 2011 Scotland 1 2011 Singapore’s 16th parliamentary General Election Singapore 1 2011 Norwegian local elections, 2011 Norway 2 2011 2011 Danish parliamentary election Denmark 2 2011 Berlin state election, 2011 Germany 2 2011 Gubernational elections: West Virginia USA 1 2011 Gubernational elections: Louisiana USA 1 2011 Swiss federal election, 2011 Switzerland 1 2011 2011 Seoul mayoral elections South Korea 1 2011 Gubernational eletions: Kentucky USA 1 2011 Gubernational elections: Mississippi USA 1 2011 Spanish national election 2011 Spain 1 2012 Queensland State election Australia 1 2012 South Korean legislative election, 2012 South Korea 1 2012 French presidential election, 2012 France 2 2012 Mexican general election, 2012 Mexico 1 2012 USA 17 2012 United States presidential election, 2012 / United States House of Representatives elections, 2012 South Korean presidential election, 2012 South Korea 2 2013 Ecuadorian general election, 2013 Ecuador 1 2013 Venezuelan presidential election, 2013 Venezuela 1 2013 Paraguayan general election, 2013 Paraguay 1 05.05.201 1 07.05.201 1 12.09.201 1 15.09.201 1 18.09.201 1 04.10.201 1 22.10.201 1 23.10.201 1 26.10.201 1 08.11.201 1 08.11.201 1 20.11.201 1 24.03.201 2 11.04.201 2 22.04.201 2 01.07.201 2 06.11.201 2 19.12.201 2 17.02.201 3 14.04.201 3 21.04.201 3
  • 45. Spotlight 2013: twitter and election No. of Tweets No. Of publications (2013) 0-500 501-1.000 1.001-5.000 5.001-10.000 10.001-50.000 50.001-100.000 100.001-500.000 500.001-1.000.000. 1.000.001-5.000.000 mehr als 5.000.000 mehr als 100.000.000 mehr als 1.000.000.000 keine/ungenaue Angabe 3 4 1 1 7 4 5 3 3 3 1 1 13
  • 46. Highly cited Sweden: • Larsson A.O., Moe H. (2012). Studying political microblogging: Twitter users in the 2010 Swedish election campaign. New Media and Society, 14(5), 729-747. • Jungherr A., Jurgens P., Schoen H. (2012). Why the pirate party won the german election of 2009 or the trouble with predictions: A response to tumasjan, A., sprenger, T. O., sander, P. G., & welpe, I. M. "predicting elections with twitter: What 140 characters reveal about political sentiment". Social Science Computer Review, 30(2), 229-234.
  • 47. #egypt
  • 48. #Egypt / Arab spring Role of Facebook during #egypt? • Tufekci Z., Wilson C. (2012). Social Media and the Decision to Participate in Political Protest: observations From Tahrir Square. Journal of Communication, 62(2), 363379. Newspapers vs. Social media • Hamdy N., Gomaa E.H. (2012). Framing the Egyptian Uprising in Arabic Language Newspapers and Social Media. Journal of Communication, 62(2), 195-211.
  • 49. Activsm #occupy: • Juris J.S. (2012). Reflections on #Occupy Everywhere: Social media, public space, and emerging logics of aggregation. American Ethnologist, 39(2), 259-279. Indonesia: • Lim M. (2013). Many Clicks but Little Sticks: Social Media Activism in Indonesia. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 43(4), 636-657. Spain: • Gonzalez-Bailon S., Borge-Holthoefer J., Moreno Y. (2013). Broadcasters and Hidden Influentials in Online Protest Diffusion. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(7), 943-965.
  • 50. eGovernment Overview • Bertot J.C., Jaeger P.T., Hansen D. (2012). The impact of polices on government social media usage: Issues, challenges, and recommendations. Government Information Quarterly, 29(1), 30-40. Citizen sourcing • Nam T. (2012). Suggesting frameworks of citizen-sourcing via Government 2.0. Government Information Quarterly, 29(1), 12-20. EU • Bonson E., Torres L., Royo S., Flores F. (2012). Local e-government 2.0: Social media and corporate transparency in municipalities. Government Information Quarterly, 29(2). 123-132. Mexico • Picazo-Vela S., Gutierrez-Martinez I., Luna-Reyes L.F. (2012). Understanding risks, benefits, and strategic alternatives of social media applications in the public sector. Government Information Quarterly, 29(4), 504-511. Social media use by government officials: • Kavanaugh A.L., Fox E.A., Sheetz S.D., Yang S., Li L.T., Shoemaker D.J., Natsev A., Xie L. (2012). Social media use by government: From the routine to the critical. Government Information Quarterly, 29(4), 480-491.
  • 51. Ethics / privacy
  • 52. Ethics / privacy Research ethics: • Rooke B. (2013). Four Pillars of Internet Research Ethics with Web 2.0 Journal of Academic Ethics, 11(4), 265-268. • Boyd D., Crawford K. (2012). Critical questions for big data: Provocations for a cultural, technological, and scholarly phenomenon. Information Communication and Society, 15(5), 662-679.
  • 53. Geo data
  • 54. Geo-Information Overview on new geo-data: • Elwood S., Goodchild M.F., Sui D.Z. (2012). Researching Volunteered Geographic Information: Spatial Data, Geographic Research, and New Social Practice. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 102(3), 571-590. Geo-spacial politics: • Leszczynski A. (2012). Situating the geoweb in political economy. Progress in Human Geography, 36(1), 72-89. Twitter • Leetaru K., Wang S., Cao G., Padmanabhan A., Shook E. (2013). Mapping the global Twitter heartbeat: The geography of Twitter. First Monday, 18(5).
  • 55. Trends? Forecasting Health care Big data
  • 56. Continuing Learning / education marketing target audience / user studies Journalism / mass media
  • 57. Disappearing? crisis communication metadata
  • 58. Which platforms?
  • 59. Facebook in case studies Egypt Students (impression management) Education Health (alcohol, tobacco, depression) Protests Sociality, connectivity Cultural differences Dating, intimacy, emotional disclosure Customers Games African American users Gender Language use Music industry
  • 60. Twitter in case studies Elections (prediction) Public debate Activism Non-profit organizations Journalists Agenda setting Government E-learning, classroom, academic libraries Individual pesonality Literacy Geo-corpora
  • 61. YouTube in case studies Government Education Medical education Promotion, marketing (Tobacco marketing) Libraries Arab spring Fan culture Media economy Politics Online protests Tourism
  • 62. Blogs in case studies eGovernment Politics, Protests Education (language education) Music industry Customers/ marketing Travel, tourism Journalism Writers and audiences Discursive analysis Adolescent bloggers Blogshops, art & design, creativity Libraries Blogs and podcasts Health and daily life
  • 63. Wikipedia in case studies Education Speech acts (language analysis) Collaboration Libraries
  • 64. Which platforms? 600 500 Twitter Facebook 400 YouTube Blogs 300 Wikis Foursquare 200 LinkedIn MySpace 100 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  • 65. METHODS & TOOLS
  • 66. Methods Content analysis Survey (interview) (experiment)
  • 67. Methods: interdisciplinary
  • 68. TOOLS • Data Collection • Data Analysis
  • 69. API: Application Programming Interface
  • 70. GNIP
  • 71. TOPSY
  • 72. YourTwapperkeeper
  • 73. NodeXL Network Analysis Based on Excel Can collect data from (amongst others): • Facebook • Twitter • YouTube • Flickr • Wikipedia • If you can get data into excel, you can get it into NodeXL…
  • 74. NodeXL
  • 75. NodeXL
  • 76. NodeXL • NodeXLGraphGallery.org
  • 77. Gephi
  • 78. Content Analysis CAQDAS Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data AnalysiS – (e.g. MAXQDA, QDAMiner, ATLAS.ti, Qualrus, Nvivo) – Speech Act Analyse – Statistics 86
  • 79. Digital Methods Initiative • https://wiki.digitalmethods.net/Dmi/ToolDatabase
  • 80. Sentiment Analysis Dictionaries: • ANEW
  • 81. Trends? • Images • URLs • Webometrics, e.g. Webometric Analyst http://lexiurl.wlv.ac.uk/ • Multi-platform studies
  • 82. Getting up to date?
  • 83. If you want to read 5 papers • • • • • Boyd D., Crawford K. (2012). Critical questions for big data: Provocations for a cultural, technological, and scholarly phenomenon. Information Communication and Society, 15(5), 662-679. Jungherr A., Jurgens P., Schoen H. (2012). Why the pirate party won the german election of 2009 or the trouble with predictions: A response to tumasjan, A., sprenger, T. O., sander, P. G., & welpe, I. M. "predicting elections with twitter: What 140 characters reveal about political sentiment". Social Science Computer Review, 30(2), 229-234. Leetaru K., Wang S., Cao G., Padmanabhan A., Shook E. (2013). Mapping the global Twitter heartbeat: The geography of Twitter. First Monday, 18(5). Tufekci Z., Wilson C. (2012). Social Media and the Decision to Participate in Political Protest: observations From Tahrir Square. Journal of Communication, 62(2), 363-379. Bertot J.C., Jaeger P.T., Hansen D. (2012). The impact of polices on government social media usage: Issues, challenges, and recommendations. Government Information Quarterly, 29(1), 30-4.
  • 84. Questions?