Edwards Sinners P P T


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  • The Great Awakening was a response to the declining ranks of traditional Puritan Protestantism. It called for a deeper devotion and connection with God and was often preached in very vivid sermons, such as the fire and brimstone sermon we will read.
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  • If the audio is not on the CD (which I don’t have while writing this, so I am hoping the notes in the book are correct!!) then this will have to be changed to “[F]ollow along as your classmates read aloud” Have students work on worksheet while reading the text.
  • Edwards Sinners P P T

    1. 1. <ul><li>Many people would agree that fear is one of the most powerful motivators of human behavior. Fear of injury makes us buckle our seat belts. Fear of failure makes us study or work harder. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think that fear is a great motivator? </li></ul><ul><li>Take a few minutes and write about what motivates you and whether you would use fear to motivate someone else. </li></ul>
    2. 3. <ul><li>Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Groomed from an early age to take over his grandfather’s congregation in Massachusetts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entered Yale University at 13 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Became one of the most important theologians in American history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote several sermons </li></ul></ul>
    3. 4. <ul><ul><li>Began a religious revival known as The Great Awakening </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Great Awakening was a response to the declining number of people who still followed traditional Puritanism. </li></ul><ul><li>It called for deeper devotion and connection to God </li></ul><ul><li>It was often preached in very detailed and dramatic sermons, like the one we will hear today. </li></ul>
    4. 5. <ul><li>When you read or listen to an argument, determine what type of persuasive argument is being used: </li></ul><ul><li>Logos, Ethos, or Pathos </li></ul>
    5. 6. <ul><li>Appeals to logic (the Mind) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses definitions, analogies, factual data, statistics, and quotations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of words, phrases, or ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses citations from experts and authorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives reasons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes a cognitive, rational response </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FAVORED IN ACADEMIC SETTING </li></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>Appeals to values and ethics (Right and wrong) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses language appropriate to audience and subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presents a sincere, fair minded approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asks questions of right and wrong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presents author or speaker as being reliable and respectful of audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asks audience to make a value judgment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OFTEN USED IN LAW </li></ul>
    7. 8. <ul><li>Appeals to emotions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses vivid, concrete language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses emotionally loaded language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes emotional, personal examples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses figurative language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evokes an emotional response </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MOST POWERFUL APPEAL </li></ul>
    8. 9. <ul><li>Logical? </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical? </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional? </li></ul><ul><li>Which is which? </li></ul>
    9. 10. <ul><li>“ Haven’t I always been trustworthy?” </li></ul><ul><li>Puppy-dog eyes </li></ul><ul><li>“ Studies show that teens whose parents trust them have higher self esteem.” </li></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>“ If you don’t let me go, I won’t have any friends!” </li></ul><ul><li>Crying </li></ul><ul><li>“ Don’t I usually fill up the tank when I borrow the car?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You hate me!” </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>Hugging </li></ul><ul><li>“ Teens whose parents trust them usually act in a trustworthy manner.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ If you let me do this, then I will have a better attitude toward chores.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Is it right that many of my friends have a later curfew than I do?” </li></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>Jonathan Edwards uses several types of figurative language in his sermon. They include metaphor, simile, and imagery. </li></ul>
    13. 14. <ul><li>SIMILE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A figure of speech that makes a clear comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ He is like an ape.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ His girlfriend is as cold as Beyonce.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 15. <ul><li>METAPHOR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without saying the specific words like, as, than, or resembles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A metaphor usually compares two things by saying that something “ is ” something else, or by putting them together in such a way that they are compared. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Life is a circus.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Love is a dream.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metaphors can be extended over several lines of text, and these extended metaphors often compare things over the length of those lines. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. <ul><li>IMAGERY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The use of language to cause a picture or other sensory experience (like taste or smell) in the mind of the reader. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ The streetlights in the park lit up the autumn leaves in a way that made them seem more brightly colored than they really were. There was a crisp scent of fall everywhere– the smell of burning wood and cool air.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>Abhors </li></ul><ul><li>Induce </li></ul><ul><li>Abominable </li></ul><ul><li>Appease </li></ul><ul><li>Provoked </li></ul><ul><li>Contrivance </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Inconceivable </li></ul><ul><li>Omnipotent </li></ul><ul><li>Ascribed </li></ul><ul><li>Enraged </li></ul><ul><li>Unimaginable </li></ul><ul><li>Attributed </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfy </li></ul><ul><li>All-powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Persuade </li></ul><ul><li>Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Disgusting </li></ul><ul><li>Hates </li></ul><ul><li>Physical condition </li></ul>
    17. 18. <ul><li>Follow along in the text book as the audio version is played for you. </li></ul><ul><li>As you are following along, answer the questions on the organizer. </li></ul>
    18. 19. <ul><li>Is credibility ( being believable or having a good reputation ) important? How important is it that Edwards was a well-known, well-respected theologian? Does his credibility contribute to the work? </li></ul>
    19. 20. <ul><li>Who is the audience? How does Edwards demonstrate an awareness of his audience? </li></ul>
    20. 21. <ul><li>According to the sermon, what keeps sinners out of the fiery “pit of hell”? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify at least one metaphor Edwards used. </li></ul><ul><li>Give a synonym for the word abhors. </li></ul><ul><li>What does Edwards mean by the statement “the door of mercy” are wide open. </li></ul>