Early American Introduction


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  • I don’t know what you want to do to get everything started, so I’m leaving that part of my powerpoint off. I’m going to briefly go over the main parts of classroom procedures and I’m going to get everyone to fill out personal information on index cards. Then I’ll dive into the unit with an introduction and the guided notes. Also, we may want to do Native American myths the first day and take notes the second day– it might be more interesting that way.
  • These notes mostly come from the info in our text and quick internet searches using educational sites. Please look over them and feel free to make changes or add things. I have lots of notes about the Puritans particularly at school and may make a few changes later.
  • I thought this part was particularly weak but needed to be addressed; please make changes and/or additions as you see fit and share them with everyone.
  • Early American Introduction

    1. 2. Journal <ul><li>Please always write the date and the title of the journal entry. Write a paragraph response using complete sentences. You do not need to copy the prompt. </li></ul><ul><li>Title: “Expectations” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write about your expectations for the class. What do you hope to get out of this class? What would you like to see us do or talk about over the course of the year? What have you enjoyed learning about in previous classes? </li></ul></ul>
    2. 3. Early American Period: Guided Notes <ul><li>During this unit, we’re going to focus on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Puritan Culture and Beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Native American Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settling in America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery and Slave Narratives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Age of Reason and the American Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing Focus: Personal Piece </li></ul></ul>
    3. 4. Puritanism <ul><li>Puritan: a term referring to a number of Protestant groups that (beginning around 1560) sought to “purify” the Church of England (and separate it from the country’s government) </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Desires: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted simpler forms of worship and church organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion seen as a personal experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not believe the clergy (religious officials) or government should act as a mediator between a person and God </li></ul></ul>
    4. 5. Basic Puritan Beliefs <ul><li>Total Depravity - through Adam's fall, every human is born sinful - concept of Original Sin. </li></ul><ul><li>Unconditional Election - God &quot;saves&quot; those he wishes - only a few are selected for salvation - concept of predestination. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Atonement - Jesus died for the chosen only, not for everyone. </li></ul><ul><li>Irresistible Grace - God's grace is freely given, it cannot be earned or denied. Grace is defined as the saving and transfiguring power of God. </li></ul><ul><li>Perseverance of the &quot;saints&quot; - those elected by God have full power to interpret the will of God, and to live uprightly. If anyone rejects grace after feeling its power in his life, he will be going against the will of God - something impossible in Puritanism. </li></ul>
    5. 6. The Bible and Education <ul><li>The Bible was considered the literal word of God. </li></ul><ul><li>Reading the Bible was necessary for all Puritans. </li></ul><ul><li>Education: Because the Puritans wanted everyone to be able to read the Bible and understand theological debates, education was very important. </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard College: Established in 1636, sixteen years after landing, Harvard was originally intended to train Puritan ministers. </li></ul>
    6. 7. Some Aspects of the Puritan Legacy <ul><li>Each aspect has positive and negative implications. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. The need for moral justification for private, public, and governmental acts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. The Questing for Freedom - personal, political, economic, and social. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c. The Puritan work ethic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d. Elegiac verse - morbid fascination with death. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e. The city upon the hill - concept of manifest destiny. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 8. Native American Population <ul><li>Native Americans lived on the continent for thousands of years prior to the first European arrival. </li></ul><ul><li>First interactions involved: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trading near harbors and rivers, lessons on how to survive and make canoes and shelters, plant crops, and create clothing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Historians estimate that in 1600, the total American Indian population of New England alone was between 70,000 and 100,000 people </li></ul>
    8. 9. Native American Relocation <ul><li>The new diseases that Europeans brought caused horrible epidemics that killed many Native Americans. Small pox especially ravaged the Native American population. </li></ul><ul><li>As Europeans became more self-sufficient, they began to push the Native Americans away from their settlements. </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans related to the land differently than Europeans; they did not think of land “ownership” in the legalistic way that Europeans did. </li></ul><ul><li>In his work The Invasion of America, Historian Francis Jennings comments, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Europeans did not find a wilderness here; rather, however involuntarily, they made one. Jamestown, Plymouth, Salem, Boston, Providence, New New Amsterdam, Philadelphia—all grew upon sites previously occupied by Indian communities. So did Quebec and Montreal and Detroit and Chicago. The so-called settlement of America was a resettlement, a reoccupation of land made waste by the diseases and demoralization introduced by the newcomers.” </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. Settling in America <ul><li>First documented arrival of a European: Christopher Columbus in 1492 </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival of the Puritans: 1620 </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction of new diseases (both as carriers and as receivers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of preparation for harsh winters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural differences and conflicts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strange and dangerous animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different climate, landscape, and food sources </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. The Age of Reason and the American Revolution <ul><li>The Age of Reason (the Enlightenment): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began in Europe in the 17 th century </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rationalism: the belief that human beings can arrive at truth only by using reason (rather than authorities of the past, religious faith, or intuition) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>View of God: more often seen as a clockmaker rather than a mysterious and active presence in daily life (as was viewed by the Puritans) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing: based on reality and focused on bringing about change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often created pamphlets to promote political or practical ideas </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 12. References <ul><li>Reuben, Paul P. &quot;Chapter 1: Puritanism & Colonial Period: to 1700.&quot; PAL: Perspectives in American Literature- A Research and Reference Guide. URL: http://www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/ chap1/chap1.html (July 6, 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>Beers, Kylene, and Carol Jago, Deborah Appleman, and Leila Christenbury, eds. “Encounters and Foundations to 1800.” Elements of Literature: Essential Elements of American Literature. NewYork: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 2007. 1-19. Print. </li></ul>