Guided Notes: There is space for the students to write 6 things about Douglass’s life. I’m going to have them only write the events in bold (his birth, publication of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, the purchase of his freedom, and (from the next slide) his North Star newspaper, appointment as a US Marshall, and his death.
This slide is intended to give the students some context about how the Civil War impacts Doulass’s life and his involvement in the war. They do not need to write anything from this slide.
Coincides with the right hand side of the chart about Douglass’s life; again intended to give some context to what was going on in the States during his lifetime
I’m just going to have the students put what they think a slave narrative is in their own words. They will already be familiar with the concept from Equiano.
I’m going to have them write the four in bold (or some that we come up with as a class), which link well to Douglass’s work.
After finishing background notes, read Chapters 1-3 and discuss. There are reading comprehension questions available if you want them. That will probably take the rest of the period, but I attached the Curse of Ham activities to this powerpoint in case you have time to start them. If you don’t have time, those slides are included on the next powerpoint as well.
English III Frederick Douglass Early American Unit
“ Each of us has the right and the responsibility to assess the road which lies ahead and those over which we have traveled, and if the future road looms ominous or unpromising, and the road back uninviting, then we need to gather our resolve and carrying only the necessary baggage, step off that road into another direction. If the new choice is also unpalatable, without embarrassment, we must be ready to change that one as well.” ~ Maya Angelou
What is Angelou saying about courage and decisions? Do you think this is a helpful way to look at life? Talk about a time in your own life when you had to change courses.
Anticipation Guide: Human Rights Statement Agree Disagree
All people are created equal.
Everyone feels some kind of prejudice.
Education occurs only inside the classroom.
A person can only overcome adversity through self determination and motivation.
1818 Born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, a slave, in Tuckahoe, Talbot County, Maryland . Mother is a slave, Harriet Bailey, and father is a white man, rumored to be his master, Aaron Anthony.
1827 Asks Sophia Auld to teach him to read. She does so until Hugh Auld stops them, believing that education makes slaves rebellious
1836 Makes an escape plan but is discovered, jailed, and then released.
1838 September 3 Borrowing papers from a free black sailor, he escapes from slavery to New York and changes his last name to Johnson.
1845 Publishes Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass . In it, he reveals details that could lead to his arrest as a fugitive slave. He meets Susan B. Anthony while on a speaking tour. Later he becomes a champion of women's rights. He then begins tour of Great Britain and Ireland, lecturing on slavery with abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison. English friends raise money to "purchase" his freedom; Douglass is manumitted after Hugh Auld receives $711.66 in payment.
1862 Congress abolishes slavery in Washington, D.C.
Jan. 1 Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation takes effect, abolishing slavery in the states that are "in rebellion." February Douglass becomes a recruiter for the 54 th Massachusetts Infantry, the first regiment of African-American soldiers; his sons Lewis and Charles join the regiment. Eventually his son Frederick Douglass Jr. becomes an army recruiter also. About 180,000 African Americans serve in the Civil War on the Union side.
August 10 Meets with President Lincoln to discuss the unequal pay and poor treatment black soldiers receive.
August 19 Meets with Lincoln again. In case the war is not a total Union victory, Lincoln asks Douglass to prepare an effort to assist slaves escaping to the North. 1865
April 14 Lincoln is assassinated. December 18 The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, outlawing slavery, is ratified.
Major Events in American History during Douglass’s life
1839- Trail of Tears: Forced Migration of Cherokee Indians
Narratives of slavery recounted the personal experiences of ante-bellum African Americans who had escaped from slavery and found their way to safety in the North. An essential part of the anti-slavery movement, these narratives drew on Biblical allusion and imagery, the rhetoric of abolitionism, the traditions of the captivity narrative, and the spiritual autobiography in appealing to their (often white) audiences. Some of these narratives bore a "frame" or preface attesting to their authenticity and to the sufferings described within.