An c i e n t O ly m p iaThe m o st im po rtant place o fo ur are a‘’United Europe is in our eyes’’ Comenius Project 2012-14
…harmony, fair play, truce, beauty, teamspirit, competition…Our home townand itssurroundingarea, Ileia,have numerousarchaeologicalsites which areworth talkingabout; theTemple ofEpicouriosApollon,Ancient Ilida,the CastleChlemoutsi,lots of medievaltemples.However, thearchaeologicalsite of Olympiarepresents theessence andthe grandeur ofOlympia is the placewhere the mostimportant andlasting athleticinstitution, theOlympic Gameswas born…where people notonly from Greecebut from aroundthe world havebeen comingevery four yearsfor centuries nowto watch theopening of theOlympic Gamesand take part inthem.we chose to presentto you as the mostimportant place ofour area.Our presentationfocus on thefollowing areas: The museum ofthe AncientOlympic Games
TheAncient Olympic Games HistoryMuseumThe Ancient Olympic Games History Museum hosts 463 ancient piecesof work most of which are taken from Zeus Temple in Olympia, but thereare some others taken from Museums from the rest of the Greece.Exhibits cover a large time period, from 2000 B.C to the 5th century andthrough them the over-the-millenium history of the Olympic Games isbeing expressed. Needless to say that the Olympic Games are thelongest institution of the ancient Greek times. Apart from ancient works ofart, the visitor can also be informed in detail through an audio-visualpresentation.
The museum is composed of the exhibition areasand the basement where Multimedia are going tobe installed for a full presentation of the Gamesand for educational programmes.
The exhibition area is composed of one big main room,the lobby and eleven smaller rooms. The most importantexhibits hosted in the museum are the gold rings-stampswith the first pictures of the games, representative samplesof the Minoic and Miedeval art, the bronze and geometricidols of warriors and armory that come from Olympia andconstitute the first presentation of historical times. It is alsovery important to see the unwritten bases from athletesstatues that adorned the Altis, the stone and bronzeinscriptions of the athletes idols as well as many pots withathletes’ presentations.
The museum of Modern Olympic games wasestablished in 1961.This museum was inspiredby the sports lover, lover of art and philatelistGeorge Papastefanou - Probatakis. At first itwas accommodated in the old building of theprimary in Olympia where the founder GeorgePapastefanou displayed his personal collectionof any kind of souvenirs and mementos aboutthe modern Olympic Games.On the 27th December 1963, GeorgePapastefanou donated the museum with hispersonal collections to the Committee of theOlympic Games (E.O.A). On the 28th March1964 the Museum and the material collectionbecame the property of the Olympic Committeewith the donation of George Papastefanou whowas appointed Director of the museum.
Papastefanou personal collection was enriched graduallywith many other items he bought or were donated to themuseum by individuals and by the different NationalOlympic committees at Various States (Nations). In 1968the New building started to be constructed and on 27thJuly 1972 the New Museum of Modern Olympic Gameswas inaugurated.The Museum of Modern Olympics Games includes rarephotos, medals, diplomas, stamps and other exhibitsabout the contemporary history of the Olympic Games.
1.The Gymnasium(2nd century B.C.) that was used for training(discus, javelin, running etc.)
2. The Palestra(3rdcentury B.C.) that was used for wrestling andthe Pancratium races.
3.The Prytaneion (5th century B.C.)(Prytaneum)That was a public building containing the symbolichearth of the city and serving as a meeting place.The prytanis or the doyens (the oldest, mostexperienced and often most respected people)were mainly responsible for the harmoniousrunning of the altar and took care of the frequentoffers and sacrifices to the gods.
4.The BouleuterionThe parliament building which was thesupreme council of Olympia.
The Temple of Zeus was built by the architect Ilia Livonain the center of the Altis in 470 to 456 BC . It was themost magnificent building of the sanctuary of Olympia.The material used was mainly shell-limestone coatedwith white stucco. It was Doric pavilion with quinoa 6 x13. The pediments of the temple had statues, whichare now exhibited in the Museum. At the entrance wasthe crowning of the Olympic champions during the lastday of the Games. In the long nave one of the 7wonders of the world was placed ;the gold and ivorystatue of Zeus by Pheidias. It was made after 432 BC,it was 7 times greater than the physical size and itsheight along with the pedestal reached 12.40 meters.The naked parts were made of ivory and the robe, thebeard and the hair of gold. Zeus was seated on histhrone holding in his right hand Victory and a scepter inhis left. His head was crowned with an olive wreath. In395 AD it was moved to Istanbul where it was laterburned. The temple of Zeus was burned by order ofTheodosius in 426 AD and it was later destroyed by5. The Temple ofZeus
The temple as it was ....tue of Zeus was one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world made by the sculptor P
6. The ZanesThe Zanes - plural of the word Zeus - were sixteen bronze statuesof Zeus. Now only theirpedestals are found. These statueswere dedicated fromfines paid by those infringing theregulations of the Olympic Games, making oraccepting bribesto win orconcede victory and were placed at the entrance ofthe stadiumto set an example forathletes.THEN NOW
7. The HippodromeIt was a stadium forhorse racing andchariot racing locatedin the south. It wasswept away by theriver Alpheus andthere are no remainsof it today. It was1153 m long and thisis where thecelebrated horse andchariot races, whichwere the brightestevents of the OlympicGames, were held.
8. TheStadiumThis is lace where the celebratedathletic competitions took place. Thetrack has a length of 192.25 metersand a width of approximately 30mdelivery length of the stadium by itsmeasuring Hercules with his feet. Allaround the stage there were smallbasins from where the spectatorswatching the races were drinkingwater. The water supply system wasconstructed in 141-157 AD Around 30to 35.000 spectators could watch thegames from the slopes of the stadium.In the southern slope there was aplatform for the umpires and theofficials. Across the platform the altarof the goddess Demeter was foundwhere the priestess sat and watched -only by women - the Olympic Games.The stadium was originally in the westof the temple of Zeus. It was shiftedtwice, until the 4th century when itfinally took its current position.
This is the lightning of the sacred flame which marks theopening of the Modern Olympic GamesThe lightning of the sacred flame