SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY. Albert Bandura. Source: Charles A. Dana Center at the University of Texas at Austin and Agile Mind, Inc.K.L
ALBERT BANDURA.Bandura received his Ph.D in psychology.Known for his ideas on social learning which he laterrenamed social cognitive theory.“Bandura focuses on those motivational factors andself-regulatory mechanisms that contribute to aperson’s behavior, rather than just environmentalmechanisms...”(Shelly 370)
BANDURA’S THEORY.Bandura believed that individuals learn behavior through observation ofothers. Then, mimic the behavior based on the person they observed’sexperience.EX: A child sees their sibling being praised by their parents for making theirbed. The other child will make their bed in order to receive praise as well.The same goes for negative outcomes, an individual may avoid doingsomething to prevent something unfavorable happening to them.Bandura called this “Observational behavior.” “Observational behavior iswatching something and then mimicking the observed behavior.” (Shelly370)
KEY POINTS:Effective Modeling:AttentionRetentionReproductionMotivation Source: Jupiterimages/Brand X Pictures/Getty ImagesAn individual observes an activity done, remembers what they saw andthen does or avoids doing what they saw based on the outcome.
KEY POINTS:Bandura came upon the concept of self-efﬁciency.“Self-efﬁciency is a personal observation about one’sperceived ability to feel, think, and motivate oneselfto learn.” (Shelly 371)Bandura began to analyze personalities through threeaspects of which a person interacts:Enviornment, behavior, and the individual’spsychological process.
CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONS:Teachers: Source: elveranoschool.orgAccording to Bandura behaviors are learned through modeling and observation. Teachers, especiallythose with younger students, should introduce new behaviors and model them often so that theirstudents can reproduce their actions and learn what is acceptable.A teacher must follow their own rules and model behavior that they expect from their students, this waystudents will not be confused about what is acceptable in the classroom. A teacher should also rewardgood behavior, and punish bad behavior.For example, a gym teacher doesn’t just expect their students to know how to do a lay-up, they willshow their students step by step how by going through the motions.A teacher can give out gold stars and give out a little prize for reaching a certain amount of stars tomotivate students to behave and do their work.
CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONS:Students: Source: Tarleton State University.A student can learn new behaviors through their fellow peers, ﬁrst by observing them and seeing ifwhat they do results in a favorable outcome.A student who sees another student behaving and being rewarded for their good behavior is morelikely to mimic this student.Students who are shy may look toward their peers for guidance in an effort to ﬁnd their own waywithout asking for help.Students may use tutorials online to learn how to do an application on the computer. By copyingwhat the tutorial is doing the student can learn how to do the exercise on their own.A student can learn how to add by watching another student count on their ﬁngers and getting thecorrect answer.
USING BANDURA’S THEORY IN MY CLASSROOM.I plan on modeling the behavior I expect of my students daily.Anything that I believe will be difﬁcult for my students to catch on to or doon their own, I will show them some clips or tutorials.I will allow them to practice or help each other complete the activity on theirown so that they will remember. Also, I will allow my students who knowwhat to do to model what the activity or explain it, so that the others can see.When a student does the work correctly on their own I will praise them fortheir efforts.I hope that by rewarding hard work and good behavior that my students willbe more likely to do what I expect of them.
WORKS CITED.Glenda A. Gunter, Randolph E. Gunter, Gary B.Shelly. Integrating Technology and Digital Media inthe Classroom, Sixth Edition. Course Technology,Cengage Learning. Boston, MA. 2010. 16 Nov. 2011."Social Learning Theory (Bandura)." LearningTheories. Learning-Therories. Web. 16 Nov. 2011