Power to Teach


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Power to Teach

  1. 1. Highlights of the Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia Stan Diamond deg farrelly Pennsylvania State University Arizona State University West AECT Conference - Albuquerque - February, 1997
  2. 2. Intent of this presentation <ul><li>Introduce the guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Provide basic background information on their development </li></ul><ul><li>Briefly identify permissible uses by students and educators </li></ul><ul><li>Outline portion limitations by format </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>The guidelines seek to provide a roadmap for educators, scholars and students to follow when developing educational multimedia projects using portions of copyrighted works under fair use rather than by seeking permission </li></ul>
  4. 4. The guidelines represent: <ul><li>participants' consensus of how to extend the scope of Fair Use to allow the creation of educational multimedia projects. </li></ul>
  5. 5. It is important to understand that: <ul><li>these are only guidelines - if you feel you have greater freedom by applying fair use, you may do so. </li></ul><ul><li>uses that exceed these guidelines may or may not be fair use. </li></ul><ul><li>the more one exceeds these guidelines, the greater the risk that fair use does not apply. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Background on </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the Guidelines </li></ul>
  7. 7. Background <ul><li>1992 - CCUMC convened the multimedia working group </li></ul><ul><li>Sept. 1994 - CONFU convened its first plenary session </li></ul><ul><li>CCUMC multimedia working group became the CONFU multimedia working group </li></ul>
  8. 8. Background <ul><li>Aug. 1996 Multimedia working group completes negotiations on the Guidelines document. </li></ul><ul><li>Sept. 27, 1996 - Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property, Committee on the Judiciary, U. S. House of Representatives issues a non-legislative report acknowledging the guidelines. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Applicability of the Guidelines </li></ul>
  10. 10. The guidelines apply to use: <ul><li>...without permission, </li></ul><ul><li>...of portions, </li></ul><ul><li>...of lawfully acquired copyrighted works, </li></ul><ul><li>...in educational multimedia projects, </li></ul><ul><li>...created by educators or students, </li></ul><ul><li>...as part of a systematic learning activity, </li></ul><ul><li>...by nonprofit educational institutions. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Preparation of </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Using Portions </li></ul><ul><li>of Copyrighted Works </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The Guidelines recognize different needs for students and educators. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Students <ul><li>May incorporate portions of lawfully acquired copyrighted works when producing their own educational multimedia projects for a specific course . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Students <ul><li>May perform and display their own projects in the course for which they were created. </li></ul><ul><li>May retain them in their own portfolios as examples of their academic work for later personal uses such as job and school interviews. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Educators <ul><li>May incorporate portions of lawfully acquired copyrighted works when producing educational multimedia projects to support their teaching needs </li></ul>
  16. 16. Educators may present their projects in the following situations: <ul><ul><li>face-to-face instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assigned to students for directed self-study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>remote instruction (with limitations) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Educators: <ul><li>May retain their projects indefinitely for the following purposes: </li></ul><ul><li>to perform or display in presentations to their peers, for example, at workshops and conferences. </li></ul><ul><li>to retain in their personal portfolios for personal uses such as promotion or job interviews. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Other Limitations
  19. 19. Other Limitations <ul><li>Preparation and Use of projects created under these guidelines are subject to limitations of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Time Limitations - Educators <ul><li>May use their projects for teaching, for a period of up to two years after the first instructional use with a class. </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional use beyond that time period requires permission for each copyrighted portion incorporated in the production. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Time Limitations - Students <ul><li>Students may use their projects as previously noted: </li></ul>
  22. 22. Time Limitations - Students <ul><li>Students may use their projects as previously noted: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the course for which the project was created. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Time Limitations - Students <ul><li>Students may use their projects as previously noted: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the course for which the project was created. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In their own portfolios as examples of their academic work. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Portion Limitations </li></ul>
  25. 25. Portion Limitations: <ul><li>Portion limitations: </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of a copyrighted work that can reasonably be used in a project regardless of the original medium from which the copyrighted works are taken. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Portion Limitations, Continued <ul><li>Limits apply cumulatively to each project for the academic semester, cycle or term. </li></ul><ul><li>It was recognized that students in K through 6 may not be able to adhere rigidly to the portion limitations in their independent development of projects. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Portion Limitations </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>Media Type </li></ul>
  28. 28. Motion Media <ul><li>Up to 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted motion media work </li></ul>
  29. 29. Text Material <ul><li>Up to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted work of text. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Text Material - Poems <ul><li>An entire poem of less than 250 words </li></ul><ul><li>but no more than three poems by one poet, </li></ul><ul><li>or five poems by different poets from any single anthology. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Text Material - Poems, Continued <ul><li>In poems of greater length: </li></ul><ul><li>up to 250 words </li></ul><ul><li>but no more than three excerpts by a single poet </li></ul><ul><li>or five excerpts by different poets from a single anthology. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Music, Lyrics, and Music Video <ul><li>Up to 10% </li></ul><ul><li>but no more than 30 seconds of music and lyrics from a single musical work </li></ul><ul><li>Any alterations to a musical work shall not change the basic melody or the fundamental character of the work. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Illustrations and Photographs <ul><li>Reproduction or incorporation of photographs and illustrations is more difficult to define with regard to fair use because fair use usually precludes the use of an entire work. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Illustrations and Photographs, Continued <ul><li>A photograph or illustration may be used in its entirety. </li></ul><ul><li>No more than 5 images by an artist or photographer. </li></ul><ul><li>Not more than 10% or 15 images, whichever is less, from a single published collected work. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Numerical Data Sets <ul><li>Up to 10% or 2500 fields or cell entries, whichever is less, from a database or data table. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A field entry is a specific item of information, in a record of a database file. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A cell entry is the intersection where a row and a column meet on a spreadsheet. </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Copying and Distribution Limitations <ul><li>Including the original, only a limited number of copies may be made of a project. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Copying and Distribution Limitations <ul><li>Including the original, only a limited number of copies may be made of a project. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No more than two use copies, one of which may be placed on reserve. </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Copying and Distribution Limitations <ul><li>Including the original, only a limited number of copies may be made of a project. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two use copies, one of which may be placed on reserve. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An additional copy for preservation to be used or copied only to replace a use copy that has been lost, stolen, or damaged. </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Copying and Distribution Limitations <ul><li>For jointly created projects, each principal creator may retain one copy but only as permitted by use and time restraints previously outlined. </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>Important Reminders </li></ul>
  41. 41. The Guidelines recommend caution on several important points: <ul><li>Downloading </li></ul><ul><li>Attribution and acknowledgement </li></ul><ul><li>Notice of use restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Future use beyond Fair Use </li></ul><ul><li>Alterations to copyrighted works </li></ul>
  42. 42. Downloading from the Internet <ul><li>Caution is advised in using digital material downloaded from the Internet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet access does not automatically mean that works can be reproduced and reused without permission or license. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some copyrighted works may have been posted to the Internet without authorization of the copyright holder. </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. Attribution & Acknowledgement <ul><li>Attribution and Acknowledgement requires: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crediting copyright ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying the source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Including the copyright notice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special provisions for remote use </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Attribution & Acknowledgement, Cont’d. <ul><li>Credit the sources and display the copyright notice © and copyright ownership information for all incorporated works including those prepared under fair use. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Attribution & Acknowledgement, Cont’d. <ul><li>Copyright ownership information includes the copyright notice: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>© </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>year of first publication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>name of the copyright holder </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. Attribution & Acknowledgement, Cont’d. <ul><li>Credit and copyright notice information may be combined and shown in a separate section of the project (e.g. credit section) except for images incorporated into the project for remote use. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Notice of Use Restrictions <ul><li>The opening screen of a program and any accompanying print material must include a notice that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>certain materials are included under the fair use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>materials are included in accordance with the multimedia fair use guidelines, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>materials are restricted from further use. </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Future Uses Beyond Fair Use <ul><li>If there is a possibility that a project could result in broader dissemination, whether or not as a commercial product, individuals should take steps to obtain permissions during the development process rather than waiting until after completion of the project. </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>Wrap Up </li></ul>
  50. 50. Full text of the Fair Use Guidelines <ul><li>Available on the Web at: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.libraries.psu.edu/avs/fairuse/default.html </li></ul>
  51. 51. Contact Information <ul><li>Stan Diamond, Manager, Audio Visual Services </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania State University </li></ul><ul><li>University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: 814.863.3100 </li></ul><ul><li>E-Mail: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Web: HTTP://www.libraries.psu.edu/avs </li></ul><ul><li>deg farrelly, Media Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Arizona State University West </li></ul><ul><li>4701 West Thunderbird Road </li></ul><ul><li>Phoenix, Arizona 85069-7100 </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: 602.543.8522 </li></ul><ul><li>E-Mail: [email_address] </li></ul>